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HDEHPを用いた三価重アクチニドの溶媒抽出挙動

Solvent extraction of heavy actinides (III) with HDEHP

高山 玲央奈*; 大江 一弘*; 小森 有希子*; 藤沢 弘幸*; 栗山 亜依*; 菊谷 有希*; 菊永 英寿*; 笠松 良崇*; 吉村 崇*; 高橋 成人*; 斎藤 直*; 豊嶋 厚史; 浅井 雅人; 三頭 聰明*; 篠原 厚*

Takayama, Reona*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Komori, Yukiko*; Fujisawa, Hiroyuki*; Kuriyama, Ai*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yoshimura, Takashi*; Takahashi, Naruto*; Saito, Tadashi*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Mitsugashira, Toshiaki*; Shinohara, Atsushi*

本研究では、HDEHP(Di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid)を抽出剤として三価のアクチニド(Ac, Am, Cm, Cf, Es, Fm)並びにランタノイドの抽出定数($$it K$$$$_{ex}$$)に関して系統的な比較を行った。$$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Cm, $$^{249}$$Cf, $$^{253}$$Es, $$^{144}$$Pmトレーサー並びにPmを除くランタニド混合溶液を用いてそれぞれの$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$を決定した。また、大阪大学核物理研究センターのAVFサイクロトロンにおいて$$^{238}$$U($$^{16}$$O, 4n)反応によって合成した$$^{250}$$Fm(半減期30分)を用いて、その$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$を測定した。ランタノイドとアクチノイドの$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$は直線的に増加せず、段階状のテトラド効果を示すことがわかった。また、Am, Cm, Cf並びにEsの$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$はそれぞれイオン半径が同程度のランタノイド元素とほぼ同じ値を持つ一方で、Fmの$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$はイオン半径の近いDyの$$it K$$$$_{ex}$$より明らかに小さいことを見いだした。

The extraction behavior of trivalent actinides (Am, Cm, Cf, Es, and Fm) into di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, HDEHP, in benzene from HNO$$_{3}$$ was studied together with lanthanides. The extraction constants, $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values, of lanthanides, Am, Cm, Cf, and Es were determined by a batch method using stable lanthanide isotopes and radiotracers of $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Cm, $$^{249}$$Cf, and $$^{253}$$Es, respectively, while that of Fm was measured with $$^{250}$$Fm which was produced in the $$^{238}$$U($$^{16}$$O,4n) reaction and was on-line supplied by a gas-jet method at the AVF cyclotron of RCNP, Osaka University. The $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values were determined by the slope analysis for the variation of the distribution ratio as a function of the concentration of HDEHP. We found that the $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$of Fm is smaller than that of Dy in spite of the similar ionic radii while those of other actinides are almost the same as those of each lanthanide with a similar ionic radius.

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