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A Cubic CeBr$$_{3}$$ gamma-ray spectrometer suitable for the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

冠城 雅晃; 島添 健次*; 大鷹 豊*; 上ノ町 水紀*; 鎌田 圭*; Kim, K. J.*; 吉野 将生*; 庄子 育宏*; 吉川 彰*; 高橋 浩之*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 971, p.164118_1 - 164118_8, 2020/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Our work focused on the passive gamma-ray analysis (PGA) of the nuclear fuel debris based on measuring gamma rays with an energy greater than 1 MeV for the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). The PGA requires gamma-ray spectrometers to be used under the high dose rates in the FDNPS, then we fabricated a small cubic CeBr$$_{3}$$ spectrometer with dimensions of 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm $$times$$ 5 mm, coupled to a Hamamatsu R7600U-200 photomultiplier tube (PMT). The performance at dose rates of 4.4 to 750 mSv/h in a $$^{60}$$Co field was investigated. The energy resolution (FWHM) at 1333 keV ranged from 3.79% to 4.01%, with a standard deviation of 6.9%, which met the narrow gamma decay spectral lines between $$^{154}$$Eu (1274 keV) and $$^{60}$$Co (1333 keV). However, the spectra shifted to a higher energy level as the dose rate increase, there was a 51% increase at the dose rates of 4.4 to 750 mSv/h, which was caused by the PMT gain increase.


Pre- and post-accident $$^{14}$$C activities in tree rings near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

松中 哲也*; 笹 公和*; 高橋 努*; 松村 万寿美*; 佐藤 志彦; Shen, H.*; 末木 啓介*; 松崎 浩之*

Radiocarbon, 61(6), p.1633 - 1642, 2019/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Areas affected by routine radiocarbon ($$^{14}$$C) discharges from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) and accidental releases in March 2011 were investigated by analysis of cores from Japanese cypress and cedar trees growing at sites 9 and 24 km northwest of the plant. $$^{14}$$C concentrations in tree rings from 2008-2014 (before and after the accident) were determined by accelerator mass spectrometry, with $$^{14}$$C activities in the range 231-256 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ C. Activities during the period 2012-2014, after FDNPP shutdown, represent background levels, while the significantly higher levels recorded during 2008-2010, before the accident, indicate uptake of $$^{14}$$C from routine FDNPP operations. The mean excess $$^{14}$$C activity for the pre-accident period at the sites 9 and 24 km northwest of the plant were 21 and 12 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ C, respectively, indicating that the area of influence during routine FDNPP operations extended at least 24 km northwest. The mean excess tree-ring $$^{14}$$C activities in 2011 were 10 and 5.8 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ C at 9 and 24 km northwest, respectively, documenting possible impact of the FDNPP accident on $$^{14}$$C levels in trees.


Development of compact high field pulsed magnet system for new sample environment equipment at MLF in J-PARC

渡辺 真朗; 野尻 浩之*; 伊藤 晋一*; 河村 聖子; 木原 工*; 益田 隆嗣*; 佐原 拓郎*; 左右田 稔*; 高橋 竜太

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011024_1 - 011024_5, 2019/03

近年、中性子や放射光をプローブとした数10T以上の強磁場下で行う実験・研究への要望が増えてきている。強磁場装置を用いた中性子散乱実験は、例えば、磁場誘起超伝導体などにおける強磁場中磁気相関の研究やマルチフェロイック物質などの新しい凝縮系の研究などが挙げられる。J-PARC MLFでは、強磁場パルスマグネットシステムの開発をおこなった。一般的に数10テスラ以上の強磁場装置は大規模になるが、開発する装置はMLFの既存のビームラインに対して設置可能な小型な装置でなければならない。そこで数ミリ秒程度磁場を発生させるパルスマグネットシステムを開発した。パルス磁場にすることで、強磁場を達成しつつエネルギー・パワーを抑えることで装置の小型化が可能である。30テスラを発生可能なパルスマグネットシステムを実現するためには、高電圧・大電流パルス電源および、強磁場に耐えられるコイルと試料スティックが必要である。本発表では、開発したパルスマグネットシステムの詳細およびMLFビームライン(HRC)にて行なった中性子ビーム利用実験でのパルスマグネットシステムの状況について報告する。


Gamma-ray imaging system for Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant using silicon strip detector

冠城 雅晃; 佐藤 優樹; 吉原 有里*; 島添 健次*; 高橋 浩之*; 鳥居 建男

Reactor Dosimetry; 16th International Symposium on Reactor Dosimetry (ISRD-16) (ASTM STP 1608), p.405 - 414, 2018/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

