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In-house texture measurement using a compact neutron source

徐 平光; 池田 義雅*; 箱山 智之*; 高村 正人*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 53(2), p.444 - 454, 2020/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

In order to improve the instrumental accessibility of neutron diffraction technique, the emerging compact neutron sources and in-house neutron diffractometers as a good complementary way have caused wide attention while their analysis precision seems problematic for the practical application. As a challenging project, the RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source (RANS) was employed to establish the technical environment for texture measurement, and the recalculated pole figures and the orientation distribution function (ODF) of an interstitial-free (IF) steel sheet obtained from RANS were compared with the results from another two neutron diffractometers well-established for texture measurement. Moreover, the parameter "square integration of ODF difference" originally for evaluating the numerical error between the measured and simulated textures was generalized here to examine the reliability of RANS texture measurement. These quantitative comparisons revealed that the precise neutron diffraction texture measurement at RANS has been realized successfully and the following technical optimizations are much valuable, including the thickness selection of polyethylene moderator, the sample-to-detector distance, the B$$_{4}$$C shielding sheets for the reduced background noise, and the fine region division of the neutron detector panel. Moreover, the Rietveld texture analysis improves the texture reliability through avoiding the unfavorable influence of the uncertain diffraction intensity involved in the low counting, long wavelength incident neutrons at large scattering angles. Above technical results may accelerate the development of other easily accessible engineering materials evaluation techniques using compact neutron source, and also help to improve the data-collecting efficiency for various time-sliced scattering experiments at large neutron facilities.


Convergence behavior in line profile analysis using convolutional multiple whole-profile software

熊谷 正芳*; 内田 知宏*; 村澤 皓大*; 高村 正人*; 池田 義雅*; 鈴木 裕士; 大竹 淑恵*; 浜 孝之*; 鈴木 進補*

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.6, p.57 - 62, 2018/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

The convergence behavior of the parameters related to microstructural characteristics $$a$$-$$e$$ was studied during optimizations in a common line profile analysis software program based on the convolutional multiple whole profile (CMWP) method. The weighted sums of squared residual (WSSR) was a criterion of the optimization. The parameters $$b$$ and $$d$$, which are related to the dislocation density and to the crystallite size, respectively, strongly affect the line profile shape. Therefore, the distributions of WSSRs on the space parameters $$b$$ and $$d$$ were first observed. The variation trajectory of parameters $$b$$ and $$d$$ during iterative calculations with several values of parameter $$e$$ was then observed, along with the variations when all of the parameters were variable. In the case where only three parameters were variable, we found that a smaller initial value of $$e$$ should be chosen to ensure stability of the calculations. In the case where all parameters were variable, although all of the results converged to similar values, they did not precisely agree. To attain accurate optimum values, a two-step procedure is recommended.


Determination approach of dislocation density and crystallite size using a convolutional multiple whole profile software

村澤 皓大*; 高村 正人*; 熊谷 正芳*; 池田 義雅*; 鈴木 裕士; 大竹 淑恵*; 浜 孝之*; 鈴木 進補*

Materials Transactions, 59(7), p.1135 - 1141, 2018/07

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:42.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron diffraction profile analysis using the whole profile fitting method is useful for obtaining microscopic information on metallic materials. To determine an appropriate fitting approach for obtaining reasonable and non-arbitrary results, we applied diffraction line profile analyses using the Convolutional Multiple Whole Profile (CMWP) method to diffraction patterns obtained using the Engineering Materials Diffractometer (TAKUMI, BL19) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The tensile specimens of 780 MPa grade bainitic steel were uniaxially stretched until the plastic strain reached a value of 0.05. We performed CMWP analyses on the obtained diffraction patterns during tensile test with various initial parameters of dislocation density and crystallite size. These parameters were optimized in the fitting procedures to minimize the weighted sums of squared residuals (WSSRs). Following this approach, we found that unsuitable initial parameter values resulted in unreasonable convergence. Therefore, initial fitting parameters should be chosen to ensure that the initial profiles are as broad as possible. Reasonable results were obtained following this suggestive approach even when the strain anisotropy parameter is set to arbitrary values.



