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論文

Impact of the Ce$$4f$$ states in the electronic structure of the intermediate-valence superconductor CeIr$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 雀部 矩正*; 佐藤 芳樹*; 清水 悠晴*; 仲村 愛*; Maruya, A.*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Electronic Structure (Internet), 5(4), p.045009_1 - 045009_7, 2023/11

The electronic structure of the $$f$$-based superconductor $$mathrm{CeIr_3}$$ was studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. The energy distribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was revealed by the $$mathrm{Ce}~3d-4f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was mostly distributed in the vicinity of the Fermi energy, suggesting the itinerant character of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state. The contribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state to the density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy was estimated to be nearly half of that of the$$mathrm{Ir}~5d$$ states, implying that the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state has aconsiderable contribution to the DOS at the Fermi energy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ core-level and $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ X-ray absorption spectra were analyzed based on a single-impurity Anderson model. The number of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state in the ground state was estimated to be 0.8-0.9, which is much larger than the values obtained in the previous studies (i.e., 0-0.4).

論文

Strongly renormalized quasiparticles in UPt$$_3$$

川崎 郁斗; 竹内 一陽*; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 108(16), p.165127_1 - 165127_9, 2023/10

We performed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X rays to investigate the electronic structure of the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$. The overall band structure revealed by the present ARPES measurements is compared with density-functional calculations for UPt$$_3$$ and the non-$$5f$$ reference compound ThPt$$_3$$. We showed that the calculation for ThPt$$_3$$ gives a better description of the experimental band structure, except for the $$5f$$-derived heavy quasiparticle bands. This situation is reminiscent of Ce-based heavy-fermion systems, whose band structures are often very similar to those of non-$$4f$$ La-based compounds. The narrow heavy quasiparticle bands are located just below the Fermi level ($$E_{rm F}$$), and their band structure could not be resolved by the present energy resolution. We also showed that most of the U $$5f$$ spectral weight exists not as the coherent heavy-fermion bands but as incoherent components that distribute over a wide energy range, spanning from near $$E_{rm F}$$ to approximately 2 eV. This result indicates that the heavy quasiparticle bands are enormously renormalized by the electron correlation effect. Additionally, we showed that the spectral intensity of the heavy-fermion bands is almost temperature independent, at least up to 100 K, where the magnetic susceptibility follows a Curie-Weiss behavior.

論文

Impact of the ground-state 4${it f}$ symmetry for anisotropic ${it cf}$ hybridization in the heavy-fermion superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

藤原 秀紀*; 中谷 泰博*; 荒谷 秀和*; 金井 惟奈*; 山神 光平*; 濱本 諭*; 木須 孝幸*; 山崎 篤志*; 東谷 篤志*; 今田 真*; et al.

Physical Review B, 108(16), p.165121_1 - 165121_10, 2023/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.00(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the ground-state symmetry of the Ce 4${it f}$ states in the heavy-fermion superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$, yielding anisotropic ${it cf}$ hybridization between the Ce 4${it f}$ states and conducting electrons. By analyzing linear dichroism in soft X-ray absorption and core-level hard X-ray photoemission spectra, the 4${it f}$ symmetry is determined as $$Sigma$$-type $$Gamma$$$$_{7}$$, promoting predominant hybridization with the conducting electrons originating from the Ge site. The band structures probed by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission indicates that the Ge 4${it p}$ components contribute to the band renormalization through the anisotropic hybridization effects, suggesting that the control of the electronic structures of Ge orbital gives an impact to achieve the exotic phenomena in CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$.

