川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07
We have carried out angle-integrated photoemission spectroscopy (AIPES) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X-rays on single crystals of EuCuGe and EuCuSi grown by the Bridgman method to investigate their electronic structures. The AIPES results showed that the Eu ions in EuCuGe and EuCuSi are in a divalent state and a nearly trivalent state, respectively, in accord with the previously reported magnetic properties. The three-dimensional band structures and shapes of the Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi were studied by ARPES measurements. We found that the band structures near the Fermi level and Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi are very different from each other and are well reproduced by the band structure calculations based on density-functional theory for SrCuGe and YCuSi. This suggests that a charge transfer from the localized 4 states into the valence bands is responsible for the difference in the electronic states between EuCuGe and EuCuSi.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01
In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the 4-5 resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side () in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard- type mechanism takes an essential role in the electronic structure of actinide materials.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11
One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPdAl and URuSi studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPdAl, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URuSi, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.
竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.171 - 174, 2018/11
In order to investigate the electronic and magnetic states of UGe element-specifically, we have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments at the U N and Ge L absorption edges. We have detected the XMCD signals at both the U and Ge sites and observed clear hysteresis loops in the ferromagnetic (FM) state at T = 5.5 K. From the branching ratio B, it is found that the occupation number of 5f electrons (n) in UGe is close to 3. In addition, applying the magneto-optical sum rules analysis to the XMCD spectrum at the U N edges, the ratio of orbital magnetic moment to the spin magnetic moment (-M/M) is estimated to be 2.17. These values of B and -M/M are comparable compared with the results of other FM superconductors: URhGe and UCoGe
堀尾 眞史*; 竹田 幸治; 並木 宏允*; 片桐 隆雄*; 若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 野中 洋亮*; 芝田 悟朗*; 池田 啓祐*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10
We have performed X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements on the iron-based superconductor SrVFeAsO to study the origin of weak ferromagnetism (WFM) reported for this compound. While Fe 3d electrons show a magnetic response similar to the other iron pnictides, signals from V 3d electrons remain finite at zero magnetic field and may be responsible for the WFM.
若林 勇希*; 野中 洋亮*; 竹田 幸治; 坂本 祥哉*; 池田 啓祐*; Chi, Z.*; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10
We study the electronic structure and magnetic properties of epitaxial (NiCo)FeO(111) layers with thicknesses = 1.7 - 5.2 nm grown on AlO(111)/Si(111) structures. We revealed the crystallographic (octahedral or tetrahedral ) sites and the valences of the Fe, Co, and Ni cations using experimental soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra and configuration-interaction cluster-model calculation.
竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 松田 達磨*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 97(18), p.184414_1 - 184414_7, 2018/05
We have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments on the itinerant-electron metamagnet UCoAl at the U 4-5 () and Co 2-3 () absorption edges in order to investigate the magnetic properties of the U 5 and Co 3 electrons separately. From the line shape of the XMCD spectrum, it is deduced that the orbital magnetic moment of the Co 3 electrons is unusually large. Through the systematic temperature ()- and magnetic field ()-dependent XMCD measurements, we have obtained two types of the magnetization curve as a function of and (M-H curve and M-T curve, respectively). The metamagnetic transition from a paramagnetic state to a field-induced ferromagnetic state was observed clearly under 15 K at . The value of the and its -dependence agree well between the U and Co sites, and the bulk magnetization. Whereas, we have discovered the remarkable differences in the M-H and M-T curves between the U and Co sites. The present findings show clearly that the role of the Co 3 electrons should be considered more carefully in order to understand the origin of the magnetic ordering in UCoAl.
中谷 泰博*; 荒谷 秀和*; 藤原 秀紀*; 森 健雄*; 鶴田 篤史*; 橘 祥一*; 山口 貴司*; 木須 孝幸*; 山崎 篤志*; 保井 晃*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(11), p.115160_1 - 115160_7, 2018/03
We present clear experimental evidence for the momentum-dependent heavy fermionic electronic structures of the 4-based strongly correlated system CeNiGe by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. A comparison between the experimental three-dimensional quasiparticle dispersion of LaNiGe and CeNiGe has revealed that heavy fermionic electronic structures are seen in the region surrounding at a specific momentum. Furthermore, the wave vectors between the observed "heavy spots" are consistent with a result of neutron scattering reflecting magnetic correlations, which could be a trigger of the superconductivity in CeNiGe.