池田 義雅*; 高村 正人*; 箱山 智之*; 大竹 淑恵*; 熊谷 正芳*; 鈴木 裕士

鉄と鋼, 104(3), p.138 - 144, 2018/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:82.98(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)



Prospect for application of compact accelerator-based neutron source to neutron engineering diffraction

池田 義雅*; 竹谷 篤*; 高村 正人*; 須長 秀行*; 熊谷 正芳*; 大場 洋次郎*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 833, p.61 - 67, 2016/10

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:2.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Texture evaluation in ductile fracture process by neutron diffraction measurement

須長 秀行*; 高村 正人*; 池田 義雅*; 大竹 淑恵*; 浜 孝之*; 熊谷 正芳*; 鈴木 裕士; 鈴木 進補*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 734(Part B), p.032027_1 - 032027_4, 2016/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100



Non-destructive texture measurement of steel sheets with compact neutron source "RANS"

高村 正人*; 池田 義雅*; 須長 秀行*; 竹谷 篤*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士; 熊谷 正芳*; 浜 孝之*; 大場 洋次郎*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 734(Part B), p.032047_1 - 032047_4, 2016/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:24.4




笹尾 真実子*; 草間 義紀; 河野 康則; 川端 一男*; 間瀬 淳*; 杉江 達夫; 藤田 隆明; 福田 武司*; 福山 淳*; 坂本 宜照; et al.

プラズマ・核融合学会誌, 83(9), p.779 - 782, 2007/09

2007年春季に開催された国際トカマク物理活動(ITPA)の7つのトピカルグループ(TG)会合の報告である。各会合では、国際熱核融合実験炉(ITER)等の燃焼プラズマ実験における重要度の高い物理課題に関して、議論・検討が行われた。日本からの参加者数は27人であった。以下に、TGごとの開催日程及び開催地を示す。(1)計測TG:3月26日-30日、プリンストン(米国),(2)輸送物理TG:5月7日-10日、ローザンヌ(スイス),(3)閉じ込めデータベースとモデリングTG:5月7日-10日、ローザンヌ(スイス),(4)周辺及びペデスタルの物理TG:5月7日-10日、ガルヒン(ドイツ),(5)定常運転TG:5月9日-11日、大田(韓国),(6)MHD TG:5月21日-24日、サンディエゴ(米国),(7)スクレイプオフ層及びダイバータ物理TG:5月7日-10日、ガルヒン(ドイツ)。



高村 秀一*; 門 信一郎*; 藤井 隆*; 藤山 寛*; 高部 英明*; 足立 和郎*; 森宮 脩*; 藤森 直治*; 渡辺 隆行*; 林 泰明*; et al.

カラー図解,プラズマエネルギーのすべて, P. 164, 2007/03




川端 一男*; 河野 康則; 草間 義紀; 間瀬 淳*; 笹尾 真実子*; 杉江 達夫; 藤田 隆明; 福田 武司*; 福山 淳*; 坂本 宜照; et al.

プラズマ・核融合学会誌, 83(2), p.195 - 198, 2007/02

2006年の秋季にITPA(国際トカマク物理活動)に関する7つの会合が開催された。「輸送物理」,「閉じ込めデータベースとモデリング」,「周辺及びペデスタルの物理」,「定常運転」,「MHD」の5会合は、中国の成都にて「第21回IAEA核融合エネルギー会議」に引き続いて行われ、トピカルグループ間の合同会合も多数開かれた。国際装置間比較実験の結果報告のほか、国際熱核融合実験炉(ITER)のデザインレビューに関して、現状の設計への問題提起と解決策の検討を整理するためまとめられているITER Issue Cardについて活発な議論が行われた。日本の参加者は27名に上った。また、「計測」の会合は、東北大学で、「スクレイプオフ層及びダイバータ物理」の会合は、カナダのトロント大学で行われた。



朝倉 伸幸; 加藤 隆子*; 仲野 友英; 高村 秀一*; 田辺 哲朗*; 飯尾 俊二*; 中島 徳嘉*; 小野 靖*; 小関 隆久; 武智 学; et al.

プラズマ・核融合学会誌, 82(7), p.448 - 450, 2006/07




河野 康則; 川端 一男*; 草間 義紀; 笹尾 真実子*; 杉江 達夫; 間瀬 淳*; 朝倉 伸幸; 加藤 隆子*; 高村 秀一*; 田辺 哲朗*; et al.

プラズマ・核融合学会誌, 81(2), p.128 - 130, 2005/02



Neutron diffraction bulk texture measurement using compact neutron source

徐 平光; 角田 龍之介*; 高村 正人*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士

no journal, , 

Neutron diffraction is a powerful probe to acquire the bulk averaged information for better bridging the microscopic crystal lattice with the macroscopic properties, in contrast with the X-ray and electron diffractions which are capable for investigating the surface/very limited local regions of polycrystalline materials. In Japan, the RIKEN compact accelerator-driven neutron source facility (RANS) has been developing to improve the instrumental accessibility of neutron diffraction experimental studies, which were mostly carried out on large-scale neutron source facilities. Here, our latest technical progress in RANS neutron diffraction bulk texture measurement will be reported. The comparable study between RANS and another large-scale neutron diffraction facility suggests that the high stereographic resolution realized through the proper fine division of neutron detector panel is valuable to improve the precision and reliability of texture measurement, together with the careful scattering intensity correction of neutron patterns.


