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Comparison of the extractabilities of tetrachloro- and tetrabromopalladate(II) ions with a thiodiglycolamide compound

テトラクロロー及びテトラブロモ-パラジウム(II)イオンのチオグリコール化合物による抽出性能の比較

成田 弘一*; 前田 泰生*; 所 千晴*; 鈴木 智也*; 田中 幹也*; 元川 竜平; 塩飽 秀啓; 矢板 毅

Narita, Hirokazu*; Maeda, Motoki*; Tokoro, Chiharu*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Using $$N,N,N',N'$$-tetra-2-ethylhexyl-thiodiglycolamide (TEHTDGA) in $$n$$-dodecane as the extractant, we compared the percentages of Pd(II) extracted from HCl and HBr solutions, and analyzed the structures of the Pd(II)-extractant complexes. TEHTDGA rapidly extracted Pd(II) from both HCl and HBr solutions, predominantly by formation of a 1:2 Pd(II)/TEHTDGA complex. The extractability of Pd(II) from HBr solution was inferior to that from HCl solution. FT-IR spectroscopy and EXAFS measurements indicated that two of the halide ions in the tetrachloro- or tetrabromopalladate(II) ions were replaced by the sulfur atoms of two TEHTDGA molecules. In the [PdBr$$_{2}$$(TEHTDGA)$$_{2}$$] complex, the Pd-S bond was shorter than the Pd-Br bond. We suggest that this bond length difference resulted in greater steric hindrance during coordination of TEHTDGA to the Pd(II) atom in the HBr system than in the HCl system, leading to the lower extractability in the HBr system.

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パーセンタイル:85.18

分野:Chemistry, Analytical

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