小畠 雅明; 岡根 哲夫; 中島 邦久; 鈴木 恵理子; 大和田 謙二; 小林 啓介*; 山上 浩志; 逢坂 正彦
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 498, p.387 - 394, 2018/01
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.
Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09
The Fermi surface and band structure of have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of with those of shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in are missing in the ARPES spectra of measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5 states form these bands in . The relationship between the ARPES spectra of and is very different from the case between and where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5 electrons in have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115126_1 - 115126_10, 2017/09
The electronic structures of U (=Al, Ga, and In) were studied by photoelectron spectroscopy to understand the the relationship between their electronic structure and magnetic properties. The band structures and Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa were revealed experimentally by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and they were compared with the result of band structure calculations. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces and the band structures of UAl and UGa were explained reasonably well by the calculation, although bands near the Fermi level () were renormalized owing to the finite electron correlation effect. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa are very similar to each other, except for some minor differences. Such minor differences in their Fermi surface or electron correlation effect might take an essential role in their magnetism.
矢野 一雄*; 岡根 哲夫; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳; 西村 克彦*; 佐藤 清雄*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 515, p.118 - 125, 2017/06
CeNi, GdNi、並びにCeGdNiについて、構成元素の電子状態を軟X線吸収磁気円二色性(XMCD)測定により調べた。実験の結果、この系では、Gd 4f電子だけでなく、NI 3d電子並びにCe 4f電子も磁性も有しており、NI並びにCeの磁気モーメントはGdの磁気モーメントとは反平行にカップリングしていることがわかった。Ceの磁気モーメントは、いったん飽和した後、2T以上の磁場領域で減少していくが、これはスピンフリップ挙動と考えられる。サムルール解析からは、Gd 4f電子とNi 3d電子に小さい軌道磁気モーメントが残っていることが示唆された。
小林 啓介*; 田口 宗孝*; 小畠 雅明; 田中 健司*; 所 裕子*; 大門 寛*; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 池永 英司*; 大越 慎一*
Physical Review B, 95(8), p.085133_1 - 085133_7, 2017/02
We have conducted hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigations of the electronic structure changes and electron correlation phenomena which take place upon the photoinduced reversible phase transition between - and -TiO. From valence band spectra of - and -TiO, we have identified the bipolaron caused by the -type bonding of orbitals in -TiO and the stacking between the orbitals between different Ti sites in -TiO, previously predicted by calculations. On the other hand, the Ti and Ti core level spectra exhibit nonlocal screening satellite features, which are typical spectroscopic signs of strong electron correlation in the coherent Ti states. Correlation in the valence band also manifests to reduce the plasmon energy, which results in an enhancement of the valence electron mass by a factor of 2.7.
坂本 祥哉*; 若林 勇希*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 鈴木 博人*; 伴 芳祐*; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; 藤森 淳*
Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02
GeFe (Ge:Fe) shows ferromagnetic behavior up to a relatively high temperature of 210 K and hence is a promising material for spintronic applications compatible with Si technology. We have studied its underlying electronic structure by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and first-principles supercell calculation. We observed finite Fe 3 components in the states at the Fermi level () in a wide region of momentum space, and the was located 0.35 eV above the valence-band maximum of the host Ge. Our calculation indicates that the is also within the deep acceptor-level impurity band induced by the strong -() hybridization. We conclude that the additional minority-spin electron characteristic of the Fe state is responsible for the short-range ferromagnetic coupling between Fe atoms.
中谷 泰博*; 藤原 秀紀*; 荒谷 秀和*; 森 健雄*; 橘 祥一*; 山口 貴司*; 木須 孝幸*; 山崎 篤志*; 保井 晃*; 山上 浩志*; et al.
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 220, p.50 - 53, 2017/01
重い電子化合物CeNiGeの非4バンド由来の電子構造を明らかにするため、LaNiGeの軟X線角度分解光電子分光を行った。La M吸収端での光電子スペクトルで、価電子帯のLa 5成分の明瞭な強度の増大が観測された。さらに、軌道対称性に起因するバンドに依存した円二色性が観測された。
若林 勇希*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 堀尾 眞史*; 芝田 悟朗*; 坂本 祥哉*; 伴 芳祐*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; et al.
Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01
GeMn (GeMn) granular thin films are a unique and promising material for spintronic applications owing to their large positive magnetoresistance (MR). The microscopic origin of the MR has not yet been clarified. Here, we develop a method to separately investigate the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and the matrix, utilizing the extremely high sensitivity of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) to the local magnetic state of each atom. We find that the MR ratio is proportional to the product of the magnetizations originating from the nanoparticles and the matrix. This result indicates that the spin-polarized holes in the nanoparticles penetrate into the matrix and that these holes undergo first order magnetic scattering by the paramagnetic Mn atoms in the matrix, which induces the large MR.
