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Optimization of ion-beam irradiation for mutagenesis in soybean; Effects on plant growth and production of visibly altered mutants

ダイズ突然変異誘発でのイオンビーム照射の最適化; 植物の生長に対する影響と可視的に変化した変異体の生成

荒瀬 幸子*; 長谷 純宏; 阿部 純*; 河西 めぐみ*; 山田 哲也*; 喜多村 啓介*; 鳴海 一成; 田中 淳; 金澤 章*

Arase, Sachiko*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Abe, Jun*; Kasai, Megumi*; Yamada, Tetsuya*; Kitamura, Keisuke*; Narumi, Issei; Tanaka, Atsushi; Kanazawa, Akira*

We describe for the first time the dose response and mutagenic effects of ion-beam irradiation in soybean. We irradiated the hilum side of dried mature soybean seeds with 320 MeV carbon ions. The number of plants that survived until seed-set decreased with the increase of the irradiation dose and was very low in plants irradiated at doses higher than 5.0 Gy, whereas the frequency distribution of the number of seeds produced by each seed-setting plant was not affected by lower doses of irradiation. We produced plant populations irradiated at 2.5 Gy and 5.0 Gy on a large scale to obtain M$$_{2}$$ seeds. Despite the duplicate composition of the soybean genome, chlorophyll-deficient mutants were detected with a frequency of 0.47% in the M$$_{2}$$ generation of plants irradiated at 5.0 Gy. These results demonstrate that irradiation of the hilum side of dried soybean seeds with carbon ion beams at a dose range around 2.5-5.0 Gy induces genetic changes while also allowing the production of a considerable number of seed-setting plants.

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パーセンタイル:53.71

分野:Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology

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