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Journal Articles

Observation of momentum-dependent charge excitations in hole-doped cuprates using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the oxygen $$K$$ edge

Ishii, Kenji*; Toyama, Takami*; Asano, Shun*; Sato, Kentaro*; Fujita, Masaki*; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Tsutsui, Kenji*; Sota, Shigetoshi*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Niwa, Hideharu*; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115148_1 - 115148_8, 2017/09

AA2017-0402.pdf:0.81MB

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:22.27(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Science from the initial operation of HRC

Ito, Shinichi*; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Yoshizawa, Hideki*; Soda, Minoru*; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Ibuka, Soshi*; Kawana, Daichi*; Sato, Taku*; Nambu, Yusuke*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034001_1 - 034001_6, 2015/09

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2013

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Goto, Ichiro*; Kibe, Satoshi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-040, 115 Pages, 2015/01

JAEA-Review-2014-040.pdf:4.26MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2013. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

R&D plan for development of oxidation-resistant graphite and investigation of oxidation behavior of SiC coated fuel particle to enhance safety of HTGR

Ueta, Shohei; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Aihara, Jun; Fujita, Ichiro*; Ohashi, Jun*; Nagaishi, Yoshihide*; Muto, Takenori*; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sakaba, Nariaki

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 271, p.309 - 313, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:40.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new concept of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is proposed as a challenge to assure no event sequences to the harmful release of radioactive materials even when the design extension conditions (DECs) occur by deterministic approach based on the inherent safety features of the HTGR. The air/water ingress accident, one of the DECs for the HTGR, is prevented by additional measures (e.g. facility for suppression to air ingress). With regard to the core design, it is important to prevent recriticality accidents by keeping the geometry of the fuel rod which consists of the graphite sleeve, fuel compact and SiC-TRISO (TRIstructural-ISOtropic) coated fuel particle, and by improving the oxidation resistance of the graphite when air/water ingress accidents occur. Therefore, it is planned to develop the oxidation-resistant graphite, which is coated with gradient SiC layer. It is also planned that the experimental identification of the condition to form the stable oxide layer (SiO$$_{2}$$) for SiC layer on the oxidation-resistant graphite and on the SiC-TRISO fuel. This paper describes the R&D plan for un-irradiation and irradiation test under simulating air/water ingress accident condition to develop oxidation-resistant graphite and to investigate the oxidation behavior of SiC coated fuel particle.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method with X-ray tomography for material property of IG-430 graphite for VHTR/HTGR

Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Fujita, Ichiro*; Kunimoto, Eiji*; Yamaji, Masatoshi*; Eto, Motokuni*; Konishi, Takashi*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 271, p.314 - 317, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:46.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In this study, in order to develop evaluation method for material properties and to evaluate the irradiation-induced property changes under higher neutron doses for IG-430, the oxidation and densification effects on elastic modulus of IG-430 were investigated. Moreover, the correlation of the microstructure based on the X-ray tomography images and the material properties was discussed. It was shown that the elastic modulus of the densified graphite depends on only the closed pores and it is possible to evaluate the material properties of graphite by using X-ray tomography method. However, it is necessary to take into account of the change in the number and shape of closed pores in the grain to simulate the elastic modulus of the highly oxidized and irradiated materials by the homogenization analysis.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of fracture toughness of fine-grained isotropic graphites for HTGR

Yamada, Teruaki*; Matsushima, Yuki*; Kuroda, Masatoshi*; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Fujita, Ichiro*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 271, p.323 - 326, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:60.77(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to investigate the effects of the experimental methodology and the notch angle on the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic nuclear graphites IG-110 and IG-430, the three-point-bending test, which has been recently proposed as the methodology to evaluate the fracture toughness of graphite for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), was performed using two types of the specimens with different notch angles. The results obtained in this study could be summarized as follows: (1) The values of the fracture toughness of IG-110 and IG-430 measured in this study were 0.890 MPa m$$^{1/2}$$ and 1.031 MPa m$$^{1/2}$$, respectively. It was also found that the value of the fracture toughness of IG-110 was nearly equal to or smaller than the values obtained by the other method reported previously. (2) The values of the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic graphites were not affected between the notch angles introduced by the incisive razor blade. (3) The ratio of the tensile strengths of IG-110 and IG-430 was estimated from Griffith Theory using the experimental data obtained in this study. The estimated strength ratio was in good agreement with the strength ratio obtained from the supplier's data.

