藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(10), p.103701_1 - 103701_5, 2019/10
The electronic structure of the unconventional superconductor was studied by resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (RPES) and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. The partial density of states of were imaged by the - RPES and it was found that the state has an itinerant character, but there exists an incoherent peak due to the strong electron correlation effects. Furthermore, an anomalous admixture of the states into the bands was observed at a higher binding energy, which cannot be explained by band structure calculations. On the other hand, the band structure of was obtained by ARPES and its overall band structure were mostly explained by band structure calculations. These results suggest that the states of have itinerant but strongly-correlated nature with enhanced hybridization with the states.
川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07
We have carried out angle-integrated photoemission spectroscopy (AIPES) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X-rays on single crystals of EuCuGe and EuCuSi grown by the Bridgman method to investigate their electronic structures. The AIPES results showed that the Eu ions in EuCuGe and EuCuSi are in a divalent state and a nearly trivalent state, respectively, in accord with the previously reported magnetic properties. The three-dimensional band structures and shapes of the Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi were studied by ARPES measurements. We found that the band structures near the Fermi level and Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi are very different from each other and are well reproduced by the band structure calculations based on density-functional theory for SrCuGe and YCuSi. This suggests that a charge transfer from the localized 4 states into the valence bands is responsible for the difference in the electronic states between EuCuGe and EuCuSi.
Gttler, M.*; Generalov, A.*; 藤森 伸一; Kummer, K.*; Chikina, A.*; Seiro, S.*; Danzenbcher, S.*; Koroteev, Yu. M.*; Chulkov, E. V.*; Radovic, M.*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 10(1), p.796_1 - 796_7, 2019/02
Application of the Luttinger Theorem (LT) to the canonical heavy-fermion Kondo Lattice (KL) material YbRhSi suggests that its large 4f-derived Fermi surface (FS) in the paramagnetic (PM) regime should be similar in shape and volume to that of the divalent local moment anti-ferromagnet (AFM) EuRhSi in its PM regime. This leads to the tempting opportunity to explore a new experimental realization of the LT in general and how the large FS may change upon the AFM transition below 70 mK in YbRhSi in particular. A detailed knowledge of the FS reconstruction might be essential to disclose the properties of this phase, which is a precursor of quantum criticality and superconductivity. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), we observe a large FS for PM EuRhSi essentially the same as the one seen in YbRhSi in the KL state at a temperature of 1 K. Across the EuRhSi AFM transition we found an extensive fragmentation of the FS due to Brillouin zone folding, intersection and resulting hybridization of the Doughnut and Jungle gym Fermi-surface sheets. Our results on EuRhSi indicate that the formation of the AFM state in YbRhSi is very likely also connected with large changes in the FS, which have to be taken into account in the controversial analysis and discussion of anomalies observed at the quantum critical point in this system.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01
In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the 4-5 resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side () in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard- type mechanism takes an essential role in the electronic structure of actinide materials.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11
One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPdAl and URuSi studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPdAl, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URuSi, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.
Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09
The Fermi surface and band structure of have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of with those of shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in are missing in the ARPES spectra of measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5 states form these bands in . The relationship between the ARPES spectra of and is very different from the case between and where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5 electrons in have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115126_1 - 115126_10, 2017/09
The electronic structures of U (=Al, Ga, and In) were studied by photoelectron spectroscopy to understand the the relationship between their electronic structure and magnetic properties. The band structures and Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa were revealed experimentally by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and they were compared with the result of band structure calculations. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces and the band structures of UAl and UGa were explained reasonably well by the calculation, although bands near the Fermi level () were renormalized owing to the finite electron correlation effect. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa are very similar to each other, except for some minor differences. Such minor differences in their Fermi surface or electron correlation effect might take an essential role in their magnetism.
