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Journal Articles

Detecting halfmetallic electronic structures of spintronic materials in a magnetic field

Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Umetsu, Rie*; Kuroda, Fumiaki*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Kashiuchi, Toshiyuki*; Nishimoto, Kohei*; Nagai, Kodai*; Sekiyama, Akira*; Irizawa, Akinori*; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.18654_1 - 18654_9, 2021/09

Journal Articles

Chemical characterization of a volatile dubnium compound, DbOCl$$_3$$

Chiera, N. M.*; Sato, Tetsuya; Eichler, R.*; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Asai, Masato; Adachi, Sadia*; Dressler, R.*; Hirose, Kentaro; Inoue, Hiroki*; Ito, Yuta; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 60(33), p.17871 - 17874, 2021/08

The formation and the chemical characterization of single atoms of dubnium (Db, element 105), in the form of its volatile oxychloride, was investigated using the on-line gas phase chromatography technique, in the temperature range 350 - 600 $$^circ$$C. Under the exact same chemical conditions, comparative studies with the lighter homologs of group-5 in the Periodic Table clearly indicate the volatility sequence being NbOCl$$_3 > $$ TaOCl$$_3 geq$$ DbOCl$$_3$$. From the obtained experimental results, thermochemical data for DbOCl$$_3$$ were derived. The present study delivers reliable experimental information for theoretical calculations on the chemical properties of transactinides.

Journal Articles

Spin-orbital magnetic response of relativistic fermions with band hybridization

Araki, Yasufumi; Suenaga, Daiki*; Suzuki, Kei; Yasui, Shigehiro*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(2), p.023098_1 - 023098_17, 2021/05

Spins of relativistic fermions are related to their orbital degrees of freedom. In order to quantify the effect of hybridization between relativistic and nonrelativistic degrees of freedom on spin-orbit coupling, we focus on the spin-orbital (SO) crossed susceptibility arising from spin-orbit coupling. The SO crossed susceptibility is defined as the response function of their spin polarization to the ``orbital'' magnetic field, namely the effect of magnetic field on the orbital motion of particles as the vector potential. Once relativistic and nonrelativistic fermions are hybridized, their SO crossed susceptibility gets modified at the Fermi energy around the band hybridization point, leading to spin polarization of nonrelativistic fermions as well. These effects are enhanced under a dynamical magnetic field that violates thermal equilibrium, arising from the interband process permitted by the band hybridization. Its experimental realization is discussed for Dirac electrons in solids with slight breaking of crystalline symmetry or doping, and also for quark matter including dilute heavy quarks strongly hybridized with light quarks, arising in a relativistic heavy-ion collision process.

Journal Articles

Study of the axial $$U(1)$$ anomaly at high temperature with lattice chiral fermions

Aoki, Sinya*; Aoki, Yasumichi*; Cossu, G.*; Fukaya, Hidenori*; Hashimoto, Shoji*; Kaneko, Takashi*; Rohrhofer, C.*; Suzuki, Kei

Physical Review D, 103(7), p.074506_1 - 074506_18, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:84.91(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We investigate the axial $$U(1)$$ anomaly of two-flavor QCD at temperatures 190-330 MeV. In order to preserve precise chiral symmetry on the lattice, we employ the M$"o$bius domain-wall fermion action as well as overlap fermion action implemented with a stochastic reweighting technique. Compared to our previous studies, we reduce the lattice spacing to 0.07 fm, simulate larger multiple volumes to estimate finite size effect, and take more than four quark mass points, including one below physical point to investigate the chiral limit. We measure the topological susceptibility, axial $$U(1)$$ susceptibility, and examine the degeneracy of $$U(1)$$ partners in meson/baryon correlators. All the data above the critical temperature indicate that the axial $$U(1)$$ violation is consistent with zero within statistical errors. The quark mass dependence suggests disappearance of the $$U(1)$$ anomaly at a rate comparable to that of the $$SU(2)_L times SU(2)_R$$ symmetry breaking.

Journal Articles

Measurements of displacement cross section of tungsten under 389-MeV proton irradiation and thermal damage recovery

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Shima, Tatsushi*

Materials Science Forum, 1024, p.95 - 101, 2021/03

To predict the lifetime of target materials in high-energy radiation environments at spallation neutron sources, radiation transport codes such as PHITS are used to calculate the displacements per atom (DPA) value. In this work, to validate calculated DPA values of tungsten, we implemented 0.25-mm-diameter wire sample of tungsten in a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and measured the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the displacement cross section using 389-MeV protons at 10 K. As well as our previous results for aluminum and copper, calculated results with defect production efficiencies provided good agreements with experimental data. Based on measurements of recovery of the defects through annealing, about 85% of the damage remained at 60 K, and the same tendency is observed in other experimental result for reactor neutron irradiation.