論文

Element-specific insight into ferromagnetic stability in UCoGe revealed by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

竹田 幸治; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 108(8), p.085129_1 - 085129_10, 2023/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.00(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the element-specific electronic states and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe and Ru-substituted U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge using soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments. YCoGe, a nonmagnetic compound without the 5$$f$$ electrons, was also examined as a reference material. The shapes of the XMCD spectra of UCoGe at the U $$N_mathrm{5}$$ and Ge $$L_mathrm{2,3}$$ edges are indistinguishably similar to those of U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge. On the other hand, the XMCD spectral shape at the Co $$L_mathrm{2}$$ edge is very peculiar and is changed by the existence of the U 5$$f$$ electrons and the Ru substitution. From the sum rule analysis for the XMCD spectra, it was found that the magnetic moments of the U 5$$f$$ and Co 3$$d$$ electrons in UCoGe and U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge are aligned in the same direction under the present experimental conditions; $$T$$ = 5.5 - 50 K and $$mu_mathrm{0}H$$ = 0 - 10 T. Furthermore, even in the case of YCoGe, the Co 3$$d$$ electrons have a large orbital magnetic moment, suggesting that the Co 3$$d$$ electrons in these compounds are in a low symmetric electronic environment originally. Through the $$T$$- and $$mu_mathrm{0}H$$-dependence of the XMCD intensity, it was revealed that the magnetic properties at the Co site are not simply induced by the magnetism at the U site and that the Co 3$$d$$ electrons play an important role in the stability of ferromagnetism.

論文

Quasiparticle state in 4$$f$$ localized ferromagnet CeRu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 大貫 惇睦*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(6), p.064709_1 - 064709_8, 2023/06

The electronic state of 4$$f$$ localized ferromagnet CeRu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ has been investigated by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (APRES) experiments using soft X rays. The band structure and Fermi surfaces consisting of non-4$$f$$ bands are almost consistent with a calculation based on the density-functional theory for LaRu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$, thus confirming a localized character of the 4$$f$$ electrons. On the other hand, the Ce 3$$d$$-4$$f$$ resonant ARPES experiments demonstrated that the 4$$f$$ spectral function is dominated by $$f^{1}$$ components in the vicinity of the Fermi level and thus is different from that expected for a localized electron system. We also revealed that the intensities of the $$f^{1}$$ components have almost no temperature dependence up to at least 100 K, which is two orders of magnitude larger than the Kondo temperature of CeRu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$.

論文

Weyl-Kondo semimetal behavior in the chiral structure phase of Ce$$_{3}$$Rh$$_{4}$$Sn$$_{13}$$

岩佐 和晃*; Suyama, Kazuya*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次; Raymond, S.*; Steffens, P.*; Yamada, Akira*; 松田 達磨*; 青木 勇二*; 川崎 郁斗; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 7(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_11, 2023/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:62.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The spin dynamics, crystalline-electric-field (CEF) level scheme, specific heat, and X-ray photoemission spectra (XPS) of Ce$$_{3}$$Rh$$_{4}$$Sn$$_{13}$$ were investigated, which exhibits anomalous semimetal transport in the chiral crystallographic phase. CEF excitations observed at approximately 7 and 39 meV are consistent with the two inequivalent Ce-ion cites in the chiral structure. Because of broader CEF excitations and a strong 4$$f^{1}$$ peak at the Fermi level in the Ce 4$$f$$ on-resonance spectrum, the hybridized Ce 4$$f$$ electrons contribute to the semimetal carriers. In addition, the spin fluctuation associated with the Kramers doublet ground state is characterized by the peak located at 0.15 meV. The electronic state involving the spin fluctuation causes the $$T^{3}$$ behavior of specific heat below 0.6 K, which is attributed to linear dispersion relations of electrons of the Weyl Kondo semimetal in the chiral-lattice symmetry.

論文

Electronic structure of ThPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$; Impact of the U $$5f$$ states on the electronic structure of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.00(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$, which is isostructural to the heavy fermion superconductor $$mathrm{UPd_2 Al_3}$$, was investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy. The band structure and Fermi surfaces of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ were obtained by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and the results were well-explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation. The comparison between the ARPES spectra and the band-structure calculation suggests that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ mainly consists of the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ and $$mathrm{Th}~6d$$ states with a minor contribution from the $$mathrm{Pd}~4d$$ states. The comparison of the band structures between $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ and $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ argues that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states form Fermi surfaces in $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ through hybridization with the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ state in the $$mathrm{Al}$$ layer, suggesting that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ has a strong three-dimensional nature.