On March 11, 2011, a massive earthquake occurred in the Tohoku region of Japan, and a large tsunami hit the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F), resulting in a nuclear accident. Despite the years that have passed since the accident, decommissioning remains a concern. Radiation measurement techniques are very important for accelerating the decommissioning and ensuring low radiation exposure to workers. Our gamma-ray imaging system is the detection device for determining the three dimensional radioactive distributions of nuclear fuel debris, measuring high-energy gamma rays (greater than 1 MeV). Silicon semiconductor detectors are among the candidate detectors for radiation measurements in our system because of their radiation-hardness and high counting rate capability. We have been developing a stacked amorphous-silicon (Si)/crystal-Si heterojunction Si strip detector, which has 1-mm-pitch striped electrodes (0.5 mm wide) and 1.2-mm-pitch stacked technology. The detector consists of an Si strip mounted on a thin printed circuit board, front-end readout electronics with a complementary metal oxide semiconductor application specific integrated circuit, and a field programmable gate array. The threshold level of energy deposition of each pulse signal in each channel can be set from the application-specific integrated circuit, and gamma-ray images with energy discrimination can be obtained. The energy threshold level for discrimination of $$^{60}$$Co gamma rays from $$^{137}$$Cs gamma rays was investigated experimentally and by means of simulation, and it was found to be about 500 keV. Therefore, our Si strip detector has the required position sensitivity and energy discrimination ability for identifying high-energy gamma-ray source distributions.


Field test around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site using improved Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$(Al,Ga)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator Compton camera mounted on an unmanned helicopter

志風 義明; 西澤 幸康; 眞田 幸尚; 鳥居 建男; Jiang, J.*; 島添 健次*; 高橋 浩之*; 吉野 将生*; 伊藤 繁樹*; 遠藤 貴範*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1907 - 1918, 2016/12

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:4.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Age and speciation of iodine in groundwater and mudstones of the Horonobe area, Hokkaido, Japan; Implications for the origin and migration of iodine during basin evolution

東郷 洋子*; 高橋 嘉夫*; 天野 由記; 松崎 浩之*; 鈴木 庸平*; 寺田 靖子*; 村松 康行*; 伊藤 一誠*; 岩月 輝希

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 191, p.165 - 186, 2016/10

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:32.21(Geochemistry & Geophysics)



超伝導転移端マイクロカロリメータによる燃料デブリの核種分析に係る研究; 高分解能測定実験及びシミュレーション計算(共同研究)

高崎 浩司; 安宗 貴志; 大西 貴士; 中村 圭佑; 石見 明洋; 伊藤 主税; 逢坂 正彦; 大野 雅史*; 畠山 修一*; 高橋 浩之*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-043, 33 Pages, 2014/01




Controls over structural and electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on silicon using surface termination of 3C-SiC(111)/Si

吹留 博一*; 阿部 峻佑*; 高橋 良太*; 今泉 京*; 猪俣 州哉*; 半田 浩之*; 齋藤 英司*; 遠田 義晴*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 4(11), p.115104_1 - 115104_3, 2011/11

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:19.39(Physics, Applied)

Epitaxial graphene on Si (GOS) using a heteroepitaxy of 3C-SiC/Si has attracted recent attention owing to its capability to fuse graphene with Si-based electronics. We demonstrate that the stacking, interface structure, and hence, electronic properties of GOS can be controlled by tuning the surface termination of 3C-SiC(111)/Si, with a proper choice of Si substrate and SiC growth conditions. On the Si-terminated 3C-SiC(111)/Si(111) surface, GOS is Bernal-stacked with a band splitting, while on the C-terminated 3C-SiC(111)/Si(110) surface, GOS is turbostratically stacked without a band splitting. This work enables us to precisely control the electronic properties of GOS for forthcoming devices.


Control of epitaxy of graphene by crystallographic orientation of a Si substrate toward device applications

吹留 博一*; 高橋 良太*; 阿部 峻佑*; 今泉 京*; 半田 浩之*; Kang, H. C.*; 唐澤 宏美*; 末光 哲也*; 尾辻 泰一*; 遠田 義晴*; et al.

Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21(43), p.17242 - 17248, 2011/11

 被引用回数:27 パーセンタイル:30.55(Chemistry, Physical)

Graphene is a promising material in the next-generation devices. Large-scale epitaxial graphene should be grown on Si substrates to take over the accumulated technologies for integrated devices. We have for this reason developed epitaxy of graphene on Si (GOS) and device operation of the backgate field-effect transistors (FETs) using GOS has been confirmed. It is demonstrated in this paper that the GOS method enables us to tune the structural and electronic properties of graphene in terms of the crystallographic orientation of the Si substrate. Furthermore, it is shown that the uniformity of the GOS process within a sizable area enables us to reliably fabricate topgate FETs using conventional lithography techniques. GOS can be thus the key material in the next-generation devices owing to the tunability of the electronic structure by the crystallographic orientation of the Si substrate.