Energy resolution evaluation of decoupled neutron moderator for stress measurements via neutron diffraction with compact neutron source

角田 龍之介*; 高村 正人*; 徐 平光; 岩本 ちひろ*; 高梨 宇宙*; 大竹 淑恵*; 栗原 諒*; 高橋 進*; 鈴木 裕士

no journal, , 

During the production of high-strength steel structural parts, the residual stress is necessary to be well controlled for the better dimensional accuracy and the longer service life. The neutron diffraction measurement is a good candidate to monitor the microscopic lattice strain of polycrystalline materials in bulk average. RANS (Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source) has been developed and upgraded aiming at in-house, on-site and on-demand measurements to meet with industrial needs. Recently, the phase volume fractions and the bulk textures of steel materials have been measured successfully at RANS. In order to measure the lattice strain at RANS, it is required to improve the energy resolution to observe slight peak shift, and the decoupled moderator is thought as a good solution method for that. In this study, a new decoupled moderator consisting of polyethylene with 20 cmm thickness and B$$_{4}$$C rubber was designed and fabricated, and its neutron beam characteristic was investigated in order to improve the time energy resolution to realize in-house neutron stress measurement at RANS. Here, the preliminary results of the resolutions comparing between the new decoupled moderator and the traditional coupled moderators with 20 and 40 mm thickness polyethylene will be reported together with the scattering angle dependent instrumental resolution of the linear neutron position-sensitive detector.



徐 平光; 高村 正人*; 池田 義雅*; 角田 龍之介*; 高橋 進*; 箱山 智之*; 岩本 ちひろ*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士

no journal, , 

自動車の軽量化のために使用されている高張力薄鋼板は、プレス成形による加工性が低いことから、生産不良が多い。そのため、プレス成形性を向上させる手段の一つとして、鋼材の集合組織制御に期待が寄せられている。実用に供される金属材料の微視組織は不均一な集合組織を有している。圧延板の加工性など金属材料のマクロな特性を議論する際には、金属材料のバルク平均の集合組織を考慮することが適切だと考えられる。中性子線を用いた集合組織測定は、高い透過性と大きなゲージ体積という特徴を生かして、加工性に直結する金属材料のバルク平均情報を容易に測定することができる。しかしながら、日本国内に限らず、世界中には、集合組織が測定できる中性子回折装置が極めて少ない。そこで、我々は研究用原子炉施設(JRR-3)の定常中性子源と大強度陽子加速器施設(J-PARC)のパルス中性子源を用いた集合組織測定技術を確立し、世界トップレベルの測定精度を有する集合組織測定装置を開発した。近年、中性子評価技術をより広く普及するため、理化学研究所が"いつでも、どこでも、手軽に利用できる"をキャッチフレーズとした小型中性子源(RANS)の開発を進めており、我々がこれまでに培ってきたノウハウを最大限に生かして、RANSを用いた粉末回折技術や集合組織測定技術の開発に挑戦してきた。本発表では、JRR-3, J-PARCおよびRANSで開発した鉄鋼材料の集合組織測定技術を簡単に紹介するとともに、中性子回折による集合組織測定研究に関して大型中性子施設と小型中性子源との連携案について議論する。


Neutron diffraction with RANS for industrial "on-site" applications

高村 正人*; 岩本 ちひろ*; 徐 平光; 角田 龍之介*; 栗原 諒*; 箱山 智之*; 池田 義雅*; 鈴木 裕士; 大竹 淑恵*

no journal, , 

High strength steels are becoming more and more important in automotive body structures for good weight reduction, providing further requirement in the balance between strength and formability. Numerical models in forming simulations taking into account the texture evolution may accurately analyze macroscopic plastic behavior, through referring to local surface texture measurement using Electron backscatter diffraction or X-ray diffraction. In contrast, neutron diffraction may measure the microstructure factors including bulk-averaged texture, enable to more deeply understand the mechanisms of deformation behavior. Such neutron diffraction studies usually require large-scale experimental facilities like a reactor and a large accelerator, so meet certain difficulty in the instrumental accessibility. To solve these problems, Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source (RANS) has been developed. On-site evaluation of microstructural factors enables us to analyze metal deformation processes more efficiently. Authors have recently succeeded in accurately measuring the texture evolution of an IF steel and also in determining the retained austenite volume fraction of multi-phase steels, by optimizing the beam condition and layout of collimators, samples, detectors, etc. These results show the possibility of practical use of an in-house compact neutron source in laboratories of universities, research institutes and industrial firms.

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