論文

Electronic structure of the intermediate-valence compound EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 104(16), p.165124_1 - 165124_8, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.00(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We carried out angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) experiments using soft X rays to investigate the electronic structure of the intermediate valence compound EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$. Both the Eu$$^{2+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ components arising from the 4$$f^6$$ and 4$$f^5$$ final states were observed in the valence spectra, directly confirming an intermediate character of Eu ions. The three-dimensional band structure was studied by ARPES measurements, and we found that the ARPES spectra up to just below the Fermi level can well be explained by a calculation based on the density-functional theory for the non-4$$f$$ reference compound SrNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$. The heavy-fermion bands in EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$ are thus considered to be formed through the hybridization between the dispersive valence bands, which resemble those for SrNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$, and the Eu$$^{2+}$$ components located at the very vicinity of the Fermi level.

論文

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ in paramagnetic phase; Three-dimensional angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Electronic Structure (Internet), 3(2), p.024008_1 - 024008_8, 2021/06

The three-dimensional (3D) electronic structure of the hidden order compound $$mathrm{URu_2Si_2}$$ in a paramagnetic phase was revealed using a 3D angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy where the electronic structure of the entire Brillouin zone is obtained by scanning both incident photon energy and detection angles of photoelectrons. The quasi-particle bands with enhanced contribution from the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state were observed near $$E_mathrm{F}$$, formed by the hybridization with the $$mathrm{Ru}~4d$$ states. The energy dispersion of the quasi-particle band is significantly depend on$$k_z$$, indicating that they inherently have a 3D nature. The band-structure calculation qualitatively explain the characteristic features of the band structure and Fermi surface although the electron correlation effect strongly renormalizes the quasi-particle bands. The 3D and strongly-correlated nature of the quasi-particle bands in$$mathrm{URu_2Si_2}$$ is an essential ingredient for modeling its hidden-order transition.

論文

Core-level photoelectron spectroscopy study of UTe$$_{2}$$

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(1), p.015002_1 - 015002_2, 2021/01

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:79.65(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The valence state of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ was studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy. The main peak position of the $$mathrm{U}~4f$$ core-level spectrum of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ coincides with that of $$mathrm{UB}_2$$, which is anitinerant compound with a nearly $$5f^3$$ configuration. However, the main peak of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ is broader than that of$$mathrm{UB}_2$$, and satellite structures are observed in the higher binding energy side of the main peak, which are characteristics of mixed-valence uranium compounds. These results suggest that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state in $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ isin a mixed valence state with a dominant contribution from the itinerant$$5f^3$$ configuration.

論文

Direct observation of the magnetic ordering process in the ferromagnetic semiconductor Ga$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$As via soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

竹田 幸治; 大矢 忍*; Pham, N. H.*; 小林 正起*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 藤森 淳*

Journal of Applied Physics, 128(21), p.213902_1 - 213902_11, 2020/12

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:47.37(Physics, Applied)

In order to understand the mechanism of the ferromagnetism in Ga$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$As ((Ga,Mn)As), we have investigated the magnetic behavior on a microscopic level through systematic temperature ($$T$$) and magnetic-field ($$H$$) dependent soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments at the Mn $$L_mathrm{2,3}$$ absorption edges. The $$T$$ and $$H$$ dependences of XMCD intensities have been analyzed using a model consisting of the ferromagnetic (FM), paramagnetic, and superparamagnetic (SPM) components. Intriguingly, we have found a common behavior for the ferromagnetic ordering process in (Ga,Mn)As samples with different Mn concentrations and different Curie temperature ($$T_mathrm{C}$$) values. In particular, the SPM component develops well above $$T_mathrm{C}$$, indicating that local FM regions are formed well above $$T_mathrm{C}$$. The present findings indicate that the onset of ferromagnetic ordering is triggered by local electronic states around the substitutional Mn ions. Insight into the most representative ferromagnetic semiconductor, (Ga,Mn)As, will be an important step in understanding the mechanism of ferromagnetic ordering in various ferromagnetic semiconductor families.

