※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 102 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



Gradient residual strain determination of surface impacted railway S38C axles by neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging

Hu, F. F.*; Qin, T. Y.*; Ao, N.*; Su, Y. H.; Zhou, L.*; 徐 平光; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; Chen, J.*; Wu, S. C.*

Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 306, p.110267_1 - 110267_18, 2024/08

Non-destructive and quantitative mapping of gradient residual strain distribution in surfacehardened railway S38C axles could provide a positive reference for determining service lifetime and maintenance strategy. To tackle this concern, time-of-flight neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging was employed by real axle samples with and without impacted crater. A noveland simple procedure to formulate the residual strain field was also developed in this work, with the transmission batch code in Appendix A. By mapping the global two- dimensional residual strains, it can be verified that the residual strains into the axle are uniformly distributed in the hoop direction. Subsequently, it was revealed that the axial and hoop residual strains, respectively in the cylinder and the long strip samples prepared from a real S38C hollow axle, indicated a gradient evolution distribution with a depth of $$sim$$ 8 mm, covering a range of -5500 $$sim$$ 1000 $$mu$$$$varepsilon$$ for axial strains and -6500 $$sim$$ 1000 $$mu$$$$varepsilon$$ for hoop strains. More importantly, the maximum compressive lattice strain of the cylinder sample was increased by 15.61 %, and 22.35 % at the impacting speeds of 100, and 125 m/s, respectively; and that of the long strip sample increased by 29.17 %, and 43.70 %, respectively. It can thus be concluded that lattice strains have redistributed around the impact crater, demonstrating the local alteration of the residual strain field. These new findings suggest the localized variation in residual strains should be taken into account while evaluating the service damage evolution of railway axles, especially those affected by highspeed impacts during operation.


High sensitivity of a future search for effects of $$P$$-odd/$$T$$-odd interactions on the 0.75 eV $$p$$-wave resonance in $$overrightarrow{n}$$+$$^{139}overrightarrow{textrm{La}}$$ forward transmission determined using a pulsed neutron beam

中部 倫太郎*; Auton, C. J.*; 遠藤 駿典; 藤岡 宏之*; Gudkov, V.*; 広田 克也*; 井出 郁央*; 猪野 隆*; 石角 元志*; 神原 理*; et al.

Physical Review C, 109(4), p.L041602_1 - L041602_4, 2024/04

Neutron transmission experiments can offer a new type of highly sensitive search for time-reversal invariance violating (TRIV) effects in nucleon-nucleon interactions via the same enhancement mechanism observed for large parity violating (PV) effects in neutron-induced compound nuclear processes. In these compound processes, the TRIV cross-section is given as the product of the PV cross-section, a spin-factor $$kappa$$, and a ratio of TRIV and PV matrix elements. We determined $$kappa$$ to be 0.59 $$pm$$ 0.05 for $$^{139}$$La+n using both (n, $$gamma$$) spectroscopy and ($$overrightarrow{n}$$+$$^{139}overrightarrow{textrm{La}}$$) transmission. This result quantifies for the first time the high sensitivity of the $$^{139}$$La 0.75 eV $$p$$-wave resonance in a future search for $$P$$-odd/$$T$$-odd interactions in ($$overrightarrow{n}$$+$$^{139}overrightarrow{textrm{La}}$$) forward transmission.


Spin dependence in the $$p$$-wave resonance of $$^{139}$$$overrightarrow{textrm{La}}$+$overrightarrow{n}$

奥平 琢也*; 中部 倫太郎*; Auton, C. J.*; 遠藤 駿典; 藤岡 宏之*; Gudkov, V.*; 井出 郁央*; 猪野 隆*; 石角 元志*; 神原 理*; et al.

Physical Review C, 109(4), p.044606_1 - 044606_9, 2024/04

We measured the spin dependence in a neutron-induced p-wave resonance by using a polarized epithermal neutron beam and a polarized nuclear target. Our study focuses on the 0.75 eV $$p$$-wave resonance state of $$^{139}$$La+n, where largely enhanced parity violation has been observed. We determined the partial neutron width of the $$p$$-wave resonance by measuring the spin dependence of the neutron absorption cross section between polarized $$^{139}$$La and polarized neutrons. Our findings serve as a foundation for the quantitative study of the enhancement effect of the discrete symmetry violations caused by mixing between partial amplitudes in the compound nuclei.


