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Experimental and analytical investigations on aerosol washout in a large vessel with high spray coverage ratio simulating PWR containment spray

孫 昊旻; Leblois, Y.*; Gelain, T.*; Porcheron, E.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(11), p.1356 - 1369, 2022/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Aerosol experiments and measurement techniques on pool scrubbing-related source term issues

Lebel, L. S.*; Morreale, A. C.*; Freitag, M.*; Gupta, S.*; Allelein, H.-J.*; Klauck, M.*; 孫 昊旻; Herranz, L. E.*

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 16 Pages, 2022/03

Properly assessing pool scrubbing decontamination factors or radionuclide re-entrainment rates in a reactor safety analysis needs to be supported by a sufficiently robust experimental dataset, based on well qualified aerosol measurement techniques. A review of different pool scrubbing-related source term experiments has been conducted, along with a comparison of the measurement techniques that have been employed. In most areas, a fairly robust dataset exists to assess decontamination factors, but there is still a need to better understand some of the underlying aerosol mechanisms. The available dataset of re-entrainment experiments is smaller, and has gaps, for example, in pools with high velocity gas injections, or with re-flooded corium applications where the pool is undergoing film boiling. There are also many measurement techniques (e.g., cascade impactors, light scattering techniques, phase Doppler anemometry, etc.) that have different capabilities and are suitable for studying different aspects of the experiments. Linking the results that the techniques give, and how their results can ultimately be employed in safety analysis (including uncertainty quantification), is an important consideration in applying the results. This work was performed as a collaborative activity within the framework of the NUGENIA IPRESCA (Integration of Pool scrubbing Research to Enhance Source-term Calculations) project.


Flow regime and void fraction predictions in vertical rod bundle flow channels

Han, X.*; Shen, X.*; 山本 俊弘*; 中島 健*; 孫 昊旻; 日引 俊*

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 178, p.121637_1 - 121637_24, 2021/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:55.5(Thermodynamics)

This paper studies the flow regimes, their transitions and the drift-flux correlations in upward gas-liquid two-phase flows in vertical rod bundle flow channels. The flows are classified into 5 flow regimes, namely, bubbly, finely dispersed bubbly, cap-bubbly, churn and annular flows according to their different flow characteristics. Transition criteria between the flow regimes are proposed mechanistically. Those criteria can correctly predict 83% of the existing experimental observation of the flow regime. The drift-flux correlations for the distribution parameter and the drift velocity are also improved. The void fractions predicted by those correlations are compared with the existing experimental data, showing satisfactory agreement with mean relative error of 8%.


The Dependence of pool scrubbing decontamination factor on particle number density; Modeling based on bubble mass and energy balances

孫 昊旻; 柴本 泰照; 廣瀬 意育; 久木田 豊

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(9), p.1048 - 1057, 2021/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:62.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Experimental investigation on fiber-coupled Raman spectrometry in presence of aerosols; Application for reactor containment gas detection in severe accident conditions

孫 昊旻; Porcheron, E.*; Magne, S.*; Leroy, M.*; Dhote, J.*; Ruffien Ciszak, A.*; Bentaib, A.*

Proceedings of OECD/NEA Specialist Workshop on Advanced Measurement Method and Instrumentation for enhancing Severe Accident Management in an NPP addressing Emergency, Stabilization and Long-term Recovery Phases (SAMMI 2020) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2020/12

During a severe accident (SA), hydrogen may be generated. To avoid a hydrogen explosion, it is important to monitor gas concentrations of e.g. H$$_{2}$$, O$$_{2}$$, N$$_{2}$$, H$$_{2}$$O, CO and CO$$_{2}$$ in the containment during a SA. A spontaneous Raman spectrometry (SRS) associated with a fiber-coupled probe had been developed. Since the probe had been designed to be implemented in the reactor containment, the SRS was qualified experimentally with the probe being surrounded by aerosols. Particles attached on the probe optical components (contamination) due to a continuous aerosol exposure as well as those in the atmosphere (aerosol) can cause photon-particle interactions such as light scattering (Mie) and fluorescence which may influence the Raman spectrum (RS). In our experiment, the contamination effect and the aerosol effect on the RS were investigated separately. It was found both effects increase the spectrum counts in whole wavelength range. Elementary criterion for the onset of each effect was suggested.


