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Journal Articles

Magnon dynamics in a Skyrmion-textured domain wall of antiferromagnets

Lee, S.*; Nakata, Koki; Tchernyshyov, O.*; Kim, S. K.*

Physical Review B, 107(18), p.184432_1 - 184432_12, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.97(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We theoretically investigate the interaction between magnons and a Skyrmion-textured domain wall in a two-dimensional antiferromagnet and elucidate the resultant properties of magnon transport. Using supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we solve the scattering problem of magnons on top of the domain wall and obtain the exact solutions of propagating and bound magnon modes. Then, we find their properties of reflection and refraction in the Skyrmion-textured domain wall, where magnons experience an emergent magnetic field due to its non-trivial spin texture-induced effective gauge field. Finally, we show that the thermal transport decreases as the domain wall's chirality increases. Our results suggest that the thermal transport of an antiferromagnet is tunable by modulating the Skyrmion charge density of the domain wall.

Journal Articles

Magnonic Casimir effect in ferrimagnets

Nakata, Koki; Suzuki, Kei

Physical Review Letters, 130(9), p.096702_1 - 096702_6, 2023/03

Quantum fluctuations of quantum fields induce a zero-point energy shift under spatial boundary conditions. This quantum phenomenon, called the Casimir effect, has been attracting much attention beyond the hierarchy of energy scales, whereas its application to spintronics has not yet been investigated enough, particularly to ferrimagnetic thin films. Here we fill this gap. Using the lattice field theory, we investigate the Casimir effect induced by quantum fields for magnons and find that the magnonic Casimir effect can arise not only in antiferromagnets but also in ferrimagnets (e.g., YIG). Thus, we pave the way for magnonic Casimir engineering.

Journal Articles

Semiconductor pulse power supplies for accelerators at J-PARC

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Fuwa, Yasuhiro; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Sugita, Moe; Yamamoto, Kazami; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kinsho, Michikazu; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.242 - 246, 2023/01

At J-PARC, semiconductor short pulse power supplies to replace kicker power supplies and semiconductor long pulse power supplies to replace klystron power supply systems are under construction. We have fabricated a 40kV/2kA/1.2$$mu$$s unit power supply that employs a linear transformer drivers (LTD) system for kickers. Currently, we are working on a high voltage insulating cylinder insulator that suppresses corona discharges using only the insulator structure, without using insulating oil. In addition, the MARX system was adopted for klystron power supply system. A main circuit unit for 8kV/60A/830$$mu$$s rectangular pulse output and an 800V/60A correction circuit unit that improves the flat top droop from 10% to 1% were manufactured. Furthermore, a 2.2kV/2.4kW high voltage SiC inverter charger has been fabricated for this MARX power supply. The presentation will report the evaluation results of each test and prospects for semiconductor pulse power supplies.

Journal Articles

Construction of low-jitter circuit for new kicker power supply using next-generation power semiconductor

Oda, Kodai; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Sugita, Moe; Morishita, Takatoshi; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Tokuchi, Akira*; Kamezaki, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.610 - 614, 2023/01

Kicker system is being used to kick the accelerated 3 GeV beam into the transport lines in RCS of J-PARC. The current kicker power supply applies thyratrons to discharge switches. We are developing a new kicker power supply using next-generation power semiconductors. The timing of the semiconductor switch operation is determined by the input of an external trigger signal. Large timing jitter causes unstable output pulses and beam loss due to beam orbit deviate from reference orbit. Therefore, a low jitter circuit that achieves high repeatability of 2 ns or less will be developed for the new kicker power supply. A prototype trigger generator has been fabricated, and jitter has been evaluated. The results of the evaluation test and the circuit configuration plan for reducing jitter will be reported.

Journal Articles

Evolution of porewater in a Neogene sedimentary formation in the Horonobe area, Hokkaido, Japan: Modeling of burial diagenesis

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Kashiwaya, Koki*; Komura, Yuto*; Nakata, Kotaro*

Geochemical Journal, 57(5), p.155 - 175, 2023/00

In the thick marine sediments, groundwater altered from seawater during the burial diagenesis may exist. Such altered ancient seawater will be called fossil seawater. In such a field, groundwater flow is considered extremely slow because it is not affected by the seepage of meteoric water even after the uplift. During diagenesis, dehydration from silicates causes changes such as a decrease in the salinity of the porewater. However, dehydration reactions alone cannot quantitatively explain water chemistry changes. In this study, we developed an analytical model that considers the dehydration reaction from silicates during the burial process and the upward migration of porewater due to compaction and examined the possible evolution of porewater chemistry. The results showed that the water chemistry, which was strongly influenced by the dehydration reaction from opal-A to quartz and from smectite, was similar to the observations from boring surveys. The results suggest that the fossil seawater formed during the diagenesis may have been preserved since the uplift and strongly supports the slow groundwater flow in the area where the fossil seawater exists.

