Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(5), p.489 - 499, 2023/05
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured in the keV neutron range using the recently implemented neutron filtering system of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Filter arrays consisting of 20 cm of Fe and Si were employed in separate measurements to provide filtered neutron beams with averaged neutron energies of 23.5 (Fe), 51.5 and 127.7 (Si) keV. The present Am results were obtained relative to the Au neutron capture yield by applying the total energy detection principle together with the pulse-height weighting technique. The Am neutron capture cross section was determined as 2.72 0.29 b at 23.5 keV, 2.14 0.26 b at 51.5 keV and 1.32 0.10 b at 127.7 keV with total uncertainties in the range of 8 to 12, much lower in comparison to the latest time-of-flight experimental data available.
頓名 龍太郎*; 佐々木 隆之*; 児玉 雄二*; 小林 大志*; 秋山 大輔*; 桐島 陽*; 佐藤 修彰*; 熊谷 友多; 日下 良二; 渡邉 雅之
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 55(4), p.1300 - 1309, 2023/04
片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 遠藤 駿典; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00014_1 - 00014_4, 2023/03
Long-lived minor actinides (MA) in nuclear waste from nuclear power plants are a long-standing issue to continue nuclear energy production. To solve the issue, researchers have suggested nuclear transmutation, in which long-lived radionuclides are transmuted into stable or shorter-life nuclides via neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Development of nuclear transmutation systems as an accelerator-driven system requires accurate neutron nuclear reaction data. The present research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" have been conducted as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on the neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially Np, Am and Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the accuracies of the neutron capture cross sections of Np, Am and Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. To achieve the goal, a neutron beam filter system in J-PARC, sample characteristic assay, and theoretical reaction model study were developed. In this contribution, the overview and results of the project will be presented.
余語 覚文*; Lan, Z.*; 有川 安信*; 安部 勇輝*; Mirfayzi, S. R.*; Wei, T.*; 森 隆人*; Golovin, D.*; 早川 岳人*; 岩田 夏弥*; et al.
Physical Review X, 13(1), p.011011_1 - 011011_12, 2023/01
Neutrons are powerful tools for investigating the structure and properties of materials used in science and technology. Recently, laser-driven neutron sources (LDNS) have attracted the attention of different communities, from science to industry, in a variety of applications, including radiography, spectroscopy, security, and medicine. However, the laser-driven ion acceleration mechanism for neutron generation and for establishing the scaling law on the neutron yield is essential to improve the feasibility of LDNS. In this paper, we report the mechanism that accelerates ions with spectra suitable for neutron generation. We show that the neutron yield increases with the fourth power of the laser intensity, resulting in the neutron generation of in at a maximum, with Wcm, 900 J, 1.5 ps lasers. By installing a "hand-size" moderator, which is specially designed for the LDNS, it is demonstrated that the efficient generation of epithermal (0.1-100 eV) neutrons enables the single-shot analysis of composite materials by neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). We achieve the energy resolution of 2.3% for 5.19-eV neutrons 1.8 m downstream of the LDNS. This leads to the analysis of elements and isotopes within sub-s times and allows for high-speed nondestructive inspection.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 19 Pages, 2023/00
The neutron capture cross-section of Am was measured from 10 meV to about 1 MeV using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The total energy detection principle was applied in conjunction with the pulse-height weighting technique to derive the neutron capture yield. The present cross-section results were normalized using a Au sample measurement by applying the saturated resonance method. The thermal cross section was measured to be 708 22 b, in agreement within uncertainties to the present evaluation in JENDL-5 of 709 b. Moreover, the results of a shape resonance analysis of the resolved resonance region are also provided in the present dissertation.
