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JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2019

Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Review 2019-014, 30 Pages, 2019/10

JAEA-Review-2019-014.pdf:4.72MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency(JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock(granite) at Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important remaining issues on the geoscientific research program based on the synthesized latest results of research and development (R&D): "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modeling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technology". The R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out in the MIU Project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2019 on the basis of the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and Investigation Plan for the Third Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Annual report for fiscal year 2017

Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Onoe, Hironori; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Review 2019-005, 76 Pages, 2019/06

JAEA-Review-2019-005.pdf:24.91MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline rock (granite) at Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the research program and management system revision of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three remaining important issues on the geoscientific research program based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modeling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies". The research and development on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. In this report, the current status of the research and development activities and construction in fiscal year 2017 is summarized.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for variability of groundwater flow conditions associated with long-term topographic change and climate perturbations

Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Yasue, Kenichi

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.3 - 14, 2019/06

In this study, it is focused on topographic changes due to uplift and denudation, also climate perturbations, a method which is able to assess the long-term variability of groundwater flow conditions using the coefficient variation based on some steady-state groundwater flow simulation results was developed. Spatial distribution of long residence time area which is not much influenced due to long-term topographic change and recharge rate change during the past one million years was able to estimate through the case study of the Tono area, Central Japan. By applying this evaluation method, it is possible to identify the local area that has low variability of groundwater flow conditions due to topographic changes and climate perturbations from the regional area quantitatively and spatially.

Journal Articles

Degassing behavior of noble gases from groundwater during groundwater sampling

Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Solomon, D. K.*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Matsumoto, Takuya*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ono, Masahiko*; et al.

Applied Geochemistry, 104, p.60 - 70, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C; GREET Intermediate report

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Ozaki, Yusuke; Wang, Y.*; Hadgu, T.*; Jove-Colon C. F.*; Kalinina, E.*; Hokr, M.*; Balv$'i$n, A.*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2018-018, 140 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Research-2018-018.pdf:40.68MB

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C aims to develop modelling and prediction methods using numerical simulation based on the water-filling experiment to examine the post drift-closure environment recovery processes. In this intermediate report, the results of Step 1 (Modelling and prediction of environmental disturbance by CTD excavation) are summarized from each of the research teams (JAEA, Sandia National Laboratories, Technical University of Liberec). Groundwater inflow rates to the tunnel during the excavation, hydraulic drawdown, and variation of chlorine concentration at monitoring boreholes in the vicinity of the tunnel were chosen as comparison metrics for Step1 by mutual agreement amongst the research teams. It is likely to be possible to foresee the scales of inflow rate and hydraulic drawdown based on a data from the pilot borehole by current simulation techniques.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2017)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Hayashida, Kazuki*; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-021, 76 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-021.pdf:3.78MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2017. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

JAEA Reports

Data of long term hydro-pressure monitoring on Tono Regional Hydrogeological Study Project for fiscal year 2015-2016

Keya, Hiromichi; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-020, 58 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-020.pdf:3.19MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-020-appendix1(CD-ROM).zip:203.36MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-020-appendix2(CD-ROM).zip:168.01MB

A wide range of geoscientific research aims to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock. The Regional Hydrogeological Study (RHS) project is a one of the geoscientific research program at Tono Geoscience Center. This project started since April 1992 and main investigations were finished to March 2004. Since 2005, hydrogeological and hydrochemical monitoring have been continued using the existing monitoring system. This report describes the results of the long term hydro-pressure monitoring from April 2015 to March 2017.

JAEA Reports

Data of long term hydro-pressure monitoring on Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project for fiscal year 2015-2016

Keya, Hiromichi; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-019, 107 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-019.pdf:11.01MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-019-appendix1(DVD-ROM).zip:419.48MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-019-appendix2(DVD-ROM).zip:374.0MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-019-appendix3(DVD-ROM).zip:312.2MB

The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III), the project is being carried out under the Phase III. The main goals of the MIU Project from Phase I to Phase III are: to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment, and to develop a base of engineering for deep underground application. One of the Phase III goals is to construct geological environment models and grasp deep geological changes when expanding the research gallery by research and investigations using research galleries. The long term hydro-pressure monitoring has been continued to achieve the Phase III goals. This report describes the results of the long term hydro-pressure monitoring from April 2015 to March 2017.

Journal Articles

Hydrochemical influence of shotcrete used in underground facilities on groundwater chemistry; Proposal of the evaluation method by geochemical simulation code

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Shibata, Masahito*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Watanabe, Yusuke; Fukuda, Kenji

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, G (Kankyo) (Internet), 75(1), p.42 - 54, 2019/03

In order to clarify the influence of shotcrete in the underground facility on the groundwater chemistry, an in-situ closed test was conducted in the mock-up tunnel at the depth of 500 m. Brucite, Ettringite, Ca(OH) $$_{2}$$, Gibbsite, K$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$, Na$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$ $$cdot$$ 10H$$_{2}$$O, SiO$$_{2}$$ (a) and Calcite were identified as the dominant minerals affecting the water chemistry. Furthermore, the shotcrete constructed in the tunnel has a reaction capacity which can produce about 570 m$$^{3}$$ of alkaline groundwater (pH12.4) saturated with Ca(OH)$$_{2}$$. The estimation would improve the accuracy of prediction analysis of the long-term chemical influence of cement materials after the closure of the tunnel.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2018

Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Review 2018-019, 29 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-019.pdf:6.16MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technology", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). The R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU Project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2018 on the basis of the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and Investigation Plan for the Third Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

Journal Articles

Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical (HMC) simulation of Groundwater REcoverry Experiment in Tunnel (GREET)

Ozaki, Yusuke; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Onoe, Hironori; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Proceedings of 10th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium & The ISRM International Symposium for 2018 (ARMS 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2018/11

Understanding of a post-closure geological environment around a large underground facility is important for the safety assessment of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has performed the GREET (Groundwater REcovery Experiment in Tunnel) at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) to evaluate the environmental recovery process after closure. For understanding of coupled behavior of subsurface environment after closure of drift, we perform a Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical coupled simulation of GREET. This study presents the simulation results of excavation stage of test drift for closure test. Our simulation results show that the inflow rate into test drift after excavation is relatively predictable variavle comparing to the hydraulic pressure or chlorite concentration observed in borehole.

