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JAEA Reports

Differential pressure rise event for filters of HTTR primary helium gas circulators, 1; Investigation of differential pressure rise event

Nemoto, Takahiro; Arakawa, Ryoki; Kawakami, Satoru; Nagasumi, Satoru; Yokoyama, Keisuke; Watanabe, Masashi; Onishi, Takashi; Kawamoto, Taiki; Furusawa, Takayuki; Inoi, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2023-005, 33 Pages, 2023/05


During shut down of the HTTR (High Temperature engineering Test Reactor) RS-14 cycle, an increasing trend of filter differential pressure for the helium gas circulator was observed. In order to investigate this phenomenon, the blower of the primary helium purification system was disassembled and inspected. As a result, it is clear that the silicon oil mist entered into the primary coolant due to the deterioration of the charcoal filter performance. The replacement and further investigation of the filter are planning to prevent the reoccurrence of the same phenomenon in the future.

Journal Articles

Overview of JENDL-4.0/HE and benchmark calculations

Kunieda, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.41 - 46, 2016/09

Neutron- and proton-induced cross-section data are required in a wide energy range beyond 20 MeV, for the design of accelerator applications. New evaluations are performed with recent knowledge in the optical and pre-equilibrium model calculations. We also evaluated cross-sections for p+$$^{6,7}$$Li and p+$$^{9}$$Be which have been highly requested from a medical field. The present high-energy nuclear data library, JENDL-4.0/HE, includes evaluated cross-sections for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV (for about 130 nuclei). We overview substantial features of the library, i.e., (1) systematic evaluation with CCONE code, (2) challenges for evaluations of light nuclei and (3) inheritance of JENDL-4.0 and JENDL/HE-2007. In this talk, we also focus on the results of benchmark calculation for neutronics to show performance of the present library.

Journal Articles

Time-resolved soft X-ray imaging of femtosecond laser ablation process in metals

Tomita, Takuro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Minami, Yasuo*; Takei, Ryota*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Takayoshi, Shodai*; Kaihori, Takeshi*; Morita, Toshimasa; et al.

Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering, 9(2), p.137 - 142, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:29.78(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Femtosecond laser ablation processes on platinum, gold, and tungsten were observed by the single shot pump and probe reflective imaging using a soft X-ray laser probe. To avoid the timing error due to the jitter, we adopted a posteriori correction technique by simultaneous measurement of timing between the pump and probe pulses for every single shot, using a soft X-ray streak camera. A clear difference was found in the temporal behavior of the dynamical response of the soft X-ray reflectivity depending on the irradiated laser fluence in these three materials. On the other hand, the narrow dark rings were found in Pt and W, while an additional bright ring was found outside the dark disk in Au. Our result gives the experimental data comparable with various numerical simulations.

JAEA Reports

Internship using nuclear facilities in Oarai Research and Development Center

Takemoto, Noriyuki; Itagaki, Wataru; Kimura, Nobuaki; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Nakatsuka, Toru; Hori, Naohiko; Ooka, Makoto; Ito, Haruhiko

JAEA-Review 2013-063, 34 Pages, 2014/03


Nuclear energy is important from a viewpoint of economy and energy security in Japan. However, the lack of nuclear engineers and scientists in future is concerned after the sever accident of TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station has occurred. Institute of National Colleges of Technology planned to carry out training programs for human resource development of nuclear energy field including on-site training in nuclear facilities. Oarai Research and Development Center in Japan Atomic Energy Agency cooperatively carried out an internship for nuclear disaster prevention and safety utilizing the nuclear facilities such as the JMTR. Thirty two students joined in total in the internship from FY 2011 to FY2013. In this paper, contents and results of the internship are reported.

Journal Articles

Development of soft X-ray microscopy using Fresnel zone plate for observation of laser-induce surface dynamics

Nishikino, Masaharu; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Suemoto, Toru; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Kaihori, Takeshi; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru

X-Ray Lasers 2012; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.147, p.199 - 202, 2014/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0

The dynamical processes of the laser-induced surface modifications such as laser ablation come to attract much attention for the micro processing by the ultra-short laser pulse. It is difficult to observe these phenomena directly, because they are non-repetitive, unrepeatable, and occur very rapidly (pico-second) in a very small (micron) area. In order to observe the detailed laser-ablation process, we have developed the proto-type reflected soft X-ray microscopy using the Fresnel zone plate. The experimental setup and spatial resolution of the X-ray microscopy will be presented.