Journal Articles

Violation of the magnonic Wiedemann-Franz law in the strong nonlinear regime

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*; Kim, S. K.*

Physical Review B, 105(18), p.184409_1 - 184409_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:45.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We show that the ratio of the thermal to spin transport coefficient of magnons in insulating magnets exhibits a different behavior from the linear response and the universal law breaks down in the strong nonlinear regime.

Journal Articles

Direct and alternating magnon spin currents across a junction interface irradiated by linearly polarized laser

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.144436_1 - 144436_7, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Using a junction of the ferromagnetic insulators irradiated by linearly polarized laser, we propose a method for the generation of dc and ac spin currents of magnons across the junction interface, and provide an analytical formula for magnon transport induced by the inversion symmetry breaking.

Journal Articles

Optomagnonic Josephson effect in antiferromagnets

Nakata, Koki

Physical Review B, 104(10), p.104402_1 - 104402_12, 2021/09


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.64(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Combining advanced technologies of optics and antiferromagnetic spintronics, we present a method to realize ultrafast Josephson spin currents through the optomagnonic Barnett effect by using macroscopic coherence of magnon condensates.

Journal Articles

Topological Hall effects of magnons in ferrimagnets

Nakata, Koki; Kim, S. K.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(8), p.081004_1 - 081004_10, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

This article reviews the past works on topological Hall effects of magnons in insulating magnets with a particular focus on ferrimagnets.

Journal Articles

Magnonic Wiedemann-Franz law

Nakata, Koki

Kotai Butsuri, 56(8), p.429 - 439, 2021/08


We review the thermomagnetic relation of bosons, the Wiedemann-Franz law for magnon transport, and discuss the universality.

Journal Articles

Magnonic thermal transport using the quantum Boltzmann equation

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*

Physical Review B, 104(6), p.064408_1 - 064408_8, 2021/08


 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:67.44(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Using the quantum Boltzmann equation for Bose systems, we have developed the formula for thermal transport of bosons and found a difference from the conventional, with a particular focus on magnons.

Journal Articles

Optomagnonic Barnett effect

Nakata, Koki; Takayoshi, Shintaro*

Physical Review B, 102(9), p.094417_1 - 094417_11, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:56.85(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Combining the technologies of quantum optics and magnonics [A. Rebei and J. Hohlfeld, Phys. Lett. A 372, 1915 (2008); J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07B118 (2008)] [S. Takayoshi et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 214413 (2014); S. Takayoshi et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 085150 (2014)], we find that the circularly polarized laser can dynamically realize the quasiequilibrium magnon Bose-Einstein condensates in insulating ferrimagnets. This provides an access to coherent magnons in the high frequency regime of the order of terahertz.

Journal Articles

Universal $$frac{1}{3}$$-suppression of magnonic shot noise in diffusive insulating magnets

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*; Matsuo, Mamoru*

Physical Review B, 100(1), p.014406_1 - 014406_8, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Extending a Boltzmann-Langevin theory to magnons, we show a universality of current-noise suppression in diffusive systems against the difference of quantum-statistical properties of bosons and fermions.

Journal Articles

Laser control of magnonic topological phases in antiferromagnets

Nakata, Koki; Kim, S. K.*; Takayoshi, Shintaro*

Physical Review B, 100(1), p.014421_1 - 014421_9, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:44.25(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We study the laser control of magnon topological phases induced by the Aharonov-Casher effect in insulating antiferromagnets (AFs). Using Floquet formalism, we study nonequilibrium magnon dynamics away from the adiabatic limit and its effect on topological phenomena. Our results provide a handle to control and design magnon topological properties in the insulating AF, and thus open a new door to "photonic magnonics".

