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Electronic band modification of graphene by surface reconstruction of Au (001)

Au(001)の再構成によるグラフェンの電子バンドの変調

寺澤 知潮  ; 保田 諭  ; 林 直輝*; 乗松 航*; 伊藤 孝寛*; 町田 真一*; 矢野 雅大  ; 斉木 幸一朗*; 朝岡 秀人 

Terasawa, Tomoo; Yasuda, Satoshi; Hayashi, Naoki*; Norimatsu, Wataru*; Ito, Takahiro*; Machida, Shinichi*; Yano, Masahiro; Saiki, Koichiro*; Asaoka, Hidehito

Graphene shows constant absorptance of 2.3% in the wide range of wavelengths. The modification of the band structure of graphene is expected to tune such the optical properties of graphene, which will be useful for opto-electronic devices of graphene. Recently, quasi-one dimensional potential of hex-Au(001) reconstructed structure was reported to modify the electronic properties of graphene grown on this structure. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy showed that the density of state of graphene from its Dirac point by 1-2 eV decreased when graphene was grown on hex-Au(001). However, the band structure of graphene on hex-Au(001) was not observed, nor the relation between the band structure of graphene and the structure of Au(001) and graphene has not been revealed. Here, we report the band structure of graphene grown on hex-Au(001) using angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). We prepared graphene on hex-Au(001) by chemical vapor deposition. Figure (a) shows the low energy electron diffraction (LEED) pattern of graphene grown on Au(001) single crystal. Four-folded and twelve-folded spots correspond to 90-degree rotated one-dimensional hex-Au(001) reconstructed structures and epitaxially grown graphenes on them, respectively. Figure (b) shows the ARPES image of this sample taken at AichiSR BL7U. The linear graphene band shows the intensity reduction at the binding energy of approximately 0.9 eV, indicating the modification of band structure of graphene by hex-Au(001). We will discuss the relation between the band structure of graphene and the structure of graphene and hex-Au(001) on the basis of the results of ARPES, LEED, and scanning tunneling microscopy in the poster presentation.

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