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics using the single-shot soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Morita, Toshimasa; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2012; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.147, p.117 - 120, 2014/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0

We have developed the femto-second laser pump and soft X-ray laser probe system in order to observe the dynamical processes of the femto-second laser ablation. By using this system, we succeed to obtain the temporal evolution of the soft X-ray reflectivity from the laser induced Pt surface. The results lead that the rate of decrease in the reflectivity of the probe beam has a non-linear relation with the pump laser fluence.

JAEA Reports

Nuclear Facilities Management Section Mutsu Office, Aomori Research and Development Center operations report; FY 2010&2011

Nagane, Satoru; Kyoya, Masahiko; Matsuno, Satoru; Hatanaka, Koki; Tobinai, Kazuhito; Hori, Hiroshi; Kitahara, Katsumi; Yoshikawa, Seiji

JAEA-Review 2013-003, 56 Pages, 2013/05


Nuclear Facilities Management Section implements the operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the first nuclear ship MUTSU and the operation and maintenance of the liquid waste facility and the solid waste facility where a small amount of nuclear fuel is used. This is the report on the operations of the Nuclear Facilities Management Section for FY 2010 and FY 2011.

Journal Articles

Experimental verification of femtosecond laser ablation schemes by time-resolved soft X-ray reflective imaging

Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Terakawa, Kota*; Minami, Yasuo*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Kaihori, Takeshi*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 20(28), p.29329 - 29337, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:65.17(Optics)

Pump and probe reflective imaging using a soft X-ray laser probe was applied to the observation of the early stage of femtosecond laser ablation process on platinum. In strongly excited area, drastic and fast reflectivity drop was observed. In moderately excited area, the decay of the reflectivity is slower than that in the strongly excited area, and the reflectivity reaches its minimum at t = 160 ps. In weakly excited area, laser-induced reflectivity change was not observed. These results give the critical information about the femtosecond laser ablation.

Journal Articles

Source development and novel applications of laser-driven plasma X-ray lasers in JAEA

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Kishimoto, Maki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.15 - 24, 2011/12

This paper reviews recent improvement in the source development of laser-driven X-ray lasers and the applications in the research fields of material science, laser processing, X-ray imaging, and radiation damage in biological cells. In the application for material science, we have firstly observed temporal correlation between the domain structures of ferro-electric substance under the Curie temperature. In the laser processing, new X-ray laser interferometer reveals us the nano-scale surface distortion of substance pumped by a femto-second optical pulse. In the X-ray diffraction image, we have taken several static images of micro-structure of samples: now we are trying to extend the objective to nano-scale dynamics using pump and probe method. In the radiation damage of biological cells, we observed double strand break in DNA using X-ray laser exposure; this results are compared with the case using incoherent several KeV X-ray exposure.

Journal Articles

Development of the X-ray interferometer and the method of spatial and temporal synchronization of XRL and optical pulse

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Terakawa, Kota*; Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Imazono, Takashi; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.353 - 358, 2011/12

The understanding of the dynamics of the initial process is important for the micro processing and welding by the ultra-short laser pulse. The X-ray laser is suitable for probing this initial process because it has short wavelength (Ni-like Ag, 13.9 nm) and short duration (7 ps). For this investigation, the origin of time of the pumping pulse is quite important. In this study, we used the scintillation plate and the plasma gate technique to realize the spatial and temporal synchronization of the pump and probe pulses. For the spatial alignment, a CsI scintillation plate that was set at the sample position was illuminated by both the X-ray laser pulse, and the fluorescence light were detected by the CCD camera. For the temporal synchronization, we set a thin foil at the sample position. We measured the transmission of the X-ray laser while changing a temporal delay of the pumping laser with respect to the time of X-ray laser pulse to obtain the origin of the irradiation time.

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics by the single-shot X-ray laser interferometer

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; Minami, Yasuo*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8140, p.81400G_1 - 81400G_8, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:82.33

We have developed a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer capable of the single-shot imaging of nano-scaled structure dynamics. The interferometer consisted of the reflection optics including double Lloyd's mirrors and focusing optics, and the interference fringes are produced on the detector surface. By using this interferometer, the initial stage ($$sim$$50 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by a 70 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse was observed. The expansion speed of the surface estimated from the result (34 nm/50 ps) indicated that the nano-bubble structures were formed in the initial stage of the ablation. In order to observe the detailed dynamics, the temporal synchronization between the pump and probe pulses was improved to be 3 ps by adopting a portion of the SXRL and pump beams as the time fiducials, to which the pump and probe timing was adjusted by using the X-ray streak camera.