Journal Articles

High-energy spin and charge excitations in electron-doped copper oxide superconductors

Ishii, Kenji; Fujita, Masaki*; Sasaki, Takanori*; Minola, M.*; Dellea, G.*; Mazzoli, C.*; Kummer, K.*; Ghiringhelli, G.*; Braicovich, L.*; Toyama, Takami*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.3714_1 - 3714_8, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:65 Percentile:5.37(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2012

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Miyagawa, Naoto; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-041, 115 Pages, 2014/01

JAEA-Review-2013-041.pdf:19.01MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, and the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), this report describes the effluent control results of liquid waste discharged from the JAEA's Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories in the fiscal year 2012, from 1st April 2012 to 31st March 2013. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other facilities were much lower than the authorized limits of the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of oxidation characteristics of fine-grained graphites (IG-110 and IG-430) for very high temperature reactor; Changes in density distribution and compressive strength caused by air-oxidation

Fujita, Ichiro*; Eto, Motokuni*; Osaki, Hirotaka; Shibata, Taiju; Sumita, Junya; Konishi, Takashi; Yamaji, Masatoshi; Kunimoto, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2013-004, 20 Pages, 2013/07

JAEA-Research-2013-004.pdf:2.4MB

Graphite components in HTGR and VHTR may be oxidized by impurities in coolant helium-gas even at normal operation, as well as by air at air-ingress accident. In this study, by air-oxidation test at 520-900$$^{circ}$$C, oxidation characteristics of IG-110 and IG-430 graphites, and associated decrease in compressive strength were examined. The following results were obtained. (1) The activation energy of the air-oxidation for IG-430 is 176 kJ/mol being almost same as for IG-110, though the oxidation rate for IG-430 is less than a half of that for IG-110. (2) There are correlations between density change and decrease in compressive strength. Decrease in strength is the largest in case that the oxidation temperature is lower than 600 $$^{circ}$$C where the homogenous oxidation occurs. (3) In the process of oxidation, amorphous binder regions are predominantly oxidized. It suggests that peeling-off of cokes grains is necessary to be considered for oxidation weight loss, as well as gasification.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2011

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Miyagawa, Naoto; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Hiyama, Yoshinori; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Goto, Ichiro*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-005, 116 Pages, 2013/05

JAEA-Review-2013-005.pdf:9.69MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, and the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and byelaw of Ibaraki prefecture), this report describes the effluent control results of liquid waste discharged from the JAEA's Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories in the fiscal year 2011, from 1st April 2011 to 31st March 2012. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other facilities were much lower than the authorized limits of the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering study of intraband charge excitations in hole-doped high-$$T_c$$ cuprates

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Ishii, Kenji; Kimura, Hiroyuki*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Yoshida, Masahiro*; Adachi, Tadashi*; Casa, D.*; Fujita, Masaki*; Fukunaga, Yasushi*; Gog, T.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 87(10), p.104511_1 - 104511_7, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:56.77(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Development of grout materials for a geological disposal system for high-level radioactive waste, 2

Kawaguchi, Masanao; Nakanishi, Tatsuro; Kishi, Hirokazu; Nobuto, Jun*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Fujita, Tomoo; Hatanaka, Koichiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2012-007, 250 Pages, 2012/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2012-007.pdf:20.55MB

