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論文

Dirac surface state-modulated spin dynamics in a ferrimagnetic insulator at room temperature

Tang, C.*; Song, Q.*; Chang, C.-Z.*; Xu, Y.*; 大沼 悠一; 松尾 衛*; Liu, Y.*; Yuan, W.*; Yao, Y.*; Moodera, J. S.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 4(6), p.eaas8660_1 - eaas8660_6, 2018/06

This work demonstrates markedly modified spin dynamics of magnetic insulator (MI) by the spin momentum-locked Dirac surface states of the adjacent topological insulator (TI). As the Bi concentration $$x$$ is systematically tuned in 5-nm-thick (Bi$$_{x}$$Sb$$_{1-x}$$)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ TI films, the weight of the surface relative to bulk states peaks at $$x$$ = 0.32 when the chemical potential approaches the Dirac point. At this concentration, the Gilbert damping constant of the precessing magnetization in 10-nm-thick Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ MI films in the MI/TI heterostructures is enhanced by an order of magnitude, the largest among all concentrations. In addition, the MI acquires additional strong magnetic anisotropy that favors the in-plane orientation with similar Bi concentration dependence. These extraordinary effects of the Dirac surface states distinguish TI from other materials such as heavy metals in modulating spin dynamics of the neighboring magnetic layer.

論文

Quantitative characterization of the nanoscale local lattice strain induced by Sr dopants in La$$_{1.92}$$Sr$$_{0.08}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Lin, J. Q.*; Liu, X.*; Blackburn, E.*; 脇本 秀一; Ding, H.*; Islam, Z.*; Sinha, S. K.*

Physical Review Letters, 120(19), p.197001_1 - 197001_6, 2018/05

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

X線散漫散乱の観測により、銅酸化物高温超伝導体La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$中の不純物Srにより生じるナノスケールの格子歪みを観測した。この結果は、これまで議論となっていた不純物による歪みの性質を明らかにしたとともに、STMで観測されているギャップの不均一性の原因ではないことを明らかにした。

論文

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:4(Physics, Nuclear)

CIELO国際協力では、原子力施設の臨界性に大きな影響を与える重要核種($$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{1}$$H)の中性子断面積データの精度を改善し、これまで矛盾していると考えられた点を解消することを目的として研究が行われた。多くの研究機関が参加したこのパイロットプロジェクトは、IAEAの支援も受けて、OECD/NEAの評価国際協力ワーキングパーティ(WPEC)のSubgroup 40として組織された。本CIELOプロジェクトは、新たな実験研究や理論研究を行う動機付けとなり、測定データを正確に反映し臨界性の積分テストに優れた新たな一連の評価済みライブラリとして結実した。本報告書は、これまでの研究成果と、本国際協力の次の段階の計画概要をまとめたものである。

論文

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Karakas, A. I.*; 牧井 宏之; Mohr, P.*; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 848(2), p.98_1 - 98_8, 2017/10

 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross section is crucial in the modelling of $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis in asymptotic giant branch stars because it controls the operation of the branching point at the unstable $$^{95}$$Zr and the subsequent production of $$^{96}$$Zr. We have carried out the measurement of the $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) and $$^{94}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) reactions and obtained the $$gamma$$-decay probability ratio of $$^{92}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ and $$^{96}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ to determine the $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross sections with the surrogate ratio method. We tested our deduced maxwellian-averaged cross section in stellar models with masses between 2 and 6 $$M_{odot}$$ and metallicities 0.014 and 0.03. The largest changes - up 80 % variations in $$^{96}$$Zr - are seen in the models of 3-4 $$M_{odot}$$, where the $$^{22}$$Ne neutron source is mildly activated. The new rate can still provide a match to data from meteoritic stardust silicon carbide grains, provided the maximum mass of the parent stars is below 4 $$M_{odot}$$, for a metallicity of 0.03.