中野 秀仁*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 児玉 有*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(12), p.1499 - 1506, 2022/12
A neutron monitoring detection system was developed for neutron capture cross section measurement using a spallation neutron source. A combination of a plastic scintillator and a thin LiF foil was adopted for the detector. The detector system was tested to study the feasibility of the system. Neutron irradiation experiments were conducted with the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument in the Materials and Life Science facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A neutron time-of-flight spectrum was successfully measured without significant count loss or detector paralysis. The statistical uncertainty reached 0.7% at neutron energies around 6 meV.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.91 - 96, 2022/11
Neutron capture cross section measurements were performed in the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The time-of-flight (TOF) methodology was employed in a non-filter condition experiment to determine the neutron capture cross section from thermal to about 100 eV. Moreover, experiments were performed using the neutron filtering system to determine the neutron capture cross section at the energy of 23.5 keV using Fe as filter material. In this study, the preliminary results of the Am neutron capture cross section from 10 meV to about 100 eV determined in TOF experiments and at 23.5 keV from Fe filter experiments are presented. In the TOF experiments, the Am neutron capture cross section was normalized by means of the saturated resonance method using a Au sample with a mass of 1.5 g. In addition, for the Fe filter experiments, the capture cross section of Am at the energy of 23.5 keV was determined relative to the Au yield obtained from a measurement using the same Au sample. Moreover, early-stage results of a resonance analysis of the Am capture resonances are also presented.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.647 - 655, 2022/05
Cr-filtered keV-neutron experiments were performed in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to measure the neutron capture cross-section of Au. The energy range of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI was extended through the use of 15 cm of Cr as filter material to tailor quasi-monochromatic neutron peaks with averaged neutron energies of 133.4 and 45.0 keV. The performance of the Cr filter assembly was evaluated by means of experimental capture and transmission analyses, together with the use of Monte-Carlo simulations. The present Au neutron capture cross-section results provide agreement within uncertainties with the JENDL-4.0 standard evaluated library and the IAEA standard data library further demonstrating the capabilities of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之; 遠藤 駿典; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.156 - 161, 2022/03
A neutron filtering system has been designed in order to bypass the double-timed structure of the beam. Filter materials were introduced into the rotary collimator of the ANNRI beamline in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron filtered beams. Filter assemblies consisting of Fe with a thickness of 20 cm, and Si with thicknesses of 20 cm and 30 cm of Si were used separately to produce filtered neutron peaks with energies of 24 keV (Fe) and of 54 and 144 (Si). In this study, the characteristics and performance of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI using Fe and Si determined from both measurements and simulations are presented. The incident neutron flux was tested and analyzed by means of transmission and capture experiments. Moreover, simulations using the PHITS code were performed in order to determine the energy distribution of the integrated filtered peaks and assess the reliability of experimental results. Finally, preliminary results of the capture cross section of Au at the filtered energies of 24, 54 and 144 keV are also presented using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer alongside the neutron filtering system.
中野 秀仁*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.*; 児玉 有*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典
JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.166 - 170, 2022/03
In neutron capture cross section measurement, monitoring the number of the incident neutrons is necessary. However, in measurement with J-PARC/ANNRI, direct neutron monitoring system has not been employed. Conventional neutron detectors cannot be used as a beam monitor at ANNRI because of two reasons, high counting rate environment and gamma-flash. In general, a semiconductor detector or an inorganic scintillator, which is adopted for a neutron detector, has relatively longer response time and is unsuitable for beam monitoring at ANNRI. Therefore, a combination of a thin plastic scintillator and a LiF foil was selected as a detection system, whose fast response enabled detecting neutrons at a high counting rate. Low gamma ray sensitivity of a thin plastic scintillator allows measuring fast TOF region without count loss or detector paralysis. The geometry of the LiF foil, the plastic scintillator, and photomultiplier tube (PMT) was designed. The optimal thickness of the LiF foil was determined with simulation codes, SRIM and PHITS. The detector system was tested under the high neutron irradiation condition at J-PARC /ANNRI. A neutron TOF spectrum was successfully measured without significant count loss or detector paralysis. A neutron energy spectrum was driven from difference of TOF spectrum with and without LiF. The neutron spectrum was compared with a past neutron spectrum and good agreement was obtained. Statistic error was 0.68 at 6.0 meV even though measurement times in this study were short.
児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 中野 秀仁*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典
JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.162 - 165, 2022/03
Precise nuclear data for neutron-induced reactions are necessary for the design of nuclear transmutation systems. Nevertheless, current uncertainties of nuclear data for minor actinide (MA) does not achieve requirements for the design of transmutation facilities. The determination of an incident neutron flux for measurements of neutron capture cross section is one of the main causes that affect the final uncertainty of the cross section results. In the present work, we suggest a new method to reduce systematic uncertainties of capture cross section measurements. The method employs change of the self-shielding effect with sample rotation angle. In capture cross section measurements in ANNRI, a boron sample is placed to determine the incident neutron spectrum by counting 478 keV -ray from the reaction. In this method, the boron sample is tilted with respect to the neutron beam direction, thereby changing the effective area. This results in change of the shapes of time-of-flight (TOF) spectrum of 478 keV -ray from the reaction with the tilted angle. Comparing the difference of the TOF spectra at different angles and assuming the 1/v energy dependence of cross section of the reaction, the area density of the boron sample can be determined without using the sample mass and area. Theoretical and experimental studies on the new method are ongoing. Calculation using Monte Carlo simulation code PHITS were carried out to study the feasibility of the present method. Test experiments using a sample rotation system at ANNRI were also performed.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 片渕 竜也*; 登坂 健一*; 松浦 翔太*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.110 - 122, 2022/01
Neutron capture cross-section measurements for Np have been conducted with the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) using neutrons with energy ranging from thermal energy to 1 MeV. A Time of Flight (TOF) method using a NaI(Tl) detector was employed for these measurements and the data were analyzed based on the pulse-height weighting technique in order to derive the neutron capture cross-section. The absolute capture cross-section was determined using the whole shape of the first resonance from JENDL-4.0 together with the total neutron flux derived from a Au sample measurement in which the first resonance was completely saturated. Both normalization techniques present agreement within 2%. The present results are also compared evaluated data libraries. There is a discrepancy of 10-25% discrepancy from 0.5 to 20 keV with JENDL-4.0. Nonetheless, above this energy, the JENDL-4.0 seems to reproduce the present data better as the results agree within uncertainties up to 500 keV. The cross-section results contain errors below 4% from 0.5 to 30 keV. However, the total uncertainty increases to over 8% over that energy. Along with the cross section measurement, theoretical calculations were performed to reproduce the present results.
