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Helium bubbles in UO$$_{2}$$

UO$$_{2}$$中に発生するヘリウムバブル

松永 純治*; 樫部 信司*; 芹澤 弘幸; 中島 邦久; 岩井 孝; 芳賀 芳範; 大石 佑治*; 山中 伸介*

Matsunaga, Junji*; Kashibe, Shinji*; Serizawa, Hiroyuki; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Iwai, Takashi; Haga, Yoshinori; Oishi, Yuji*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*

長期間保管したMOX燃料中に発生したヘリウムは、被覆管内圧上昇の原因となるとともに燃料ペレット内にガスバブルを形成する原因となるため、運転中の燃料の健全性を議論するうえで、その挙動が重要な位置を占める。本研究では、化学量論的組成のUO$$_{2}$$及び超化学量論的組成の単結晶UO$$_{2+x}$$を用いて、高温高圧下でのヘリウム溶解試験を実施した。その結果、試料の酸化状態が、試料中のネガティブクリスタル形成に関係する可能性が高いことがわかった。

Helium generated in MOX fuel increases inner pressure of fuel rod and helium could also form additional bubbles in fuel pellet by the combination of radiation defects and high temperature. Therefore it is important to understand the behavior of helium in oxide fuel for reliable operation of MOX fuels. In the present study, the helium infusion treatments in high temperature and high pressure of helium were performed for both sintered polycrystalline UO$$_{2}$$ fragments and hyperstoichiometric monograin UO$$_{2+x}$$ particles fabricated by the transportation method. It was suggested that the difference in the composition of UO$$_{2}$$ is closely related with the condition of the formation of the negative crystal.

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