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JAEA Reports

Report of the design examination and the installation work for the radiation shield at the beam injection area in the 3 GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

JAEA-Technology 2021-019, 105 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-019.pdf:10.25MB

Since a user operation startup, the 3 GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS, such as the magnet, vacuum chambers, beam monitors, etc., increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have organized a task force for the installation of the shield. The task force has aimed to optimize the structure of the radiation shield, construct the installation procedure with due consideration of the worker's dose suppression. As the examination result of the shield design, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The renewal work required to install the shielding has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area. It was a large-scale work to occupy the beam injection area during almost of the summer maintenance period. However, it is considered very meaningful for dose suppression in future maintenance works.

Journal Articles

Development of semiconductor clover switch for short-circuit protection of Klystron for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.831 - 834, 2021/10

The Ignitron is used in the clover device of the klystron power supply for RF acceleration in the J-PARC LINAC. However, this ignitron uses mercury, the use of which is restricted worldwide, and its production is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, we designed a semiconductor clover switch for short-circuit protection of klystron using a MOS gate thyristor. We have manufactured an oval-type board module that realizes an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, and 50 $$mu$$s per board. For the control power supply to each board module assuming a high voltage of 120 kV, we adopted a self-power supply method that creates a control power supply with a high-voltage DCDC converter from the voltage shared and charged by each board module. It was possible to confirm the operating performance on a 1/4 scale (30 kV, 40 kA) against the voltage of the existing equipment (120 kV, 40 kA) by connecting ten oval board modules in series. The output test result will be reported.

Journal Articles

Radiation shielding installation for beam injection section of 3GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.238 - 242, 2021/10

Since a user operation startup, the 3GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The installation work of the shield has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area.

Journal Articles

A Possible modification of ceramic chambers in the injection area at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Kotoku, Hirofumi*

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.3205 - 3208, 2021/08

At the injection area of the RCS in J-PARC, the interaction between the copper stripes (RF-shields) on the ceramic chambers and the external magnetic fields modulatesthe magnetic fields in the chamber, causing beam losses for a special tune. A ceramic chamber spirally covered by the stripes is a candidate to mitigate the modulations. In this report, we numerically and experimentally investigate how the interaction is suppressed, while sustaining the beam impedance enhancement within tolerable at the RCS.

JAEA Reports

Proposal of safe and secure maintenance method to realize long-term stable operation of electromagnet power supply

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

JAEA-Technology 2021-005, 40 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Technology-2021-005.pdf:4.27MB

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) uses a large number of electromagnet power supplies in order to manipulate a high-intensity beam of 1 MW. These devices have been specially developed to meet the requirement to achieve acceleration of the 1-MW proton beams. State-of-the-art technologies are used to these devices. To achieve stable operation with few failures, and to prevent major troubles in the event of a failure, it is necessary to maintain the performance of the devices under the appropriate and accurate management strategy with an enough understanding of its characteristics. However, since the specification and function of each device is different respectively, and it is also produced by different manufacturer, we have to maintain adequately according to the structure, configuration and features of the apparatus. There are typically three major stages in the maintenance works. First, "Daily inspection" is constantly performed to monitor the status of the equipment during operation and check for any errors or abnormalities. Second, "Routine maintenance" is carried out weekly, monthly, or yearly to fix the errors, or to replace the parts that are deteriorated. Third, "Troubleshooting" is conducted to recover from sudden failures. In this report, we will introduce the specific contents of "Routine maintenance", "Daily inspection", and "trouble case" based on the experiences of the electromagnet power supply group. In particular, we will report the work management methods, including ideas for facilitating recovery work. We will also summarize the important points of a matter that does not depend on the configuration, structure, and characteristics of the equipment.

Journal Articles

Kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS with SiC-MOSFET

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Koizumi, Isao*; Kawamata, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2021/03

We are developing a new kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron) using the next generation power semiconductor SiC-MOSFET with high withstand voltage, low loss, and superior high frequency characteristics. The three major circuits adopted for the RCS kicker power supply, the thyratron switch, the PFN circuit of coaxial cable type, and the end clipper for reflection wave absorption, has been realized with a single modular circuit board based on the LTD circuit. The new kicker power supply realizes stable operation, miniaturization and energy saving by using power semiconductors. The required high voltage can be output by stacking the 800V/2kA modular circuit board in series. The details of circuit design and the results of achieving an output of half 20kV/2kA against the target specification of 40kV/2kA are presented here.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a design model for an electromagnet power supply with safety and reliability in the accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

