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Exploring the stability of super heavy elements; First measurement of the fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No

超重元素の安定性の探究; $$^{254}$$Noの核分裂障壁の初測定

Henning, G.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; 浅井 雅人; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chiara, C. J.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Gall, B.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Gurdal, G.*; Hauschild, K.*; Heinz, A.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; Karpov, A. V.*; Kay, B. P.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Lakshmi, S.*; Lauritsen, T.*; Lister, C. J.*; McCutchan, E. A.*; Nair, C.*; Piot, J.*; Potterveld, D.*; Reiter, P.*; Rowley, N.*; Rogers, A. M.*; Zhu, S.*

Henning, G.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chiara, C. J.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Gall, B.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Gurdal, G.*; Hauschild, K.*; Heinz, A.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; Karpov, A. V.*; Kay, B. P.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Lakshmi, S.*; Lauritsen, T.*; Lister, C. J.*; McCutchan, E. A.*; Nair, C.*; Piot, J.*; Potterveld, D.*; Reiter, P.*; Rowley, N.*; Rogers, A. M.*; Zhu, S.*

初期状態分布法により$$^{254}$$Noの核分裂障壁の高さを決定した。初期状態分布とは、核融合-粒子蒸発反応によって励起された原子核が$$gamma$$線放出による脱励起を開始する励起エネルギーとスピンの状態を二次元で表示したものであり、$$gamma$$線多重度と全$$gamma$$線エネルギーの測定から求めることができる。本論文では、初期状態分布法の詳細を詳しく記述し、$$^{254}$$Noの核分裂障壁の高さを初めて決定した実験結果について報告する。なお、$$^{254}$$Noは核分裂障壁が測定された最も重い原子核である。

Fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No have been determined through the entry distribution method. The entry distribution is the initial distribution of excitation energy and spin from which the $$gamma$$ deexcitation starts in the fusion-evaporation reaction. The initial distribution is extracted from measured $$gamma$$-ray multiplicity and total $$gamma$$-ray energy. This paper describes the details of the entry distribution method, and reports the first determination of the fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No, which is the heaviest nucleus whose fission barrier has been measured.

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