論文

Self-learning Monte Carlo method; Continuous-time algorithm

永井 佑紀; Shen, H.*; Qi, Y.*; Liu, J.*; Fu, L.*

Physical Review B, 96(16), p.161102_1 - 161102_6, 2017/10

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:7.99(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

モンテカルロ法は原子力分野以外にも様々な分野で利用される極めて汎用的な手法である。近年、機械学習の手法を取り込むことで、高速なモンテカルロ法が開発されている。本論文では、銅酸化物高温超伝導体をはじめとする様々な物質のシミュレーションにおいて汎用的に用いられている連続時間量子モンテカルロ法に対して機械学習の手法を適用した結果を報告する。なお、上記課題の解決にあたり、モンテカルロ法でネックの一つとなる次の配置をどう決めるか、という問題に対して、機械学習によって自動的に決めるという手法を提案した。この手法の開発により、より高精度な超伝導体シミュレーションや、ウランなどの重い元素を含む第一原理計算の高速化が期待できる。これらの結果は、広く原子力分野のためのシミュレーション技術開発に資する成果である。

論文

Shell evolution beyond $$Z$$=28 and $$N$$=50; Spectroscopy of $$^{81,82,83,84}$$Zn

Shand, C. M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Otsuka, T.*; Sieja, K.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Tsunoda, T.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 773, p.492 - 497, 2017/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:14.67(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Low-lying states in neutron-rich $$^{81,82.83.84}$$Zn nuclei were measured for the first time via in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy at RIKEN. These include the 4$$_1^+$$ to 2$$_1^+$$ in $$^{82}$$Zn and the 2$$_1^+$$ to 0$$_1^+$$ and 4$$_1^+$$ to 2$$_1^+$$ in $$^{84}$$Zn. The reduced E($$2^+$$) energies and increased E(4$$^+$$)/E(2$$^+$$) ratios at $$N$$=52,54 compared to $$^{80}$$Zn attest that the magicity is confined just on the neutron number $$N$$=50 only. The levels observed in $$^{84}$$Zn suggest the onset of deformation towards heavier Zn isotopes. The data were compared to state-of-the-art shell model calculations.

論文

Shape evolution in neutron-rich krypton isotopes beyond N=60; First spectroscopy of $$^{98,100}$$Kr

Flavigny, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Delaroche, J.-P.*; Girod, M.*; Libert, J.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, H.*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_6, 2017/06

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:9.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The first $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of very neutron rich $$^{98,100}$$Kr isotopes was carried out at the RIBF at RIKEN Nishina center. Excited states in these isotopes were populated via (p,2p) reactions using radioactive $$^{99,101}$$Rb beams accelerated to 220 MeV/nucleon. The new data show a significant increase in deformation beyond N=60, as well as competing configurations (shape-coexistence) at low energy. The data were compared with beyond-mean-field calculations which predict level energies in good agreement with observation, and suggest oblate-prolate shape coexistence.

論文

$$gamma$$ decay of unbound neutron-hole states in $$^{133}$$Sn

Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Gargano, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Chen, S.*; N$'a$cher, E.*; Sahin, E.*; 志賀 慶明*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(20), p.202502_1 - 202502_5, 2017/05

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:18.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excited states in $$^{133}$$Sn were populated following one-neutron knockout reaction from an unstable $$^{134}$$Sn beam at the RIBF laboratory in RIKEN. In addition to the already known $$gamma$$ rays, additional $$gamma$$ strength was observed for the first time in the excitation-energy range 3.5-5.5 MeV. Since the neutron separation energy of $$^{133}$$Sn is low, this observation provides direct evidence for the radioactive decay of neutron-unbound states in this nucleus. The ability of $$gamma$$ decay to compete with neutron emission was attributed to a mismatch between the wave functions of the initial and final states in the neutron emission case. These findings suggest that in the region south-east of $$^{132}$$Sn, nuclear structure effects play a significant role in the decay of unbound states, which are instead usually ignored in the evaluation of neutron-emission probabilities in astrophysical simulations.

