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高レベル放射性廃液模擬環境でのステンレス鋼腐食に及ぼす減圧沸騰の影響

Effect of boiling under reduced pressure on corrosion of stainless steels in nitric acid solution simulating high-level radioactive liquid waste

入澤 恵理子 ; 上野 文義; 加藤 千明; 阿部 仁

Irisawa, Eriko; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Kato, Chiaki; Abe, Hitoshi

使用済核燃料再処理施設の高レベル廃液濃縮缶の運転環境を模擬した試験を行い、酸化性金属イオンを含む硝酸溶液中のステンレス鋼腐食に及ぼす沸騰の影響について評価した。浸漬腐食試験の結果から、同じ溶液温度において、大気圧下の非沸騰溶液中よりも減圧し沸騰させた溶液中の方が腐食速度が大きくなることがわかった。さらに、分極曲線からも、沸騰により腐食電位が貴側へ移行し、カソード分極曲線の電流密度が上昇することを確認した。以上より、同一温度において、減圧沸騰により腐食が加速されることを確認した。

In order to investigate the effect of boiling under reduced pressure on corrosion of stainless steel in the nitric acid solution, the corrosion tests simulating the high-level radioactive liquid waste evaporator were performed. The results of immersion tests of stainless steels in the solution with and without boiling showed that the corrosion rates in boiling solution were larger than those in not boiling solution in case of same temperature of solution. Moreover, the cathode polarization curves showed that the corrosion potential of stainless steel in boiling solutions were shifted nobler, and the current intensity became larger than that in not boiling solutions. According to these results, it can be concluded that boiling of solution under reduced pressure accelerate the corrosion rates.

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