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Journal Articles

Simultaneous determination of zircon crystallisation age and temperature; Common thermal evolution of mafic magmatic enclaves and host granites in the Kurobegawa granite, central Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Yamazaki, Hayato*; Ishibashi, Kozue*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Sando, Kazusa*; Imura, Takumi*; Ono, Takeshi*

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 226, p.105075_1 - 105075_9, 2022/04

Simultaneous determination of the U-Pb age of zircon and concentration of titanium in a single analysis spot, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with laser ablation sample introduction, produces paired age and temperature data of zircon crystallisation, potentially revealing time-temperature ($$t-T$$) histories for evolved magma. The Kurobegawa granite, central Japan, contains abundant mafic magmatic enclaves (MMEs). We applied this method to evaluate MMEs and their host (enclosing) granites. Cooling behaviour common to both MMEs and host rocks was found between 1.5 and 0.5 Ma. Rapid cooling from the zircon crystallisation temperature to the closure temperature of biotite K-Ar system was within $$sim$$1 million year. Combining the obtained $$t-T$$ paths of MMEs and host rocks with petrological information can provide insights into magma chamber processes. This suggests that MME flotation, migration, and spread through the magma chamber ceased at 1.5-0.5 Ma, indicating the emplacement age of the Kurobegawa granitic pluton, as no large-scale reheating episodes have occurred since then.

JAEA Reports

Report on analytical activities in potentially hazardous materials mitigation measures at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility; 2015.12 $$sim$$ 2016.10

Horigome, Kazushi; Taguchi, Shigeo; Ishibashi, Atsushi; Inada, Satoshi; Kuno, Takehiko; Surugaya, Naoki

JAEA-Technology 2017-008, 14 Pages, 2017/05

JAEA-Technology-2017-008.pdf:1.15MB

The plutonium solution had been converted into MOX powder to mitigate the potential hazards of storage plutonium solution such as hydrogen generation at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility. The plutonium conversion operations had been started in April, 2014, and had been finished in July, 2016. With respect to the samples taken from the conversion process, about 2,200 items of plutonium/uranium solutions and MOX powders had been analyzed for the operation control in the related analytical laboratories at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant. This paper describes the reports on analytical activities and related maintenance works in the analytical laboratories conducted from December, 2015 to October, 2016.

JAEA Reports

Report on analytical activities in potentially hazardous materials mitigation measures at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility; 2014.4 $$sim$$ 2015.12

Horigome, Kazushi; Suzuki, Hisanori; Suzuki, Yoshimasa; Ishibashi, Atsushi; Taguchi, Shigeo; Inada, Satoshi; Kuno, Takehiko; Surugaya, Naoki

JAEA-Technology 2016-026, 21 Pages, 2016/12

JAEA-Technology-2016-026.pdf:1.14MB

In order to mitigate potential hazards of storage plutonium in solution such as hydrogen generation, conversion of plutonium solution into MOX powder has been carried out since 2014 in the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility. With respect to the samples taken from the conversion process, about 3500 items of plutonium/uranium solutions and MOX powders have been analyzed for the operation control in the related analytical laboratories at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant. This paper describes the reports on analytical activities and related maintenance works in the analytical laboratories conducted from April 2014 to December 2015.

JAEA Reports

Application to contaminated water management in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station using the plastic scintillation fiber

Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Sato, Yoshiharu; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Ishibashi, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Masahisa; Torii, Tatsuo

JAEA-Research 2016-011, 52 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Research-2016-011.pdf:10.54MB

In the Tokyo Electric Power Co.,Inc. the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station, management of the contaminated water becomes the social problem, and the situation that severe correspondence is necessary continues to prevent an outflow to the ocean. Plastic scintillation fiber (PSF) can apply as technique to direct measure the concentration of radioactive material in the water at a tank and drainage. In this paper, the results of fundamental test was summarized to apply for monitoring of leakage to the tank and monitoring of drainage in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2014 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Munakata, Masahiro; Nakayama, Shinichi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-006, 81 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Research-2015-006.pdf:22.96MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2014 were summarized in the report.

Journal Articles

Development and application test of radiation detector for the UARMS

Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishibashi, Satoshi; Torii, Tatsuo

Dai-57-Kai Jido Seigyo Rengo Koenkai Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), p.695 - 698, 2014/11

The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on March 11, 2011, generated a series of large tsunami waves that caused serious damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, following which a large amount of radioactive material was discharged from the nuclear power plant into the environment. In JAEA and JAXA, UARMS (Unmanned Airplane Radiation Monitoring System) was developing as collaborative research. Here, we report about an aerial radiation monitoring technology for UARMS.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2013 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; Sato, Yoshiharu; Hirayama, Hirokatsu; Takamura, Yoshihide; Nishihara, Katsuya; Imura, Mitsuo; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-012, 110 Pages, 2014/08

JAEA-Research-2014-012.pdf:169.17MB
JAEA-Research-2014-012(errata).pdf:0.27MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. This document was summarized in the results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2013.

