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Cavitation damage prediction in mercury target for pulsed spallation neutron source using Monte Carlo simulation

涌井 隆; 高岸 洋一*; 二川 正敏

Materials, 16(17), p.5830_1 - 5830_16, 2023/09

水銀ターゲット容器は、陽子ビームの入射に伴い、キャビテーション損傷を受けるため、キャビテーションバブルの位置や衝撃圧力分布の不確実さを考慮して、モンテカルロ・シミュレーションを用いたキャビテーション損傷を予測する手法を提案した。本手法では、個々のキャビテーション気泡の崩壊に起因する衝撃圧力の分布はガウス分布とし、衝撃圧力の最大値の確率密度分布は3種類の分布: デルタ関数、ガウス分布、ワイブル分布と仮定した。衝撃圧力の分布を記述する方程式の2つのパラメータについて、実験から得られたキャビテーション損傷の分布とシミュレーションから得られた累積塑性ひずみの分布を比較し、ベイズ最適化を使用して推定することができた。また、ワイブル分布を用いて得られた結果が、他の結果に比べて、実際のキャビテーションエロージョン現象を再現することが分かった。


Modelling heterogeneous hydration behaviour of bentonite by a FracMan-Thames coupling method for the Bentonite Rock Interaction Experiment (BRIE) at $"{A}$sp$"{o}$ HRL

澤田 淳; 坂本 和彦*; 綿引 孝宜*; 今井 久*

SKB P-17-06, 154 Pages, 2023/08

An aim of Task 8, which was 8th modeling task of the SKB Task Forces on Groundwater Flow and Transport of Solutes, was to improve the knowledge of the bedrock-bentonite interface with regard to groundwater flow, mainly based on a set of data obtained by Bentonite Rock Interaction Experiment (BRIE) at $"{A}$sp$"{o}$. JAEA had developed an approach to Task 8 assuming that the discrete features dominate the delivery of groundwater to the bentonite columns emplaced into the vertically drilled boreholes from TASO tunnel floor, resulting in heterogeneous bentonite wetting behavior. This assumption was implemented as a FracMan Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) model for groundwater flow. Due to the assumption, no permeable rock matrix was implemented. The variability and uncertainty of this stochastic "HydroDFN" model was constrained by conditioning the model to match measured fracture location and orientation, and specific capacity (transmissivity) data observed at five probe boreholes. Groundwater from the HydroDFN being delivered to the bentonite columns, was modeled using Thames code with implementing a specific feature at the interface between the fractured rock mass and the bentonite. This modeling approach and the assumption of fracture dominated bentonite wetting appears to be able to provide a reasonable approximation to the observed heterogeneous bentonite wetting behavior of BRIE. We would suggest that a systematic investigation at pilot holes, including both geological mapping of the fractures and also testing of the hydraulic properties, might be required to get more practical prediction of heterogeneous wetting behavior in bentonite, as observed in BRIE.




JAEA-Evaluation 2023-001, 38 Pages, 2023/07




Large-eddy simulation on gas mixing induced by the high-buoyancy flow in the CIGMA facility

安部 諭; 柴本 泰照

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 55(5), p.1742 - 1756, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The hydrogen behavior in a nuclear containment vessel is a significant issue when discussing the potential of hydrogen combustion during a severe accident. After the Fukushima-Daiichi accident in Japan, we have investigated in-depth the hydrogen transport mechanisms by utilizing experimental and numerical approaches. Computational fluid dynamics is a powerful tool for better understanding the transport behavior of gas mixtures, including hydrogen. This paper describes a large-eddy simulation of gas mixing driven by a high-buoyancy flow. We focused on the interaction behavior of heat and mass transfers driven by the horizontal high-buoyant flow during density stratification. For validation, the experimental data of the Containment InteGral effects Measurement Apparatus (CIGMA) facility were used. With a high-power heater for the gas-injection line in the CIGMA facility, a high temperature flow of approximately 390$$^{circ}$$C was injected into the test vessel. By using the CIGMA facility, we can extend the experimental data to the high temperature region. The phenomenological discussion in this paper help understand the heat and mass transfer induced by the high-buoyancy flow in the containment vessel during a severe accident.


