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論文

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_C$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

坂本 祥哉*; Tu, N. T.*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; 若林 勇希*; 芝田 悟朗*; 堀尾 眞史*; 池田 啓祐*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

The electronic structure and the magnetism of the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb, whose Curie temperature $$T_{rm C}$$ can exceed room temperature, were investigated by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonance photoemission spectroscopy (RPES). The line-shape analyses of the XAS and XMCD spectra suggest that the ferromagnetism is of intrinsic origin. The orbital magnetic moments deduced using XMCD sum rules were found to be large, indicating that there is a considerable 3$$d^{6}$$ contribution to the ground state of Fe. From RPES, we observed a strong dispersive Auger peak and nondispersive resonantly enhanced peaks in the valence-band spectra. The latter is a fingerprint of the correlated nature of Fe 3$$d$$ electrons, whereas the former indicates their itinerant nature. It was also found that the Fe 3$$d$$ states have a finite contribution to the density of states at the Fermi energy. These states, presumably consisting of majority-spin $$p$$-$$d$$ hybridized states or minority-spin e states, would be responsible for the ferromagnetic order in this material.

論文

Electronic structure of the high-T$$_{C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

坂本 祥哉*; Tu, N. T.*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; 若林 勇希*; 芝田 悟朗*; 堀尾 眞史*; 池田 啓祐*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:27.63(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure and the magnetism of the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb, whose Curie temperature $$T_{rm C}$$ can exceed room temperature, were investigated by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonance photoemission spectroscopy (RPES). The line-shape analyses of the XAS and XMCD spectra suggest that the ferromagnetism is of intrinsic origin. The orbital magnetic moments deduced using XMCD sum rules were found to be large, indicating that there is a considerable 3$$d^{6}$$ contribution to the ground state of Fe. From RPES, we observed a strong dispersive Auger peak and nondispersive resonantly enhanced peaks in the valence-band spectra. The latter is a fingerprint of the correlated nature of Fe 3$$d$$ electrons, whereas the former indicates their itinerant nature. It was also found that the Fe 3$$d$$ states have a finite contribution to the density of states at the Fermi energy. These states would be responsible for the ferromagnetic order in this material.

論文

Local magnetic states of the weakly ferromagnetic iron-based superconductor Sr$$_{2}$$VFeAsO$$_{3-delta}$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

堀尾 眞史*; 竹田 幸治; 並木 宏允*; 片桐 隆雄*; 若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 野中 洋亮*; 芝田 悟朗*; 池田 啓祐*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:75.88(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements on the iron-based superconductor Sr$$_{2}$$VFeAsO$$_{3-delta}$$ to study the origin of weak ferromagnetism (WFM) reported for this compound. While Fe 3d electrons show a magnetic response similar to the other iron pnictides, signals from V 3d electrons remain finite at zero magnetic field and may be responsible for the WFM.

論文

Cation distribution and magnetic properties in ultrathin (Ni$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_{x}$$)Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (x=0-1) layers on Si(111) studied by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

若林 勇希*; 野中 洋亮*; 竹田 幸治; 坂本 祥哉*; 池田 啓祐*; Chi, Z.*; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:68.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We study the electronic structure and magnetic properties of epitaxial (Ni$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_{x}$$)Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$(111) layers with thicknesses $$d$$ = 1.7 - 5.2 nm grown on Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(111)/Si(111) structures. We revealed the crystallographic (octahedral $$O_{h}$$ or tetrahedral $$T_{d}$$) sites and the valences of the Fe, Co, and Ni cations using experimental soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra and configuration-interaction cluster-model calculation.

論文

Origin of robust nanoscale ferromagnetism in Fe-doped Ge revealed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first-principles calculation

坂本 祥哉*; 若林 勇希*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 鈴木 博人*; 伴 芳祐*; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; 藤森 淳*

Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:49.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Ge$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$ (Ge:Fe) shows ferromagnetic behavior up to a relatively high temperature of 210 K and hence is a promising material for spintronic applications compatible with Si technology. We have studied its underlying electronic structure by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and first-principles supercell calculation. We observed finite Fe 3$$d$$ components in the states at the Fermi level ($$Erm_F$$) in a wide region of momentum space, and the $$Erm_F$$ was located $$sim$$0.35 eV above the valence-band maximum of the host Ge. Our calculation indicates that the $$Erm_F$$ is also within the deep acceptor-level impurity band induced by the strong $$p$$-$$d$$($$t_2$$) hybridization. We conclude that the additional minority-spin $$d(e)$$ electron characteristic of the Fe$$^{2+}$$ state is responsible for the short-range ferromagnetic coupling between Fe atoms.

