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山地の発達過程を把握するための後背地解析技術

Provenance analysis to understand formation and development of mountains

丹羽 正和  ; 清水 麻由子; 安江 健一; 西村 周作; 雨宮 浩樹; 植木 忠正; 堀内 泰治

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimizu, Mayuko; Yasue, Kenichi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Amamiya, Hiroki; Ueki, Tadamasa; Horiuchi, Yasuharu

山地の隆起や削剥は地下水の動水勾配や流向に影響を及ぼすので、高レベル放射性廃棄物の地層処分のように地下水流動の長期的な変化を理解することが求められる分野においては、山地の発達過程を把握するための技術も重要である。本研究では山地の発達過程を把握するための後背地解析技術として、重鉱物の高速定量分析や石英の電子スピン共鳴信号測定に基づく後背地岩石の推定、および細粒砂の帯磁率異方性測定による古流向の推定の後背地解析への有効性を提示することができた。

Uplift and associated denudation of mountains affect hydraulic gradient and groundwater flow path. In the case of a safety assessment for geological disposal of radioactive wastes, uplift and denudation will be examined in terms of nuclide migration driven by deep groundwater as well as potential exposure of repositories. Provenance analysis based on sedimentological, petrological, mineralogical and geochemical approaches in downstream area is often helpful for understanding onset times and processes of uplift and associated denudation of mountains in upstream area. In this study, quick quantification analysis for heavy minerals and measurement of electron spin resonance signal for quartz to estimate provenance rocks, and paleo-current analysis using magnetic anisotropy of susceptibility for fine sand were developed.

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