Validation of evaluation model for analysis of steam reformer in HTGR hydrogen production plant

石井 克典; 青木 健; 井坂 和義; 野口 弘喜; 清水 厚志; 佐藤 博之

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2023/05

JAEA initiated High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) heat application test project to establish coupling technologies between HTGR and a hydrogen production plant necessary to achieve large-scale, low cost, and carbon-free hydrogen production. One important element for the coupling technologies is a system analysis code which can simulate dynamic behavior of a HTGR hydrogen production system to design a plant control system for the effects of circulated helium heat through both facilities. The code is required to deal with a complex system which involves several subsystems and different physics with different timescales. As a first step of the development, we developed a heat and mass balance evaluation model of a helium-heated steam reformer. This report will present the outline of the developed model and simulation results with comparison to the experimental results.


Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment of seismic-induced flooding in pressurized water reactor by seismic, flooding, and thermal-hydraulics simulations

久保 光太郎; Jang, S.*; 高田 孝*; 山口 彰*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(4), p.359 - 373, 2023/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:77.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Large-eddy simulation on two-liquid mixing in the horizontal leg and downcomer (the TAMU-CFD Benchmark), with respect to fluctuation behavior of liquid concentration

安部 諭; 岡垣 百合亜

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 404, p.112165_1 - 112165_14, 2023/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Pressurized Thermal Shock (PTS) is induced potentially by the rapid cooling of the cold-leg and downcomer wall in the primary system of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) due to the initiation of Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS). Thus, fluids mixing in a horizontal cold-leg and downcomer should be predicted accurately; however, turbulence production and damping often hinders this prediction due to the presence of the density gradients. Hence, the Fifth International Benchmark Exercise, the cold-leg mixing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Benchmark, was conducted under the support of OECD/NEA. The experiment was designed for visualization of the mixing phenomena of two liquids with different densities. The heavy liquid was a simulant of cold water from ECCS, in a horizontal leg and downcomer. We used the Large-eddy Simulation (LES) to investigate the time fluctuation behaviors of velocity and liquid concentration. The CFD simulation was performed with two turbulence models and three different numerical meshes. We investigated the characteristics of the appearance frequency of the heavy liquid concentration with the statistical method. Based on our findings, we propose further experiments and numerical investigations to understand the fluid mixing phenomena related to PTS.


合理的な処分のための実機環境を考慮した汚染鉄筋コンクリート長期状態変化の定量評価(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東京大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-057, 98 Pages, 2023/02




非接触測定法を用いた燃料デブリ臨界解析技術の高度化(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東京工業大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-043, 52 Pages, 2023/01






JAEA-Review 2022-035, 219 Pages, 2023/01




Quantitative visualization of a radioactive plume with harmonizing gamma-ray imaging spectrometry and real-time atmospheric dispersion simulation based on 3D wind observation

永井 晴康; 古田 禄大*; 中山 浩成; 佐藤 大樹

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 16 Pages, 2023/00

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)



A 3D particle-based simulation of heat and mass transfer behavior in the EAGLE ID1 in-pile test

Zhang, T.*; 守田 幸路*; Liu, X.*; Liu, W.*; 神山 健司

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 179, p.109389_1 - 109389_10, 2022/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:40.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ID1 test was the final target test of the EAGLE experimental framework program. It was used to verify that during a core disruptive accident, the molten fuel could be discharged via wall failure of an inner duct in FAIDUS, a design concept for the sodium-cooled fast reactor. The ID1 results revealed that the wall failure behavior owed to the large heat flow from the surrounding fuel/steel mixture. The present study numerically investigated the heat transfer mechanisms in the test using the finite volume particle method in the three-dimensional domain. The thermal hydraulic behaviors during wall failure were reproduced reasonably. The present three-dimensional simulation mitigated inherent defects of our previous two-dimensional calculation and clarified that the solid fuel and liquid steel close to the outer surface of the duct can expose the duct to high thermal loads, resulting in the wall failure.