論文

Origin of the large positive magnetoresistance of Ge$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$ granular thin films

若林 勇希*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 堀尾 眞史*; 芝田 悟朗*; 坂本 祥哉*; 伴 芳祐*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; et al.

Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:49.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Ge$$_{1_x}$$Mn$$_x$$ (GeMn) granular thin films are a unique and promising material for spintronic applications owing to their large positive magnetoresistance (MR). The microscopic origin of the MR has not yet been clarified. Here, we develop a method to separately investigate the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and the matrix, utilizing the extremely high sensitivity of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) to the local magnetic state of each atom. We find that the MR ratio is proportional to the product of the magnetizations originating from the nanoparticles and the matrix. This result indicates that the spin-polarized holes in the nanoparticles penetrate into the matrix and that these holes undergo first order magnetic scattering by the paramagnetic Mn atoms in the matrix, which induces the large MR.

論文

Simultaneous measurements of superradiance at multiple wavelength from helium excited states, 2; Analysis

大饗 千彰*; Harries, J.; 岩山 洋士*; 川口 健太郎*; 久間 晋*; 宮本 祐樹*; 永園 充*; 中嶋 享*; 中野 逸夫*; 繁政 英治*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(3), p.034301_1 - 034301_10, 2016/03

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:42.39(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Previous experimental studies of superradiance (SR) in multi-level systems have been explainable using the predictions of the well-known simple two-level SR model. However our recent study using EUV free-electron laser excitation of helium atoms, where SR was observed at wavelengths of 502 nm, 668 nm, and 728 nm, revealed behaviour which necessitates a full multi-level treatment of the SR development. In this paper, we report simulations of the initial excitation by the FEL pulses, and the subsequent development of multi-level SR. The results of the simulation reproduce the experimental findings, and reveal that competitive SR on two transitions with a common upper level plays an important role in the development of the system.

論文

Room-temperature local ferromagnetism and its nanoscale expansion in the ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_{x}$$

若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 竹田 幸治; 石上 啓介*; 高橋 文雄*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23295_1 - 23295_9, 2016/03

AA2016-0503.pdf:1.66MB

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:35.71(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We investigate the local electronic structure and magnetic properties of the group-IV-based ferromagnetic semiconductor, Ge$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_{x}$$ (GeFe), using soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Our results show that the doped Fe 3$$d$$ electrons are strongly hybridized with the Ge 4$$p$$ states, and have a large orbital magnetic moment relative to the spin magnetic moment, namely $$m_{rm orb}$$/$$m_{rm spin}$$ $$approx$$ 0.1. We find that nanoscale local ferromagnetic regions, which are formed through ferromagnetic exchange interactions in the high-Fe-content regions of the GeFe films, exist even at room temperature, well above the Curie temperature of 20 - 100K. We observe the intriguing nanoscale expansion of the local ferromagnetic regions with decreasing temperature, followed by a transition of the entire film into a ferromagnetic state at the Curie temperature.

論文

Excitation energy dependence of fragment-mass distributions from fission of $$^{180,190}$$Hg formed in fusion reactions of $$^{36}$$Ar + $$^{144,154}$$Sm

西尾 勝久; Andreyev, A. N.*; Chapman, R.*; Derkx, X.*; D$"u$llmann, C. E.*; Ghys, L.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 池添 博*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 748, p.89 - 94, 2015/09

