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Grain boundary character of cracks observed in IASCC and IGSCC

照射誘起応力腐食割れ及び粒界型応力腐食割れき裂に観察された粒界性格

三輪 幸夫; 加治 芳行; 塚田 隆; 加藤 佳明; 冨田 健; 永田 暢秋*; 堂崎 浩二*; 瀧口 英樹*

Miwa, Yukio; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsukada, Takashi; Kato, Yoshiaki; Tomita, Takeshi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

照射誘起応力腐食割れ(IASCC)の進展挙動との関係を検討するため、IASCCのき裂進展部の粒界性格分布を、方位像顕微鏡を用いて測定した。測定は、JMTR炉内照射下き裂進展試験及び照射後き裂進展試験によりき裂を進展させた試験片について実施した。その結果、IASCCき裂はおもにランダム粒界を進展したが、小傾角粒界($$Sigma$$1),双晶粒界($$Sigma$$3)及び対応粒界($$Sigma$$5-27)でもき裂が進展していた。すなわち、小傾角及び双晶粒界では元素偏析による粒界の耐食性劣化が小さいことが知られているが、そのような粒界でもSCCき裂が進展することがわかった。IASCCが進展したき裂の粒界性格分布を、著者のこれまでの研究結果である熱鋭敏化SUS304鋼,低炭素ステンレス鋼再循環系配管溶接継ぎ手模擬材及び実機シュラウド材の各材料における粒界型応力腐食割れ(IGSCC)のき裂進展部の粒界性格分布と比較した。その結果、IASCCとIGSCCにおいてき裂が進展する粒界性格の割合が異なり、その割合は照射材の変形挙動と関連のある可能性が考えられた。

Grain boundary (GB) character of cracks observed in irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) and in intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) was examined using the orientation imaging microscope (OIM). IASCC were produced by constant load tests with 1/4T-CT specimens for pre-irradiated (1.8 dpa at 546 K) type 304 stainless steel. The tests for pre-irradiated specimens were performed by the post irradiation SCC test or the in-reactor SCC test at the Japan Materials Testing Reactor. In all specimens, cracks propagated mainly along random grain boundaries (GBs), and small amount of cracks propagated along low angle GBs ($$Sigma$$ 1), twin GBs ($$Sigma$$ 3) and coincidence site lattice (CSL) GBs ($$Sigma$$ 5-27). Fraction of the GB character was compared with the author's previous studies in which the fraction of IGSCC in thermally-sensitized type 304 stainless steel and unirradiated type 316L stainless steel were measured on CT specimens and a BWR shroud sample. The relationship between SCC behavior and the GB character was discussed. It was considered that the difference of the fraction of GB character between IASCC and IGSCC related to the deformation mode of irradiated stainless steel such as dislocation channelling.

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