坂本 祥哉*; 若林 勇希*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 鈴木 博人*; 伴 芳祐*; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; 藤森 淳*
Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02
GeFe (Ge:Fe) shows ferromagnetic behavior up to a relatively high temperature of 210 K and hence is a promising material for spintronic applications compatible with Si technology. We have studied its underlying electronic structure by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and first-principles supercell calculation. We observed finite Fe 3 components in the states at the Fermi level () in a wide region of momentum space, and the was located 0.35 eV above the valence-band maximum of the host Ge. Our calculation indicates that the is also within the deep acceptor-level impurity band induced by the strong -() hybridization. We conclude that the additional minority-spin electron characteristic of the Fe state is responsible for the short-range ferromagnetic coupling between Fe atoms.
川崎 郁斗*; 左近 優美*; 藤森 伸一; 山上 浩志; 天谷 健一*; 横山 淳*
Physical Review B, 94(17), p.174427_1 - 174427_7, 2016/11
To clarify how the electronic state of SrLaRuO evolves with La doping, we conducted photoemission (PES) experiments using soft X rays. The spectral shape of the Ru 4-derived peak near the Fermi level changes significantly with increasing . This variation indicates that a spectral weight transfer from the coherent to the incoherent component occurs due to an enhancement of the electron correlation effect. Resonant PES experiments at the La 3 edge have confirmed that there is no significant contribution of the La 5 state in the energy range where the spectral weight transfer is observed. Using the dependence of the photoelectron mean-free path on the photon energy, we subtracted the surface components from the PES spectra and confirmed that the enhancement of the electron correlation effect with La doping is an intrinsic bulk phenomenon. On the other hand, a large portion of the coherent component remains at the Fermi level up to =0.5, reflecting that the Ru 4 state still has itinerant characteristics. Moreover, we found that the PES spectra hardly depend on the temperature and do not exhibit a discernible change with magnetic ordering, suggesting that the temperature variation of the exchange splitting does not follow the prediction of the Stoner theory. The presently obtained experimental results indicate that the electron correlation effect plays an important role in SrLaRuO and that the Ru 4 electrons possess both local and itinerant characteristics.
小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 小林 啓介*; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(9), p.094703_1 - 094703_6, 2016/09
The electronic structure of a divalent compound EuAl, which shows the charge density wave transition at , was studied by the hard X-ray angle-integrated photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and the soft X-ray angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES). The valence band and core-level spectra obtained by the HAXPES are consistent with the divalent nature of Eu atoms in EuAl. Furthermore, the Fermi surface as well as the band structure in the vicinity of the Fermi Energy () of EuAl are very similar to those of its isostructural divalent compound SrAl, which does not have electrons. These suggest that Eu atoms are divalent in EuAl, and electrons are completely localized with electronic configuration in the ground state. The ARPES spectra measured along the --Z high-symmetry line did not show significant temperature dependences above and below within the energy resolution of . Moreover, the Fermi surface mapping along the direction showed that both of EuAl and SrAl have highly three-dimensional electronic structures, suggesting that the nesting of Fermi surface is not straightforward. The Fermi surface and band structure of SrAl were well explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_33, 2016/06
The electronic structures of uranium-based compounds are studied by photoelectron spectroscopies with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays made it possible to directly observe their bulk band structures and Fermi surfaces. It is shown that the band structure and Fermi surface of itinerant compounds are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation treating all U 5 electrons as being itinerant. Furthermore, the overall electronic structures of heavy Fermion compounds are also explained by the band-structure calculation although there exist some disagreements which might be originated from the electron correlation effect. This suggests that the itinerant description of U states is an appropriate starting point for their description. The local electronic structures of uranium site are probed by the core-level photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays. The comparisons of core-level spectra of these compounds with typical itinerant and localized compounds suggest that the local electronic structures of most of itinerant and heavy Fermion compounds are close to U 5 configuration.
