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Rapid tritium analysis for marine products in the coastal area of Fukushima

福島沿岸域の水産物におけるトリチウム測定の迅速化

桑田 遥*; 御園生 敏治; 藤原 健壮; 武石 稔; 眞鍋 早知*; 北村 哲浩

Kuwata, Haruka*; Misono, Toshiharu; Fujiwara, Kenso; Takeishi, Minoru; Manabe, Sachi*; Kitamura, Akihiro

水生生物のトリチウム分析は、福島で扱われる重要な主題の1つである。しかしながら、トリチウムを測定する従来の方法は複雑な前処理手法が必要であり、熟練した技術と時間が必要である。このため、福島県沿岸の水産物のトリチウムに関する報告はほとんどない状況である。ここでは、水生生物への影響を理解するために、2015年から2018年に福島の沿岸で採取したヒラメの組織自由水トリチウム(TFWT)および有機結合トリチウム(OBT)を測定した。まず、測定には従来の方法を使用し、その後、凍結乾燥と燃焼水の回収プロセスを変更することにより、従来の手方法を短縮しようと試みた。両方の方法の測定結果は、ヒラメのTFWTとOBTのほとんどが検出限界または定量限界よりも低く、人間への影響は無視できると考えられることを示した。

The analysis of tritium in aquatic biota is one of the most important research areas in Fukushima. The conventional method for measuring the concentration of tritium consists of complicated pretreatment procedures and requires skillful techniques as well as a significant amount of time. Consequently, there are only a few reports on tritium monitoring data in marine products from the coast of Fukushima. In this study, we measured the Tissue Free Water Tritium (TFWT) and Organically Bound Tritium (OBT) in flounders collected from the coast of Fukushima to examine the impacts of the nuclear accident on aquatic biota. The study was done for a period of 4 years; from 2015 to 2018. The conventional method of analysis was firstly used, after which the method was modified by improving the freeze-drying and combustion water recovery processes. Results from both methods show that the most of the concentrations of the TFWT and OBT in the flounder were below the detection or quantitative limit. The effect of the nuclear accident on humans, through internal exposure, was also examined and found to be negligible. Although some uncertainties exist due to the short cut of the processes, the modified version could be considered an effective and practical approximate method.

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