JAEA-Technology 2020-023, 40 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Technology-2020-023.pdf:2.98MB

The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) uses a large number of electromagnet power supplies in order to generate a high-intensity beam of 1 MW. These devices have been specially developed to meet the required specifications of the proton beams. Ten years have passed since the 3 GeV synchrotron had started operation, and we need to replace and update of the components due to failures caused by the aging deterioration. Since the J-PARC is used by many users, it is quite important to recover as soon as possible when a trouble occurs. However, we often spend lots of time to investigate the status and cause of the problem, then it results in the delay of recovery work. One of the major reasons is due to the differences in the manufacturers of sensors and monitors. Therefore, we have to create a manual for each power supply and prepare some exclusive tools. However, troubles rarely occur in the same state and situation, so we have to rely on the experience and knowledge. Even for power supplies with different purposes and specifications, some components, such as sensors, can be shared in many cases. In addition, if the concept of the interlock system, for monitoring the status of the power supply and detecting malfunctions, is shared between the different power supplies, the method and response for failure investigation can be standardized. By using a device with good maintainability, the accelerator operation will be more stable and reliable. In this report, we introduce the necessity of sharing the design concept and common parts. We also explain the basic design model for safety and reliability, using an example of manufacturing an electromagnet power supply for the 3 GeV synchrotron.

Journal Articles

Semiconductor switch power supply for RCS kicker

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.25 - 28, 2020/09

We have been developing a semiconductor switch power supply to replace the RCS kicker power supply in J-PARC. A SiC MOSFET is used as a power semiconductor element, and a radially symmetric LTD circuit is used for the circuit board. The power supply consists of a combination of two types of circuit boards: a main circuit board, which includes the circuits of the thyratron, PFN and end clipper provided in RCS kicker power supplies, on a single module board, and a correction board, which compensates for flat-top droop. A single main circuit board can provide 800V/2kA output, and 52 main circuit boards and 20 correction boards have been used to successfully achieve the high voltage of 40kV and flat-top flatness of less than $$pm$$0.2%. Furthermore, a preliminary test of the dual-parallel circuit was conducted for a twin kicker power supply configuration, which is required for the RCS kicker power supply. The evaluation results and prospects are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of ignitron alternative semiconductor switch for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.590 - 593, 2020/09

At J-PARC, an ignitron is used for the clover device of the klystron power supply for high-frequency acceleration of a linear accelerator. Ignitron uses mercury, which is of limited use worldwide, and is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, a semiconductor switch for ignitron substitution using a MOS gate thyristor is designed. In order to be used as a crowbar device, a switch capable of resisting an operating output of 120 kV, 40 kA, 50 us is required. We have realized an oval type substrate module that achieves an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, 50 us per substrate. It was possible to confirm the operating performance on a 1/10 scale (12 kV, 40 kA) against the voltage of the existing equipment (120 kV, 40 kA) by connecting four oval board modules in series. The output test result will be reported.

Journal Articles

Comparative studies of three-dimensional analysis and measurement for establishing pulse electromagnet design

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Ono, Ayato; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 30(4), p.4901605_1 - 4901605_5, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Development of low inductance circuit for radially symmetric circuit

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki; Horino, Koki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012183_1 - 012183_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

As one of the advanced research and development for maintaining the stable operation of J-PARC RCS, we are developing semiconductor switch circuit for thyratron substitute adopted in kicker system. Radiation symmetric type circuits using semiconductors of SIC-MOSFETs are composed of circuits in which many semiconductor switches are multiplexed in parallel. Since the lengths of all parallel circuits are equal, the output waveform will not be distorted due to timing jitter or impedance. This circuit is useful for outputting the waveform of ultrafast short pulse. Therefore, we have developed a circuit that achieves further low inductance by making the power transmission circuit into a double circular ring structure equal to the coaxial shape. Compare the inductance value obtained from the structure and the output waveform. In addition, we compare the calculation and the measurement in the test and present the verification result of the developed circular ring structure.

