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Indoor and outdoor radionuclide distribution in houses after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

福島第一原子力発電所事故後の家屋内外の放射能分布

廣内 淳 ; 高原 省五 ; 吉村 和也 

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Yoshimura, Kazuya

家屋内での外部被ばく線量評価において、家屋内外の放射能分布の情報は有用である。本研究では、対象とした家屋周辺の土壌と家材サンプル(床,内壁,天井,外壁,屋根)を収集した。それらサンプルの放射能をHPGe検出器で測定した。地面に対する床,内壁,天井,外壁,屋根の相対表面濃度はそれぞれ3$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ $$sim$$ 7$$times$$10$$^{-2}$$, 6$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ $$sim$$ 4$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$, 7$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ $$sim$$ 3$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$, 2$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ $$sim$$ 1$$times$$10$$^{-2}$$, and 4$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ $$sim$$ 2$$times$$10$$^{-1}$$であった。相対表面濃度は材質,位置及び表面の向きによって異なった。

Information on the radioactivity distribution inside and outside houses is useful for indoor external dose assessments. In this study, we collected both soil samples around the target houses and house material samples (i.e., of the floor, inner wall, ceiling, outer wall, and roof). The radioactivity of the samples was measured using a high-purity germanium detector. The surface contamination densities of the floor, inner wall, ceiling, outer wall, and roof relative to the ground were 3 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$$$sim$$7 $$times$$ 10$$^{-2}$$, 6 $$times$$ 10$$^{-5}$$$$sim$$4 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$, 7 $$times$$ 10$$^{-5}$$$$sim$$3 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$, 2 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$$$sim$$1 $$times$$ 10$$^{-2}$$, and 4 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$$$sim$$2 $$times$$ 10$$^{-1}$$, respectively. The relative surface contamination densities varied depending on the material, its location, and the orientation of the surface.

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分野:Environmental Sciences

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