曽田 一雄*; 原田 翔太*; 林 利光*; 加藤 政彦*; 石川 文洋*; 山田 裕*; 藤森 伸一; 斎藤 祐児
Materials Transactions, 57(7), p.1040 - 1044, 2016/06
The electronic states of Heusler(L21)-type off-stoichiometric FeVAl have been investigated by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) in order to clarify the origin of their large thermoelectric powers, which cannot be explained in terms of the rigid band model. In off-normal and normal ARPES, FeVAl shows a weakly dispersive bulk band around the binding energy of 0.3 eV in the -X direction and an almost dispersion-less one around 0.3 eV in a gap of dispersive bulk bands in the -L direction, which is attributed to the anti-site Fe defect. At the point, the bulk band does not appear to cross the Fermi level , consistent with the rigid band model for the excess Fe content bringing about the increase in the valence electrons, but no band crossing down is found at the X point. The anti-site Fe defect states near might push up the band at the X point and cause the p-type thermoelectric properties, unexpected with the rigid band picture. The change in the electronic structures and thermoelectric properties are discussed on the off-stoichiometry and substitution of the forth element.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 208, p.105 - 110, 2016/04
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 28(15), p.153002_1 - 153002_31, 2016/04
Recent remarkable progresses in angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) made it possible to directly observe the band structures of 4 and 5 materials. In particular, ARPES with various light sources such as laser or high-energy synchrotron radiations shed light on the bulk band structures of strongly-correlated materials with the energy scales from few meV to several eV. The main purpose of the present article is to summarize the behaviors of 4 and 5 band structures of various rare earth and actinide materials observed by modern ARPES techniques, and understand how they can be described by various theoretical frameworks. For 4-electron materials, ARPES studies of CeMIn and YbRhSi with various incident photon energies are summarized. For U 5 compounds, ARPES studies of UFeGa, UPd, and URuSi are summarized based on various ARPES studies. The present status of the field as well as possible future directions are discussed.
藤森 伸一; 大河内 拓雄*; 川崎 郁斗*; 保井 晃*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; et al.
Physical Review B, 91(17), p.174503_1 - 174503_9, 2015/05
藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗*; 保井 晃*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011072_1 - 011072_5, 2014/06
藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗*; 保井 晃*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳*; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; et al.
Physical Review B, 89(10), p.104518_1 - 104518_7, 2014/03
強磁性超伝導体であるURhGeの常磁性における電子状態を軟X線角度分解光電子分光によって測定した。U 5電子状態に起因する分散を持つバンドが観測され、フェルミ面を形成していることが明らかとなった。常磁性状態におけるバンド構造は、U 5電子を遍歴として取り扱ったバンド計算で部分的に説明され、遍歴的なU 5f電子の取り扱いが良い出発点であることが明らかとなった。一方で、特に0.5eV程度の領域において、定量的な不一致も見いだされた。バンドは分散が小さく、フェルミ面の形状も異なっている。強磁性転移に伴うスペクトル関数の変化がフェルミ順位付近に観測され、この化合物は遍歴強磁性体であることが示唆される。
保井 晃*; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗*; 岡根 哲夫; 竹田 幸治; Lapertot, G.*; Knebel, G.*; 松田 達磨*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.
Physical Review B, 87(7), p.075131_1 - 075131_6, 2013/02
YbRhSiに対して軟X線角度分解光電子分光(ARPES)測定を行い、その3次元バルク価電子帯構造を明らかにした。15 Kで測定したARPESスペクトルには、Ybマルチプレットピークだけではなく、有限のYbピークを持っており、この化合物が価数揺動状態にあることに対応している。これは、において、この化合物中のYbの4f電子が遍歴的な性質を持っていることを意味している。分散のないYb 4fバンド以外のバンド構造は、YbRhSiよりもむしろLuRhSiと一致していることが明らかとなった。さらに、Yb 3d-4f共鳴光電子分光スペクトルはYb 5d電子状態が価電子に存在していることを示唆している。これらの結果から、Yb 4fからYb 5d電子状態への電荷移動が重要であることが示唆される。
藤森 伸一; 大河内 拓雄*; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦
Physical Review B, 86(23), p.235108_1 - 235108_8, 2012/12
片岡 隆史*; 坂本 勇太*; 山崎 陽*; Singh, V. R.*; 藤森 淳*; 竹田 幸治; 大河内 拓雄*; 藤森 伸一; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; et al.
Solid State Communications, 152(9), p.806 - 809, 2012/05