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Surface modification effects on hydrogen absorption property of a hydrogen storage alloy by short pulse laser irradiation

短パルスレーザー照射による水素吸蔵合金の表面改質

阿部 浩之; 下村 拓也; 徳平 真之介*; 島田 幸洋*; 竹仲 佑介*; 古山 雄太*; 西村 昭彦; 内田 裕久*; 大道 博行; 大島 武

Abe, Hiroshi; Shimomura, Takuya; Tokuhira, Shinnosuke*; Shimada, Yukihiro*; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furuyama, Yuta*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Uchida, Hirohisa*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Oshima, Takeshi

短パルスレーザー(ナノ秒,フェムト秒)を水素吸蔵合金表面層に照射し、水素吸蔵能向上を目指す表面改質実験を行った。レーザー条件をパルス幅100fsec、エネルギー0.2-3.4mJ/pulseとして、水素吸蔵合金LaNi$$_{4.6}$$Al$$_{0.4}$$合金に照射することで表面の局所構造を変化させ、この吸蔵合金の初期水素吸蔵反応とレーザー照射との相関について調べた。その結果、フルエンスで2.0mJ/cm$$^{2}$$付近でのレーザー照射したサンプルは未照射サンプルに比べ、1.5-3.0倍水素吸蔵初期反応速度が速くなり水素吸蔵能が向上することを見いだした。これによりレーザー照射は水素吸蔵材料の表面改質に有効であると結論づけられる。

A short pulse laser (the nanosecond and femtosecond) was applied to hydrogen absorbing alloys surface layer, and a surface modification experiment was put into effective to aim at improvement of hydrogen adsorption functionally. It was investigated about correlation between an initial hydrogen absorption reaction rate of hydrogen alloys and a laser irradiation in this research. The laser irradiation condition was done with pulse width 100 fsec and energy 0.2 - 3.4 mJ/pulse. It blazed down on hydrogen absorbing alloys (LaNi$$_{4.6}$$Al$$_{0.4}$$) and changed local order in the surface. As a result, the initial hydrogen absorption reaction rate was 1.5 - 3.0 times as fast as a irradiated sample, and the result and laser irradiated sample found out that a hydrogen absorption function improves. A laser irradiation can conclude to be effective in surface modification of the hydrogen storage materials.

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