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U-Pb ages of zircons from metamorphic rocks in the upper sequence of the Hidaka metamorphic belt, Hokkaido, Japan; Identification of two metamorphic events and implications for regional tectonics

日高変成帯上部層変成岩類のジルコンU-Pb年代; 2つの変成イベントの識別とテクトニクスの意義

高橋 浩*; 御子柴 真澄*; 志村 俊昭*; 長田 充弘 ; 岩野 英樹*; 檀原 徹*; 平田 岳史*

Takahashi, Yutaka*; Mikoshiba, Masumi*; Shimura, Toshiaki*; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*

北海道に分布する日高変成帯は島弧地殻の断片とされ、同帯変成岩類は高変成度の下部層と低変成度の上部層とに区分される。近年の下部層のジルコンU-Pb年代測定による変成年代(約19Ma)の報告により、日高変成帯の形成史の見直しが求められていた。そのため、上部層を対象にジルコンU-Pb年代測定を行った。黒雲母片麻岩の砕屑性コアは53.1$$pm$$0.9Maを、変成(再結晶)リムは39.6$$pm$$0.9Maを示した。一方、董青石-黒雲母片麻岩の砕屑性コアは46.5$$pm$$2.8Maを、変成リムは35.9$$pm$$0.7Maを示した。これらの結果から、日高変成帯上部層の原岩は約53-47Ma以降に形成され、上部層の変成作用は40-36Maであったと解釈される。また、上部層と下部層の接合は下部層の変成年代と下部層で形成され上部層に貫入している深成岩類がいずれも約19Maであることから19Ma以降であると考えられる。

The Hidaka metamorphic belt is an excellent example of island-arc-type crust, and in this belt the metamorphic grade increases westwards from unmetamorphosed sediment up to the granulite facies. The metamorphic age of the belt had previously been considered to be ca. 55 Ma. However, zircons from the granulites in the lower sequence have given U-Pb ages of ca. 21-19 Ma and a preliminary report on zircons from pelitic gneiss in the upper sequence gave a U-Pb age of ca. 40 Ma. In this paper we provide new U-Pb ages for zircons from the pelitic gneisses in the upper sequence in order to assess the metamorphic age and also the maximum depositional age of the sedimentary protolith. The weighted mean $$^{206}$$Pb/$$^{238}$$U ages and 2 sigma errors for zircons from biotite gneiss in the central area of the belt are 39.6 $$pm$$ 0.9 Ma for metamorphic overgrowth rims and 53.1 $$pm$$ 0.9 Ma for the youngest inherited detrital cores. The ages of zircons from cordierite-biotite gneiss in the southern area are 35.9 $$pm$$ 0.7 Ma for overgrowth rims and 46.5 $$pm$$ 2.8 Ma for the youngest detrital cores. These results indicate that the metamorphism of the upper sequence took place at ca. 40-36 Ma, and that the sedimentary protolith was deposited after ca. 53-47 Ma. These metamorphic ages are consistent with the reported ages of ca. 37-36 Ma plutonic rocks in the upper sequence, but contrast with the ca. 21-19 Ma ages of metamorphic and plutonic rocks in the lower sequence. Therefore, we conclude, that the upper and lower metamorphic sequences developed independently but became coupled before ca. 19 Ma as a result of dextral reverse tectonic movements, as indicated by the intrusion of ca. 19-18 Ma magmas, possibly generated in the lower sequence, into the upper sequence.

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