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:17.36(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Mass distributions of fission fragments from the compound nuclei $$^{180}$$Hg and $$^{190}$$Hg formed in fusion reactions $$^{36}$$Ar+$$^{144}$$Sm and $$^{36}$$Ar+$$^{154}$$Sm, respectively, were measured at initial excitation energies of $$E^*$$($$^{180}$$Hg)=,33$$-$$66 MeV and $$E^*$$($$^{190}$$Hg)=,48$$-$$71 MeV. In the fission of $$^{180}$$Hg, the mass spectra were well reproduced by assuming only an asymmetric-mass division, with most probable light and heavy fragment masses $$bar{A}_{rm L}$$/$$bar{A}_{rm H}=$$79$$/$$101. The mass asymmetry for $$^{180}$$Hg agrees well with that obtained in the low-energy $$beta^textrm{+}$$/EC-delayed fission of $$^{180}$$Tl, from our earlier ISOLDE(CERN) experiment. Fission of $$^{190}$$Hg is found to proceed in a similar way, delivering the mass asymmetry of $$bar{A}_{rm L}$$/$$bar{A}_{rm H}=$$83$$/$$107, throughout the measured excitation energy range. The persistence as a function of excitation energy of the mass-asymmetric fission for both proton-rich Hg isotopes gives strong evidence for the survival of microscopic effects up to effective excitation energies of compound nuclei as high as 40,MeV. This behavior is different from fission of actinide nuclei and heavier mercury isotope $$^{198}$$Hg.

論文

In-beam fissio study at JAEA for heavy element synthesis

西尾 勝久; 池添 博; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; 有友 嘉浩*; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1524, p.68 - 72, 2013/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

Fission fragment mass and kinetic energies distributions were measured in the heavy-ion induced reactions using $$^{238}$$U target nucleus at the energies around the Coulomb barrier. We observed strong variation of the fragment mass distribution with incident energy, which was explained by an energy dependence of the probabilities for fusion and quasifission. A calculation based on a fluctuation-dissipation model was carried out to determine the fusion probability in the reactions of $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U and $$^{34}$$S+$$^{238}$$U. The fusion probabilities were consistent with those determied from the evaporation residue cross sections for both reactions, showing that in-beam fission measurement and analysis can give a reasonable estimation for the cross sections to produce super-heavy nuclei. We also discss the results for in-beam fission measurement of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{238}$$U.

論文

Evidence for hindrance in fusion between sulfur and lead nuclei

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; 西尾 勝久; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Block, M.*; Heinz, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 池添 博; Kindler, B.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 86(6), p.064602_1 - 064602_6, 2012/12

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:30.13(Physics, Nuclear)

The influence of the structure of projectile and target nuclei on the capture cross-sections was investigated for the reactions $$^{34}$$S+$$^{204,206,208}$$Pb and $$^{36}$$S+$$^{204,206,208}$$Pb. Capture cross-sections were deduced by measuring the fission fragments using multi-wire proportional counters. An enhancement of the capture cross-sections relative to an one-dimensional barrier penetration model was observed for all reactions at energies below the interaction barriers. The enhancement is larger in the case of reactions with $$^{34}$$S than with $$^{36}$$S. This observation is explained by a stronger coupling to the vibrational states in the reactions with $$^{34}$$S. Comparing the capture cross-sections and the evaporation-residue cross-sections for the reactions $$^{36}$$S+$$^{206}$$Pb and $$^{34}$$S+$$^{208}$$Pb, both yielding the same compound nucleus $$^{242}$$Cf, it is shown that the latter reaction has a lower fusion probability.

論文

Fusion probabilities in the reactions $$^{40,48}$$Ca + $$^{238}$$U at energies around the Coulomb barrier

西尾 勝久; 光岡 真一; 西中 一朗; 牧井 宏之; 若林 泰生*; 池添 博; 廣瀬 健太郎*; 大槻 勤*; 有友 嘉浩*; Hofmann, S.*

Physical Review C, 86(3), p.034608_1 - 034608_6, 2012/09

 被引用回数:53 パーセンタイル:5.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Fission cross sections and fission fragment mass distributions were measured in the reactions of $$^{40}$$Ca + $$^{238}$$U and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{238}$$U at energies around the Coulomb barrier. Fusion probabilities were calculated based on the fluctuation dissipation model. The measured mass distributions for both reactions showed an asymmetric shape at low incident energies, whereas the distribution changed to a flat shape at higher energies. The variation of the mass distribution is explained by a change of the ratio between fusion and qasifission with nuclear orientation. The calculation reproduced the mass distributions and their energy dependence. The trajectories for fusion-fission were used to determine the fusion probability. Fusion probabilities for both reactions are identical as function of the center-of-mass energy, but they differ when plotted as function of the excitation energy. The calculated evaporation residue cross sections for the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{238}$$U using a statistical model showed that sub-barrier fusion reaction can be applied to form the element 112.