Containment atmosphere monitoring system for design and beyond design basis accident

Bentaib, A.*; Janin, T.*; Porcheron, E.*; Magne, S.*; Leroy, M.*; Dhote, J.*; Ruffien Ciszak, A.*; 孫 昊旻

Proceedings of OECD/NEA Specialist Workshop on Advanced Measurement Method and Instrumentation for enhancing Severe Accident Management in an NPP addressing Emergency, Stabilization and Long-term Recovery Phases (SAMMI 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/12

To prevent hydrogen explosion hazard during a severe accident, dedicated mitigation strategies were adopted according to plants design and improved as results of stress tests after the Fukushima accident. The strategies commonly used combine the implementation of safety components, as the passive autocatalytic recombiners (PARs), and the definition of adequate SAMGs (Severe Accident Management Guidelines). Concerning French PWRs, SAMGs procedure relies on information provided by limited monitoring systems as pressure, core exit temperature and dose rate sensors. The containment atmosphere gaseous composition is not monitored and only PARs are equipped with thermocouples to detect hydrogen through the heat release of the exothermic recombination reaction. In the framework of the MITHYGENE project, a prototypic device had been developed based on Raman probes connected by optical fibers to a transportable unit. Several qualification campaigns had been conducted to check the effect of severe accident representative conditions, including radiation, on the device response. This paper aims to present an overview of the device development and qualification and presents its potential implementation inside the containment.


Experimental study on aerosol collection by spray droplets; Application to fission products removal in containment

孫 昊旻; Leblois, Y.*; Gelain, T.*; Porcheron, E.*

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2020/08

During a severe accident of PWR, fission products (FPs) may be released. Containment spray can be utilized to remove the aerosols of FPs. Therefore, it is important to develop an analytical model for predicting aerosol removal efficiency. The containment spray has high spray coverage ratio where the droplets are expected to impact side walls. In such condition, the gas flow induced by droplets will behave differently from that without droplet impaction where a stable gas circulation is expected. Since the aerosol removal efficiency depends on gas flow, to develop the removal model for the containment spray from this viewpoint, several experiments were carried out in TOSQAN facility. It was confirmed that the spray coverage ratios were comparable to that of the containment spray and many droplets impacted side wall. Aerosol removal was found to be more effective in higher spray water flow rates. Aerosol concentration decay calculated by CFD was in agreement with measured one.



秋葉 美幸*; 堀田 亮年*; 阿部 豊*; 孫 昊旻

日本原子力学会和文論文誌, 19(1), p.1 - 15, 2020/02

プールスクラビングの機構を理解するために、スケールが異なる3つの試験を実施した。小規模個別効果試験では、高速ビデオ, ワイヤメッシュセンサー, PIV等の高分解能二相流計測手法を用いて、単一気泡や二相流構造を把握した。大規模総合効果試験では、定圧と減圧両方の条件におけるエアロゾル除去効果に対する水深や水温の影響を計測した。これらの試験から得られた個別現象と総合現象の関係を明確にするために、中規模総合効果試験を行っている。


Experimental study on local interfacial parameters in upward air-water bubbly flow in a vertical 6$$times$$6 rod bundle

Han, X.*; Shen, X.*; 山本 俊弘*; 中島 健*; 孫 昊旻; 日引 俊*

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 144, p.118696_1 - 118696_19, 2019/12

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:47.37(Thermodynamics)

This paper presents a database of local flow parameters for upward adiabatic air-water two-phase flows in a vertical 6$$times$$6 rod bundle flow channel. The local void fraction, interfacial area concentration (IAC), bubble diameter and bubble velocity vector were measured by using a four-sensor optical probe. Based on an existing state-of-the-art four-sensor probe methodology with the characteristic to count small bubbles, IAC in this study was derived more reliably than those in the existing studies. In addition, bubble velocity vector could be measured by the methodology. Based on this database, flow characteristics were investigated. The area-averaged void fraction and IAC were compared with the predictions from the drift-flux model and the IAC correlations, respectively. The applicability of those to the rod bundle flow channel was evaluated.


Experimental investigation of decontamination factor dependence on aerosol concentration in pool scrubbing

孫 昊旻; 柴本 泰照; 岡垣 百合亜; 与能本 泰介

Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, 2019, p.1743982_1 - 1743982_15, 2019/06

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:80.35(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Because a pool scrubbing is important for reducing radioactive aerosols to the environment for a nuclear reactor in a severe accident situation, many researches have been performed. However, decontamination factor (DF) dependence on aerosol concentration was seldom considered. DF dependence in the pool scrubbing with 2.4 m water submergence was investigated by light scattering aerosol spectrometers. It was observed that DF increased monotonically as decreasing particle number concentration in a constant thermohydraulic condition. Two validation experiments were conducted to confirm the observed DF dependence. In addition, characteristics of the DF dependence in different water submergences were investigated experimentally. It was found the DF dependence became more significant in higher water submergence.


Local gas-liquid two-phase flow characteristics in rod bundle geometry

Xiao, Y.*; Shen, X.*; 三輪 修一郎*; 孫 昊旻; 日引 俊*

混相流シンポジウム2018講演論文集(インターネット), 2 Pages, 2018/08



Experimental investigation on dependence of decontamination factor on aerosol number concentration in pool scrubbing under normal temperature and pressure

孫 昊旻; 町田 真一*; 柴本 泰照; 岡垣 百合亜; 与能本 泰介

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/07

Pool scrubbing is one of the efficient filters with a high decontamination factor (DF). Because of its high performance, many pool scrubbing research have been performed. In the existing pool scrubbing experiments, an experimental condition of aerosol number concentration was seldom taken into account. It is probably because DF is assumed to be independent of aerosol number concentration, at least, in the concentration where aerosol coagulation is limited. The existing pool scrubbing models also follow this assumption. In order to verify this assumption, we performed a pool scrubbing experiment with different aerosol number concentrations. As a result, DF was increasing as decreasing the aerosol number concentration. In order to ensure a reliability of this result, three validation tests were performed with meticulous care. According to the results of these validation tests, it was indicated that DF dependence on the aerosol concentration was a real phenomenon of the pool scrubbing.


