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Two inherent crossovers of the diffusion process in glass-forming liquids

ガラス形成液体の拡散過程における2つのクロスオーバー

古府 麻衣子  ; Faraone, A.*; Tyagi, M.*; 長尾 道弘*; 山室 修*

Kofu, Maiko; Faraone, A.*; Tyagi, M.*; Nagao, Michihiro*; Yamamuro, Osamu*

We report on incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering measurements examining a self-diffusion process in two types of glass-forming liquids, namely a molecular liquid (3-methylpentane) and an ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide). We have experimentally demonstrated that both liquids exhibit two crossovers in the momentum transfer ($$Q$$) dependence of the self-correlation function, which is basically described by the stretched exponential function, $$exp [-(t/tau)^beta]$$. The first crossover point ($$Q approx 0.2$$~$AA$^{-1}$$) corresponds to a crossover from Fickian ($$beta = 1$$) to non-Fckian ($$beta ne 1$$) diffusion attributed to dynamical correlation. On the other hand, the second one at $$Q approx 0.8$$~$AA$^{-1}$$ is associated with the crossover from Gaussian to non-Gaussian behavior. It is remarkable that the stretching exponent $$beta$$ gradually changes in between the two crossover points. We consider that the two crossovers are the universal feature for glass-forming liquids.

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パーセンタイル:100

分野:Physics, Fluids & Plasmas

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