Journal Articles

Observation of femtosecond laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer

Yamamoto, Minoru; Hasegawa, Noboru; Terakawa, Kota*; Umeda, Yoshifumi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM 2011) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2011/06

Femtosecond lasers have been used for material processing. However, the physical processes responsible for femtosecond laser ablation have not been understood completely. These processes involve melting, vaporization, re-solidification or ablation, which occur in a very short time from pico- to nano-seconds. To understand the physical processes, it is essential to reveal the dynamics of ultrafast surface morphological change after laser irradiation. At JAEA, the laser-driven plasma soft X-ray laser (SXRL) that has extremely high spatial and spectral purity was constructed. It delivers soft X-ray photons at 89.2 eV (13.9 nm) with a photon number of exceeding $$10^{10}$$, which is sufficient to obtain a single shot interferogram. By using this system, the soft X-ray laser interferometer with the lateral resolution of 1.8 $$mu$$m and a depth resolution of 1 nm was developed. We report on demonstration of time-resolved measurement of femtosecond-laser ablation dynamics by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer.

JAEA Reports

Nuclear Facilities Management Section Mutsu Office, Aomori Research and Development Center operations report; FY 2009

Nagane, Satoru; Matsuno, Satoru; Yamamoto, Makoto; Tobinai, Kazuhito; Hori, Hiroshi; Kitahara, Katsumi; Yoshikawa, Seiji

JAEA-Review 2011-001, 49 Pages, 2011/03


Nuclear Facilities Management Section is liquid nuclear waste facility, a small nuclear fuel treatment facility, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the nuclear ship "MUTSU", which carried out the operation and maintenance services of solid waste facilities. This paper, for the Nuclear Facilities Management Section FY2009 (April 2009 - March 2010) summarized results of operations.

Journal Articles

Microdosimetric evaluation of the neutron field for BNCT at Kyoto University Reactor by using the PHITS code

Baba, Hiromi*; Onizuka, Yoshihiko*; Nakao, Minoru*; Fukahori, Mai*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Tanaka, Hiroki*; Endo, Satoru*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 143(2-4), p.528 - 532, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:53.71(Environmental Sciences)

The PHITS simulation were performed to reproduce the geometrical setup of an experiment that measured the microdosimetric energy distributions at the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) where two types of tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) were used, one with A-150 wall alone and another with a 50 ppm boron loaded A-150 wall. It was found that the PHITS code is a useful tool for the simulation of the energy deposited in tissue in BNCT based on the comparisons with experimental results.

Journal Articles

Local modification of hardness in FeCu alloys by using swift heavy ion irradiation

Nakagawa, Sho*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Kitagawa, Michiharu*; Oshima, Ryuichiro*; Tobita, Toru; Taniguchi, Ryoichi*; Suzuki, Masahide; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 257(1-2), p.397 - 401, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:35.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Supersaturated Fe-1.2wt.%Cu alloys were irradiated with 200-MeV Xe and 200-MeV Au ions at elevated temperatures. To make an irradiated region and an unirradiated region in a specimen, a masking plate was put on the specimen during the irradiation. After the irradiation, the hardness was measured by using a conventional microhardness tester or a nano-indenter. We have found that the hardness only in irradiated region increases by the irradiation. The boundary of irradiated and unirradiated regions can be clearly identified by the difference in hardness. The present result implies that swift heavy ion irradiation can be used for the local modification of hardness in supersaturated alloys.

Journal Articles

A Feasibility study on a small sodium cooled reactor as a diversified power source

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Okano, Yasushi; Hori, Toru*; Okubo, Yoshiyuki*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Tanaka, Toshihiko*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 43(8), p.829 - 843, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:30.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In phase II of the feasibility study of commercialized fast reactor cycle systems, we make a concept of a small sodium cooled reactor for a power source of a city with various requirements, such as, safety and economical competitiveness. Various reactor concepts are surveyed and a tank type reactor whose intermediate heat exchanger and primary main pumps are arranged in series is selected. In this study, a compact long life core and a simple reactor structure designs are pursued. The core type is three regional Zr concentration with one Pu enrichment core, the reactor outlet temperature achieves 550$$^{circ}$$C and the reactor electric output increases from 150MWe to 165MWe. The construction cost is much higher than the economical goal in the case of FOAK. But the construction cost in the case of NOAK is estimated to be 85.6% achieving the economical goal.