Experimental study on interfacial area transport of two-phase bubbly flow in a vertical large-diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 孫 昊旻; Deng, B.*; 日引 俊*; 中村 秀夫

International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 67(Part A), p.168 - 184, 2017/10

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:62.23(Thermodynamics)



Axial flow characteristics of bubbly flow in a vertical large-diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 孫 昊旻; Deng, B.*; 日引 俊*; 中村 秀夫

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2017/09



Development of error reduction methods in aerosol measurement for pool scrubbing experiment

孫 昊旻; 柴本 泰照; 岡垣 百合亜; 与能本 泰介

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2016/06

Pool scrubbing is one of the effective mechanisms to filter out radioactive aerosols in a severe accident of a nuclear reactor. A lot of work has been done on the pool scrubbing models and experiments. However, large discrepancies still exist between the simulation and experimental results. To improve the pool scrubbing model, an accurate decontamination factor (DF) evaluation by an aerosol measurement is inevitable. A pool scrubbing experimental apparatus was constructed. The aerosol particle diameter distribution was measured by a light scattering aerosol spectrometer. We focused on investigating and reducing the error of DF experimentally. Several problems resulting in the error and their solutions for the error reduction were summarized in this paper. Based on the error reduction methods, the DFs of pool scrubbing were measured in two water submergences.


Gas-liquid bubbly flow structure in a vertical large-diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 孫 昊旻; Deng, B.*; 日引 俊*; 中村 秀夫

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 89, p.140 - 158, 2016/05

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:88.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Thermal hydraulic safety research at JAEA after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident

与能本 泰介; 柴本 泰照; 竹田 武司; 佐藤 聡; 石垣 将宏; 安部 諭; 岡垣 百合亜; 孫 昊旻; 栃尾 大輔

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.5341 - 5352, 2015/08

This paper summarizes thermal-hydraulic (T/H) safety studies being conducted at JAEA based on the consideration of research issues after the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Station accident. New researches have been initiated after the accident, which are related to containment thermal hydraulics and accident management (AM) measures for the prevention of core damage under severe multiple failure conditions. They are conducted in parallel with those initiated before the accident such as a research on scaling and uncertainty of the T/H phenomena which are important for the code validation. Those experimental studies are to obtain better understandings on the phenomena and establish databases for the validation of both lumped parameter (LP) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. The research project on containment thermal hydraulics is called the ROSA-SA project and investigates phenomena related to over-temperature containment damage, hydrogen risk and fission product (FP) transport. For this project, we have designed a large-scale containment vessel test facility called CIGMA (Containment InteGral Measurement Apparatus), which is characterized by the capability of conducting high-temperature experiments as well as those on hydrogen risk with CFD-grade instrumentation of high space resolution. This paper describes the plans for those researches and results obtained so far.


Effect of flow obstacle on droplet sizes in vertical annular air-water flow in a small diameter pipe

柴本 泰照; 孫 昊旻; 与能本 泰介

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2014/12

Droplet size distributions have been measured for air-water annular-mist flow in a vertical 12.0 mm diameter pipe at atmospheric pressure. A laser diffraction technique has been employed using a Malvern Spraytec instrument. The test section was specially designed for meticulous measurement in the present experiment: any optical windows were not used to avoid problems arose from glass contamination by sucking the liquid film through the wall just below the measurement elevation. Sauter mean diameters measured in this work decreased simply with an increase of air superficial velocity, whereas the dependence on water superficial velocity showed complicated dependency on air velocity. The effect of a flow obstacle on droplet size distribution was also investigated. A small tube was placed in the centerline of the test section as an obstacle. Three obstacles having different blockage ratio were tested. It is found through the present experiments that the obstacle effect is not so significant for the blockage ratio of up to 0.3, and the droplet diameter decreases to approximately 80% in average. Based on the data, an empirical correlation to predict Sauter diameter was developed by modifying the existing correlation. A hydraulic equivalent diameter that takes account of the blockage ratio is applied to the characteristic length in the correlation.


Local measurements of 3-D bubble velocity vector, bubble diameter and interfacial area concentration in a vertical large diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 日引 俊*; 孫 昊旻; 中村 秀夫

Proceedings of 9th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-9) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2014/11




岡垣 百合亜; 柴本 泰照; 孫 昊旻; 佐藤 聡; 与能本 泰介

no journal, , 


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