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Magnetic and dielectric properties of $textit{R}$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$, $textit{R}$Fe$textit{M}$O$$_4$$, and $textit{R}$GaCuO$$_4$$ ($textit{R}$=Yb and Lu, $textit{M}$=Co and Cu)

$textit{R}$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$, $textit{R}$Fe$textit{M}$O$$_4$$, $textit{R}$GaCuO$$_4$$の磁性と誘電性($textit{R}$=Yb及びLu, $textit{M}$=Co及びCu)

吉井 賢資  ; 池田 直*; 松尾 祥史*; 堀部 陽一*; 森 茂生*

Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*

標記の酸化物の磁性と誘電性について調べた。$textit{R}$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$に関しては、磁気転移温度が250Kで、室温で10000程度の比誘電率を示した。前者は鉄スピンの弱強磁性、後者は鉄イオンの電荷秩序に由来するものであることは従来の研究からわかっている。鉄サイト置換したところ、磁気転移温度も比誘電率も、$textit{R}$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$, $textit{R}$Fe$textit{M}$O$$_4$$, $textit{R}$GaCuO$$_4$$の順に低下することがわかった。また、鉄サイト置換系では、磁気秩序は$textit{R}$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$に比べて短距離秩序となっていること、また、誘電ドメインのサイズにばらつきが生ずることがわかった。これらの実験事実を、3d遷移金属間の電子移動と関連して議論する。

The magnetic and dielectric properties have been investigated for the isostructural oxides of ${it R}$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, ${it R}$Fe${it M}$O$$_{4}$$, and ${it R}$GaCuO$$_{4}$$ (${it R}$=Yb and Lu, ${it M}$=Co and Cu). The magnetization measurements for ${it R}$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ showed ferrimagnetic ordering at $$sim$$250 K. This system also exhibited large dielectric constants of $$sim$$10,000-30,000 at around room temperature, which is attributable to the charge-ordering-induced ferroelectricity, as was proposed in our recent report. The magnetic transition temperatures are lowered to $$sim$$45-90 K for ${it R}$Fe${it M}$O$$_{4}$$. Magnetic ordering is not found for ${it R}$GaCuO$$_{4}$$. AC magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that magnetic ordering becomes short-ranged by the substitution at the Fe site. The overall characteristic behavior of the magnetic properties is explained in terms of the change of a spin value as well as the dilution of magnetic interactions. Although the AC dielectric measurements show the existence of polar regions in each material, the dielectric constants below 300 K become smaller in the order of ${it R}$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, ${it R}$FeCoO$$_{4}$$, ${it R}$FeCuO$$_{4}$$, and ${it R}$GaCuO$$_{4}$$. From the analysis of the dielectric dispersion, the distribution of the fluctuation time of polar regions is wider in ${it R}$FeCoO$$_{4}$$, ${it R}$FeCuO$$_{4}$$, and ${it R}$CuGaO$$_{4}$$ than in ${it R}$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$; a coherent motion of polar regions is suppressed in the substituted systems. By comparison to the results from the magnetic measurements, the dielectric properties are discussed in connection with a charge transfer between the transition-metal 3${it d}$ orbitals, consistently with the proposed novel mechanism of the ferroelectricity in ${it R}$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$.

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パーセンタイル:93.97

分野:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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