Cementitious materials are commonly used for rock support, lining, and grouting, their pH plume are considered to have an adverse effect on long-term safety of a geological disposal system. In addition, during the emplacement of waste package with buffer material, it is required to limit amount of groundwater inflow to a certain level by grouting. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new grout materials with penetrability for smaller fractures. We have developed new grout materials, which have better penetrability and are environmentally more friendly than exinting cementitious grout materials since FY 2007. This sequel report shows the most appropriate composition and the penetration characteristic of new grout materials to be suitable for the ${it in-situ}$ experiment based on the result of indoor test carried out after FY 2008.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method with X-ray tomography for material property of IG-430 graphite for VHTR/HTGR

Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Fujita, Ichiro*; Kunimoto, Eiji*; Yamaji, Masatoshi*; Eto, Motokuni*; Konishi, Takashi*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2012) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2012/10

In this study, in order to develop evaluation method for material properties and to evaluate the irradiation-induced property changes under higher neutron doses for IG-430, the oxidation and densification effects on elastic modulus of IG-430 were investigated. Moreover, the correlation of the microstructure based on the X-ray tomography images and the material properties was discussed. It was shown that the elastic modulus of the densified graphite depends on only the closed pores and it is possible to evaluate the material properties of graphite by using X-ray tomography method. However, it is necessary to take into account of the change in the number and shape of closed pores in the grain to simulate the elastic modulus of the highly oxidized and irradiated materials by the homogenization analysis.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of fracture toughness of fine-grained isotropic graphites for HTGR

Yamada, Teruaki*; Matsushima, Yuki*; Kuroda, Masatoshi*; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Fujita, Ichiro*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2012) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2012/10

In order to investigate the effects of the experimental methodology and the notch angle on the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic nuclear graphites IG-110 and IG-430, the three-point-bending test, which has been recently proposed as the methodology to evaluate the fracture toughness of graphite for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), was performed using two types of the specimens with different notch angles. The results obtained in this study could be summarized as follows: (1) The values of the fracture toughness of IG-110 and IG-430 measured in this study were 0.890 (MPam$$^{1/2}$$) and 1.031 (MPam$$^{1/2}$$), respectively. It was also found that the value of the fracture toughness of IG-110 was nearly equal to or smaller than the values obtained by the other method reported previously. (2) The values of the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic graphites were not affected between the notch angles introduced by the incisive razor blade. (3) The ratio of the tensile strengths of IG-110 and IG-430 was estimated from Griffith Theory using the experimental data obtained in this study. The estimated strength ratio was in good agreement with the strength ratio obtained from the supplier's data.

Journal Articles

R&D plan for development of oxidation-resistant graphite and investigation of oxidation behavior of SiC coated fuel particle to enhance safety of HTGR

Ueta, Shohei; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Aihara, Jun; Fujita, Ichiro*; Ohashi, Jun*; Nagaishi, Yoshihide*; Muto, Takenori*; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sakaba, Nariaki

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2012) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2012/10

A new concept of the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR), so-called the Naturally Safe HTGR, is proposed as a challenge to assure no event sequences to the harmful release of radioactive materials even when the design extension conditions such as the air/water ingress accidents occur by deterministic approach based on the inherent safety features of the HTGR. For the Naturally Safe HTGR it is important to prevent recriticality accidents by keeping the geometry of the fuel rod which consists of the graphite sleeve, fuel compact and SiC-TRISO coated fuel particle, and by improving the oxidation resistance of the graphite when air/water ingress accidents occur. This paper describes the R&D plan for un-irradiation and irradiation test under simulating air/water ingress accident condition to develop oxidation-resistant graphite and to investigate the oxidation behavior of SiC coated fuel particle.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2010

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Hiyama, Yoshinori; Yoshii, Hideki*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Goto, Ichiro*

JAEA-Review 2012-006, 114 Pages, 2012/03

JAEA-Review-2012-006.pdf:3.36MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, and the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and byelaw of Ibaraki prefecture), this report describes the effluent control results of liquid waste discharged from the JAEA's Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories in the fiscal year 2010, from 1st April 2010 to 31st March 2011. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other facilities were much lower than the authorized limits of the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Development of grout injection model to single fracture in considering inertia term and its application on parallel plate experiments