Development of an areal density imaging for boron and other elements

土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 阿部 雄太; 及川 健一; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 佐藤 一憲

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012022_1 - 012022_6, 2023/10



Neutron resonance absorption imaging of simulated high-level radioactive waste in borosilicate glass

大場 洋次郎; 元川 竜平; 金子 耕士; 永井 崇之; 土川 雄介; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 岡本 芳浩

Scientific Reports (Internet), 13, p.10071_1 - 10071_8, 2023/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:63.33(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The spatial distribution of constituent elements in borosilicate glasses containing simulated high-level radioactive liquid waste (HLLW) was investigated using neutron resonance absorption imaging. The resonance absorption dips of Rh, Pd, Na, Gd, Cs, and Sm were detected in the neutron transmission spectra of the glass samples. The neutron transmission images at the resonance energies of these elements provided the spatial distributions within the glass samples. Rh and Pd led sedimentation, while Gd, Sm, and Cs were uniformly dispersed. These results clearly show the potential of neutron resonance absorption imaging for characterizing borosilicate glasses.


Spatial distribution and preferred orientation of crystalline microstructure of lead-bismuth eutectic

伊藤 大介*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大平 直也*; 齊藤 泰司*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 569, p.153921_1 - 153921_6, 2022/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:27.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To develop a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled nuclear reactor, phase transition phenomena of LBE are very important. In the solidification of LBE, the crystalline structure is varied with the cooling process. The volumetric expansion of LBE must be clarified for the safety of an LBE cooled nuclear reactor. The time dependence of the volumetric expansion depends on the crystalline microstructure. In this study, the crystalline microstructure of the LBE samples solidified with the different cooling processes was investigated by the neutron Bragg edge imaging technique. Spatially integrated and local microstructure characteristics of LBE samples were analyzed. Characteristics of preferred orientation of LBE microstructure were clarified.


Observation of Eu adsorption band in the CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P column by neutron resonance absorption imaging

宮崎 康典; 渡部 創; 中村 雅弘; 柴田 淳広; 野村 和則; 甲斐 哲也; Parker, J. D.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011073_1 - 011073_7, 2021/03



Visualization of the boron distribution in core material melting and relocation specimen by neutron energy resolving method

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03

Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from B$$_{4}$$C pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, distribution of such boride in the fuel debris formed in the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants may affect the process of debris cutting and removal. The high neutron absorption of boron may affect the possibility of re-criticality during the process of debris removal. Therefore, boride distribution in fuel debris is regarded as an important issue to be addressed. However, boron tends to have difficult in quantification with conventionally applied methods like EPMA and XPS. In this study, accelerator-driven neutron-imaging system was applied. Since boron is the material for neutron absorption, its sensitivity in terms of neutron penetration through specimens is concerned. To adjust neutron attenuation of a specimen to suit a particular measurement by selecting the neutron energy range, we focused on the energy resolved neutron imaging system RADEN, which utilizes wide energy range from meV to keV. Development of a method to visualize boron distribution using energy-resolved neutrons has been started. In this presentation the authors show the status of the development of a method utilizing energy-resolved neutrons and provide some outcome from its application to the Core Material Melting and Relocation (CMMR)-0 and -2 specimens.


Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

土川 雄介; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; 甲斐 哲也; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 正英; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

福島原子力発電所の解体作業では、溶融した燃料棒に含まれるホウ素分布を事前に把握することが重要である。溶融燃料棒の模擬試験体を用意し、ホウ素やホウ化物の含有量を調査する研究が行われてきた。本研究では、その一環として中性子を用いたホウ素並びにホウ化物分布の測定技術開発を行った。ホウ素の中性子吸収に伴う即発ガンマ線を測定し、ホウ素量や二次元分布を測定した。また、n(B,$$alpha$$$$gamma$$)反応における478keV$$gamma$$線は、ホウ素の化合状態により、$$gamma$$線ピークの幅が変化することが知られている。このことを用い、特に溶融燃料棒周辺に存在することが予測されているZrBやFeBといったホウ化物の識別可能性について調査した。測定はJ-PARC/MLFのANNRI, NOBORU, RADENにて行った。これらの解析結果について報告する。