Journal Articles

Chiral separation effect catalyzed by heavy impurities

Suenaga, Daiki*; Araki, Yasufumi; Suzuki, Kei; Yasui, Shigehiro*

Physical Review D, 103(5), p.054041_1 - 054041_17, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We investigate the influence of the Kondo effect, namely, the nonperturbative effect induced by heavy impurities, on the chiral separation effect (CSE) in quark matter. We employ a simple effective model incorporating the Kondo condensate made of a light quark and a heavy quark, and compute the response function of the axial current to the magnetic field in the static and dynamical limits. As a result, we find that the Kondo effect catalyzes the CSE in both of the limits, and in particular the CSE in the dynamical limit can be enhanced by a factor of approximately 3. Our findings clearly show that the presence of heavy impurities in quark matter can play an important role in the transport phenomena of light quarks induced by a magnetic field.

Journal Articles

Two relativistic Kondo effects; Classification with particle and antiparticle impurities

Araki, Yasufumi; Suenaga, Daiki*; Suzuki, Kei; Yasui, Shigehiro*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(1), p.013233_1 - 013233_12, 2021/03

We investigate two different types of relativistic Kondo effects, distinguished by heavy-impurity degrees of freedom, by focusing on the energy-momentum dispersion relations of the ground state with condensates composed of a light Dirac fermion and a nonrelativistic impurity fermion. Heavy fermion degrees of freedom are introduced in terms of two types of heavy-fermion effective theories, in other words, two heavy-fermion limits for the heavy Dirac fermion, which is known as the heavy-quark effective theories (HQETs) in high-energy physics. While the first one includes only the heavy-particle component, the second one contains both the heavy-particle and heavy-antiparticle components, which are opposite in their parity. From these theories, we obtain two types of Kondo effects, in which the dispersions near the Fermi surface are very similar, but they differ in the structure at low momentum. We also classify the possible forms of condensates in the two limits. The two Kondo effects will be examined by experiments with Dirac/Weyl semimetals or quark matter, lattice simulations, and cold-atom simulations.

Journal Articles

Interface atom mobility and charge transfer effects on CuO and Cu$$_{2}$$O formation on Cu$$_{3}$$Pd(111) and Cu$$_{3}$$Pt(111)

Tsuda, Yasutaka; Gueriba, J. S.*; Makino, Takamasa*; Di$~n$o, W. A.*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Okada, Michio*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.3906_1 - 3906_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Basic study for on-line monitoring of tiny particles including alpha emitters by aerosol time-of-flight mass spectroscopy (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*

JAEA-Review 2020-050, 69 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-050.pdf:3.79MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Basic study for On-Line Monitoring of Tiny Particles including Alpha Emitters by Aerosol Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectroscopy" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Development of technology to simultaneously measure viscosity and surface tension of molten materials in reactor core (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*

JAEA-Review 2020-038, 41 Pages, 2020/12

JAEA-Review-2020-038.pdf:3.28MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Technology to Simultaneously Measure Viscosity and Surface Tension of Molten Materials in Reactor Core" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Development of hydrogels for prevention of radioactive dust dispersion during fuel debris retrieval (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*

JAEA-Review 2020-030, 55 Pages, 2020/12

JAEA-Review-2020-030.pdf:2.76MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of hydrogels for prevention of radioactive dust dispersion during fuel debris retrieval" conducted in FY2019. In this study, we propose coating fuel debris with thixotropic gel materials to suppress dust dispersion during debris retrieval. Hectorite clay mineral - borax composite gel was selected based on the viscosity, the transparency and the radiation resistance. Simulated cutting tests confirm that the gel coating effectively suppress the dust dispersion.

Journal Articles

Impact of soil erosion potential uncertainties on numerical simulations of the environmental fate of radiocesium in the Abukuma River basin

Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Shimadera, Hikari*; Kondo, Akira*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 225, p.106452_1 - 106452_12, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

This study focused on the uncertainty of the factors of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and evaluated its impacts on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs simulated by a radiocesium transport model in the Abukuma River basin. The USLE has five physically meaningful factors: the rainfall and runoff factor (R), soil erodibility factor (K), topographic factor (LS), cover and management factor (C), and support practice factor (P). The simulation results showed total suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs outflows were the most sensitive to C and P among the all factors. Therefore, land cover and soil erosion prevention act have the great impact on outflow of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs. Focusing on land use, the outflow rates of $$^{137}$$Cs from the forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields were large. This study indicates that land use, especially forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields, has a significant impact on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs.

