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論文

Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd in the thermal energy region with the Li-glass detectors and NaI(Tl) spectrometer installed in J-PARC$$cdot$$MLF$$cdot$$ANNRI

木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 原田 秀郎; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 堀 順一*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(6), p.678 - 696, 2023/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:59.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd were performed in the ANNRI at the MLF of the J-PARC. The neutron total cross sections were determined in the energy region from 5 to 100 meV. At the thermal neutron energy, the total cross sections were obtained to be 59.4$$pm$$1.7 and 251.9$$pm$$4.6 kilobarn for $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd, respectively. The neutron capture cross sections were determined in the energy region from 3.5 to 100 meV with an innovative method by taking the ratio of the detected capture event rate between thin and thick samples. At the thermal energy, the capture cross sections were obtained as 59.0$$pm$$2.5 and 247.4$$pm$$3.9 kilobarn for $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd, respectively. The present total and capture cross sections agree well within the standard deviations. The results for $$^{155}$$Gd were found to be consistent with the values in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data given by Mastromarco et al. and Leinweber et al. within one standard deviation. Moreover, the present results for $$^{157}$$Gd agreed with the evaluated data in JENDL-4.0 and the experimental data by M${o}$ller et al. within one standard deviation and agreed with the data by Mastromarco et al. within 1.4 standard deviations. However, they disagree (11% larger) with the experimental result by Leinweber et al.

論文

$$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section in the keV region using Si and Fe-filtered neutron beams

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(5), p.489 - 499, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:59.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The neutron capture cross-section of $$^{241}$$Am was measured in the keV neutron range using the recently implemented neutron filtering system of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Filter arrays consisting of 20 cm of $$^{nat}$$Fe and $$^{nat}$$Si were employed in separate measurements to provide filtered neutron beams with averaged neutron energies of 23.5 (Fe), 51.5 and 127.7 (Si) keV. The present $$^{241}$$Am results were obtained relative to the $$^{197}$$Au neutron capture yield by applying the total energy detection principle together with the pulse-height weighting technique. The $$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section was determined as 2.72 $$pm$$ 0.29 b at 23.5 keV, 2.14 $$pm$$ 0.26 b at 51.5 keV and 1.32 $$pm$$ 0.10 b at 127.7 keV with total uncertainties in the range of 8 to 12$$%$$, much lower in comparison to the latest time-of-flight experimental data available.

論文

Fast-neutron capture cross section data measurement of minor actinides for development of nuclear transmutation systems

片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 遠藤 駿典; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00014_1 - 00014_4, 2023/03

Long-lived minor actinides (MA) in nuclear waste from nuclear power plants are a long-standing issue to continue nuclear energy production. To solve the issue, researchers have suggested nuclear transmutation, in which long-lived radionuclides are transmuted into stable or shorter-life nuclides via neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Development of nuclear transmutation systems as an accelerator-driven system requires accurate neutron nuclear reaction data. The present research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" have been conducted as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on the neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{243}$$Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the accuracies of the neutron capture cross sections of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{243}$$Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. To achieve the goal, a neutron beam filter system in J-PARC, sample characteristic assay, and theoretical reaction model study were developed. In this contribution, the overview and results of the project will be presented.

論文

$$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section measurement using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer of the ANNRI beamline of J-PARC

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 19 Pages, 2023/00

The neutron capture cross-section of $$^{241}$$Am was measured from 10 meV to about 1 MeV using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer of the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The total energy detection principle was applied in conjunction with the pulse-height weighting technique to derive the neutron capture yield. The present cross-section results were normalized using a $$^{197}$$Au sample measurement by applying the saturated resonance method. The thermal cross section was measured to be 708 $$pm$$ 22 b, in agreement within uncertainties to the present evaluation in JENDL-5 of 709 b. Moreover, the results of a shape resonance analysis of the resolved resonance region are also provided in the present dissertation.

論文

Development of a neutron beam monitor with a thin plastic scintillator for nuclear data measurement using spallation neutron source

中野 秀仁*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 児玉 有*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(12), p.1499 - 1506, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A neutron monitoring detection system was developed for neutron capture cross section measurement using a spallation neutron source. A combination of a plastic scintillator and a thin $$^{6}$$LiF foil was adopted for the detector. The detector system was tested to study the feasibility of the system. Neutron irradiation experiments were conducted with the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument in the Materials and Life Science facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A neutron time-of-flight spectrum was successfully measured without significant count loss or detector paralysis. The statistical uncertainty reached 0.7% at neutron energies around 6 meV.