JAEA Reports

Study of an electromagnetic pump in a sodium cooled reactor; Design study of secondary sodium main pumps (Joint research)

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kisohara, Naoyuki; Hishida, Masahiko; Fujii, Tadashi; Konomura, Mamoru; Ara, Kuniaki; Hori, Toru*; Uchida, Akihito*; Nishiguchi, Yohei*; Nibe, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Research 2006-049, 75 Pages, 2006/07


In the feasibility study on commercialized fast breeder cycle system, a medium scale sodium cooled reactor with 750MW electricity has been designed. In this study, EMPs are applied to the secondary sodium main pump. The EMPs type is selected to be an annular linear induction pump (ALIP) type with double stators which is used in the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP demonstration test. The inner structure and electromagnetic features are decided reviewing the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP. Two dimensional electromagnetic fluid analyses by EAGLE code show that Rms (magnetic Reynolds number times slip) is evaluated to be 1.08 which is less than the stability limit 1.4 confirmed by the 160m$$^3$$/min EMP test, and the instability of the pump head is evaluated to be 3% of the normal operating pump head. Since the EMP stators are cooled by contacting coolant sodium duct, reliability of the inner structures are confirmed by temperature distribution and stator-duct contact pressure analyses. Besides, a power supply system, maintenance and repair feature and R&D plan of EMP are reported.

Journal Articles

Development of a slim manipulator type fuel handling machine for a commercialized fast reactor

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Usui, Shinichi; Konomura, Mamoru; Sadahiro, Daisuke*; Tozawa, Katsuhiro*; Hori, Toru*; Toda, Mikio*; Kotake, Shoji*

Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-14) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2006/07

A seismic analysis has been performed showing that the seismic interaction between the UIS and the FHM can be avoided adopting gapless bearings at the FHM arm joint. An angular contact ball bearing is suitable for the new FHM since it can eliminate gaps by preload pressure. A major problem of the FHM bearings is lubrication since the contact pressure between steel rings and ball increases because of ball bearing. Additionally, FHM operating temperature is about 200 deg-C and normal grease is not applicable under argon gas with sodium vapor. A endurance test with 1/10 scale bearings in the air has been performed to show applicability of angular contact ball bearings to the FHM arm joint. The results with 20,000 cycle showed that bearings with combination of MoS$$_{2}$$ coating steel rings and ceramics balls can be tolerable as the FHM operating condition. A real scale bearing test in argon gas with sodium vapor has also been demonstrated to reveal bearing size and sodium vapor effects.

JAEA Reports

Report on the questionnaire about the data of atoms, molecules and atomic nuclei for medicine, 2004

Kobayashi, Toru*; Harata, Yasuo*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Hasegawa, Tomoyuki*; Endo, Akira; Moribayashi, Kengo; Akahane, Keiichi*; Uehara, Shuzo*; Imahori, Yoshio*; Kato, Yo*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-002, 101 Pages, 2006/02


This report provides an analysis of the results of the survey conducted among field experts regarding the data on atoms, molecules, and atomic nuclei used in medical applications. The important results are summarized as follows: First, the importance of the basic data for disciplines involved in medical research, i.e. physics and engineering, chemistry, pharmacology, biology, and the related data which are applied directly in medicine were identified. The related data are of greater importance in direct medical application compared to conventional basic data. Therefore, the data related to biology should be prepared in consideration of their convenient usage. Second, regarding the fundamental data on atoms, molecules and atomic nuclei related to medicine, the present data was able to approximately cope with the demands of many medical cases that needed data on quality, quantity, precision, etc. However, we found situations particularly in the IT community where comprehensively organized data was urgently needed. The data to be used for practical implementation must contain the specialized data for medical physics and biology. Finally, the significance of the continuity in the planned completion of the basic data was confirmed for the development of the associated fields. The expansion and completion of basic data should be done continuously and effectively while considering the limitation in resources and manpower.

JAEA Reports

Design Study on a Fuel Handling System in a Sodium Cooled Reactor

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hori, Toru*; Usui, Shinichi; Konomura, Mamoru; Nishiguchi, Yohei

JNC TY9400 2005-009, 329 Pages, 2005/07


In the feasibility study on commercialized fast breeder cycle system, fuel handling systems for sodium cooled reactors has been studied. In FY 2003 study, a fuel handling system with an EVST for a power plant with 4 medium scale modular reactors is designed and key issues about the system are identified. A manipulator type fuel handling machine suitable for the upper internal structure with a slit designed and seismic analyses show that it can treat spent fuels without interaction with upper internal structure in earthquakes. Fuel handling time is reduced adopting a sodium pot which can carry 2 subassemblies in onetime.In this study, a innovative concept without an EVST is also studied. In this concept, the total mass is not dramatically reduced comparing a system with an EVST because several fuel transfer machines with gas cooling systems are needed for safety point of view.

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