論文

Low-lying structure and shape evolution in neutron-rich Se isotopes

Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, H.*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; Corsi, A.*; Delbart, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(4), p.041302_1 - 041302_6, 2017/04

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:8.11(Physics, Nuclear)

Neutron-rich isotopes of selenium, $$^{88,90,92,94}$$Se, where studied via in beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy after nucleon removal reactions at RIBF in RIKEN. The low-energy excitations of these nuclei were investigated using $$gamma$$-$$gamma$$ coincidences, and the first and second excited 2$$^+$$ states were found at remarkably low energies. The analysis and comparison with self-consistent beyond-mean field calculations suggest that both shape coexistence and triaxiality are needed to describe these isotopes.

論文

Are there signatures of harmonic oscillator shells far from stability?; First spectroscopy of $$^{110}$$Zr

Paul, N.*; Corsi, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, H.*; Bally, B.*; Bender, M.*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_7, 2017/01

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:9.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The first measurement of $$gamma$$ rays emitted by the very neutron rich nuclei $$^{112}$$Mo (Z=42) and $$^{110}$$Zr (Z=40) was carried out at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. These data shine light on the postulated N=70 harmonic oscillator shell. If the spin-orbit splitting which gives rise to the N=82 shell gap is reduced in very neutron-rich nuclei, the harmonic oscillator gap at N=70 should open instead. However, both the measured energy of the first excited state $$^{112}$$Mo and $$^{110}$$Zr, respectively 235(7) keV and 185(11) keV, and their E(4$$^+$$)/E(2$$^+$$) ratio, indicate that these nuclei are good rotors, and exclude the shell stabilization scenario at Z=40 and N=70. These results were compared to state-of-the-art density functional theoretical calculations using Gogny and Skyrme effective interactions.

論文

Examination of the surrogate ratio method for the determination of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr cross section with $$^{90,92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92,94}$$Zr reactions

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; 西中 一朗; 廣瀬 健太郎; Han, Y. L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(1), p.015804_1 - 015804_5, 2016/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:52.92(Physics, Nuclear)

The relative $$gamma$$-decay probability ratios of the neutron resonance states in $$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{92}$$Zr populated via two neutron transfer reactions, $$^{92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92}$$Zr, have been measured to test the validity of the surrogate ratio method (SRM) in determining the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross section. The cross sections of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction are derived from the experimentally obtained ratios and the cross sections of the $$^{91}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{92}$$Zr reaction in the equivalent neutron energy range of $$E_{rm n}$$ = 0 - 8 MeV. The deduced cross sections of $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction agree with the directly measured ones in the low-energy region, and with the evaluated ENDF/B-VII.1 data at higher energies of $$E_{rm n} >$$ 3 MeV. The agreement supports the concept of the SRM method to indirectly determine the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross sections.

論文

Searching for observable effects induced by anomalous triangle singularities

Liu, X.-H.*; 岡 眞; Zhao, Q.*

Physics Letters B, 753, p.297 - 302, 2016/02

 被引用回数:47 パーセンタイル:1.04(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

異常三角特異性(ATS)の性質と様々なハドロン生成過程における観測可能性とを検討した。最近観測された閾値付近に見られるハドロン状態の性質を理解する上で異常三角特異性が重要であることを示した。異常三角特異性と純粋にダイナミカルな極として現れる状態を区別する方法を議論した。

論文

Carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in the magnetic topological insulator Cr-doped (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$

Ye, M.*; Li, W.*; Zhu, S.-Y.*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; Wang, J.*; Pan, H.*; Nurmamat, M.*; 角田 一樹*; Ji, F.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 6, p.8913_1 - 8913_7, 2015/11

AA2015-0647.pdf:0.64MB

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:15.72(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

磁性元素を添加したトポロジカル絶縁体は、量子異常ホール効果や無散逸伝導などの魅力的な現象の発現が予言され、低消費電力スピンデバイスの開発につながっていくものと期待されている。既に、いくつかの磁性添加トポロジカル絶縁体で長距離磁気秩序が確認されている。しかし、量子異常ホール効果の発現は、極低温におけるCrを添加した(Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$系に限られており、強磁性の微視的な起源はほとんど分かっていない。そこで、今回、X線磁気円二色性実験による元素選択的研究を行うことにより、本物質系の強磁性は、母体の正孔キャリアーを媒介としたものであり、Crの3d電子とSbやTeのp電子の相互作用が極めて重要であることを明らかにした。この結果は、異常量子ホール素子の実現に向けても重要である。

