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Flexible and tough superelastic Co-Cr alloys for biomedical applications

柔軟性と強靭性を両立した生体用超弾性Co-Cr合金

大平 拓実*; Xu, S.*; 平田 研二*; Xu, X.*; 大森 俊洋*; 植木 洸輔*; 上田 恭介*; 成島 尚之*; 長迫 実*; Harjo, S.   ; 川崎 卓郎  ; Bodn$'a$rov$'a$, L.*; Sedl$'a$k, P.*; Seiner, H.*; 貝沼 亮介*

Odaira, Takumi*; Xu, S.*; Hirata, Kenji*; Xu, X.*; Omori, Toshihiro*; Ueki, Kosuke*; Ueda, Kyosuke*; Narushima, Takayuki*; Nagasako, Makoto*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Bodn$'a$rov$'a$, L.*; Sedl$'a$k, P.*; Seiner, H.*; Kainuma, Ryosuke*

The demand for biomaterials has been increasing along with the increase in the population of elderly people worldwide. The mechanical properties and high wear resistance of metallic biomaterials makes them well-suited for use as substitutes or as support for damaged hard tissues. However, unless these biomaterials also have a low Young's modulus similar to that of human bones, bone atrophy inevitably occurs. Because a low Young's modulus is typically associated with poor wear resistance, it is difficult to realize a low Young's modulus and high wear resistance simultaneously. Also, the superelastic property of shape memory alloys makes them suitable for biomedical applications, like vascular stents and guide wires. However, due to the low recoverable strain of conventional biocompatible shape memory alloys, the demand for a new alloy system is high. The novel body-center-cubic cobalt-chromium-based alloys in this paper provide a solution to both of these problems. We believe our novel alloys are promising candidates for biomedical applications.

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分野:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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