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Journal Articles

Benchmark analysis of ductile fracture simulation for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to bending

Kumagai, Tomohisa*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Miura, Naoki*; Marie, S.*; Almahdi, R.*; Mano, Akihiro; Li, Y.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Wada, Yoshitaka*; Hwang, J.-H.*; et al.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011509_1 - 011509_18, 2022/02

To predict fracture behavior for ductile materials, some ductile fracture simulation methods different from classical approaches have been investigated based on appropriate models of ductile fracture. For the future use of the methods to overcome restrictions of classical approaches, the applicability to the actual components is of concern. In this study, two benchmark problems on the fracture tests supposing actual components were provided to investigate prediction ability of simulation methods containing parameter decisions. One was the circumferentially through-wall and surface cracked pipes subjected to monotonic bending, and the other was the circumferentially through-wall cracked pipes subjected to cyclic bending. Participants predicted the ductile crack propagation behavior by their own approaches, including FEM employed GTN yielding function with void ratio criterion, are FEM employed GTN yielding function, FEM with fracture strain or energy criterion modified by stress triaxiality, XFEM with J or delta J criterion, FEM with stress triaxiality and plastic strain based ductile crack propagation using FEM, and elastic-plastic peridynamics. Both the deformation and the crack propagation behaviors for monotonic bending were well reproduced, while few participants reproduced those for cyclic bending. To reproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors, most of groups needed parameters which were determined toreproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors in benchmark problems themselves and it is still difficult to reproduce them by using parameters only from basic materials tests.

Journal Articles

RICE-W (Radiocarbon Intercomparison on Chemical Experiments, Water series) program; An Examination of the precipitation method

Minami, Masayo*; Takahashi, Hiroshi*; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Kokubu, Yoko; Ito, Shigeru*; Nakamura, Toshio*

Nagoya Daigaku Kasokuki Shitsuryo Bunsekikei Gyoseki Hokokusho, 26, p.132 - 137, 2015/03

We have started a Radiocarbon Intercomparison on Chemical Experiments, Water series (RICE-W) program to examine whether carbon isotopic fractionation and carbon contamination occur or not on $$^{14}$$C analysis of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in water by different sample preparation and storage methods. Eight water samples of four kinds (surface seawater, ground water, hot spring water, and sodium bicarbonate solution) have already analyzed by six AMS laboratories in Japan, and the results obtained are gradually being published. Here, we report the progress of RICE-W program briefly, and then give consideration to the result using the precipitation method, by which DIC is precipitated into SrCO$$_{3}$$ or BaCO$$_{3}$$, and then oxidized with H$$_{3}$$PO$$_{4}$$ to extract CO$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Suppression of heavy-ion induced current in SOI device

Ogura, Shunta*; Komiyama, Takahiro*; Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio*; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-10) (Internet), p.127 - 129, 2012/12

We have investigated the transient current in a SOI p$$^+$$n junction diode induced by single heavy-ions. The amount of radiation induced total collected charge exceeds the generated charge in active SOI layer because some of generated charge in handle substrate is collected through a BOX layer by displacement current. The displacement current is caused by the charges collected at surface of handle substrate due to an electric field in depletion layer. In this paper, we show that the amount of collected charge can be suppressed by reducing the width of depletion layer at the surface of handle substrate.

Journal Articles

Probabilistic safety assessment of flammable gas leakage in the HTTR-IS hydrogen production plant

Kudo, Junichi*; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takahashi, Makoto*; Wakabayashi, Toshio*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 9(4), p.360 - 367, 2010/12

The HTTR-IS system is one of the plants producing hydrogen with nuclear power. Such a system has high safety requirements. One of the safety studies to be conducted is the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) study for concerned hydrogen explosion, which was not studied previously. Therefore, this study is conducted for the preliminary PSA of flammable gas leakage in the HTTR-IS system. First, a master logic diagram (MLD) was developed to identify initiating events. After identifying initiating events, event tree analysis (ETA) and fault tree analysis (FTA) were performed to quantify the average frequency of an accident. The initial result of the PSA shows that the nominal frequency of explosion is 2.5$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ 1/y. This frequency is higher than the criterion defined in this paper and unacceptable. Installments of additional components are investigated in order to reduce frequency. As a result, the average frequency of explosion is decreased to 7.9$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ 1/y.