論文

Investigation of fission properties and evaporation residue measurement in the reactions using $$^{238}$$U target nucleus

西尾 勝久; 池添 博; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; 有友 嘉浩; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gorshkov, A.*; Graeger, R.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 17, p.09005_1 - 09005_4, 2011/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:50.02

Fission fragment mass distributions after full momentum transfer of the projectile were measured in the reactions using a $$^{238}$$U target nucleus bombarded by $$^{30}$$Si, $$^{31}$$P, $$^{34,36}$$S, $$^{40}$$Ar, $$^{40,48}$$Ca projectiles. We observed a strong variation of the distribution as function of bombarding energy. The results were interpreted by the effects of nuclear deformation of the target nucleus on the competition between fusion and quasifission. The symmetric fission includes fusion-fission, wheres as the asymmetric fission represents quasifission. The fusion probabilities were determined with the help of fluctuation-dissipation model. The estimated evaporation residue cross sections ($$^{263,264}$$Sg and $$^{267,268}$$Hs) produced in $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U and $$^{34}$$S+$$^{238}$$U reproduced the experimental data.

論文

Maki parameter and upper critical field of the heavy-fermion superconductor UBe$$_{13}$$

清水 悠晴*; 池田 陽一*; 若林 琢巳*; 芳賀 芳範; 天谷 健一*; 日高 宏之*; 柳澤 達也*; 網塚 浩*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(9), p.093701_1 - 093701_4, 2011/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:48.16(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Low-temperature specific heat measurements under magnetic field were performed on a single crystal UBe$$_{13}$$. The specific heat shows a $$T^3$$ behavior below $$sim$$0.7 $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$, where $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$ is the superconducting transition temperature, suggesting the existence of point nodes in the superconducting gap. Together with the isotropic behavior of the upper critical magnetic field, the symmetry of the Cooper paring is discussed.

論文

Specific heat and magnetization studies of the superconducting mixed state of UBe$$_{13}$$

清水 悠晴*; 池田 陽一*; 若林 琢巳*; 天谷 健一*; 芳賀 芳範; 日高 宏之*; 柳澤 達也*; 網塚 浩*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA100_1 - SA100_3, 2011/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:87.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Low-temperature specific heat and static dc magnetization measurements have been performed in the superconducting state of the heavy-fermion compound UBe$$_{13}$$. The superconducting phase diagram was obtained from these measurements. We obtained Ginzburg-Landau parameter as a function of temperature and showed that a paramagnetic effect is present down to 0.5 K.

論文

Magnetization in the superconducting mixed state of the heavy-fermion compound UBe$$_{13}$$

清水 悠晴*; 池田 陽一*; 若林 琢巳*; 天谷 健一*; 芳賀 芳範; 日高 宏之*; 柳澤 達也*; 網塚 浩*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 273, p.012084_1 - 012084_4, 2011/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:31.5

Static dc magnetization measurements in the superconducting mixed state of a single crystal UBe$$_{13}$$ were performed by means of a capacitance Faraday-force method down to 0.24 K. Below the upper critical field $$B_{c2}$$, not only a peak effect but also an additional broad anomaly have been observed in magnetization curves. We report superconducting phase diagram of UBe$$_{13}$$ obtained by our magnetization measurements, including these anomalies.

報告書

HTTR高圧ガス製造施設の保守管理

関田 健司; 新垣 悦史; 若林 宏

JAEA-Technology 2010-036, 42 Pages, 2010/11

JAEA-Technology-2010-036.pdf:2.9MB

高温工学試験研究炉(以下、HTTR)では、高圧ガス製造施設として液化窒素製造施設が設置されており、1次ヘリウム純化設備及び2次ヘリウム純化設備のコールドチャコールトラップ、また、1次ヘリウムサンプリング設備及び2次ヘリウムサンプリング設備のガスクロマトグラフ質量分析計の不純物ガストラップに液体窒素を使用している。HTTRの液化窒素製造施設は、法令に基づいて定期自主検査を行っており、その結果、各項目とも規定値の範囲内であることから、設備の維持管理は適切である。また、これまでの液体窒素貯蔵タンクの液位監視の実績、及び原子炉運転中及び原子炉停止中における液体窒素の消費量から、貯蔵タンクへの充填時期,充填回数及び充填量を考慮した効率的かつ有効な液体窒素の使用量を明確にした。本報は、これまでに行ってきた定期自主検査の実施方法及び結果、さらに、設備の管理方法と実績についてまとめたものである。

