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Reduction and unusual recovery in the reversible hydrogen storage capacity of V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$ during hydrogen cycling

V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$の水素化サイクルによる可逆的な水素吸蔵量の減少と異常な回復

Kim, H.*; 榊 浩司*; 斉田 愛子*; 榎 浩利*; 野口 一夫*; 町田 晃彦; 綿貫 徹; 中村 優美子*

Kim, H.*; Sakaki, Koji*; Saita, Itoko*; Enoki, Hirotoshi*; Noguchi, Kazuo*; Machida, Akihiko; Watanuki, Tetsu; Nakamura, Yumiko*

V-Ti合金におけるV量が水素化サイクルに及ぼす効果について研究を行っている。V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$, $$x=$$ 0.2 and 0.5で100サイクル以上、410Kと553Kで水素化、脱水素化を行ったところ、サイクルによる吸蔵量の減少が両方の試料で観測され、V量による違いはなかった。圧力-水素組成等温曲線ではサイクルによってプラトーの傾斜が大きくなり、ヒステリシスが小さくなることが確認できた。さらに、水素化サイクルによって十分に吸蔵量が減少した後に、低温で水素吸蔵させたところ、初めに水素吸蔵させたときと同程度の水素量を吸蔵することを発見した。

The effect of the vanadium content on the cyclic stability of V-Ti binary alloys was investigated. V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$, $$x=$$ 0.2 and 0.5 samples were hydrogenated and dehydrogenated at 410 K and 553 K respectively, for more than 100 times. During hydrogen cycling, reduction in the reversible hydrogen storage capacity was clearly observed from both samples. In addition, the shape of the pressure-composition-isotherm curves was significantly altered over the testing cycle period; the absorption and desorption plateaus got markedly inclined and the hysteresis became evidently smaller. We found that even after the hydrogen storage capacity of V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$ was significantly reduced, at low enough temperature V$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_x$$ was able to absorb hydrogen as much as it did at the first cycle.

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パーセンタイル:74.23

分野:Chemistry, Physical

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