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Development of non-transfer type plasma heating technology to address CMR behavior during severe accident with BWR design conditions

軽水炉(BWR)シビアアクシデント挙動模擬のためのプラズマ加熱試験技術の開発

阿部 雄太; 佐藤 一憲; 中桐 俊男; 石見 明洋; 永江 勇二

Abe, Yuta; Sato, Ikken; Nakagiri, Toshio; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nagae, Yuji

Authors are developing an experimental technology to realize experiments simulating severe accident conditions that would contribute not only to Fukushima Daiichi (1F) decommissioning but also to enhance safety of worldwide existing and future nuclear power plants through clarification of the accident progression behavior. In the first part of this program, called Phase I hereafter, a series of small-scale experiments (10 cm $$times$$ 10 cm $$times$$ 25 cmh) were performed in March 2015 and it was demonstrated that non-transfer (NTR) type plasma heating is capable of successfully melting the high melting-point ceramics. In order to confirm applicability of this heating technology to larger scale test specimens to address the experimental needs, authors performed a second series plasma heating tests in 2016, called Phase II hereafter, using a simulated fuel assembly with a larger size (100 cm $$times$$ 30 cm phi). In the phase II part of the program, the power was increased up to a level so that a large temperature gradient (2,000 K/m - 4,000 K/m) expected at the lower part of the core in the actual 1F accident conditions. After the heating, these test pieces were measured by the X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) technology. CT pictures demonstrated its excellent performance with rather good precision. Based on these results, basic applicability of the NTR plasma heating for the SA experimental study was confirmed. With the Phase II-type 100 cm-high test geometry, core material relocation (CMR) behavior within the active core region and its access to the core support structure region would be addressed. JAEA is also preparing for the next step large-scale tests using up to four simulated fuel assemblies covering the lower part of the active fuel and fully simulating the upper part of the lower core support structures addressing CMR behavior including core material relocation into the lower plenum.

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