児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 芝原 雄司*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11
The neutron capture cross section of Am was measured with a pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A Fe neutron beam filter was used to make the incident neutron beam mono-energetic around 23.5 keV. The neutron capture -rays were detected with a NaI(Tl) detector. The pulse height weighting technique was employed to derive the neutron capture cross section from the pulse height spectrum. The cross section was determined relative to the capture cross section of Au of JENDL-4.0. The neutron capture cross section of Am was determined with a smaller uncertainty than previous measurements. The previous measurements and the JENDL-4.0 cross sections were found to be lower than the present result.
Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1003, p.165318_1 - 165318_10, 2021/07
A neutron filtering system has been introduced in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Material and Life Science (MLF) building of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams. The filtered neutron spectrum by the filter assemblies was analyzed by means of capture and transmission measurements and also by Monte Carlo simulations using PHITS. The characteristics of the filtered neutron beam are discussed alongside its viability in future applications for neutron cross-section measurements in the fast neutron region.
片渕 竜也*; 堀 順一*; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; 登坂 健一*; 遠藤 駿典; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2020-001, p.5 - 9, 2020/12
A research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" has been ongoing since 2017. The project aims at improving accuracy of neutron capture cross sections of long-lived minor actinides (MAs; Np and Am) in the fast neutron energy region which are very important for development of nuclear transmutation systems. In order to improve the capture reaction data of MAs, measurements using an intense pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of J-PARC are planned. The project consists of four parts: (1) development of neutron beam filter system, (2) cross section measurement, (3) sample characteristic assay, and (4) theoretical study. The filter system is designed to solve a double bunch issue in J-PARC. The sample characteristic assay lowers systematic uncertainties originating the samples. In the theoretical study, a nuclear reaction model is applied to analyzing cross sections and -ray spectra measured in experiments. The outline of the project and the current progress will be presented.
大野 真也*; 田中 一馬*; 小玉 開*; 田中 正俊*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿*
Surface Science, 697, p.121600_1 - 121600_6, 2020/07
放射光高分解能光電子分光法によってシリコン(113)表面の初期酸化を調べた。本研究では、Si2pとO1s光電子スペクトルから酸化物の厚さおよび組成を評価するとともにSiO/Si界面のひずみを評価した。Si2pから酸化成分(Si, Si, Si, Si)を分析した。また、O1sスペクトルは、低結合エネルギー成分(LBC)および高結合エネルギー成分(HBC)に分離された。非熱酸化プロセスを調べるために、並進運動エネルギー()を高めることが可能な超音速シード分子ビーム(SSMB)を使った。酸化物の品質と酸化速度が、を変えることで大きく変わることが明らかになった。
石角 元志*; 樹神 克明; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 池内 和彦*; Ji, S.*; 新井 正敏*; 社本 真一
Condensed Matter (Internet), 4(3), p.69_1 - 69_10, 2019/09
中根 僚宏*; 米山 翔太*; 兒玉 健*; 菊地 耕一*; 中尾 朗子*; 大原 高志; 東中 隆二*; 松田 達磨*; 青木 勇二*; 藤田 渉*
Dalton Transactions (Internet), 48(1), p.333 - 338, 2019/01
The two-dimensional quadratic lattice magnet, bis(glycolato)cobalt(II) ([Co(HOCHCO)]), showed anti-ferromagnetic ordering at 15.0 K and an abrupt increase in magnetisation at H = 22 600 Oe and 2 K, thereby acting as a metamagnet. Neutron diffraction studies suggested that the magnetic moment vectors of the Co(II) ions had an amplitude of 3.59 mB and were not aligned in a fully antiparallel fashion to those of their neighbours, which caused canting between the magnetic moment vectors in the sheet. The canting angle was determined to be 7.1deg. Canting induced net magnetisation in the sheet, but this magnetisation was cancelled between sheets. The magnetisations in the sheets were oriented parallel to the magnetic field at the critical magnetic field.
井川 直樹; 樹神 克明; 田口 富嗣*; 吉田 幸彦*; 松川 健*; 星川 晃範*; 石垣 徹*
Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 43(6), p.329 - 332, 2018/12
プロトン伝導体BaSnInOの電気的特性に及ぼす結晶構造の影響を理解するため、本材料における局所構造乱れを中性子回折/原子対分布関数(PDF)法を用いて解析した。本材料の局所構造は、 0.6nmの原子間距離範囲内では、リートベルト解析によって推定された平均構造と同様の立方晶構造(空間群))である。一方、 0.6nmの範囲のPDFプロファイルは、立方晶構造よりも空間群4/の正方晶構造によって良い一致をみた。これらの結果は、格子内の局所構造乱れの存在を示している。本発表では、BaSnInOの平均構造と局所構造との関係の詳細について考察する。
石角 元志*; 社本 真一; 樹神 克明; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; Hong, T.*; Mutka, H.*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 8, p.16343_1 - 16343_6, 2018/11