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion induced current in SOI junction diode

Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Takeyasu, Hidenori*; Okazaki, Yuji*; Hirao, Toshio; Onoda, Shinobu; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 9th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-9), p.173 - 175, 2010/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Verification of improvement of the casting process in metal melting system

Tohei, Toshio; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Osugi, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Joji; Mizoguchi, Takafumi; Hanawa, Ritsu; Someya, Keita*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kozawa, Kazushige; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2010-008, 28 Pages, 2010/06


The Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) was constructed for volume reduction and the chemical stabilization of the low level radioactive waste in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. The metal melting system in the WVRF treats radioactive metal waste. From the experience of trial operations, the improvement has conducted on the casting process in the metal melting system. The performance of the improved casting process was verified through the trial operations from Oct. 2008. In this report, we describe the reduction of the processing time, of the utilities consumption, of the load of maintenance on the improved casting process.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

KEK ERL cryomodule development

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sato, Masato*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Shishido, Toshio*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Watanabe, Ken*; et al.

Proceedings of 45th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL '09) (Internet), p.57 - 62, 2010/05

Development of a SC Cavity Injector Cryomodule and Main linac Cryomodule for the compact ERL is being continued at KEK since 2006. Design of an injector cryomodule containing three 2-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Injector Cryomodule and two 9-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Main linac Cryomodule are almost completed. Status of R&D and design details are reported.

Journal Articles

Soft-error rate in a logic LSI estimated from SET pulse-width measurements

Makino, Takahiro; Kobayashi, Daisuke*; Hirose, Kazuyuki*; Takahashi, Daisuke*; Ishii, Shigeru*; Kusano, Masaki*; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio; Oshima, Takeshi

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 56(6), p.3180 - 3184, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.24(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

SET-induced soft-error rates ($$SER_{SET}$$s) of logic LSIs are estimated from SET pulse-widths measured in logic cells used in logic LSIs. The estimated rates are consistent with directly measured $$SER_{SET}$$s for logic LSIs.

Journal Articles

Compact ERL linac

Umemori, Kensei*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Sato, Masato*; Shishido, Toshio*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Ken*; Yamamoto, Yasuchika*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (SRF 2009) (Internet), p.896 - 901, 2009/09

Construction of the Compact ERL is planned in Japan, in order to test the key technology to realize a future ERL based X-ray light source. The operation of 60-200 MeV beam energy and 100 mA beam current are proposed. The superconducting cavity is one of the key components and applied for the injector part and the main linac part. At the injector part, most challenging issue is an input coupler, which has to handle more than 300 kW input power per cavity. On the other hand, strong HOM damping is required for the main linac, in order to avoid beam instabilities and large heat load at cryomodules. Status of cavity developments, together with cryomodule developments, including input couplers and HOM couplers/absorbers, are described in this paper.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of the casting process in the metal melting system

Tohei, Toshio; Someya, Keita; Takahashi, Kenji; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kozawa, Kazushige; Momma, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Technology 2009-031, 29 Pages, 2009/06


The Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) was constructed for volume reduction and the chemical stabilization of the low level radioactive waste (LLW). The metal melting system in the WVRF treats radioactive metal waste. This system has been conducted commissioning since the FY 2003. It was found, from the experience of commissioning, that the improvement of casting process in the metal melting system can be reduced the processing cost, maintenance load, and dose to workers. We planed modification of the device, and embodied from FY 2006 to FY 2007. As a result, we properly improved the casting process. In this report, we describe the idea for improvement of the casting process, the detail of improvement and the estimate of improvement.

Journal Articles

Change in ion beam induced current from Si metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors after $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Oshima, Takeshi; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio; Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Vizkelethy, G.*; Doyle, B. L.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1099, p.1014 - 1017, 2009/03

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors were made on both n- and p-type Si substrates (n-MOS, and p-MOS). These MOS capacitors were irradiated with $$gamma$$-rays at a dose of 6.3 kGy (SiO$$_{2}$$) at room temperature. The capacitance-voltage characteristics for MOS capacitors were measured before and after irradiation. The flat band shift for n-MOS and p-MOS capacitors due to $$gamma$$-ray irradiation was -12.3 V and -15.2 V, respectively. As for the generation of interface traps, the values for n-MOS and p-MOS capacitors were estimated to be 0.5$$times$$10$$^{11}$$ and 1.7$$times$$10$$^{11}$$/cm$$^{2}$$, respectively. Transient Ion Beam Induced Current (TIBIC) obtained from these MOS capacitors were compared before and after $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. For n-MOS capacitors, the peak height of TIBIC signals decreased after $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. On the other hand, the peak height of TIBIC signals for p-MOS capacitors increased after $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. The applied bias dependence of the peak height of TIBIC signals for MOS capacitors irradiated with $$gamma$$-rays can be matched to that for ones before $$gamma$$-rays irradiation by shifting the voltage by -13 V for n-MOS capacitors and by -15 V for p-MOS capacitors. These voltage values are in good agreement with the flat band voltage shifts due to $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. Since flat band shift occurs due to the generation of positive charge trapped in gate oxide, the change in TIBIC signals observed for MOS capacitors due to $$gamma$$-ray irradiation can be interpreted in terms of positive charge generated in oxide.

