Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*
KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 105, 2019/08
To understand this structural change of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation in detail, the irradiation test was carried out in KUR in 2017FY. The glass structure was estimated by using Raman spectrometry in 2018FY. Comparing with the Raman spectra of glass samples before and after irradiation, it could be observed the change of peak height of Si-O bridging structure by the irradiation.
Iha, Wataru*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Matsuda, Shinya*; Honda, Fuminori*; Haga, Yoshinori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; et al.
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 788, p.361 - 366, 2019/06
Takamatsu, Yuki*; Ishii, Hiroto*; Oishi, Yuji*; Muta, Hiroaki*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Suzuki, Eriko; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Miwa, Shuhei; Osaka, Masahiko; Kurosaki, Ken*
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(3/4), p.106 - 110, 2018/12
In order to establish the synthesis method of simulated fuel contacting Cesium (Cs) which is required for the evaluation of physical/chemical characteristics in fuel and release behavior of Cs, sintering tests of the cerium dioxide (CeO) based simulated fuels containing Cesium iodide (CsI) are performed by using spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. The sintered CeO pellets with homogeneous distribution of several micro meter of CsI spherical precipitates were successfully obtained by optimizing SPS conditions.
Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, J.*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; et al.
Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 2(11), p.1800067_1 - 1800067_8, 2018/11
Kim, J.*; Moro, Takuya*; Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Murayama, Ichiro*; Kato, Takanori*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; Yamada, Noboru*; Nishihata, Yasuo; et al.
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 768, p.22 - 27, 2018/11
Hiyama, Emiko; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oka, Makoto; Richard, J.-M.*
Physical Review C, 98(4), p.045208_1 - 045208_8, 2018/10
A quark model, which reproduces the ground-state mesons and baryons, i.e., the threshold energies, is applied to the configurations, where is a light quark and the charmed quark. In the calculation, several open channels are explicitly included such as , , , etc. To distinguish genuine resonances and estimate their width, we employ Gaussian Expansion Method supplemented by the real scalingmethod (stabilization). No resonance is found at the energies of the and pentaquarks. On the other hand, there is a sharp resonant state at 4690 MeV with state and another one at 4920 MeV with state, which have a compact structure.
Aratani, Hidekazu*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Kawada, Moeki*; Kanai, Yuina*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Fujioka, Shuhei*; Hamamoto, Satoru*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Kiss, Takayuki*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(12), p.121113_1 - 121113_6, 2018/09
Koizumi, Mitsuo; Goto, Jun*; Matsuki, Seishi*
Journal of Semiconductors, 39(8), p.082001_1 - 082001_5, 2018/08
Dynamic nuclear self-polarization (DYNASP) is a phenomenon observed in III-V semiconductors. When electrons of the valence band of a semiconductor are optically excited to the conduction band, a relaxation process of the conduction electrons induces a large nuclear polarization to suddenly occur below a critical temperature. Extending the original theoretical work of Dyakonov et al., we examined the effect of spin distribution of valence electrons excited by the circularly polarized light and the effect of external magnetic field on the phenomenon of the nuclear self-polarization. We found that the nuclear polarization is achieved even above the critical temperatures by the effect of electron polarization and of the external magnetic field. To investigate the phenomenon experimentally, we constructed an apparatus for low-temperature experiments.
Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*
Physical Review C, 98(2), p.024614_1 - 024614_6, 2018/08
In clustering studies, it is very important to probe the cluster amplitude at nuclear surface since spectroscopic factor is not necessarily a direct measure of the clustering. We consider Ne(,)O and Sn(,)Cd at 100 - 400 MeV within the distorted wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. We introduce a which shows how the reaction amplitude in the nuclear interior is suppressed and defines the probed region of the cluster wave function. It is clearly shown by means of the masking function that thanks to the absorption of distorting potentials, the knockout reaction probes the cluster amplitude in the nuclear surface region, which is the direct measure of well-developed cluster states.
Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Iha, Wataru*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Honda, Fuminori*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.074709_1 - 074709_14, 2018/07
Shigekawa, Yudai*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yasuda, Yuki*; Kaneko, Masashi; Watanabe, Masayuki; Shinohara, Atsushi*
Physical Review C, 98(1), p.014306_1 - 014306_5, 2018/07
The nuclear half-life of U has been reported to vary depending on the chemical environment. In this study, both the half-life and the internal-conversion (IC) electron energy spectrum were measured for U with identical chemical environments for the first time. U oxide and fluoride samples were subjected to these measurements, and clear differences in the half-life and the energy spectrum between these samples were observed. The peaks in the energy spectra were identified with the relativistic density functional theory calculation, and the molecular orbital states of the U oxide and fluoride estimated from the energy spectra and the calculation qualitatively explained the difference in the half-lives between the samples.
Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishi, Yoshihiro*; Kuriyama, Yasutoshi*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.