論文

最先端の研究開発,日本原子力研究開発機構,3; 原子科学の最先端を拓く

Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; 矢板 毅; 山上 浩志; 家田 淳一; 神戸 振作; 石川 法人

日本原子力学会誌ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 62(5), p.280 - 284, 2020/05

先端基礎研究センターで行っている研究を紹介する。(1)人工元素アインスタイニウムを用いた実験(安定の島に向かう超重原子核の核分裂と電子軌道のイオン半径)、(2)電子のスピンを駆使した新しいエネルギー変換仕組み、(3)磁場に負けない超伝導、(4)放射線環境中のセラミックスがもつ自己修復能力

論文

Electronic structure of trivalent compound EuPd$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_6, 2020/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:30.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

EuPd$$_3$$ is a rare Eu-based compound, whose Eu ions are in a trivalent state. The electronic structure of EuPd$$_3$$ was investigated by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) using soft X rays. Eu$$^{3+}$$ components arising from the 4f$$^5$$ final state multiplet were clearly observed in the valence spectra, and no Eu$$^{2+}$$ components were observed within an experimental accuracy, confirming a robust Eu$$^{3+}$$ state. The band structure and Fermi surfaces revealed by ARPES measurements were compared to the band structure calculations based on the density-functional theory for LaPd$$_3$$ andYPd$$_3$$. We found that the calculation for LaPd$$_3$$ provides a better description for our ARPES results. The effective electron masses estimated from the ARPES spectra near the Fermi level are in good agreement with the corresponding cyclotron effective masses in previous de Haas-van Alphen experiments.

論文

Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$

小畠 雅明; 吉井 賢資; 福田 竜生; 川崎 郁斗; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 矢板 毅; 針井 一哉; 家田 淳一; 岡安 悟; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011192_1 - 011192_6, 2020/03

スピンゼーベック効果を示す系として注目されているPt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$(YIG)系に対し、放射光を用いた硬X線光電子分光(HAXPES)により表面及び界面の電子状態測定を行った。本系ではスピンゼーベック効果のほかに特異な性質を示すことが報告されている。例えば、外部磁場が存在しない状況でもホール効果を発現する。この起源として、YIG中のFe$$^{3+}$$イオンがPt膜に染み出し、磁性を持つ金属間化合物を生成している可能性が提案されている。そこでHAXPESの分析深さを利用し、界面近傍の鉄イオン等の電子状態を測定した。Ptの厚みが2nm, 5nm, 8nm, 10nmの試料を測定したところ、2nmと5nmの試料において鉄イオンの分析を行うことができた。Fe 1s光電子スペクトルからは、鉄イオンが3+のものと金属的な0価に近い2つの状態が存在することが判明し、上記の可能性を支持する結果が得られた。Pt 4fやO 1sスペクトルなども測定しており、詳しい結果は当日報告する。

論文

Electronic structure of UTe$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(10), p.103701_1 - 103701_5, 2019/10

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:86.81(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of the unconventional superconductor $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ was studied by resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (RPES) and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. The partial $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ density of states of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ were imaged by the $$mathrm{U}~4d$$ - $$5f$$ RPES and it was found that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state has an itinerant character, but there exists an incoherent peak due to the strong electron correlation effects. Furthermore, an anomalous admixture of the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states into the $$mathrm{Te}~5p$$ bands was observed at a higher binding energy, which cannot be explained by band structure calculations. On the other hand, the band structure of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ was obtained by ARPES and its overall band structure were mostly explained by band structure calculations. These results suggest that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ have itinerant but strongly-correlated nature with enhanced hybridization with the $$mathrm{Te}~5p$$ states.

