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Electrorefining test of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel prepared pyrometallurgically from MOX

MOXから調製したU-Pu-Zr合金を用いた電解精製試験

北脇 慎一; 仲吉 彬; 福嶋 峰夫; 坂村 義治*; 村上 毅*; 秋山 尚之*

Kitawaki, Shinichi; Nakayoshi, Akira; Fukushima, Mineo; Sakamura, Yoshiharu*; Murakami, Tsuyoshi*; Akiyama, Naoyuki*

FaCTプロジェクトにおいて、金属燃料高速炉と乾式再処理について、将来の再処理技術の一つとして研究を行っている。原子力機構は電力中央研究所と共同で原子力機構東海研究開発センターのCPFにAr雰囲気グローブボックスを設置し共同研究を進めている。乾式再処理では、使用済金属燃料をLiCl-KCl中において陽極溶解し、UとPuをそれぞれ陰極で回収する。これまでの研究では、使用済燃料中のU, PuやMAとともに合金成分のZrの溶解も許容してきたが、Zrの溶出に伴う課題も存在するため、本研究ではZrの溶出を制限した条件での陽極溶解挙動の確認を行った。陽極として用いるU-Pu-Zr合金は、MOX燃料を還元して得たU-Pu合金とU-Zr合金を混合溶融させて調製した。調製したU-Pu-Zr合金は電解塩(LiCl-KCl-UCl$$_{3}$$-PuCl$$_{3}$$)に浸漬し、電解試験を行った。

In the FaCT project, the metal fuel cycle including metal fuel fast reactor and pyrochemical reprocessing has been being developed. JAEA and CRIEPI have continued a collaborative study on pyrochemical reprocessing. In the pyrochemical reprocessing, actinides in the spent fuels dissolve anodically in the LiCl-KCl, and U is collected selectively on a solid cathode, Pu and MA are recovered simultaneously in a liquid Cd cathode. In the previous electrorefining tests, at the anode Zr was allowed to dissolve into the electrolyte salt together with U, Pu and MA. The Zr co-dissolution may cause some problems. In this study, through the anode dissolution test of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel, the controlling the dissolution of the Zr and the improvement of dissolution ratio of U, Pu were studied. The U-Pu alloy was prepared from MOX pellets by using the electrochemical reduction method. U-Pu-Zr ternary alloy was produced by alloying the obtained U-Pu alloy and prepared U-Zr alloy. U-Pu-Zr ternary alloy was immersed into electrolyte salt, and electrolysis test was carried out.

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