Journal Articles

On the crystal structure of compounds belonging to space group $$P$$2$$_1$$3 and their derivatives

Kakihana, Masashi*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Haga, Yoshinori; Harima, Hisatomo*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Kotai Butsuri, 55(10), p.505 - 514, 2020/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Insight into Kondo screening in the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$ uncovered by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yasui, Akira*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Suga, Shigemasa*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Sekiyama, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Structural change of borosilicate glass by boron isotope composition

Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 257, 2020/08

To understand the influence of glass structural change by neutron irradiation and boron isotope composition, glass samples were made from enrichment boric acid reagents and neutron irradiation of those samples was carried out in Pn-2 of KUR. The structural change of glass sample after the irradiation will be estimated in 2020FY. Before neutron irradiation test of glass samples, the Si-O bridging structure difference by boron isotope composition compared by using a Raman spectrometry.

Journal Articles

Axial U(1) symmetry and mesonic correlators at high temperature in $$N_f=2$$ lattice QCD

Suzuki, Kei; Aoki, Sinya*; Aoki, Yasumichi*; Cossu, G.*; Fukaya, Hidenori*; Hashimoto, Shoji*; Rohrhofer, C.*

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 363, 7 Pages, 2020/08

We investigate the high-temperature phase of QCD using lattice QCD simulations with $$N_f=2$$ dynamical M$"o$bius domain-wall fermions. On generated configurations, we study the axial $$U(1)$$ symmetry, overlap-Dirac spectra, screening masses from mesonic correlators, and topological susceptibility. We find that some of the observables are quite sensitive to lattice artifacts due to a small violation of the chiral symmetry. For those observables, we reweight the M$"o$bius domain-wall fermion determinant by that of the overlap fermion. We also check the volume dependence of observables. Our data near the chiral limit indicates a strong suppression of the axial $$U(1)$$ anomaly at temperatures $$geq$$ 220 MeV.

Journal Articles

Symmetries of the light hadron spectrum in high temperature QCD

Rohrhofer, C.*; Aoki, Yasumichi*; Cossu, G.*; Fukaya, Hidenori*; Gattringer, C.*; Glozman, L. Ya.*; Hashimoto, Shoji*; Lang, C. B.*; Suzuki, Kei

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 363, 7 Pages, 2020/08

Properties of QCD matter change significantly around the chiral crossover temperature, and the effects on $$U(1)_A$$ and topological susceptibilities, as well as the meson spectrum have been studied with much care. Baryons and the effect of parity doubling in this temperature range have been analyzed previously by various other groups employing different setups. Here we construct suitable operators to investigate chiral and axial $$U(1)_A$$ symmetries in the baryon spectrum. Measurements for different volumes and quark-masses are done with two flavors of chirally symmetric domain-wall fermions at temperatures above the critical one. The possibility of emergent $$SU(4)$$ and $$SU(2)_{CS}$$ symmetries is discussed.

Journal Articles

Low temperature heat capacity of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$

Suzuki, Eriko; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko; Oishi, Yuji*; Muta, Hiroaki*; Kurosaki, Ken*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(7), p.852 - 857, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The low temperature heat capacity of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$, which is one of the cesium chemisorbed compounds onto stainless steel during severe accident of the light water nuclear reactor, was experimentally determined for the first time in the temperature range of 1.9 - 302 K. The experimentally determined heat capacity, $$C_{p}$$$$^{o}$$ (298.15K), and the standard entropy, $$S^{o}$$ (298.15K), were 249.4 $$pm$$ 1.1 J K$$^{-1}$$ mol$$^{-1}$$ and 322.1 $$pm$$ 1.3 J K$$^{-1}$$ mol$$^{-1}$$, respectively. The standard Gibbs energy of formation of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ at high temperatures, $$Delta$$$$_{f}$$$$G^{o}$$($$T$$), were reevaluated by using the presently obtained $$S^{o}$$ (298.15K) and the previously reported experimental results of the standard enthalpy of formation, $$Delta$$$$_{f}$$$$H^{o}$$ (298.15K), and the standard enthalpy increments at high temperatures, $$H^{o}$$($$T$$)-$$H^{o}$$ (298.15K).

Journal Articles

Quasi-one-dimensional magnetic interactions and conduction electrons in EuCu$$_5$$ and EuAu$$_5$$ with the characteristic hexagonal structure

Matsuda, Shinya*; Ota, Joji*; Nakaima, Kenri*; Iha, Wataru*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Honda, Fuminori*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Philosophical Magazine, 100(10), p.1244 - 1257, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:48.93(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Spin glass behavior in EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ single crystal grown by the flux method

Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Haga, Yoshinori; Taniguchi, Toshifumi*; Iha, Wataru*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Kida, Takanori*; Tahara, Taimu*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Nakashima, Miho*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034705_1 - 034705_15, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

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