JAEA Reports

Research and development of in-situ measurement for radiation distribution of waterbed

Sanada, Yukihisa; Takamura, Yoshihide; Urabe, Yoshimi; Tsuchida, Kiyofumi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Yamada, Tsutomu; Sato, Yoshiharu; Hirayama, Hirokatsu; Nishihara, Katsuya; Imura, Mitsuo; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-005, 67 Pages, 2014/05

JAEA-Research-2014-005.pdf:52.68MB

Distribution of radiocesium existing on the waterbed such as lake or pond was concerned about at the present that passed for two years by an accident. Here, the direct measurement technique of the radiocesium concentration (in-situ measurement technique) was developed. This method was used an plastic scintillation detector (p-Scanner). This detector carried out quick measurement of a large area. In addition, the count-rate of p-Scanner was converted to the radiocesium concentration (Ba/kg-wet) by comparative measurement of $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer. We applied the technique to the agricultural pond in Fukushima and made a map of distribution of radiocesium concentration.

Journal Articles

Bulky averaged microscopic information for ECAP-processed Cu using Accelerator-based gamma-ray-Induced Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy and neutron diffraction

Ishibashi, Toshihiro*; Tomota, Yo*; Sugaya, Satoshi*; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Horita, Zenji*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Materials Transactions, 54(9), p.1562 - 1569, 2013/09

Bulky averaged microstructural parameters like vacancy density, texture, intergranular stress, etc. for 99.99% Cu subjected to Equal-Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) were investigated using Accelerator-based gamma-ray-Induced Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (AIPAS) and neutron diffraction. The Doppler-broadening parameter (S) for positron annihilation peaks of AIPAS increased by the first ECAP cycle and then decreased slightly with further ECAP cycles. Upon annealing, the S recovered at a lower temperature for the eight-cycle ECAP processed sample than for the one-cycle processed sample. The texture and intergranular stresses generated by ECAP are determined by neutron diffraction analyses. Changes in FWHM and intensity of neutron diffractions monitored in situ during annealing indicate the early onset of recrystallization in the eight-cycle ECAP sample. These bulky averaged data show good agreements qualitatively with local SEM/EBSD observations and the results of mechanical tests.

Journal Articles

Mass production of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn conductors for ITER toroidal field coils in Japan

Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Oshikiri, Masayuki; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4801904_1 - 4801904_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:44.38(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is the first to start the mass production of the TF conductors in Phase IV in March 2010 among the 6 parties who are procuring TF conductors in the ITER project. The conductor is cable-in-conduit conductor with a central spiral. A total of 900 Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands and 522 copper strands are cabled around the central spiral and then wrapped with stainless steel tape whose thickness is 0.1 mm. Approximately 60 tons of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands were manufactured by the two suppliers in December 2010. This amount corresponds to approximately 55% of the total contribution from Japan. Approximately 30% of the total contribution from Japan was completed as of February 2011. JAEA is manufacturing one conductor per month under a contract with two Japanese companies for strands, one company for cabling and one company for jacketing. This paper summarizes the technical developments including a high-level quality assurance. This progress is a significant step in the construction of the ITER machine.

Journal Articles

Performance of a phoswich detector composed of an inner NaI(Tl) crystal and surrounding NE102A plastic scintillator for neutron spectrometry

Watanabe, Takehito*; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Noda, Shusaku*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Ishibashi, Kenji*; Nakamura, Takashi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 587(1), p.20 - 28, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a phoswich detector for neutron spectrometry, which adopts a reversed configuration of slow- and fast-decay-time scintillators in its inner and surrounding outer regions, respectively, in the detection of recoil protons from a hydrogenous radiator. The phoswich detector consists of an inner slow, NaI(Tl) scintillator, and an outer fast, plastic scintillator. The response functions of the phoswich detector were measured for neutron energies ranging from 100 to 350 MeV. The experiment used the recoil-proton method and pulse-shape discrimination with the two-gate integration technique using a spallation neutron source at the WNR facility of the LANSCE. To evaluate the effectiveness of the phoswich configuration, full energy deposition fraction was calculated. The calculation confirmed that the phoswich detector with a reversed configuration is useful for neutron measurements.