Journal Articles

Investigations of fluid flow in fractured crystalline rocks at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Hadgu, T.*; Kalinina, E.*; Wang, Y.*; Ozaki, Yusuke; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Proceedings of 2nd International Discrete Fracture Network Engineering Conference (DFNE 2018) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2018/06

Experimental hydrology data from the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory in Central Japan have been used to develop a site-scale fracture model and a flow model for the study area. The discrete fracture network model was upscaled to a continuum model to be used in flow simulations. A flow model was developed centered on the research tunnel, and using a highly refined regular mesh. In this study development and utilization of the model is presented. The modeling analysis used permeability and porosity fields from the discrete fracture network model as well as a homogenous model using fixed values of permeability and porosity. The simulations were designed to reproduce hydrology of the modeling area and to predict inflow of water into the research tunnel during excavation. Modeling results were compared with the project hydrology data. Successful matching of the experimental data was obtained for simulations based on the discrete fracture network model.

Journal Articles

Development and validation of a fracture model for the granite rocks at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan

Kalinina, E. A.*; Hadgu, T.*; Wang, Y.*; Ozaki, Yusuke; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Proceedings of 2nd International Discrete Fracture Network Engineering Conference (DFNE 2018) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/06

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory is located in the Tono area (Central Japan). Its main purpose is providing a scientific basis for the research and development of technologies needed for deep geological disposal of radioactive waste in fractured crystalline rocks. The current work is focused on the experiments in the research tunnel (500 m depth). The collected tunnel and borehole data were shared with the participants of DEvelopment of COupled models and their VALidation against EXperiments (DECOVALEX) project. This study describes how these data were used to (1) develop the fracture model of the granite rocks around the research tunnel and (2) validate the model.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2016)

Watanabe, Yusuke; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Kubota, Mitsuru; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-002, 108 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-002.pdf:6.53MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2016 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of hydrogeochemical processes provoked by tunnel excavation and closure based on simulated experiment in a mock-up test drift

Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Chikyu Kagaku, 52(1), p.55 - 71, 2018/03

In this study, the simulated experimental drift was constructed in the granite of 500 m depth at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, and the hydrochemical process after the drift closure was observed. The groundwater chemistry around the drift changed with the change of the groundwater flow in the fractures when the gallery was constructed. The redox potential increased due to the infiltration of oxygen from the drift into the rock. After closing the drift, the redox potential of the groundwater plunged due to microbial activity, while the groundwater became alkalized conditon due to the influence of cement material such as shotcrete. The amount of cement material consumed for this alkalization was small, and it was considered that its influence would last long in accordance with the amount of cement used.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project annual report for fiscal year 2016

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Onoe, Hironori; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-026, 72 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Review-2017-026.pdf:18.23MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the research program and management system revision of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modeling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). The R&D on three important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. In this report, the current status of R&D activities and construction in 2016 is summarized.

Journal Articles

Ecological and genomic profiling of anaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in a deep granitic environment

Ino, Kohei*; Hernsdorf, A. W.*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Yanagawa, Katsunori*; Kato, Shingo*; Sunamura, Michinari*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Ito, Kazumasa*; et al.

ISME Journal, 12(1), p.31 - 47, 2018/01

In this study, we found the dominance ofanaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in groundwater enriched in sulfate and methane from a 300-m deep underground borehole in granitic rock.

Journal Articles

Onsite chelate resin solid-phase extraction of rare earth elements in natural water samples; Its implication for studying past redox changes by inorganic geochemistry

Watanabe, Takahiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Hiroaki; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Limnology, 19(1), p.21 - 30, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:18.22(Limnology)

Rare earth element (REE) patterns in natural water and geological samples provides information on changes in past environmental conditions, such as redox changes and material cycles; however, quantitative analysis of REEs in these samples is complicated because of relative low content and mass interference from barium oxide in the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analyses. In this study, we adopted onsite solid-phase extraction and preconcentration methods for REEs using an iminobisacetic acid-ethylenediaminetriacetic acid chelate resin for the analyses. Standard reference materials, natural ground water, and spring water samples were used for the evaluation of these methods. The REE patterns in the natural water samples were in good agreement with those obtained using previous methods. Therefore, it was deduced that onsite solid-phase extraction using chelate resin is a rapid and simple preparation technique for REE analyses.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2017

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Sasao, Eiji; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2017-019, 29 Pages, 2017/10

JAEA-Review-2017-019.pdf:3.21MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technology", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). These R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2017 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on.

Journal Articles

Consideration of methodology for estimating hydrochemistry based on results of resistivity logging in deep boreholes

Mizuno, Takashi; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsuzaki, Tatsuji*

Oyo Chishitsu, 58(3), p.178 - 187, 2017/08

no abstracts in English

324 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)