Low-energy-electron-diffraction and X-ray-phototelectron-spectroscopy studies of graphitization of 3C-SiC(111) thin film on Si(111) substrate

高橋 良太*; 半田 浩之*; 阿部 峻佑*; 今泉 京*; 吹留 博一*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿; 末光 眞希*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(7), p.070103_1 - 070103_6, 2011/07

 被引用回数:30 パーセンタイル:20.19(Physics, Applied)

Epitaxial graphene can be formed on silicon substrates by annealing a 3C-SiC film formed on a silicon substrate in ultrahigh vacuum (G/3C-SiC/Si). In this work, we explore the graphitization process on the 3C-SiC(111)/Si(111) surface by using low-energy electron diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and compare them with that on 6H-SiC(0001). Upon annealing at substrate temperature higher than 1423 K, the 3C-SiC(111)/Si(111) surface follows the sequence of ($$sqrt{3}$$$$times$$$$sqrt{3}$$)R30$$^{circ}$$, (6$$sqrt{3}$$$$times$$6$$sqrt{3}$$)R30$$^{circ}$$ and (1$$times$$1)$$_{rm graphene}$$ in the surface structures. The C 1s core level according to XPS indicates that a buffer layer, identical with that in G/6H-SiC(0001), exists at the G/3C-SiC(111) buffer. These observations strongly suggest that graphitization on the surface of the 3C-SiC(111) face proceeds in a similar manner to that on the Si-terminated hexagonal bulk SiC crystals.


Oxygen-induced reduction of the graphitization temperature of SiC surface

今泉 京*; 半田 浩之*; 高橋 良太*; 齋藤 英司*; 吹留 博一*; 遠田 義晴*; 寺岡 有殿; 吉越 章隆; 末光 眞希*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(7), p.070105_1 - 070105_6, 2011/07

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:77.69(Physics, Applied)

In the solid-vapor phase equilibria between SiC and O$$_{2}$$ system, there exists a region where the reaction of O$$_{2}$$ with SiC takes place. By tuning the temperature and the oxygen pressure used in the graphitization annealing, we have succeeded in the growth of epitaxial graphene on SiC crystals at 1273 K, which is lower by 250$$^{circ}$$C or more than the conventional epitaxial graphene method. The method is especially useful to form an epitaxial graphene on a silicon substrate (GOS), which requires a lower graphitization temperature because of necessity of compatibility with conventional Si technologies.


Feasible evaluation of neutron capture therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma using selective enhancement of boron accumulation in tumour with intra-arterial administration of boron-entrapped water-in-oil-in-water emulsion

柳衛 宏宣*; 熊田 博明*; 中村 剛実; 東 秀史*; 生嶋 一朗*; 森下 保幸*; 篠原 厚子*; 藤原 光輝*; 鈴木 実*; 櫻井 良憲*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-14) (CD-ROM), p.157 - 160, 2010/10

In the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), only 30 % patients can be operated due to complication of liver cirrhosis or multiple intrahepatic tumours. Tumour cell destruction in BNCT is necessary to accumulate a sufficient quantity of $$^{10}$$B atoms in tumour cells. In this study, we prepared BSH entrapped WOW emulsion by double emulsifying technique using iodized poppy-seed oil (IPSO), BSH and surfactant, for selective intra-arterial infusion to HCC, and performed the neutron dosimetry using CT scan imaging of HCC patient. The $$^{10}$$B concentrations in VX-2 tumour obtained by delivery with WOW emulsion was superior to those by conventional IPSO mix emulsion. In case of HCC, we performed the feasibility estimation of 3D construction of tumor according to the CT imaging of a patient with epithermal neutron mode at JRR-4. Normal liver biologically weighted dose is restricted to 4.9 Gy-Eq; the max., min. and mean tumour weighted dose are 43.1, 7.3, and 21.8 Gy-Eq, respectively, in 40 minutes irradiation. In this study, we show that $$^{10}$$B entrapped WOW emulsion could be applied to novel intra-arterial boron delivery carrier for BNCT.