論文

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_{rm C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

坂本 祥哉*; Tu, N. T.*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; 若林 勇希*; 芝田 悟朗*; 堀尾 眞史*; 池田 啓祐*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

The electronic structure and the magnetism of the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb, whose Curie temperature $$T_{rm C}$$ can exceed room temperature, were investigated by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonance photoemission spectroscopy (RPES). The line-shape analyses of the XAS and XMCD spectra suggest that the ferromagnetism is of intrinsic origin. The orbital magnetic moments deduced using XMCD sum rules were found to be large, indicating that there is a considerable 3$$d^{6}$$ contribution to the ground state of Fe. From RPES, we observed a strong dispersive Auger peak and nondispersive resonantly enhanced peaks in the valence-band spectra. The latter is a fingerprint of the correlated nature of Fe 3$$d$$ electrons, whereas the former indicates their itinerant nature. It was also found that the Fe 3$$d$$ states have a finite contribution to the density of states at the Fermi energy. These states, presumably consisting of majority-spin $$p$$-$$d$$ hybridized states or minority-spin e states, would be responsible for the ferromagnetic order in this material.

論文

Electronic states of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:40.86(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have carried out angle-integrated photoemission spectroscopy (AIPES) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X-rays on single crystals of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ grown by the Bridgman method to investigate their electronic structures. The AIPES results showed that the Eu ions in EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are in a divalent state and a nearly trivalent state, respectively, in accord with the previously reported magnetic properties. The three-dimensional band structures and shapes of the Fermi surfaces of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were studied by ARPES measurements. We found that the band structures near the Fermi level and Fermi surfaces of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are very different from each other and are well reproduced by the band structure calculations based on density-functional theory for SrCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and YCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. This suggests that a charge transfer from the localized 4$$f$$ states into the valence bands is responsible for the difference in the electronic states between EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$.

論文

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_{rm C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

坂本 祥哉*; Tu, N. T.*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; 若林 勇希*; 芝田 悟朗*; 堀尾 眞史*; 池田 啓祐*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:64.97(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure and the magnetism of the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb, whose Curie temperature $$T_{rm C}$$ can exceed room temperature, were investigated by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonance photoemission spectroscopy (RPES). The line-shape analyses of the XAS and XMCD spectra suggest that the ferromagnetism is of intrinsic origin. The orbital magnetic moments deduced using XMCD sum rules were found to be large, indicating that there is a considerable 3$$d^{6}$$ contribution to the ground state of Fe. From RPES, we observed a strong dispersive Auger peak and nondispersive resonantly enhanced peaks in the valence-band spectra. The latter is a fingerprint of the correlated nature of Fe 3$$d$$ electrons, whereas the former indicates their itinerant nature. It was also found that the Fe 3$$d$$ states have a finite contribution to the density of states at the Fermi energy. These states would be responsible for the ferromagnetic order in this material.

論文

Manifestation of electron correlation effect in 5$$f$$ states of uranium compounds revealed by 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:52.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the $$mathrm{U}$$ 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained $$mathrm{U}~5$$ pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side ($$lesssim 1~mathrm{eV}$$) in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the $$mathrm{U}~5$$ state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard-$$U$$ type mechanism takes an essential role in the $$5f$$ electronic structure of actinide materials.

論文

Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study on UGe$$_{2}$$

竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.171 - 174, 2018/11

In order to investigate the electronic and magnetic states of UGe$$_{2}$$ element-specifically, we have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments at the U N$$_{4,5}$$ and Ge L$$_{2,3}$$ absorption edges. We have detected the XMCD signals at both the U and Ge sites and observed clear hysteresis loops in the ferromagnetic (FM) state at T = 5.5 K. From the branching ratio B, it is found that the occupation number of 5f electrons (n$$^{5f}$$) in UGe$$_{2}$$ is close to 3. In addition, applying the magneto-optical sum rules analysis to the XMCD spectrum at the U N$$_{4,5}$$ edges, the ratio of orbital magnetic moment to the spin magnetic moment (-M$$_{L}$$/M$$_{S}$$) is estimated to be 2.17. These values of B and -M$$_{L}$$/M$$_{S}$$ are comparable compared with the results of other FM superconductors: URhGe and UCoGe

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