Journal Articles

New design of vacuum chambers for radiation shield installation at beam injection area of J-PARC RCS

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Horino, Koki*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012172_1 - 012172_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

One of the issues in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron is the high residual radiation dose around the beam injection point. A radiation shield is necessary to reduce radiation exposure of workers when maintenance is performed there. A space to install the radiation shield should be secured by newly designing a structure of the vacuum chamber at the injection point and the alumina ceramics beam pipes for the shift bump magnets. To make the space for the shield, the chamber is lengthened along the beam line and the cross-sectional shape is changed from circle to rectangle. The displacement and inner stress of the vacuum chamber due to atmospheric pressure were evaluated to be enough small by the calculation. For the ceramics beam pipe's rf-shield, the damping resistor was effective to reduce the induced modulation voltages by the pulsed magnetic field.

Journal Articles

J-PARC RCS; High-order field components inherent in the injection bump magnets and their effects on the circulating beam during multi-turn injection

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012102_1 - 012102_5, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:65.18

Journal Articles

Development of pulse power supply for kicker using power semiconductor and alternative switch for ignitron

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.75 - 79, 2019/07

We will replace the Thyratron and Ignitron discharge type switch with a semiconductor switch capable of more stable operation. The thyratron alternative switch used by the kicker power supply manufactured the radial symmetric module substrate of the 800V/2kA output which was built by LTD circuit using SiC-MOSFET. By making the power transfer structure between module substrates stacked for high voltage output into a coaxial ring type, a further reduction in inductance is realized. We report the results of evaluating a pulse output of 20kV/1kA (final specification is 40kV/2kA). Ignitron, which is used as a high-power klystron clover switch, has the potential to be discontinued in the future because it uses mercury, which has limited use worldwide. LINAC's klystron clover switches require a working output of 50kV at 120kV/40kA. We fabricated 3kV/40kA oval type module substrate using MOS gate thyristor. Report on preliminary test results.

Journal Articles

Development of ignitron alternative semiconductor switch and new kicker power supply for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.399 - 403, 2019/07

J-PARC uses an ignitron switch as the klystron power source clover device and a thyratron switch as the kicker power system. Ignitron uses mercury, which is of limited use worldwide, and is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, a semiconductor switch for ignitron substitution using a MOS gate thyristor is designed. In order to be used as a crowbar device, a switch capable of resisting an operating output of 120 kV, 40 kA, 50 us is required. We have realized an oval type substrate module that achieves an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, 50 us per substrate. In addition, we adopted a LTD circuit using SiC-MOSFET as an alternative switch for thyratron, and produced a radially symmetric pulse power supply circuit to which this circuit was applied. This circuit board achieves a rise of 250 ns or less, and a flat top of 1.5 us or more necessary for the RCS kicker power supply system, with a pulse output of 800 V and 2 kA per circuit board. We report on the power test results at 20 kV.

Journal Articles

J-PARC RCS; High-order field components inherent in the injection bump magnets and their effects on the circulating beam during multi-turn injection

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2009 - 2012, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Dynamic variation of chromaticity for beam instability mitigation in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.171 - 173, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Reduction of the kicker impedance maintaining the performance of present kicker magnet at RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Irie, Yoshiro*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamamoto, Kazami

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.062007_1 - 062007_8, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.23

The present four-terminal kicker at the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has the power-saving benefit due to the doubled excitation currents by shorting two-terminals. On the other hand, beam instabilities are excited by the kicker impedances. In this report, we describe a scheme to reduce the kicker impedances using diodes (nonlinear devices) with resistors, while retaining the benefit of the doubled kicker excitation currents.

Journal Articles

Development of a new modular switch using a next-generation semiconductor

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.082019_1 - 082019_6, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.11

Journal Articles

Activation in injection area of J-PARC 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron and its countermeasures

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamakawa, Emi*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Miki, Nobuharu*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Horino, Koki*; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; et al.

ANS RPSD 2018; 20th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division of ANS (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2018/08

The existing beam power of the J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500 kW, and higher radiation doses are concentrated in the injection area. These activations are caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce dose exposure to workers near the injection point, we study a new design of the injection scheme. Experience has shown that eddy currents are generated in the metal flange near the magnet owing to the pulsed magnetic field, and the temperature exceeds 100 degrees C. The shield installed in the new injection system needs to have a layer structure, in which an insulator is inserted between iron shields to reduce the eddy current. From the results of the shielding calculation, even if 1 mm of polyethylene was inserted between two 9-mm-thick SUS 316 plates, which serve as shielding material, the shielding performance was reduced only about 5%, and we confirmed that it would function well.

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