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Proceedings of plenary session international workshop on recearch & development of geological disposal

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大和 愛司; 佐々木 憲明; 原 啓二; 宮原 要

Yamato, Aiji; Sasaki, Noriaki; not registered; Miyahara, Kaname

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Nuclear energy is the second largest source of electric power in the United States. Tdate, nuclear power plants produced over twenty percent of the nation's electricity. Aof August 1991, there were 112 nuclear power reactors in the United States, and two mo were being built. By the year 2000, approximately 40,000 metric tons of nuclear wasteill be in temporary storage at reactor sites throughout the coutry. That amount is twi the amount that currently exists. In order to handle such waste, as well as the addedolume to be produced after the year 2000, the U. S. Department of Energt (DOE) is in t process of developing the waste management system that was authorized by the U. S Coness in 1987. The authorized system is illustrated in Figure 1. To summarize, spent nucar fuel from commercial power reactors will be accepted by the DOE at the reactor siteand transported to a monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility for temporary storagand preparation for permanent disposal in a gelogic rep

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