Pulsed neutron imaging for differentiation of ice and liquid water towards fuel cell vehicle applications

樋口 雄紀*; 瀬戸山 大吾*; 伊勢川 和久; 土川 雄介; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 長井 康貴*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23(2), p.1062 - 1071, 2021/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:49.65(Chemistry, Physical)



Development of three-dimensional distribution visualization technology for boron using energy resolved neutron-imaging system (RADEN)

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

Boron carbide is used as a neutron-absorbing material in Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), producing borides that are twice as hard as oxides (such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$). The high neutron absorption of boron affects the evaluation of re-criticality during the process of debris retrieval. Therefore, it is important not only to determine the presence of boron but also to investigate the distribution of boron inside the material in a non-destructive manner during decommissioning. To address the uncertainties in the core material relocation behavior of boiling water reactor (BWR) during a severe accident (SA), solidified melt specimens of a simulated fuel assembly were prepared by plasma heating. If core material melting and relocation (CMMR) specimens can be used to estimate the B distribution in 1F Unit-3, that will provide valuable information in the decommissioning of 1F. To address this, the authors focused on the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, which utilizes a wide energy range, from meV to keV. This is an innovative three-dimensional analysis technology for boride distribution that affects the evaluation of hardness and re-criticality. In the calibration standard samples (Zr$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$ and Fe$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$), there was a good correlation between boron concentration and the energy-dependence of the cross sections of cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the CMMR specimens, boron distribution was confirmed from the contrast difference between cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the future, the results of calibration standard samples will be applied to the results of CMMR specimens. With this method, three-dimensional boron distribution will be measured, and the understanding of boride distribution 1F Unit-3 will be improved, which may be reflected in an improved SA code.


Development of event-type neutron imaging detectors at the energy-resolved neutron imaging system RADEN at J-PARC

Parker, J. D.*; 原田 正英; 林田 洋寿*; 廣井 孝介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; 中谷 健; 及川 健一; 瀬川 麻里子; 篠原 武尚; et al.

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.102 - 107, 2020/05

At the RADEN instrument, we take advantage of the accurate measurement of neutron energy by time-of-flight to perform energy-resolved neutron imaging using event-type neutron imaging detectors. We are continually working to improve these detectors for better spatial resolution and shorter measurement times and, as a user facility, to improve the ease-of-use of their control and analysis software. In particular, we are actively developing a $$^{3}$$He-based gaseous micropattern detector known as the Micro-pixel chamber based Neutron Imaging Detector ($$mu$$ NID). We have recently redesigned the $$mu$$ NID control software to allow full integration into the automated experiment control system at RADEN, and we are carrying out optimization of the analysis algorithms for improved image quality and rate performance.


The Energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN

篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04

 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:96.36(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.


Feasibility study of two-dimensional neutron-resonance thermometry using molybdenum in 316 stainless-steel

甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 瀬川 麻里子; 篠原 武尚; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 林田 洋寿*; 及川 健一

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.149 - 153, 2020/02

A two-dimensional thermometry technique based on neutron resonance reactions derives the temperature of specified elements in an object by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance measured by a time-analyzing neutron imaging-detector. This technique is expected to be one of the important applications of the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC. The authors focused on molybdenum contained in 316 stainless-steel (with a weight fraction of 2-3 wt%). Energy-dependent transmitted neutrons were measured through a 3 mm thick 316 stainless-steel plate placed in a heater at temperatures between 23 and 500 degrees Celsius at RADEN using a gas-electron multiplier (GEM) detector. Thermal and cold neutrons were eliminated from the incident beam by a cadmium filter. The sample area within the neutron beam was 30 by 50 mm$$^2$$. The feasibility is discussed in the presentation.


