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TRU廃棄物の処理・処分技術に関する研究開発; 平成19年度報告

Research and development for treatment and disposal technologies of TRU waste; JFY 2007 annual report

亀井 玄人; 本田 明; 三原 守弘; 小田 治恵; 村上 裕; 増田 賢太; 山口 耕平; 松田 節郎; 市毛 悟; 高橋 邦明; 目黒 義弘; 山口 大美; 榊原 哲朗; 佐々木 紀樹

Kamei, Gento; Honda, Akira; Mihara, Morihiro; Oda, Chie; Murakami, Hiroshi; Masuda, Kenta; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Matsuda, Setsuro; Ichige, Satoru; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Yamaguchi, Hiromi; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Sasaki, Toshiki

TRU廃棄物の地層処分研究開発については国の全体基本計画に基づき、併置処分の評価にかかわる信頼性向上,ジェネリックな評価基盤の拡充及び幅広い地質環境に柔軟に対応するための代替技術開発が進められている。JAEAにおいても処理,処分の両面で全体基本計画の中の分担課題に取り組んでいる。本年報は平成19年度のそれらの進捗を記すもので、具体的課題としては、(1)TRU廃棄物の処理・廃棄体化技術(廃棄物の開梱・分別へのか焼技術の適用性,廃棄体の品質保証・検認手法),(2)ニアフィールドの構造力学評価(構造力学評価モデルの開発・整備,岩盤クリープモデルの導入,岩盤及び人工バリア変形の連成解析),(3)性能評価(核種移行データ取得・整備,セメント変質,高アルカリ性環境における緩衝材及び岩盤の長期化学挙動,硝酸塩影響)及び(4)代替技術(硝酸塩分解技術)である。

Based on Japanese governmental policy and general scheme, research and development of geological disposal technology for TRU waste has been proceeding to improve reliability of the safety assessment of the co-locational disposal of TRU waste and of HLW, to expand the basement of generic safety assessment, and to develop the alternative technology to cope with the broad geologic environment of Japan. Japan Atomic Energy Agency is dealing with the assignments in the governmental generic scheme. We report here the progress of the studies at the end of H19 (2007) fiscal year, which are (1) treatment and packaging of TRU waste including applicability of calcination for unpacking and sorting of wastes, characterization and inspection methodology of TRU waste, (2) mechanical assessment for the near-field structure including model development and preparation, introduction of hostrock creep model and coupling analysis of deformation of hostrock and engineered barrier. (3) performance assessment of the disposal system including data acquisition and preparation on radionuclides migration, cementitious material alteration, bentonite and hostrock alteration with alkaline solution and nitrate effect, and (4) alternative technology development including decomposition of nitrate.

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