報告書

HTTRヘリウムサンプリング設備の保守管理

関田 健司; 江森 恒一; 黒羽 操; 君島 悟; 若林 宏

JAEA-Testing 2006-001, 49 Pages, 2006/06

JAEA-Testing-2006-001.pdf:6.24MB

高温工学試験研究炉(以下、HTTR)では、炉内構造物に耐熱性に優れた黒鉛構造物を用いているが、黒鉛構造物は、酸化による材料強度の劣化を招く恐れがあるため、冷却材であるヘリウムガス中の不純物濃度を厳しく管理している。この不純物濃度を高精度で測定するためにヘリウムサンプリング設備が設置されている。本設備で使用しているガスクロマトグラフ質量分析計は、使用状態が長期に及ぶ場合、分解能を維持するために、装置を停止して再調整する必要がある。この作業には数日間を要し、この間は不純物濃度の測定を中断せざるを得ない。そこで、ガスクロマトグラフ質量分析計をもう1台設置し、測定系を改善することで、不純物濃度の測定が安定して行えるようになった。また、高精度の微量水分計は、測定範囲を大きく超える水分濃度を計測した場合、その後の計測に長期間に渡り影響がでる。そこで、サンプリング系統内に高い水分濃度の残留が予想される場合のパージ操作手順及び微量水分計の起動手順を確立し、水分濃度の測定が安定して行えるようになった。本報は、ヘリウムサンプリング設備の維持管理を目的に実施してきた保守項目,改善等についてまとめたものである。

報告書

HTTR後備停止系不具合の調査報告書

濱本 真平; 飯垣 和彦; 清水 厚志; 澤畑 洋明; 近藤 誠; 小山 直; 河野 修一; 小林 正一; 川本 大樹; 鈴木 尚; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2006-030, 58 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Technology-2006-030.pdf:10.69MB

日本原子力研究開発機構が所有する高温工学試験研究炉(HTTR)の反応度制御設備は、制御棒系と後備停止系の、動作原理の異なる二つの独立した系統で構成されている。通常運転時、原子炉の反応度を制御するとともに、運転時の異常な過渡変化時及び事故時に安全かつ確実に原子炉を停止させるものである。後備停止系は、万一制御棒系のみで原子炉を停止できない場合に、中性子吸収材である炭化ホウ素ペレットを炉心内に重力落下させ、いかなる運転状態からも原子炉を停止する機能を有するものであり、炭化ホウ素ペレットと、ペレットを収めるホッパ,電動プラグ,後備停止系駆動機構,ガイドチューブ等で構成されている。HTTRでは、平成16年7月26日から平成17年3月4日までの計画で、施設定期検査を実施してきたところ、2月21日の後備停止系の作動試験時に、本装置の16基のうち1基が正常に動作しないことがわかった。調査の結果、後備停止系が正常に動作しなかった原因は、後備停止系を駆動するモータの上部のオイルシールが変形したことによってグリースから分離した油がブレーキに到達し、ブレーキの磨耗した粉と混合することによって粘着物となり、粘着物がブレーキの解除を阻害したことによって、モータの駆動を妨げたことがわかった。

論文

Acoustic emission and disturbances in central solenoid model coil for international thermonuclear experimental reactor

新井 和邦*; 二ノ宮 晃*; 石郷岡 猛*; 高野 克敏*; 中嶋 秀夫; Michael, P.*; Vieira, R.*; Martovetsky, N.*; Sborchia, C.*; Alekseev, A.*; et al.

Cryogenics, 44(1), p.15 - 27, 2004/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:83.41(Thermodynamics)

ITER計画のもとで中心ソレノイド・モデル・コイルの試験を行い、コイルで発生するAE信号を直流運転時に測定した。その結果、コイルで発生するAE信号は、超伝導導体で発生する交流損失と関係があることが明らかになった。このことは、コイルの繰り返し通電時の撚線の動き及び素線間接触の剥がれにより交流損失が発生し、それらの動きをAE信号として測定したことを示している。また、AE信号はコイルのバランス電圧で見られる電圧スパイクとも関係があり、機械的攪乱が存在していることが明らかとなった。このことから、CSモデル・コイルにおいては、機械的攪乱の発生場所はAE信号及び電圧スパイクの情報を用いることで求めることが可能である。

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