論文

Enhanced damage buildup in C$$^{+}$$-implanted GaN film studied by a monoenergetic positron beam

Li, X. F.*; Chen, Z. Q.*; Liu, C.*; Zhang, H.; 河裾 厚男

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(8), p.085706_1 - 085706_6, 2015/02

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:18.22(Physics, Applied)

280keV炭素イオン注入によりGaN中に導入される損傷を低速陽電子ビームを用いて研究した。陽電子消滅$$gamma$$線エネルギースペクトルのドップラー拡がりから、原子空孔クラスターが導入されていることが分かった。800$$^{circ}$$Cのアニールにより、それらはマイクロボイドに成長し、1000$$^{circ}$$Cのアニールでも残留することが明らかになった。透過電子顕微鏡観察の結果、損傷層は非晶質化していることが分かった。GaN中におけるイオン注入によるマイクロボイドの形成と非晶質化は、炭素イオンに特有の現象と考えられる。

論文

In-beam $$gamma$$ spectroscopy of the even-even nucleus $$^{190}$$Pt

Li, G. S.*; Liu, M. L.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Liu, Y. X.*; Zhang, N. T.*; Hua, W.*; Zheng, Y. D.*; Fang, Y. D.*; Guo, S.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(5), p.054303_1 - 054303_9, 2014/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:63.98(Physics, Nuclear)

タンデム加速器で88MeVにまで加速された$$^{18}$$Oビームを用いて$$^{176}$$Yb($$^{18}$$O, 4$$n$$)反応を起こし、$$^{190}$$Ptの高スピン準位を調べた。その結果、$$nu$$ $$i^{-2}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$h^{-1}_{9/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$1(ここで$$nu j$$$$nu p_{3/2}$$もしくは$$nu f_{5/2}$$)配位による正パリティバンドを大幅に拡張するとともに新しく負パリティバンドを同定し、$$nu$$ $$i^{-3}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$配位を持つことを明らかにした。また、イラスト準位においてスピンの増加に伴い振動から回転へと構造変化を起こしている可能性について議論した。さらにバンド特性を明らかにするためにTotal Routhian surface計算を行った。

論文

Dynamics of energetic particle driven modes and MHD modes in wall-stabilized high-$$beta$$ plasmas on JT-60U and DIII-D

松永 剛; 岡林 典男*; 相羽 信行; Boedo, J. A.*; Ferron, J. R.*; Hanson, J. M.*; Hao, G. Z.*; Heidbrink, W. W.*; Holcomb, C. T.*; In, Y.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(12), p.123022_1 - 123022_13, 2013/12

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:86.48(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In the wall-stabilized high-$$beta$$ plasmas in JT-60U and DIII-D, interactions between energetic particle (EP) driven modes (EPdMs) and edge localized modes (ELMs) have been observed. The interaction between the EPdM and ELM are reproducibly observed. Many EP diagnostics indicate that strong correlation between the distorted waveform of the EPdM and the EP transport to edge. The waveform distortion is composed of higher harmonics $$(n ge 2)$$ and it looks like a density snake near the plasma edge. According to statistical analyses, the ELM triggering by the EPdMs needs finite level of waveform distortion and pedestal recovery. The ELM pacing by the EPdMs occurs when the repetition frequency of the EPdMs is higher than the natural ELM frequency. Transported EPs by the EPdMs are thought to contribute to change the edge stability.