Kishida, Kiyoshi*; Kobayashi, Kenichiro*; Hosoda, Takashi*; Fujita, Tomoo; Kishi, Hirokazu; Kuzuha, Yuji; Nobuto, Jun*

Zairyo, 61(3), p.245 - 252, 2012/03

In this research work, the grout injection model of single fracture, in which non-Newtonian fluid and the inertia term are considered, has been developed. Then, the grout injection experiments of single fracture have been conducted and the numerical simulations have been also carried out. As compared our proposed model with past one, the remarkable difference in grout penetration could not be clearly observed. On the other hand, the difference in pressure at aperture entrance and penetration velocity of the grout could be clearly observed. Our proposed model could show the practical behavior against previous model. Moreover, it can be also confirmed that viscosity of grout material through the material experiments are differed with that through the parallel plate injection experiments.

Journal Articles

Irradiation-induced dimensional change and fracture behavior of C/C composites for VHTR application

Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Fujita, Ichiro; Ohashi, Jun*; Takizawa, Kentaro*; Kim, W.*; Park, J.*

Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications; Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Vol.32, No.9, p.1 - 12, 2011/11

Since the temperature condition in Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR), one of the Generation-IV reactor systems, is severe, the application of heat-resistant carbon fiber reinforced carbon matrix composite (C/C composite) for control rod elements is one of the important subjects for the VHTR development. JAEA focuses on the application of two-dimensional (2D-) C/C composites for control rod. The 2D-C/C composite has an anisotropy in properties for parallel and perpendicular to lamina directions. Irradiation effects of the 2D-C/C composite also show anisotropic behavior. It is hence important to consider the anisotropy in control rod design. To investigate the irradiation effects of the 2D-C/C composite on properties, irradiation test and post irradiation examination (PIE) were carried out and the irradiation effects were evaluated for the both directions. Since the C/C composite is composed of fibers and matrix, this geometry should be considered to evaluate the crack propagation in the composite. To assess the fracture behavior with crack propagation, bending test was carried out assuming a crack in the control rod and cracks in specimens were observed. This paper describes the irradiation effects of the 2D-C/C composite based on the PIE results considering the anisotropy. The evaluation results on equivalent fracture toughness and fracture mechanism are also discussed.

Journal Articles

The Project for grouting development for high level radioactive waste repository, 3; Study of allowable seepage water quantity by permiability test though contact face of buffer material blocks

Sekine, Ichiro*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Sekiguchi, Takashi*; Fujita, Tomoo; Nakanishi, Tatsuro

Doboku Gakkai Heisei-23-Nendo Zenkoku Taikai Dai-66-Kai Nenji Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Gaiyoshu (DVD-ROM), p.69 - 70, 2011/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on fracture behavior of 2D-C/C composite for application to control rod of very high temperature reactor

Sumita, Junya; Fujita, Ichiro; Shibata, Taiju; Makita, Taiyo*; Takagi, Takashi*; Kunimoto, Eiji*; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Kim, W. J.*; Park, J. Y.*

IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 18(16), p.162010_1 - 162010_4, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:40.02

For control rod element of Very High Temperature Reactor, carbon fiber reinforced carbon matrix composite (C/C composite) is one of the major candidate materials for its high strength and thermal stability. Since the crack propagation of the C/C composite is complicated, the fracture behavior is one of the most important subjects of the design methodology for the control rod with the C/C composite. In this study, in order to assess the Mode-II fracture behavior of the two-dimensional (2D-) C/C composite which has the layer structure of laminas composed of fibers and matrix, bending test with oxidized end notched flexure specimen was carried out. The interlaminar fracture toughness decreased with increasing the oxidation for the 2D-C/C composite. The oxidized matrix causes reduction of fracture toughness and the reduction ratio is dependent on the matrix type. The crack initiates at the boundary between fiber bundles and grows along them without breaking the fiber. It is thought that the cracks which were initiated at the interface between matrix and fiber were gathered into the voids in the boundary between fiber bundles, and then the crack grows up in the matrix.

46 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)