Xie, T.*; Wei, Y.*; Gong, D.*; Fennell, T.*; Stuhr, U.*; 梶本 亮一; 池内 和彦*; Li, S.*; Hu, J.*; Luo, H.*
Physical Review Letters, 120(26), p.267003_1 - 267003_7, 2018/06
We report an inelastic neutron scattering study on the spin resonance in the bilayer iron-based superconductor CaKFeAs. In contrast to its quasi-two-dimensional electron structure, three strongly -dependent modes of spin resonance are found below = 35 K. The mode energies are below and linearly scale with the total superconducting gaps summed on the nesting hole and electron pockets, essentially in agreement with the results in cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors. This observation supports the sign-reversed Cooper-pairing mechanism under multiple pairing channels and resolves the long-standing puzzles concerning the broadening and dispersive spin resonance peak in iron pnictides. More importantly, the triple resonant modes can be classified into odd and even symmetries with respect to the distance of Fe-Fe planes within the Fe-As bilayer unit. Thus, our results closely resemble those in the bilayer cuprates with nondegenerate spin excitations, suggesting that these two high- superconducting families share a common nature.
Hu, D.*; Yin, Z.*; Zhang, W.*; Ewings, R. A.*; 池内 和彦*; 中村 充孝; Roessli, B.*; Wei, Y.*; Zhao, L.*; Chen, G.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 94(9), p.094504_1 - 094504_7, 2016/09
Li, B.; Luo, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Ren, W. J.*; Yano, S.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Gardner, J. S.*; Liss, K.-D.*; Miao, P.*; Lee, S.-H.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 93(22), p.224405_1 - 224405_6, 2016/06
Competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases on frustrated lattices in hexagonal Laves phase compound HfTaFe is investigated by using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and magnetic fields and density-functional-theory calculations. At 325 K, the compound orders into the 120 frustrated antiferromagnetic state with well-reduced magnetic moment and an in-plane lattice contraction simultaneously sets in. With further cooling down, however, the accumulated distortion in turn destabilizes this susceptible frustrated structure. The frustration is completely relieved at 255 K when the first-order transition to the ferromagnetic state takes place, where a colossal negative volumetric thermal expansion, /K, is obtained. Meanwhile, the antiferromagnetic state can be suppressed by few Tesla magnetic fields, which results in a colossal positive magnetostriction. Such delicate competition is attributed to the giant magnetic fluctuation inherent in the frustrated antiferromagnetic state. Therefore, the magnetoelastic instability is approached even under a small perturbation.
Ding, F.*; Luo, G.-N.*; Pitts, R.*; Litnovsky, A.*; Gong, X.*; Ding, R.*; Mao, H.*; Zhou, H.*; Wampler, W. R.*; Stangeby, P. C.*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 455(1-3), p.710 - 716, 2014/12
A movable material probe system (Material and Plasma Evaluation System: MAPES) with an independent pumping system and a sample exchange chamber has been developed and installed on a horizontal port of the EAST tokamak for studies of plasma material interaction (PMI). In the 2012 experimental campaign, deposition and erosion were studied for three samples: mock-up of the outer first wall panels (FWPs) in ITER, castellated tungsten, and molybdenum mirrors. The FWPs with carbon deposition layer were exposed to helium plasmas. The maximum erosion rate of the carbon was valuated to be 8 nm/s. The castellated tungsten with rectangular cells and roof-like shaped cells was exposed to deuterium plasmas to compare amount of deposits on the gap surface. The amount of carbon and boron impurities on the gap surface of the roof-like shaped cells were reduced to less than 30% compared with that of the rectangular cells. The molybdenum mirrors of which protective ducts are installed in front were exposed to deuterium plasmas in order to investigate effects of length of the ducts. It was found that the reflectivity of the mirrors with 60 mm-long protective ducts is kept the initial reflectivity.
Hu, P.*; 尹 永根; 石川 覚*; 鈴井 伸郎; 河地 有木; 藤巻 秀; 井倉 将人*; Yuan, C.*; Huang, J.*; Li, Z.*; et al.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20(9), p.6306 - 6316, 2013/09
, a species in the family Crassulaceae, has been reported to be a Cd hyperaccumulator exhibiting fast growth, large biomass, asexual reproduction and perennial habit and showing remarkable potential in the phytoextraction of Cd from polluted soils. The aims of this study are to investigate whether and how the nitrogen form (nitrate (NO) versus ammonium (NH)) influences cadmium (Cd) uptake and translocation and subsequent Cd phytoextraction by the . This is the first report of successful visualisation and quantification of Cd uptake and root-to-shoot translocation in intact plants of the hyperaccumulator species supplied with different forms of inorganic N using positron-emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS), a real-time imaging method.
Hellgren, N.*; Guo, J.*; Luo, Y.*; Sthe, C.*; 安居院 あかね; Kashtanov, S.*; Nordgren, J.*; gren, H.*; Sundgren, J.-E.*
Thin Solid Films, 471(1-2), p.19 - 34, 2005/01
Ding, F.*; 芦川 直子*; 福本 正勝; 片山 一成*; Mao, H.*; Ding, R.*; Xu, Q.*; Wu, J.*; Xie, C. Y.*; Luo, G.-N.*
no journal, ,
Castellated tungsten samples with different gap width and gap depth are exposed to the scrape-off-layer plasma with the material and plasma evaluation system (MAPES) to investigate effects of castellation configurations on impurity deposition and fuel retention. After the plasma exposure, composition and distribution of the impurity deposited on the inner surface of the gap are investigated. The composition and the distribution of the deposits have a strong dependence of the gap configuration. The amount of the deposits on the inner surface of the inverse trapezoid gap is small compared with that of the rectangular gap with the same top width. For all the samples, the amount of the deposits decreases with the gap width and depth.