論文

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping

Deng, Z.*; Zhao, K.*; Gu, B.; Han, W.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Wang, X. C.*; Li, X.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Yu, R. C.*; 後神 達郎*; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(8), p.081203_1 - 081203_5, 2013/08

 被引用回数:50 パーセンタイル:6.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the discovery of a diluted magnetic semiconductor, Li(Zn,Mn)P, in which charge and spin are introduced independently via lithium off-stoichiometry and the isovalent substitution of Mn$$^{2+}$$ for Zn$$^{2+}$$, respectively. Isostructural to (Ga,Mn)As, Li(Zn,Mn)P was found to be a ${it p}$-type ferromagnetic semiconductor with excess lithium providing charge doping. First-principles calculations indicate that excess Li is favored to partially occupy the Zn site, leading to hole doping. Ferromagnetism with Curie temperature up to 34 K is achieved while the system still shows semiconducting transport behavior.

論文

Anisotropic two-dimensional electron gas at the LaAlO$$_{3}$$/SrTiO$$_{3}$$ (110) interface

Annadi, A.*; Zhang, Q.*; Renshaw Wang, X.*; Tuzla, N.*; Gopinadhan, K.*; L$"u$, W. M.*; Roy Barman, A.*; Liu, Z. Q.*; Srivastava, A.*; Saha, S.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1838_1 - 1838_7, 2013/05

 被引用回数:74 パーセンタイル:3.63(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We report the observation of unexpected conductivity at the LaAlO$$_{3}$$/SrTiO$$_{3}$$ interface prepared on (110)-oriented SrTiO$$_{3}$$, with a LaAlO$$_{3}$$-layer thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition. Density functional theory calculation reveals that electronic reconstruction, and thus conductivity, is still possible at this (110) interface by considering the energetically favourable (110) interface structure, that is, buckled TiO$$_{2}$$/LaO, in which the polarization discontinuity is still present. The conductivity was further found to be strongly anisotropic along the different crystallographic directions with potential for anisotropic superconductivity and magnetism, leading to possible new physics and applications.

論文

Dynamics of energetic particle driven modes and MHD modes in wall-stabilized high beta plasmas on JT-60U and DIII-D

松永 剛; 岡林 典男*; 相羽 信行; Boedo, J. A.*; Ferron, J. R.*; Hanson, J. M.*; Hao, G. Z.*; Heidbrink, W. W.*; Holcomb, C. T.*; In, Y.*; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

In the wall-stabilized high-$$beta$$ plasmas in JT-60U and DIII-D, interactions between energetic particle (EP) driven modes and MHD modes such as edge localized modes (ELMs) have been observed. The ELM triggering by EP driven modes (EPdMs) occurs when the repetition frequency of the EPdMs is higher than that of the ELM. The EPdMs have strong waveform distortion that is composed of higher toroidal harmonics. In particular, EP behavior seems to be sensitive to the waveform distortion, thus, waveform distortion can rapidly increase EP transport to edge. According to statistical analysis, the ELM triggering by the EPdMs infrequently occurs just after the ELM crash. Transported EPs by the EPdMs are thought to contribute to change the edge stability.

論文

Rotational band properties of $$^{173}$$W

Wang, H. X.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Liu, M. L.*; Ding, B.*; Li, G. S.*; Hua, W.*; Zhou, H. B.*; Guo, S.*; Qiang, Y. H.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 86(4), p.044305_1 - 044305_11, 2012/10

AA2012-0752.pdf:0.78MB

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:63.41(Physics, Nuclear)

High-spin states in $$^{173}$$W have been studied using the $$^{150}$$Nd($$^{28}$$Si,5$$n$$)$$^{173}$$W reaction at beam energies of 135 and 140 MeV. The previously known bands associated with the 7/2$$^+$$[633], 5/2$$^-$$[512], and 1/2$$^-$$[521] configurations are extended significantly, and the unfavored signature branch of the 1/2$$^-$$[521] band is established for the first time. The band properties, such as level spacings, band-crossing frequencies, alignment gains, and signature splittings, are discussed with an emphasis on the low-spin signature inversion observed in the 5/2$$^-$$[512] band. By comparing the experimental $$B$$($$M$$1)/$$B$$($$E$$2) ratios with the theoretical values, we conclude that the configuration of the 5/2$$^-$$[512] band is quite pure at low spins without appreciable admixture of the 5/2$$^-$$[523] orbit, in conflict with the particle rotor model calculated results.

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