斎藤 祐児; 藤原 秀紀*; 山口 貴司*; 中谷 泰博*; 森 健雄*; 渕本 寛人*; 木須 孝幸*; 保井 晃*; 宮脇 淳*; 今田 真*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114713_1 - 114713_7, 2016/11
軟X線吸収(XAS)、磁気円二色性(XMCD)、角度分解光電子分光(ARPES)により強磁性体CeAgSbの電子状態を調べた。Ce XASスペクトルのサテライト構造の強度が非常に小さいことから、Ce 4電子は非常に局在的であることが明らかとなった。Ce XASの線二色性効果から、Ce 4基底状態は軸方向を向いたであることが分かった。XMCD結果は、CeAgSbの局在磁性描像を支持する。さらに、ARPESで得られたバンド構造は、CeAgSbでは無くLaAgSbに対するバンド計算結果とよく一致する。しかしながら、Ce 3-4共鳴ARPES結果では、ブリルアンゾーンの一部でCe 4と4ピーク強度比に波数依存性が観測され、Ce 4と伝導電子に無視できない混成効果が有ることが分かった。このことは、CeAgSbのあまり大きくない電子比熱係数と関係づけることができる。
川崎 郁斗*; 左近 優美*; 藤森 伸一; 山上 浩志; 天谷 健一*; 横山 淳*
Physical Review B, 94(17), p.174427_1 - 174427_7, 2016/11
To clarify how the electronic state of SrLaRuO evolves with La doping, we conducted photoemission (PES) experiments using soft X rays. The spectral shape of the Ru 4-derived peak near the Fermi level changes significantly with increasing . This variation indicates that a spectral weight transfer from the coherent to the incoherent component occurs due to an enhancement of the electron correlation effect. Resonant PES experiments at the La 3 edge have confirmed that there is no significant contribution of the La 5 state in the energy range where the spectral weight transfer is observed. Using the dependence of the photoelectron mean-free path on the photon energy, we subtracted the surface components from the PES spectra and confirmed that the enhancement of the electron correlation effect with La doping is an intrinsic bulk phenomenon. On the other hand, a large portion of the coherent component remains at the Fermi level up to =0.5, reflecting that the Ru 4 state still has itinerant characteristics. Moreover, we found that the PES spectra hardly depend on the temperature and do not exhibit a discernible change with magnetic ordering, suggesting that the temperature variation of the exchange splitting does not follow the prediction of the Stoner theory. The presently obtained experimental results indicate that the electron correlation effect plays an important role in SrLaRuO and that the Ru 4 electrons possess both local and itinerant characteristics.
松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 立岩 尚之; 青木 晴善*; 木村 憲彰*; 山村 朝雄*; 山本 悦嗣; 松田 達磨*; Fisk, Z.*; 山上 浩志*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(10), p.104709_1 - 104709_7, 2016/10
dHvA oscillations were detected on an actinide compound ThRuSi which is regarded as a reference to strongly correlated electron systems URuSi and CeRuSi. Observed Fermi surfaces well coincides with the band structure calculations, as well as experimentally obtained ones for a heavy fermion compound CeRuSi. On the other hand, Fermi surfaces of URuSi have significantly different characteristics, suggesting an itinerant ground state of 5f electrons.
小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 小林 啓介*; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(9), p.094703_1 - 094703_6, 2016/09
The electronic structure of a divalent compound EuAl, which shows the charge density wave transition at , was studied by the hard X-ray angle-integrated photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and the soft X-ray angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES). The valence band and core-level spectra obtained by the HAXPES are consistent with the divalent nature of Eu atoms in EuAl. Furthermore, the Fermi surface as well as the band structure in the vicinity of the Fermi Energy () of EuAl are very similar to those of its isostructural divalent compound SrAl, which does not have electrons. These suggest that Eu atoms are divalent in EuAl, and electrons are completely localized with electronic configuration in the ground state. The ARPES spectra measured along the --Z high-symmetry line did not show significant temperature dependences above and below within the energy resolution of . Moreover, the Fermi surface mapping along the direction showed that both of EuAl and SrAl have highly three-dimensional electronic structures, suggesting that the nesting of Fermi surface is not straightforward. The Fermi surface and band structure of SrAl were well explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation.