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論文

Grain size independence of cryogenic strain recovery behavior in high-Zr $$beta$$-Ti alloy

Zhang, B.*; Xin, S.*; Huang, M.*; Mao, W.; Jia, W.*; Li, Q.*; Li, S.*; Zhang, S.*; Mao, C.*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 890, p.145898_1 - 145898_7, 2024/01

本研究では、高Zr-$$beta$$-Ti合金の変形温度を300Kから77Kに下げると回復ひずみが2.25%から5.5%に大幅に増加することを報告した。この合金の超弾性は77Kにおいて$$beta$$粒径に依存しないことがわかった。その結果、粗粒試料は77Kで超微粒試料とほぼ同じ超弾性を示すことがわかった。変形誘起マルテンサイト変態と転位すべりの相対的な容易さは77Kで大きく変化し、転位すべりは強く抑制され、超弾性に対する結晶粒の微細化の影響は影を潜めた。

論文

Microscopic origin of the spin-reorientation transition in the kagome topological magnet TbMn$$_{6}$$Sn$$_{6}$$

Huang, Z.*; Wang, W.*; Ye, H.*; Bao, S.*; Shangguan, Y.*; Liao, J.*; Cao, S.*; 梶本 亮一; 池内 和彦*; Deng, G.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 109(1), p.014434_1 - 014434_9, 2024/01

TbMn$$_{6}$$Sn$$_{6}$$ is a correlated topological magnet with a Mn-based kagome lattice, in which a Chern gap opens at the Dirac point at low temperatures. The magnetic moment direction of the ferrimagnetic order changes from in the kagome plane to the out-of-plane upon cooling, which is essential for generating the Chern gap, but the underlying mechanism for the spin reorientation remains elusive. Here, we investigate the spin-reorientation transition in TbMn$$_{6}$$Sn$$_{6}$$ using neutron scattering. We provide direct evidence for the spin-reorientation transition and unveil the coexistence of two Tb modes at 200 K. To account for these results, we put forward a model based on SU(N) spin-wave theory, in which there is a temperature evolution of the ground state Tb $$4f$$ orbitals, driven by the crystalline electric field, single-ion anisotropy, and exchange interactions between Tb and Mn ions. Our findings shed light on the complex magnetism of TbMn$$_{6}$$Sn$$_{6}$$, despite its relatively simple ground state magnetic structure, and provide insights into the mechanisms for tuning magnetic topological materials.

論文

${it In situ}$ Ga K-edge XANES study of Ga-exchanged zeolites at high temperatures under different atmospheres including vacuum, CO, and pressurized H$$_{2}$$

Huang, M.*; 金城 哲弥*; 安村 駿作*; 鳥屋尾 隆*; 松村 大樹; 齋藤 寛之*; 清水 研一*; 並木 則和*; 前野 禅*

Catalysis Science & Technology, 13(23), p.6832 - 6838, 2023/12

Ga-exchanged zeolites are promising catalysts for dehydrogenative alkane transformations. Reduced Ga species, such as Ga hydrides and Ga$$^{+}$$ cations, are possible active sites for alkane dehydrogenation based on in situ spectroscopic studies. However, most of the reported studies were conducted at lower temperatures compared with those encountered in actual operating conditions. In this study, the in situ Ga K-edge XANES analysis of Ga-exchanged MFI zeolite was performed under actual operating temperatures and different atmospheres (H$$_{2}$$, He, CO, vacuum, and C$$_{2}$$H$$_{6}$$). The absorption edge appeared at similarly lower energy values than that of Ga$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ in all atmospheres, whereas the main absorption peak intensity differed depending on the presence or absence of a hydride source in the gas phase. Higher intensities were observed under H$$_{2}$$ and C$$_{2}$$H$$_{6}$$ atmospheres than under CO and vacuum atmospheres.

論文

DC transport in a dissipative superconducting quantum point contact

Visuri, A.-M.*; Mohan, J.*; 内野 瞬; Huang, M.-Z.*; Esslinger, T.*; Giamarchi, T.*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(3), p.033095_1 - 033095_11, 2023/08

粒子ロスのある量子ポイントコンタクト系のカレント・バイアス特性を研究する。Keldysh形式を採用し、チャンネルの透過率を変化させた場合のカレントを計算した。透過率の低い場合は、散逸により低バイアス領域でのカレントの増大、散逸に対する非単調性、輸送特性における新しい構造の出現が見られる。粒子ロスによる散逸の効果は、熱浴内の有限温度効果や非弾性散乱効果とは定性的に異なることがわかった。

論文

Superfluid signatures in a dissipative quantum point contact

Huang, M.-Z.*; Mohan, J.*; Visuri, A.-M.*; Fabritius, P.*; Talebi, M.*; Wili, S.*; 内野 瞬; Giamarchi, T.*; Esslinger, T.*

Physical Review Letters, 130(20), p.200404_1 - 200404_8, 2023/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:86.16(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

スピン依存の局所的な粒子損失を伴う量子ポイントコンタクトを通して、強く相互作用する2成分フェルミ超流動輸送を測定した。高次の多重アンドレーフ反射によって実現される特徴的な非オーミック型超流動輸送は、散逸強度が超流動ギャップを超えると過剰オーミック電流に遷移することを観測した。我々は、散逸のあるサイトへのトンネル過程のある2端子の平均場モデルを開発した。Keldysh形式による計算では、観測された非平衡粒子電流を再現したが、観測された損失率やスピン流を完全に説明することはできなかった。

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of the 8$$^{+}$$ isomer in $$^{216,218}$$U

Zhang, M. M.*; Tian, Y. L.*; Wang, Y. S.*; Zhang, Z. Y.*; Gan, Z. G.*; Yang, H. B.*; Huang, M. H.*; Ma, L.*; Yang, C. L.*; Wang, J. G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(2), p.024305_1 - 024305_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:35.31(Physics, Nuclear)

The extremely neutron-deficient even-even uranium isotopes $$^{216,218}$$U were produced in the complete-fusion reactions induced by impinging $$^{40}$$Ar and $$^{40}$$Ca ions on $$^{180,182,184}$$W targets. Fusion evaporation residues were separated in flight by the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS (Spectrometer for Heavy Atoms and Nuclear Structure) and subsequently identified using the recoil-$$alpha$$-correlation method. In this paper, we report on new $$alpha$$-decay activities with $$E_{alpha} = 10163(27)$$ keV for $$^{216}$$U and $$E_{alpha} = 10073(16)$$ keV for $$^{218}$$U, which decay from the 8$$^{+}$$ isomeric states of $$^{216,218}$$U into the 2$$^{+}$$ states of their daughter nuclei $$^{212,214}$$Th, respectively. The new results extend the systematics of the $$alpha$$-decay fine structure for the $$N$$ = 124 and 126 even-even isotones.

論文

Grain-size-dependent microstructure effects on cyclic deformation mechanisms in CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy-alloys

Luo, M.-Y.*; Lam, T.-N.*; Wang, P.-T.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; Yeh, A.-C.*; et al.

Scripta Materialia, 210, p.114459_1 - 114459_7, 2022/03

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:92.76(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

The effect of grain size on strain-controlled low-cycle fatigue (LCF) properties in the CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys (HEAs) was investigated towards the distinct microstructural developments during cyclic loading at a strain amplitude of $$pm$$ 1.0%. A much more prominent secondary cyclic hardening (SCH) behavior at the final deformation stage was observed in the fine-grained (FG) than in the coarse-grained (CG) CoCrFeMnNi. In-situ neutron-diffraction and microscopic examination, strongly corroborated by molecular dynamic (MD) simulations, indicated that dislocation activities from planar slip to wavy slip-driven subgrain structures within the grains acted as the primary cyclic-deformation behaviors in the FG CoCrFeMnNi. Differently observed in the cyclic behavior of the CG CoCrFeMnNi was due to a transition from the planar dislocation slip to twinning.

論文

Tensile response of as-cast CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys

Lam, T.-N.*; Luo, M.-Y.*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.; Jain, J.*; Lee, S.-Y.*; Yeh, A.-C.*; Huang, E.-W.*

Crystals (Internet), 12(2), p.157_1 - 157_9, 2022/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:86.54(Crystallography)

In this research, we systematically investigated equiatomic CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys (HEAs). Both of these HEA systems are single-phase, face-centered-cubic (FCC) structures. Specifically, we examined the tensile response in as-cast quaternary CoCrFeNi and quinary CoCrFeMnNi HEAs at room temperature. Compared to CoCrFeNi HEA, the elongation of CoCrFeMnNi HEA was 14% lower, but the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength were increased by 17% and 6%, respectively. The direct real-time evolution of structural defects during uniaxial straining was acquired via in situ neutron-diffraction measurements. The dominant microstructures underlying plastic deformation mechanisms at each deformation stage in as-cast CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi HEAs were revealed using the Convolutional Multiple Whole Profile (CMWP) software for peak-profile fitting. The possible mechanisms are reported.

論文

Solving the puzzles of the decay of the heaviest known proton-emitting nucleus $$^{185}$$Bi

Doherty, D. T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seweryniak, D.*; Woods, P. J.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Auranen, K.*; Ayangeakaa, A. D.*; Back, B. B.*; Bottoni, S.*; Canete, L.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 127(20), p.202501_1 - 202501_6, 2021/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:68.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{185}$$Bi is the heaviest known proton emitting isotope. Its decay had been observed, but the assumed ground-state lifetime ($$sim$$$$60~mu$$s) was incorrect, leading to unexplained hindrance. With two new experiments at Argonne National Laboratory, two states were clearly identified. One is the proton-emitting ground-state (spin 1/2$$^+$$, half-life: 2.8$$^{+2.3}_{-1.0}$$ $$mu$$s), the second is a 58(2) $$mu$$s $$gamma$$-decaying isomer. The new data show the inversion of the ground and isomeric states compared to neighboring Bi isotopes. This is the only known example of a ground-state proton decay to a daughter nucleus ($$^{184}$$Pb) with a major shell closure.

論文

Development of a reference database for beta-delayed neutron emission

Dimitriou, P.*; Dillmann, I.*; Singh, B.*; Piksaikin, V.*; Rykaczewski, K. P.*; Tain, J. L.*; Algora, A.*; Banerjee, K.*; Borzov, I. N.*; Cano-Ott, D.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 173, p.144 - 238, 2021/03

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:96.36(Physics, Nuclear)

核分裂の発見以降、核分裂片から放出される遅発中性子の存在には、数多くの関心が集められてきた。原子力発電では、遅発中性子は原子炉動特性の計算や炉の安全運転において非常に重要な役割を演じている。それに加え、遅発中性子は、核構造や天体核、特に新世代のRIビーム施設の中心課題である安定線から離れた原子核でも、大きなインパクトをもっている。現在、ベータ崩壊半減期と遅発中性子分岐比に関するいくつかの文献が利用可能であるが、測定と評価によって実施されるべき十分な考証は、それらの文献ではしばしば抜けている。この欠落部に注目し、遅発中性子の核データ評価とそれに関する新しい文献作成の作業が、国際原子力機関(IAEA)の援助の基に着手され、「ベータ遅発中性子用データベースの開発」に関するCoordinated Research Project (CRP)が結成された。本論文では、CRPで行われたこれまでの結果について報告をする。

論文

Discovery of a new low energy neutron resonance of $$^{89}$$Y

片渕 竜也*; 藤 暢輔; 水本 元治*; 齋藤 辰宏*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; Huang, M.*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 井頭 政之*

European Physical Journal A, 57(1), p.4_1 - 4_4, 2021/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:36.82(Physics, Nuclear)

A new neutron resonance of $$^{89}$$Y was found in time-of-flight (TOF) neutron capture experiments using a pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. The observed resonance energy was 19.7 eV that is much lower than the lowest energy (2.60 keV) of the previous reported resonances. In addition to the TOF measurement, nuclide identification of the resonance was made by prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis. Neutron capture $$gamma$$-rays from $$^{89}$$Y were clearly observed only on the resonance. Resonance analysis was applied to the experimental results and the resonance parameters of the new resonance are given.

論文

Formation of $$alpha$$ clusters in dilute neutron-rich matter

田中 純貴*; Yang, Z.*; Typel, S.*; 足立 智*; Bai, S.*; van Beek, P.*; Beaumel, D.*; 藤川 祐輝*; Han, J.*; Heil, S.*; et al.

Science, 371(6526), p.260 - 264, 2021/01

 被引用回数:30 パーセンタイル:99.18(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

$$alpha$$ノックアウト反応を用いることで、中性子過剰な錫同位体の核表面での$$alpha$$クラスター形成を実験的に確かめた。実験で得られた、質量数とともに単調に減少するノックアウト断面積は理論による予言と非常に良く一致し、$$alpha$$クラスター形成率と中性子スキン厚との関係を示唆している。

論文

Enhancement of fatigue resistance by overload-induced deformation twinning in a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Lee, S. Y.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chou, H.-S.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 201, p.412 - 424, 2020/12

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:92.44(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We examined fatigue-crack-growth behaviors of CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys (HEAs) under as-fatigued and tensile-overloaded conditions using neutron-diffraction measurements coupled with diffraction peak-profile analyses. We applied both high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and neutron-diffraction strain mapping for the complementary microstructure examinations. Immediately after a single tensile overload, the crack-growth-retardation period was obtained by enhancing the fatigue resistance, as compared to the as-fatigued condition. The combined mechanisms of the overload-induced larger plastic deformation, the enlarged compressive residual stresses and plastic-zone size, the crack-tip blunting ahead of the crack tip, and deformation twinning governed the pronounced macroscopic crack-growth-retardation behavior following the tensile overload.

論文

International network of nuclear structure and decay data evaluators

Dimitriou, P.*; Basunia, S*; Bernstein, L.*; Chen, J.*; Elekes, Z.*; Huang, X.*; Hurst, A.*; 飯村 秀紀; Jain, A. K.*; Kelley, J.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15004_1 - 15004_4, 2020/09

BB2020-0008.pdf:0.34MB

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.1

評価済み核構造データファイル(Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File: ENSDF)は、原子核構造と崩壊に関する様々な実験データを全ての核種について集めて、それらの実験データの評価値を与えてある世界唯一のデータファイルである。ENSDFは定期的に更新されており、そのための評価作業は各国の評価者で分担している。評価作業を速やかに行うために、IAEAの援助の下に評価者の国際的なネットワークが組織されている。この発表では、ネットワークの最近の活動のうち、ENSDFの処理コードの開発、測定が必要とされているデータのリストの作成、インターネット版核図表の利用の拡充などについて報告する。また、核構造・崩壊データの需要が増大しているにもかかわらず、評価者が減っている問題についても述べる。

論文

Electronic structure of a (3$$times$$3)-ordered silicon layer on Al(111)

佐藤 祐輔*; 深谷 有喜; Cameau, M.*; Kundu, A. K.*; 志賀 大亮*; 湯川 龍*; 堀場 弘司*; Chen, C.-H.*; Huang, A.*; Jeng, H.-T.*; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(6), p.064005_1 - 064005_6, 2020/06

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:32.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

本研究では、放射光角度分解光電子分光を用いて、Al(111)表面上の3$$times$$3周期を持つSi層の電子バンド構造を解明した。実験では、線形のエネルギー分散に起因する閉じたフェルミ面を観測した。ハニカム状のシリセンをモデル構造とした第一原理計算の結果、これは基板との混成状態を起源としたディラックコーン様の金属バンドと考えられる。Al(111)表面上のSi層は、基板との相互作用によりディラック電子を発現し、いわゆるXeneと呼ばれる2次元物質群のモデルシステムになりうることを示唆する。

論文

Cooperative deformation in high-entropy alloys at ultralow temperatures

Naeem, M.*; He, H.*; Zhang, F.*; Huang, H.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Wang, B.*; Lan, S.*; Wu, Z.*; Wang, F.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 6(13), p.eaax4002_1 - eaax4002_8, 2020/03

 被引用回数:123 パーセンタイル:99.15(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

High-entropy alloys exhibit exceptional mechanical properties at cryogenic temperatures, due to the activation of twinning in addition to dislocation slip. The coexistence of multiple deformation pathways raises an important question regarding how individual deformation mechanisms compete or synergize during plastic deformation. Using in situ neutron diffraction, we demonstrate the interaction of a rich variety of deformation mechanisms in high-entropy alloys at 15 K, which began with dislocation slip, followed by stacking faults and twinning, before transitioning to inhomogeneous deformation by serrations. Quantitative analysis showed that the cooperation of these different deformation mechanisms led to extreme work hardening. The low stacking fault energy plus the stable face-centered cubic structure at ultralow temperatures, enabled by the high-entropy alloying, played a pivotal role bridging dislocation slip and serration.

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:80.77(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U was observed in the fusion-evaporation reaction $$^{187}$$Re($$^{40}$$Ar,p3n) by using fast digital pulse processing technique. Two $$alpha$$-decay branches of $$^{223}$$U feeding the ground state and 244 keV excited state of $$^{219}$$Th were identified by establishing the decay chain $$^{223}$$U$$rightarrow$$$$^{219}$$Th$$rightarrow$$$$^{215}$$Ra$$rightarrow$$$$^{211}$$Rn. The $$alpha$$-particle energy for the ground-state to ground-state transition of $$^{223}$$U was determined to be 8993(17) keV, 213 keV higher than the previous value, the half-life was updated to be 62$$^{+14}_{-10} mu$$s. Evolution of nuclear structure for $$N$$=131 even-$$Z$$ isotones from Po to U was discussed in the frameworks of nuclear mass and reduced $$alpha$$-decay width, a weakening octupole deformation in the ground state of $$^{223}$$U relative to its lighter isotones $$^{219}$$Ra and $$^{211}$$Th was suggested.

論文

Super-absorbent polymer valves and colorimetric chemistries for time-sequenced discrete sampling and chloride analysis of sweat via skin-mounted soft microfluidics

Kim, S. B.*; Zhang, Y.*; Won, S. M.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; 関根 由莉奈; Xue, Y.*; Koo, J.*; Harshman, S. W.*; Martin, J. A.*; Park, J. M.*; et al.

Small, 14(12), p.1703334_1 - 1703334_11, 2018/03

 被引用回数:86 パーセンタイル:95.52(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper introduces super absorbent polymer valves and colorimetric sensing reagents as enabling components of soft, skin-mounted microfluidic devices designed to capture, store and chemically analyze sweat released from eccrine glands. The valving technology enables robust means for guiding the flow of sweat from an inlet location into a collection of isolated reservoirs, in a well-defined sequence. Analysis in these reservoirs involves a color responsive indicator of chloride concentration with a formulation tailored to offer stable operation with sensitivity optimized for the relevant physiological range. Evaluations on human subjects with comparisons against ex situ analysis illustrate the practical utility of these advances.

論文

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

田中 泰貴*; 成清 義博*; 森田 浩介*; 藤田 訓裕*; 加治 大哉*; 森本 幸司*; 山木 さやか*; 若林 泰生*; 田中 謙伍*; 武山 美麗*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:73.84(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

ガス充填型反跳生成核分離装置GARISを用いて$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm反応系における準弾性散乱断面積の励起関数を測定した。これらのデータから融合障壁分布を導出し、チャンネル結合計算と比較した。$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb及び$$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb反応の障壁分布のピークエネルギーはそれらの反応系における2中性子蒸発断面積のピークエネルギーと良く一致し、一方$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm反応の障壁分布のピークエネルギーは4中性子蒸発断面積のピークエネルギーより少し下に現れることが判った。この結果は超重核合成の際の最適ビームエネルギーの予測に役立つ情報を与える。

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{230}$$Am

Wilson, G. L.*; 武山 美麗*; Andreyev, A. N.; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Catford, W. N.*; Ghys, L.*; 羽場 宏光*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Huang, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044315_1 - 044315_7, 2017/10

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:47.59(Physics, Nuclear)

The exotic decay process of $$beta$$-delayed fission has been studied in the neutron-deficient isotope $$^{230}$$Am at RIKEN, Japan. The $$^{230}$$Am nuclei were produced in the complete fusion reaction $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{27}$$Al,4n)$$^{230}$$Am and separated by using the GARIS gas-filled recoil ion separator. A lower limit for the $$beta$$-delayed fission probability larger than 0.30 was deduced, which so far is the highest value among all known nuclei exhibiting this decay mode.

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