Journal Articles

Interaction between nitrogen nutrients acquisition function and distribution of photosynthetic products

Oyama, Takuji*; Sueyoshi, Kuni*; Otake, Norikuni*; Ito, Sayuri*; Ishibashi, H.*; Hara, T.*; Kimura, T.*; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Fujimaki, Shu; Suzui, Nobuo; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 122, 2007/02

JAEA Reports

Measures of closing report of outside waste storage pits

; Ishibashi, Yuzo; Yoshida, Michihiro; Miyo, Hiroaki; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*; *; Suzuki, Satoshi*

JNC TN8440 2000-020, 500 Pages, 2000/10

JNC-TN8440-2000-020.pdf:25.91MB

At outside waste storage pits, containers for storage of wastes corroded and were flooded, and it was confirmed on August 26, 1997. Confirmation of contamination of the pits outskirts, installation of sheets to prevent rainwater from flowing into the pits, drawing stay water were executed, promptly. Design and authorization works of the work house and waste treatment devices to take out wastes of the pits were executed too. After construction of the work house, taking out wastes of the pits started, and finished on April 10, 1998. Investigations of the inflow point of rainwater and leak of stay water were executed next. The results were reported to Science and Thechnology Agency (STA), adjoining authorities on December 21, 1998. After decontamination of the pits inner walls to background level of the radioactivity which included general concrete, control area was removed, and the pits were closed by concrete. Measures of closing of the pits were prepared from the middle of August, 1999, and dismantlement of unnecessary instruments started. Decontamination of the pits started from the begining of September, 1999. The above works finished on June 30, 2000. After decontamination of the pits, STA, adjoining authorities confirmed the circumstances. Work pouring concrete into the pits was executed three times (three levels), and finished on August 31, 2000. In addition t0 above, the amount of concrete poured into the pits was about 1,200 m$$^{3}$$.

Oral presentation

Development of nondestructive measurement techniques for uranium-contaminated waste; Measurement of uranium-contaminated waste including daughter nuclides

Omori, Koji; Oki, Koichi; Ishibashi, Yuzo; Numano, Tatsuo; Sunaoshi, Mizuho*; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of nondestructive measurement techniques for uranium-contaminated waste; Measurement of uranium-contaminated wastes in drum

Oki, Koichi; Omori, Koji; Ishibashi, Yuzo; Muto, Katsumi; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Satoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of nondestructive measurement techniques for uranium-contaminated waste; Examination of evaluating nuclide composition

Oki, Koichi; Ishibashi, Yuzo; Muto, Katsumi; Komatsuzaki, Takashi*; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Positron production by laser-Compton $$gamma$$-rays and application to material study

Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Tomota, Yo*; Ishibashi, Toshihiro*; Sugaya, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Ryoichi*

no journal, , 

The brittleness of materials might be affected by defects, dislocations and impurities. However it is not well understood. Clarifying these problems is very important to make reliable models for estimating the degradation of materials for atomic energy. Injecting high energy photons with more than 1.02 MeV to materials can produce electron/positron pairs. Collimated MeV-energy-$$gamma$$-rays with several mm diameters can produce needle shaped positron distribution. By use of the produced positrons, it is possible to make 3D views of defect distribution or cross section of electro/positron pair production at deeper region of materials. This method is expected to be applied for measurements in atmosphere or high-temperature/high-pressure environments. We succeeded to obtain CT images of the transmission view and electron/positron pair production cross section of reinforcing bars in concrete by use of 5 mm diameter 9.1 MeV $$gamma$$-rays. We also measured S-parameters for defects in metal samples.

Oral presentation

Study on distribution and migration of radioactive substances around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, 9; Development of prediction models for distribution and migration of radioactive substances within 80 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kinase, Sakae; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Sato, Satoshi; Saito, Kimiaki; Kurosawa, Naohiro*; Ryufuku, Susumu*; Hayashi, Hiroko*; Ishibashi, Kazufusa*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on distribution and migration of radioactive substances around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; Development of prediction models for a local area

Sato, Satoshi; Kinase, Sakae; Saito, Kimiaki; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Kurosawa, Naohiro*; Ryufuku, Susumu*; Hayashi, Hiroko*; Ishibashi, Kazufusa*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Nemoto, Hisashi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on distribution and migration of radioactive substances around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; Measurements across the road and influence of snow cover

Sato, Satoshi; Kinase, Sakae; Saito, Kimiaki; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ryufuku, Susumu*; Ishibashi, Kazufusa*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

26 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)