Proceedings of 61st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2018) (Internet), p.116 - 121, 2018/07
The radiation damage model in the radiation transport code PHITS has been developed to calculate the basic data of the radiation damage including the energy of the target Primary Knock on Atom (PKA). For the high-energy proton incident reactions, a target PKA created by the secondary particles was more dominant than a target PKA created by the projectile. To validate the radiation damage model in metals irradiated by 100 MeV protons, we developed a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler to cryogenically cool wire samples. By using this device, the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the DPA cross section of copper and aluminum were measured under irradiation with 125 and 200 MeV protons at cryogenic temperature. A comparison of the experimental data with the calculated results indicates that the DPA cross section with defect production efficiencies provide better quantitative descriptions.
Murai, Naoki; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Ideta, Shinichiro*; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi
Physical Review B, 97(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_6, 2018/06
We use inelastic neutron scattering (INS) to investigate the effect of electron correlations on spin dynamics in iron-based superconductor BaKFeAs. Our INS data show a spin-wave-like dispersive feature, with a zone boundary energy of 200 meV. A first principles analysis of dynamical spin susceptibility, incorporating the mass renormalization factor of 3, as determined by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, provides a reasonable description of the observed spin excitations. This analysis shows that electron correlations in the Fe-3d bands yield enhanced effective electron masses, and consequently, induce substantial narrowing of the spin excitation bandwidth. Our results highlight the importance of electron correlations in an itinerant description of the spin excitations in iron-based superconductors.
Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Mori, Takeo*; Tsuruta, Atsushi*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(11), p.115160_1 - 115160_7, 2018/03
Nagai, Kodai*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujioka, Shuhei*; Yomosa, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Sekiyama, Akira*; Kuroda, Fumiaki*; Fujii, Hitoshi*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(3), p.035143_1 - 035143_8, 2018/01
We have studied the electronic structure of ferrimagnetic MnVAl single crystals by means of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray absorption magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonant soft X-ray inelastic scattering (RIXS). We have successfully observed the XMCD signals for all the constituent elements. The Mn L XAS and XMCD spectra are reproduced by spectral simulations based on density-functional theory, indicating the itinerant character of the Mn 3 states. On the other hand, the V 3 electrons are rather localized since the ionic model can qualitatively explain the V L XAS and XMCD spectra. This picture is consistent with local excitations revealed by the V L RIXS.
Horie, Hiroki*; Yukumatsu, Kazuki*; Mishima, Fumihito*; Akiyama, Yoko*; Nishijima, Shigehiro*; Sekiyama, Tomio*; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kato, Mitsugu
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 871, p.012102_1 - 012102_7, 2017/07
Saito, Yuji; Yasui, Akira*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Imada, Shin*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Kindo, Koichi*; Takahashi, Minoru*; Ebihara, Takao*; et al.
Physical Review B, 96(3), p.035151_1 - 035151_5, 2017/07
We revisit the delocalized character of the 4 states of CeFe in the ferromagnetically ordered phase by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) in X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with improved data quality using single crystals. Surprisingly, the Ce XMCD spectral shape changes significantly as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field, with no concomitant changes in the spectral shape of the Ce XAS as well as the Fe XAS and XMCD. This unusual behavior is characterized by the states in a 4 configuration mixed into the ground state. Such extreme sensitivity of the Ce 4 states to the external perturbations can be related to the magnetic instability toward an antiferromagnetic phase in CeFe. Our experimental data presented here provide valuable insights into the underlying physics in strongly-hybridized ferromagnetic Ce compounds.
Watanabe, Taro*; Takata, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Akira*
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 313, p.447 - 457, 2017/03
Countercurrent flow limitation (CCFL) in a heat transfer tube at a steam generator (SG) of pressurized water reactor (PWR) is one of the important issues on the core cooling under a loss of coolant accident(LOCA). In order to improve the prediction accuracy of the CCFL characteristics in numerical simulations using the volume of fluid (VOF) method with less computational cost, a thin liquid film flow in a countercurrent flow is modeled independently and is coupled with the VOF method. Then, we have carried out numerical simulations of a countercurrent flow in a vertical tube so as to investigate the CCFL characteristics and compare them with the previous experimental results. As a result, it has been concluded that the effect of liquid film entrainment by upward gas flux will cause the difference in the experiments.
Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Mori, Takeo*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; et al.
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 220, p.50 - 53, 2017/01
We report the soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission study for LaNiGe to reveal the electronic structures derived from non-4 bands of the heavy fermion compound CeNiGe. The photoemission spectra recorded at the La M absorption edges clearly show the enhancement of the La 5 components in the valence band spectra. The circular dichroism of photoemission spectra reveals the band-dependent dichroic response due to the orbital symmetry.
Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takeo*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yasui, Akira*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Imada, Shin*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114713_1 - 114713_7, 2016/11
We report on the electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb using soft X-ray absorption (XAS), magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) spectroscopies. The Ce XAS spectra show very small satellite structures, reflecting a strongly localized character of the Ce 4 electrons. The linear dichroism effects in the Ce XAS spectra demonstrate the ground-state Ce 4 symmetry of , the spatial distribution of which is directed along the -axis. Nevertheless, ARPES spectra at the Ce 3-4 resonance show the momentum dependence of the intensity ratio between Ce 4 and 4 peaks in a part of the Brillouin zone, suggesting the non negligible momentum-dependent hybridization effect between the Ce 4 and the conduction electrons. This is associated with the moderate mass enhancement in CeAgSb.