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Surface modification of vulcanized rubber by radiation grafting, 2; Improvement in performance of wiper rubber

放射線グラフト重合による架橋ゴムの表面改質,2; ワイパーゴム性能の改善

溝手 範人*; 片貝 秋雄; 玉田 正男

Mizote, Norihito*; Katakai, Akio; Tamada, Masao

天然ゴムの表面硬度,ドライ摩擦,払拭性,摩耗性を改善するため、2-ヒドロキシエチルメタクリレート(HEMA)を天然ゴムの表面層に放射線グラフト重合した。ゴムの表層のHEMAの組成は、FT-IRで評価し、組成比として表現した。この組成比は、0.29から0.93まで、グラフト重合時のHEMA濃度及び線量で制御することができ、組成比が0.7より高いとき、表面硬度は64以上、ドライ摩擦係数は0.65以下となり、市販の塩素処理ゴムより、ガラスに対する摩耗と摩擦に対して優れた特性を示した。そのため、耐摩耗性は塩素処理ゴムの10倍に達した。しかし、HEMAをグラフトしたゴムは、湿潤状態では表面硬度は62.5となるため、95%以上の払拭率を実現した。

Surface of natural rubber was modified by radiation-induced grafting of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) to improve the properties of surface hardness, dry friction, wiping performance, and wear duration. The composition ration of HEMA to rubber was controlled from 0.29 to 0.93 by changing HEMA concentration and dose in graft polymerization. When this composition ration was higher than 0.7, the surface hardness was higher than 64 and the coefficient of dry friction lower than 0.65. Those values became better than those of commercially available chlorinated-rubber in terms of wear and friction against glass. The resulting wear resistance was 10 times higher than chlorinated rubber. However, the surface hardness in wet state was 62.5 since grafted-HEMA gave the hydrophilicity to the rubber. As a result, the grafted-HEMA rubber realized 95% and higher wiping performance of water on glass.

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パーセンタイル:11.73

分野:Polymer Science

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