Neutron transmission spectrum of liquid lead bismuth eutectic

大場 洋次郎; 伊藤 大介*; 齊藤 泰司*; 小野寺 陽平*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.160 - 164, 2020/02



Visualization of phase distribution in lead-bismuth eutectic during one-dimensional solidification process

伊藤 大介*; 佐藤 博隆*; 齊藤 泰司*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也

Journal of Visualization, 22(5), p.889 - 895, 2019/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:7.22(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)

Solidification process of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) is one of the key phenomena to prevent flow channel blockage accident in an LBE-cooled accelerator-driven system. However, the solidification of liquid metal cannot be observed optically and it is difficult to detect noninvasively. In this study, the one-dimensional solidification process of the LBE was visualized by pulsed neutron transmission imaging. Neutrons have higher transmittivity to the LBE than X-ray and neutron transmission spectrum of the LBE sample can be obtained by pulsed neutron imaging technique. The solid and liquid phases of the LBE were identified during the solidification process by the presence or absence of Bragg edge in the measured neutron transmission spectrum, and the transient behavior of the solid-liquid interface could be visualized. In addition, the characteristic spatial distribution of the crystalline structure was found in Bragg-edge transmission image after the solidification.


Effect of upstream beam collimation on neutron phase imaging with a Talbot-Lau interferometer at the RADEN beam line in J-PARC

關 義親; 篠原 武尚; 上野 若菜; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.512 - 516, 2018/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:20.27(Physics, Condensed Matter)

3枚の格子からなる中性子タルボ・ロー干渉計は高機能なイメージング装置であり、通常の吸収コントラスト像に加えて、微分位相コントラスト像とビジビリティコントラスト像も同時に取得することができる。我々はJ-PARC MLF RADENビームラインにおいて波長分解型のタルボ・ロー干渉計の開発を進めている。干渉パターンの波長分解解析を行うことで、白色ビーム測定で生じていた色収差による系統誤差を排除するとともに、より定量的な情報を引き出すことが可能になる。この波長分解測定・解析法を前提として、RADENビームラインの波長スペクトルに最適化した干渉計の設計(中心波長・格子周期・格子間距離)を決定した。


Characteristics of the 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system as a high efficiency detector for resonance absorption imaging

甲斐 哲也; 佐藤 節夫*; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 瀬川 麻里子; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.496 - 500, 2018/12

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:10.13(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system, based on a lithium glass scintillator and multi-anode photomultiplier tube, has the highest neutron efficiency among the detectors for pulsed neutron imaging together with a flexibility of the efficiency by changing the thickness of the lithium glass. The authors expect this detector system could become a main detector system for the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC, and have started evaluation of the LiTA12 system. For example, spatial resolution for resonance absorption imaging was evaluated by using a line-pair pattern made by 3 micro meter thick gold on a quartz plate. Less than 1 mm width line pairs were resolved at an 8 Mcps neutron counting rate and around 5 eV neutron energy.


Study of the magnetization distribution in a grain-oriented magnetic steel using pulsed polarized neutron imaging

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Parker, J. D.*; Su, Y. H.; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.146 - 151, 2018/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:25.26(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Grain oriented magnetic steel is widely used as a key material for magnetic industrial products. Since magnetic properties of steels are closely related to its magnetic domain structure, observation of the domain structure is important for understanding its magnetic properties. In this study, we attempted to observe the domain structure of a grain oriented steel using polarized pulsed neutron imaging. In the experiment, we first magnetized the sample by applying a magnetic field along the easy-to-magnetize direction via a coil, and confirmed the sample was magnetized almost uniformly from the obtained polarization distribution images. By analyzing the oscillatory behavior in the wavelength dependence of polarization, magnetization of the steel was estimated to be 1.82 T. Then, we removed the field and performed the same measurement. As a result, a striped domain structure was observed, with neighboring domains aligned anti-parallel to each other. From these results, it was demonstrated that our magnetic imaging method could visualize the magnetization and the direction of the domains in the practical steel.


Recent progress on practical materials study by Bragg edge imaging at J-PARC

及川 健一; Su, Y. H.; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.436 - 442, 2018/12

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:29.80(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We are promoting for practical product observation by the energy-resolved neutron imaging method using high-intensity pulsed neutrons at J-PARC, under the Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. Bragg edge imaging, one of the energy-resolved neutron imaging methods for visualizing material properties, was applied to feasibility study of the temperature distribution of copper rod, complementary study of the texture and strain distribution of bent steel plates using neutron diffraction and EBSD, and so on. Outline of results obtained by these imaging experiments will be presented.

102 件中 1件目~20件目を表示