Electrooxidation of hydrazine hydrate using Ni-La catalyst for anion exchange membrane fuel cells
坂本 友和*; 朝澤 浩一郎*; Martinez, U.*; Halevi, B.*; 鈴木 敏行*; 荒井 重勇*; 松村 大樹 ; 西畑 保雄; Atanassov, P.*; 田中 裕久*
Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Martinez, U.*; Halevi, B.*; Suzuki, Toshiyuki*; Arai, Shigeo*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Atanassov, P.*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*
Carbon supported Ni, La, and NiLa (0.10.9) catalysts were synthesized by an impregnation/freeze-drying procedure. The catalytic activity for electro-oxidation of hydrazine hydrate was evaluated using a 16-channel electrochemical electrode array. The NiLa/C catalyst oxidized hydrazine hydrate at a lower potential and exhibited higher mass activity in comparison with a similarly made Ni/C catalyst. Chemical insight suggests that the cause of improved performance for the NiLa/C catalyst is likely multifunctional synergism of the components. However, X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and high voltage electron microscopy (HVEM) unexpectedly show some hcp LaNi shells coating the fcc Ni catalyst particles. As a result of the screening tests, an unsupported NiLa catalyst was synthesized by spray pyrolysis and tested in a direct hydrazine hydrate fuel cell MEA (DHFC) producing 453 mW cm.