Journal Articles

Asymmetric quantum shot noise in magnon transport

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*; Matsuo, Mamoru*

Physical Review B, 99(13), p.134403_1 - 134403_7, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.45(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We study a frequency-dependent noise-to-current ratio for asymmetric, symmetric, and noncommutative current noise in a ferromagnetic insulating junction, and extract quantum-mechanical properties of magnon transport at low temperatures. We demonstrate that the noncommutative noise, which vanishes in the dc limit (i.e., a classical regime), increases monotonically as a function of frequency, and show that the noncommutative noise associated directly with quantum fluctuations of magnon currents breaks through the classical upper limit determined by the symmetric noise and realizes asymmetric quantum shot noise. Finally, we show that our theoretical predictions are within experimental reach with current device and measurement schemes while exploiting low temperatures. Our work provides a platform toward experimental access to quantum fluctuations of magnon currents.

Journal Articles

Tunable magnonic thermal Hall effect in skyrmion crystal phases of ferrimagnets

Kim, S. K.*; Nakata, Koki; Loss, D.*; Tserkovnyak, Y.*

Physical Review Letters, 122(5), p.057204_1 - 057204_6, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:93.47(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We theoretically study the thermal Hall effect by magnons in skyrmion crystal phases of ferrimagnets in the vicinity of the angular momentum compensation point (CP). For an experimental proposal, we predict that themagnonic thermal Hall conductivity changes its sign when the ferrimagnet is tuned across the CP, providing a way to control heat flux in spin-caloritronic devices on the one hand and a feasible way todetect the CP of ferrimagnets on the other hand.

Journal Articles

Magnonic noise and Wiedemann-Franz law

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*; Matsuo, Mamoru*

Physical Review B, 98(9), p.094430_1 - 094430_8, 2018/09


 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:50.85(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We theoretically establish mutual relations among magnetic momentum, heat, and fluctuations of propagating magnons in a ferromagnetic insulating junction in terms of noise and the bosonic Wiedemann-Franz (WF) law. Using the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism, we calculate all transport coefficients of a noise spectrum for both magnonic spin and heat currents, and establish Onsager relations between the thermomagnetic currents and the zero-frequency noise. Making use of the magnonic WF law and the Seebeck coefficient in the low-temperature limit, we theoretically discover universal relations, i.e. being independent of material parameters, for both the nonequilibrium and equilibrium noise, and show that each noise is described solely in terms of thermal conductance.

Journal Articles

Research at University of Basel in Switzerland

Nakata, Koki

Kiso Kagaku Noto, 24(1), p.37 - 39, 2018/03

We explain the research achievement at the university of Basel and discuss the research at JAEA.

Journal Articles

Cross-checking groundwater age by $$^{4}$$He and $$^{14}$$C dating in a granite, Tono area, central Japan

Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Goto, Kazuyuki*; Kashiwaya, Koki*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kunimaru, Takanori*; Takeda, Masaki

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 192, p.166 - 185, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:36.68(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Groundwater dating was performed simultaneously by the $$^{4}$$He and $$^{14}$$C methods in granite of the Tono area in central Japan. Groundwater was sampled at 30 packed-off sections of six 1000-m boreholes. $$^{4}$$He concentrations increased and $$^{14}$$C concentrations decreased along a groundwater flow path on a topographic gradient. $$^{4}$$He ages were calculated by using the in situ $$^{4}$$He production rate derived from the porosity, density, and U and Th content of the rock, neglecting external flux. The linear relation between the $$^{4}$$He ages and the noncorrected $$^{14}$$C ages, except in the discharge area. Simultaneous measurements make it feasible to estimate the accumulation rate of $$^{4}$$He and initial dilution of $$^{14}$$C, which cannot be done with a single method. Cross-checking groundwater dating has the potential to provide more reliable groundwater ages.

Oral presentation

Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry - Japan Atomic Energy Agency Joint Research; A Study of the hydraulic properties and transport characteristics around the Mizunami Underground Laboratory Project

Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Goto, Kazuyuki*; Kashiwaya, Koki*; Hama, Katsuhiro

no journal, , 

The groundwater flow velocity is one of the important items in the safety assessment for the HLW disposal. Generally, it is too difficult to measure the groundwater flow velocity directly. Therefore, to determine the groundwater age by radio active isotopes are effective. However, there are some problems to apply the metrology to the natural samples. For example, because the ratio of Carbon isotope changes by dissolving of the carbonate mineral and resolving the organic materials, the development of the technique for correcting this is needed. In this study, the groundwater ages are measured by $$^{4}$$He and $$^{14}$$C, etc. and compared these results as a joint research with Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry.

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