Journal Articles

LET dependence of single event transient pulse-widths in SOI logic cell

Makino, Takahiro*; Kobayashi, Daisuke*; Hirose, Kazuyuki*; Yanagawa, Yoshimitsu*; Saito, Hirobumi*; Ikeda, Hirokazu*; Takahashi, Daisuke*; Ishii, Shigeru*; Kusano, Masaki*; Onoda, Shinobu; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 56(1), p.202 - 207, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:91.29(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

SET pulse-widths were measured as a function of LET by using pulse capture circuits and were simulated with mixed-mode 3-D device simulations. We found that the carrier recombination process dominates LET dependence of SET pulse-widths.

Journal Articles

Total dose effects on heavy-ion induced gate current in MOS structure

Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Fugane, Masaru*; Imagawa, Ryo*; Owaki, Akihiro*; Hirao, Toshio; Onoda, Shinobu; Oshima, Takeshi

JAEA-Review 2008-055, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2007, P. 7, 2008/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison of the experimental results with simulated results of charge induced in MOS FET by heavy-ion irradiation

Hirao, Toshio; Onoda, Shinobu; Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Oshima, Takeshi

JAEA-Review 2008-055, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2007, P. 6, 2008/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced transient-pulses in logic LSIs for use in space applications

Makino, Takahiro*; Yanagawa, Yoshimitsu*; Kobayashi, Daisuke*; Fukuda, Seisuke*; Hirose, Kazuyuki*; Ikeda, Hirokazu*; Saito, Hirobumi*; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio; Oshima, Takeshi; et al.

Shingaku Giho, 108(100), p.67 - 72, 2008/06

SET pulse-widths were measured as a function of LET by using pulse capture circuits. In addition, a scan flip-flop (FF) is designed to observe both single event transient (SET) and single event upset (SEU) soft errors in logic VLSI system.

JAEA Reports

Investigation and design of the dismantling process of irradiation capsules containing tritium, 1; Conceptual investigation and basic design

Hayashi, Kimio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Onose, Shoji; Ishida, Takuya; Kodaka, Hideo; Katsuyama, Kozo; Kitajima, Toshio; Takahashi, Kozo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Nakamichi, Masaru; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2008-010, 68 Pages, 2008/03


In-pile functional tests of breeding blankets for fusion reactors have been planned by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), using a test blanket module (TBM) which will be loaded in ITER. The present report describes a conceptual investigation and a basic design of the dismantling process for irradiation capsules which were used in irradiation experiments by the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) of JAEA. In the present design, the irradiation capsule is cut by a band saw; the released tritium is recovered safely by a purge-gas system, and is consolidated into a radioactive waste form. Furthermore, adoption of the inner-box enclosing the dismantling apparatus has brought a prospect to be able to utilize an existing hot cell (beta-$$gamma$$ cell) equipped with usual wall material permeable to tritium, without extensive refurbishing of the cell. Thus, the present study has indicated the feasibility of the present dismantling process for the irradiated JMTR capsules containing tritium.

JAEA Reports

Construction, management and operation on advanced volume reduction facilities

Higuchi, Hidekazu; Osugi, Takeshi; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Momma, Toshiyuki; Tohei, Toshio; Ishikawa, Joji; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Mitsuda, Motoyuki; Ishihara, Keisuke; Sudo, Tomoyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2007-038, 189 Pages, 2007/07


The Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities (AVRF) is constructed to manufacture the waste packages of radioactive waste for disposal in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The AVRF is constituted from two facilities. The one is the Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facility (WSRSF) which is for reducing waste size, sorting into each material and storing the waste package. The other is the Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) which is for manufacturing the waste package by volume reducing treatment and stabilizing treatment. WVRF has an induction melting furnace, a plasma melting furnace, an incinerator, and a super compactor for treatment. In this report, we summarized about the basic concept of constructing AVRF, the constitution of facilities, the specifications of machineries and the state of trial operation until March of 2006.

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion induced current through an oxide layer

Takahashi, Yoshihiro*; Oki, Takahiro*; Nagasawa, Takaharu*; Nakajima, Yasuhito*; Kawanabe, Ryu*; Onishi, Kazunori*; Hirao, Toshio; Onoda, Shinobu; Mishima, Kenta; Kawano, Katsuyasu*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 260(1), p.309 - 313, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.92(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

86 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)