論文

$$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section measurement and resonance analysis

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*

JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.91 - 96, 2022/11

Neutron capture cross section measurements were performed in the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The time-of-flight (TOF) methodology was employed in a non-filter condition experiment to determine the neutron capture cross section from thermal to about 100 eV. Moreover, experiments were performed using the neutron filtering system to determine the neutron capture cross section at the energy of 23.5 keV using Fe as filter material. In this study, the preliminary results of the $$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section from 10 meV to about 100 eV determined in TOF experiments and at 23.5 keV from Fe filter experiments are presented. In the TOF experiments, the $$^{241}$$Am neutron capture cross section was normalized by means of the saturated resonance method using a Au sample with a mass of 1.5 g. In addition, for the Fe filter experiments, the capture cross section of $$^{241}$$Am at the energy of 23.5 keV was determined relative to the $$^{197}$$Au yield obtained from a measurement using the same Au sample. Moreover, early-stage results of a resonance analysis of the $$^{241}$$Am capture resonances are also presented.

論文

Data acquisition and display module for time-of-flight neutron measurement

藤 健太郎; 中村 龍也; 坂佐井 馨; 山岸 秀志*

Proceedings of 2022 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference and Room Temperature Semiconductor Detector Conference (2022 IEEE NSS MIC RTSD) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2022/11

飛行時間法を用いるパルス中性子散乱実験用のリアルタイムデータ表示,保存機器を開発した。開発したモジュールは二次元中性子検出器からの実験データ(二次元イメージ,一次元投影イメージ,TOFスペクトル,カウントデータ等)をリアルタイムで表示することができる。モジュールには標準モードと高速モードの2つの動作モードが備わっている。高速モードではモジュール内の動作を限定することで高速動作を実現しており、大強度の中性子測定においては有用な動作モードである。中性子検出器からの出力信号を模擬したテスト信号を用いて動作試験を行ったところ、通常モード,高速モードでそれぞれ1MHz, 1.6MHzの連続信号を計数損失なしで測定できることを確認した。

論文

Evaluation of detector performances of new thin position-sensitive scintillation detectors for SENJU diffractometer

中村 龍也; 藤 健太郎; 小泉 智克; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 海老根 守澄; 坂佐井 馨

Proceedings of 2022 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference and Room Temperature Semiconductor Detector Conference (2022 IEEE NSS MIC RTSD) (Internet), 2 Pages, 2022/11

J-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設に設置されたSENJU回折計用として、新たに薄型の位置敏感シンチレータ中性子検出器を開発した。本検出器は既設のオリジナル検出器と同等の有感面積(256$$times$$256mm)とピクセル分解能(4$$times$$4mm)を保持しつつ、奥行きは12cm(オリジナルの40%)の薄型へと改良した。製作した6台の検出器はいずれも検出効率60%(2A)、計数均一性5-8%と良好な性能を示した。現在、これらの検出器はビームライン内の回折計に装填されており、数か月の安定動作が確認されている。

報告書

有機物含有核燃料物質の安定化処理

先崎 達也; 荒井 陽一; 矢野 公彦; 佐藤 大輔; 多田 康平; 小木 浩通*; 川野邊 崇之*; 大野 真平; 中村 雅弘; 北脇 慎一; et al.

JAEA-Testing 2022-001, 28 Pages, 2022/05

JAEA-Testing-2022-001.pdf:2.33MB

核燃料サイクル工学研究所B棟における試験、分析の実施により発生し、長期間グローブボックス内に保管していた核燃料物質について、当該施設の廃止措置の決定に伴い、高レベル放射性物質研究施設(CPF)の貯蔵庫においてポリ塩化ビニル製の袋(PVCバッグ)で密封して保管していた。CPF安全作業基準に基づく貯蔵物の定期点検においてPVCバッグが徐々に膨らむ状況が確認されたことから、当該試料中から放射線分解によると思われる何らかのガスが発生していると考えられた。ガスが滞留した状態で放置すると、PVCバッグの破裂・破損に繋がるため、ガスが発生しない状態に安定化する必要があると考えた。安定化処理までの処理フローを確立するため、当該核燃料物質の性状を調査した。また、その結果から模擬物質を選定してモックアップ試験を実施した。性状調査においては放射能分析や成分分析、熱分析を実施した。放射性物質濃度及び組成を明らかにするため、$$gamma$$線スペクトロメトリーによる定性分析及び試料溶解による成分分析を実施した。次に、加熱処理による発熱反応を確認するため、酸素をコントロールした条件下で熱分析を実施した。熱分析の結果から有機物含有核燃料物質の組成を推定し、700$$^{circ}$$Cの熱処理により安定化が可能と判断できたことから、全量を熱処理し安定化処理作業を完了した。核燃料物質の熱処理においては、まずは少量の試料により安全性を確認した後、処理規模をスケールアップした。熱分解処理後の重量減少量の測定により、核燃料物質に混合する有機物が完全に分解できたことを確認した。安定化処理後の核燃料物質はSUS製貯蔵容器に収納してバッグアウトし、CPFの貯蔵庫に貯蔵することで一連の安定化処理作業を完了した。今後の廃止措置においても、性状不明な核燃料物質の安定化処理が必要なケースが想定されることから、安定化処理において得られた知見について報告書にまとめる。