Numerical reproduction of the seasonal variation in dissolved uranium in Lake Biwa

齋藤 龍郎; 山澤 弘実*; 望月 陽人

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 255, p.107035_1 - 107035_14, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Environmental Sciences)



ガンマ線画像スペクトル分光法による高放射線場環境の画像化による定量的放射能分布解析法(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 京都大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-027, 85 Pages, 2022/11






JAEA-Evaluation 2022-004, 38 Pages, 2022/11




令和3年度研究開発・評価報告書 評価課題「計算科学技術研究」(事後/事前評価)


JAEA-Evaluation 2022-003, 61 Pages, 2022/11




Accurate estimation of spectral density of LCS gamma-ray source

Omer, M.; 静間 俊行*; 羽島 良一*; 小泉 光生

第43回日本核物質管理学会年次大会会議論文集(インターネット), 3 Pages, 2022/11

Gamma-rays originated from laser Compton scattering (LCS) are convenient photon sources for nondestructive interrogation of nuclear materials. LCS can be used with nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF), the two of which are considered photon-based active interrogation techniques. However, an accurate estimation of the incident LCS $$gamma$$-ray flux is crucial. The $$gamma$$-ray flux is customarily measured using high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors, usually calibrated using standard point-like radioactive $$gamma$$-ray sources. These standard sources are entirely different from LCS beams in terms of detection geometry. Therefore, the calibration process must be corrected to meet the LCS beam conditions. Here, we demonstrate how to implement the required corrections and provide experimental validation of these corrections.


Experimental and numerical study on energy separation in vortex tube with a hollow helical fin (Joint research)

呉田 昌俊; 山形 洋司*; 宮腰 賢*; 増井 達也*; 三浦 義明*; 高橋 一憲*

JAEA-Research 2022-007, 28 Pages, 2022/09




Calculating off-axis efficiency of coaxial HPGe detectors by Monte Carlo simulation

Omer, M.; 静間 俊行*; 羽島 良一*; 小泉 光生

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 198, p.110241_1 - 110241_7, 2022/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:63.62(Chemistry, Physical)

In beam geometries where a directed $$gamma$$-ray beam hits the surface of a coaxial high purity germanium detector (HPGe), the detector efficiency is sensitive to the position where $$gamma$$-rays initially hit the detector surface because the structure of the detector is nonuniform. This may cause inaccuracy of the detector efficiency when measured using standard sources that are point-like sources emitting $$gamma$$-rays isotropically. Obtaining a precise estimation of the full energy peak efficiency of the coaxial HPGe detector in the beam geometry for on-axis and off-axis measurements requires a Monte Carlo simulation. We performed a Monte Carlo simulation that calculates the detector efficiency in the beam geometry. The effects of the off-axis distance and $$gamma$$-ray beam size on the efficiency are quantitatively analyzed. We found that the intrinsic efficiency in the beam geometry is maximized when the beam hits the detector at specific off-axis distances. Our Monte Carlo calculations have been supported by a nuclear resonance fluorescence experiment using laser Compton scattering $$gamma$$-ray beam.


Numerical simulation of annular dispersed flow in simplified subchannel of light water cooled fast reactor RBWR

吉田 啓之; 堀口 直樹; 小野 綾子; 古市 肇*; 上遠野 健一*

Proceedings of 29th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 29) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2022/08

About the boiling transition (BT) that determines the maximum thermal output of the BWR, it is considered that the spacers have significant effects on the occurrence of BT. And occurrence conditions of BT can be changed by devising the spacer shapes. In the light water cooled fast reactor: RBWR, thermal-hydraulics conditions are more severe than the current BWR. Then, the effect of the spacer on BT should be sufficiently utilized in the RBWR. In the thermal-hydraulics design for the current BWR, large-scale tests were carried out and used to evaluate BT conditions. The RBWR is still in the design stage, and there is room to be changed to many parameters. Then, it is not reasonable to determine the shape of the spacer by evaluation only for large-scale tests. On the other hand, by applying a two-phase CFD method with remarkable development in recent years, we can develop a model that can predict the effect of spacers mechanistically. This research used the detailed two-phase flow simulation code TPFIT developed by JAEA to simulate annular dispersed flow in RBWR subchannels. In the occurrence of BT, it is considered that the two-phase flow pattern is the annular dispersed flow, and we want to evaluate the effects of spacer shape on annular dispersed flow in RBWR subchannels. As the first step of this research, we performed numerical simulations of annular dispersed flow in the simplified subchannel of RBWR. We used a circular tube with the same hydraulic diameter as the RBWR subchannel to consider the basic effects of spacer on the annular dispersed flow. As a simulation parameter, we choose the existence of the spacer. The spacer used in the simulation has a simplified shape and the same blockage ratio as the RBWR. In this paper, we describe the result of numerical simulation. We evaluated droplets' size and velocity based on simulation results for the spacer's existence and non-existence cases.

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