Innovative alpha radioactivity monitor for clearance level inspection based on ionized air transport technology; CFD-simulated and experimental ion transport efficiencies for uranium-attached pipes

平田 洋介*; 中原 克彦*; 佐野 明*; 佐藤 光吉*; 青山 佳男; 宮本 泰明; 山口 大美; 南部 健一*; 高橋 浩之*; 小田 昭紀*

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 2(2), p.561 - 572, 2008/00

An innovative alpha radioactivity monitor for clearance level inspection has been developed. This apparatus measures an ion current resulting from air ionization by alpha particles. Ions generated in a measurement chamber of about 1 m$$^{3}$$ in volume are transported by airflow to a sensor and measured. This paper presents computational estimation of the ion transport efficiencies for two pipes with different lengths, the inner surfaces of which were covered with a thin layer of uranium. These ion transport efficiencies were compared with those experimentally obtained for the purpose of validating our model. Good agreement was observed between transport efficiencies from simulations and those experimentally estimated. Dependence of the transport efficiencies on the region of uranium coverage was also examined, based on which such characteristics of ion currents as anticipated errors arising from unknown contaminated positions are also discussed to clarify the effective operation conditions of this monitor.


Innovative alpha-radioactivity monitor for clearance level inspection based on ionized air transportation technology, 1; Comparison with mass spectral analysis using uranium-attached samples

青山 佳男; 宮本 泰明; 山口 大美; 佐野 明*; 内藤 晋*; 隅田 晃生*; 泉 幹雄*; 前川 立行*; 佐藤 光吉*; 南部 健一*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2007/04



Innovative alpha radioactivity monitor for clearance level inspection based on ionized air transport technology, 2; CFD-simulated and experimental ion transport efficiencies for uranium-attached pipes

平田 洋介*; 中原 克彦*; 佐野 明*; 佐藤 光吉*; 青山 佳男; 宮本 泰明; 山口 大美; 南部 健一*; 高橋 浩之*; 小田 昭紀*

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2007/04



Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

二宮 博正; 秋場 真人; 藤井 常幸; 藤田 隆明; 藤原 正巳*; 濱松 清隆; 林 伸彦; 細金 延幸; 池田 佳隆; 井上 信幸; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12



Development of a real-time thermal neutron monitor and its clinical application

石川 正純*; 小野 公二*; 松村 明*; 山本 哲哉*; 平塚 純一*; 宮武 伸一*; 加藤 逸郎*; 櫻井 良憲*; 古林 徹*; 熊田 博明; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-12), p.397 - 400, 2006/10

BNCTの臨床応用可能なSOF(Scintillator with Optical Fiber detector)と呼ばれる超小型熱中性子モニターを開発した。このSOFモニターを15例の実際のBNCTに適用し、BNCTへの適用性等の検証を行った。この検証結果から、従来型の2本の光ファイバを並べたプローブでは柔軟性が乏しく、実際の患者に適用するためにはフレキシビリティのあるプローブが必要であることがわかった。そこで2本の光ファイバを切り離して、検出器部分を対向状態で接続し、ループ状のプローブを開発した。これにより柔軟性が向上し、患者の任意の部位に的確かつ簡便に固定できるようになった。


Optimization for SEU/SET immunity on 0.15 $$mu$$m fully depleted CMOS/SOI digital logic devices

槇原 亜紀子*; 浅井 弘彰*; 土屋 義久*; 天野 幸男*; 緑川 正彦*; 新藤 浩之*; 久保山 智司*; 小野田 忍; 平尾 敏雄; 中嶋 康人*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Application (RASEDA-7), p.95 - 98, 2006/10

RHBD(Radiation Hardness by Design)技術を用いてSEU(Single Event Upset)/SET(Single Event Transient)対策ロジックセルを、沖電気の完全空乏型0.15$$mu$$m CMOS/SOI民生プロセスを用いて設計し、製造したサンプルデバイスの放射線評価を実施した。SETフリーインバータと呼ばれるSET対策付きインバータ構造を有するロジックセルは、非常に優れたSET耐性を示すが、面積・動作スピード・消費電力のペナルティも大きいため、本研究では、最低限の耐性を維持しつつペナルティを低減するための設計の最適化をMixedモードのTCAD(Technology Computer Aided Design)シミュレータを用いて行った。その結果、LET(Linear Energy Transfar)が64MeV/(mg/cm$$^2$$)までは、本研究により最適化されたロジックセルが宇宙用として有用であることを示した。


Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

菊池 満; 玉井 広史; 松川 誠; 藤田 隆明; 高瀬 雄一*; 櫻井 真治; 木津 要; 土屋 勝彦; 栗田 源一; 森岡 篤彦; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:54.08(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)



Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

土屋 勝彦; 秋場 真人; 疇地 宏*; 藤井 常幸; 藤田 隆明; 藤原 正巳*; 濱松 清隆; 橋爪 秀利*; 林 伸彦; 堀池 寛*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:89.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)


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