論文

KeV-neutron capture cross-section measurement of $$^{197}$$Au with a Cr-filtered neutron beam at the ANNRI beamline of MLF/J-PARC

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 佐藤 八起*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.647 - 655, 2022/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:17.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Cr-filtered keV-neutron experiments were performed in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Materials and Life Science (MLF) facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to measure the neutron capture cross-section of $$^{197}$$Au. The energy range of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI was extended through the use of 15 cm of $$^{nat}$$Cr as filter material to tailor quasi-monochromatic neutron peaks with averaged neutron energies of 133.4 and 45.0 keV. The performance of the $$^{nat}$$Cr filter assembly was evaluated by means of experimental capture and transmission analyses, together with the use of Monte-Carlo simulations. The present $$^{197}$$Au neutron capture cross-section results provide agreement within uncertainties with the JENDL-4.0 standard evaluated library and the IAEA standard data library further demonstrating the capabilities of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI.

論文

Neutron filtering system for fast neutron cross-section measurement at ANNRI

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之; 遠藤 駿典; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.156 - 161, 2022/03

A neutron filtering system has been designed in order to bypass the double-timed structure of the beam. Filter materials were introduced into the rotary collimator of the ANNRI beamline in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron filtered beams. Filter assemblies consisting of Fe with a thickness of 20 cm, and Si with thicknesses of 20 cm and 30 cm of Si were used separately to produce filtered neutron peaks with energies of 24 keV (Fe) and of 54 and 144 (Si). In this study, the characteristics and performance of the neutron filtering system at ANNRI using Fe and Si determined from both measurements and simulations are presented. The incident neutron flux was tested and analyzed by means of transmission and capture experiments. Moreover, simulations using the PHITS code were performed in order to determine the energy distribution of the integrated filtered peaks and assess the reliability of experimental results. Finally, preliminary results of the capture cross section of $$^{197}$$Au at the filtered energies of 24, 54 and 144 keV are also presented using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer alongside the neutron filtering system.

論文

Development of a neutron beam monitor for nuclear data measurement using spallation neutron source

中野 秀仁*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.*; 児玉 有*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典

JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.166 - 170, 2022/03

In neutron capture cross section measurement, monitoring the number of the incident neutrons is necessary. However, in measurement with J-PARC/ANNRI, direct neutron monitoring system has not been employed. Conventional neutron detectors cannot be used as a beam monitor at ANNRI because of two reasons, high counting rate environment and gamma-flash. In general, a semiconductor detector or an inorganic scintillator, which is adopted for a neutron detector, has relatively longer response time and is unsuitable for beam monitoring at ANNRI. Therefore, a combination of a thin plastic scintillator and a $$^{6}$$LiF foil was selected as a detection system, whose fast response enabled detecting neutrons at a high counting rate. Low gamma ray sensitivity of a thin plastic scintillator allows measuring fast TOF region without count loss or detector paralysis. The geometry of the $$^{6}$$LiF foil, the plastic scintillator, and photomultiplier tube (PMT) was designed. The optimal thickness of the $$^{6}$$LiF foil was determined with simulation codes, SRIM and PHITS. The detector system was tested under the high neutron irradiation condition at J-PARC /ANNRI. A neutron TOF spectrum was successfully measured without significant count loss or detector paralysis. A neutron energy spectrum was driven from difference of TOF spectrum with and without $$^{6}$$LiF. The neutron spectrum was compared with a past neutron spectrum and good agreement was obtained. Statistic error was 0.68 $$%$$ at 6.0 meV even though measurement times in this study were short.

論文

A New method to reduce systematic uncertainties of capture cross section measurement using a sample rotation system

児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 中野 秀仁*; 寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典

JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.162 - 165, 2022/03

Precise nuclear data for neutron-induced reactions are necessary for the design of nuclear transmutation systems. Nevertheless, current uncertainties of nuclear data for minor actinide (MA) does not achieve requirements for the design of transmutation facilities. The determination of an incident neutron flux for measurements of neutron capture cross section is one of the main causes that affect the final uncertainty of the cross section results. In the present work, we suggest a new method to reduce systematic uncertainties of capture cross section measurements. The method employs change of the self-shielding effect with sample rotation angle. In capture cross section measurements in ANNRI, a boron sample is placed to determine the incident neutron spectrum by counting 478 keV $$gamma$$-ray from the $$^{10}B(n,alphagamma)^{7}Li$$ reaction. In this method, the boron sample is tilted with respect to the neutron beam direction, thereby changing the effective area. This results in change of the shapes of time-of-flight (TOF) spectrum of 478 keV $$gamma$$-ray from the $$^{10}B(n,alphagamma)^{7}Li$$ reaction with the tilted angle. Comparing the difference of the TOF spectra at different angles and assuming the 1/v energy dependence of cross section of the $$^{10}B(n,alphagamma)^{7}Li$$ reaction, the area density of the boron sample can be determined without using the sample mass and area. Theoretical and experimental studies on the new method are ongoing. Calculation using Monte Carlo simulation code PHITS were carried out to study the feasibility of the present method. Test experiments using a sample rotation system at ANNRI were also performed.

論文

KeV-region analysis of the neutron capture cross-section of $$^{237}$$Np

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 片渕 竜也*; 登坂 健一*; 松浦 翔太*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.110 - 122, 2022/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:49.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutron capture cross-section measurements for $$^{237}$$Np have been conducted with the Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) using neutrons with energy ranging from thermal energy to 1 MeV. A Time of Flight (TOF) method using a NaI(Tl) detector was employed for these measurements and the data were analyzed based on the pulse-height weighting technique in order to derive the neutron capture cross-section. The absolute capture cross-section was determined using the whole shape of the first resonance from JENDL-4.0 together with the total neutron flux derived from a $$^{197}$$Au sample measurement in which the first resonance was completely saturated. Both normalization techniques present agreement within 2%. The present results are also compared evaluated data libraries. There is a discrepancy of 10-25% discrepancy from 0.5 to 20 keV with JENDL-4.0. Nonetheless, above this energy, the JENDL-4.0 seems to reproduce the present data better as the results agree within uncertainties up to 500 keV. The cross-section results contain errors below 4% from 0.5 to 30 keV. However, the total uncertainty increases to over 8% over that energy. Along with the cross section measurement, theoretical calculations were performed to reproduce the present results.

論文

Measurements of the neutron capture cross section of $$^{243}$$Am around 23.5 keV

児玉 有*; 片渕 竜也*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 芝原 雄司*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:59.77(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The neutron capture cross section of $$^{243}$$Am was measured with a pulsed neutron beam from a spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. A Fe neutron beam filter was used to make the incident neutron beam mono-energetic around 23.5 keV. The neutron capture $$gamma$$-rays were detected with a NaI(Tl) detector. The pulse height weighting technique was employed to derive the neutron capture cross section from the pulse height spectrum. The cross section was determined relative to the capture cross section of $$^{197}$$Au of JENDL-4.0. The neutron capture cross section of $$^{243}$$Am was determined with a smaller uncertainty than previous measurements. The previous measurements and the JENDL-4.0 cross sections were found to be lower than the present result.

論文

Two-dimensional scintillation neutron detectors for the extension of SENJU diffractometer

中村 龍也; 藤 健太郎; 小泉 智克; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 海老根 守澄; 坂佐井 馨

Proceedings of 2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2020), Vol.1, p.483 - 484, 2021/09

J-PARCに設置されたSENJU回折計に増設するためのコンパクトな2次元シンチレータ中性子検出器を開発した。本検出器では設置部の空間制約に対応するため、オリジナルと同様の有感面積(256$$times$$256mm)とピクセル分解能(4$$times$$4mm)を保持しつつ、奥行き170mm(従来比40%減)へ再設計し製作した。また、新開発のコンパレータボードを装填することでPMT印加電圧の低減と計数均一性を改善した。4台製作した増設用検出器はいずれも検出効率50-60% (2${AA}$)、$$^{60}$$Coガンマ感度1$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$、計数均一性3-6%であり良好な性能を有することを確認した。

論文

Neutron beam filter system for fast neutron cross-section measurement at the ANNRI beamline of MLF/J-PARC

Rovira Leveroni, G.; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 片渕 竜也*; 寺田 和司*; 児玉 有*; 中野 秀仁*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1003, p.165318_1 - 165318_10, 2021/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:59.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A neutron filtering system has been introduced in the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) beamline in the Material and Life Science (MLF) building of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in order to produce quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams. The filtered neutron spectrum by the filter assemblies was analyzed by means of capture and transmission measurements and also by Monte Carlo simulations using PHITS. The characteristics of the filtered neutron beam are discussed alongside its viability in future applications for neutron cross-section measurements in the fast neutron region.

論文

Research and examination of seismic safety evaluation and function maintenance for important equipment in nuclear facilities

古屋 治*; 藤田 聡*; 牟田 仁*; 大鳥 靖樹*; 糸井 達哉*; 岡村 茂樹*; 皆川 佳祐*; 中村 いずみ*; 藤本 滋*; 大谷 章仁*; et al.

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2021/07

新規制基準では、深層防護を基本とし、共通要因による安全機能の一斉喪失を防止する観点から、自然現象の想定の程度と対策を大幅に引き上げ、機能維持と安全裕度の確保のための対策の多重化と分散化及び多様性と独立性が強化されている。このような中、設計基準を超える地震を含む外部ハザードに対して、設計基準事故及びシビアアクシデントの対策のための設備の機能喪失と同時に、重大事故等に対処する機能を喪失しないことを目的として、特定重大事故等対処施設の設置が定められた。当該施設の設備では、設計基準を一定程度超える地震に対して機能確保できる頑健性を有する設備が求められている。一方、安全性向上評価においては、確率論的リスク評価や安全裕度評価により設計上の想定を超える範囲も含めた評価が行われるため、耐震重要設備の耐力に係る知見を拡充させることが重要である。本報では、耐震重要設備の機能維持に対する考え方や地震を対象に考慮すべき損傷指標等に係る知見の調査と検討結果をまとめる。

論文

A Two-dimensional scintillation neutron detector for TAKUMI diffractometer in J-PARC MLF

中村 龍也; 川崎 卓郎; 藤 健太郎; Harjo, S.; 坂佐井 馨; 相澤 一也

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011097_1 - 011097_6, 2021/03

J-PARC MLFのTAKUMI回折計のためのシンチレータ2次元中性子検出器を開発した。この検出器モジュールは有感面積32$$times$$32cmであり従来のSENJU型検出器の1.5倍の面積を有する。TAKUMIの中性子入射スペクトルに対応したシンチレータ厚さの最適化、新開発の高速低ノイズ回路の装填、ヘッド部の光収集効率の改良が施された。この検出器3台からなる1バンクを当該装置の後方散乱位置に配置され高ToF分解能、2次元での回折測定が可能となった。

論文

Mode distribution analysis for superionic melt of CuI by coherent quasielastic neutron scattering

川北 至信; 菊地 龍弥*; 田原 周太*; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 丸山 健二*; 山内 康弘*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011071_1 - 011071_6, 2021/03

BB2019-1144.pdf:0.7MB

ヨウ化銅は高温固相で、ヨウ素イオンが作る面心立方格子の隙間を銅イオンが動く超イオン伝導体になることで知られている。溶融相でも、集団的あるいは協調的なイオンの運動を示す特徴がある。MDシミュレーションにおいて、銅イオンの拡散がヨウ素イオンより非常に速いこと分かっている。Cu-Cu部分構造因子にはFSDPと呼ばれる構造を持ち、銅の分布に中距離秩序があることを示している。さらに、Cu-Cu部分二体分布関数は、Cu-Iで形成される最近接分布に深く入り込んでいる。そうした溶融CuIの異常的振る舞いの原因を解明するために、J-PARCの物質・生命科学実験施設に設置されたディスクチョッパー分光器AMATERASを用いて、中性子準弾性散乱(QENS)実験を行った。構造可干渉性のQENSから得られた動的構造因子を理解するため、モード分布解析を行った。その結果、ヨウ素イオンの運動が局所的に閉じ込められた空間で揺らぐような運動であること、一方銅イオンはヨウ素イオンより速く拡散する運動をしていることが分かった。

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