Genshiryoku No Ima To Ashita, p.109 - 111, 2019/03
The Atomic Energy Society of Japan has planned to publish a document for public, entitled "Current and tomorrow of atomic energy, -Experiences from the accident at the Tokyo Electronic Power Company Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs-". The documents give us basics and usages of radiations, in addition to nuclear power plants and the accident at TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs. This manuscript explains physical quantities (e.g., absorbed dose), protection quantities and operational quantities that are used for radiation measurement and protection. The unit of radioactivity is also explained, because radioactivity is measured for work places in a radiation facility for internal exposure protection. In addition, radiation dose constants that relate radiation dose to the activity are also introduced, as useful radiation units for radiation protection.
Osawa, Hideaki; Hirose, Yukio*; Onuma, Susumu*; Otomo, Shoji*
Shakai Anzengaku Kenkyu, 9, p.145 - 160, 2019/03
We compared decision-making process on selection of management policy for high-level radioactive waste between Switzerland and UK by document review. The decision-making was performed extraction of options, establishment of comparative criteria, assessment and selection of options in turn. As comparative criteria, safety and intergenerational fairness etc. were considered to be important. The position of 'Deal with it now by waste disposal' emphasizing the responsibility of the present generation had a trade-off relation with that of 'Leave it until later by long-term storage' emphasizing the rights of future generations. The sense of values, recusing HLW repository as so-called troublesome facility against future and present generation, appeared to be mitigated through the consideration of trade-off relation described above. As a result, both countries have chosen waste disposal considering reversibility of decisions and retrievability of radioactive waste.
Kitade, Yuta; Tamai, Hiroshi; Tazaki, Makiko; Shimizu, Ryo; Kimura, Takashi; Nakanishi, Hiroaki; Suda, Kazunori
Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Dai-39-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/11
Regional Safeguards is considered as one of the measures for strengthening IAEA safeguards and its concept is recognized at NPT Review Conference and also NSG Guidelines amended in 2011. This Study examines the elements for the proper establishment of Regional Safeguards.
Ozu, Akira; Maeda, Makoto; Komeda, Masao; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Toh, Yosuke
Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Dai-38-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/04
no abstracts in English
Iyatomi, Yosuke; Mikake, Shinichiro; Matsui, Hiroya
JAEA-Review 2018-004, 42 Pages, 2018/03
The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. The three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. This report focuses on "Development of groundwater management technology" for "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", which is one of those important issues. The concentrations of naturally occurring fluorine and boron dissolved in groundwater pumped from shafts and horizontal tunnels at MIU, are reduced to the levels below the environmental standards at a water treatment facility. The development of groundwater management technologies including such groundwater treatment is one key issue for large-scale underground facility construction. With this background, literature survey related to investigations on the latest treatment technologies for removing fluorine and boron from waste water were conducted and applicability of the technologies to MIU were reviewed. Additionally, the countermeasures against rocks, soils and groundwater contining naturally occurring heavy metals were summarized. The literature survey results indicated that the adsorbent was able to remove fluorine and boron, and the coprecipitation was able to remove fluorine to the levels below their respective environmental standards. However, the ground water at MIU contains suspended solids and cement due to excavation, its removal rates of fluorine and boron are different from the ones of general waste water. From this point, it concluded that the present groundwater treatment method performed at MIU: coagulation treatment for removal of fluorine and control of pH primary, and adsorbent treatment for removed boron is appropriated.
Watanabe, Yusuke; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Kubota, Mitsuru; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki
JAEA-Data/Code 2018-002, 108 Pages, 2018/03
Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2016 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.
Takahashi, Tadao*; Sato, Toshinori; Masunaga, Kosuke
JAEA-Review 2017-030, 60 Pages, 2018/01
The amount of the information such as the data, models and analysis results related to geological environment has been enormous. It is believed that an appropriate organization of the information is useful for conducting geological environment survey work at the candidate sites of geological disposal. The Survey on Geological Disposal Technology projects commissioned by METI that started in FY2015 handles various information such as the data, models, analysis results, etc. of geological environment. In this project, in preparation for collection and compilation of the information on geological environment in coastal areas, we have made clear the current status of the existing systems including databases. At the same time, we have created measures for centralized information management for the purpose of organizing a huge amount of information as well as sharing the information and information management systems among the related organizations.
Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator
JAEA-Review 2017-027, 142 Pages, 2018/01
The Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator is in charge of the operation, utilization and technical development of JRR-3 (Japan Research Reactor No.3), JRR-4 (Japan Research Reactor No.4), NSRR (Nuclear Safety Research Reactor), Tandem Accelerator and RI Production Facility. This annual report describes the activities of our department in fiscal year of 2015.
Tamai, Hiroshi; Tazaki, Makiko; Suda, Kazunori
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(1), p.25 - 29, 2018/01
IAEA Low Enriched Uranium Bank, which is one of international management initiatives of nuclear materials operated by IAEA, will be realized soon. During increasing concern on proliferation risk of sensitive nuclear technologies as well as in this century the potential acquisition by terrorists, the IAEA bank will offer the fuel assurance aiming at decreasing incentive for acquiring those sensitive technologies. Throughout the argument on the criteria for the fuel supply, the bank site and its requirement have been established and will be in operation next year. The background, significance, and development of this initiative are described.
Ozu, Akira; Komeda, Masao; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Nakashima, Shinichi
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(12), p.700 - 704, 2017/12
no abstracts in English
Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furusawa, Akinori; Torimoto, Kazuhiro; Ueda, Masashi; Fukuda, Naoaki*; Hirao, Kazuyuki*
E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 9(2), p.52 - 59, 2017/08
no abstracts in English
Tamai, Hiroshi; Okubo, Ayako; Kimura, Yoshiki; Shinohara, Nobuo; Tazaki, Makiko; Shimizu, Ryo; Suda, Kazunori; Tomikawa, Hirofumi
Proceedings of INMM 58th Annual Meeting (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/07
Nuclear forensics is a technical measure to analyse and collate samples of illegally used nuclear materials, etc., to clarify their origins, routes, etc. and contribute to criminal identifications. Close collaboration with police and judicial organizations is essential. The national response framework is being built up with international cooperation. Discussions on promoting technical capability and regional cooperation are presented.
Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 22, 4 Pages, 2017/05
In the development of the simulation code and the numerical estimation for high cycle thermal fatigue on a structure caused by thermal striping phenomena in sodium cooled fast reactors, implementation of verification and validation (V&V) process is indispensable. A procedure named V2UP (Verification and Validation plus Uncertainty quantification and Prediction) has been made by referring to the existing guidelines regarding the V&V and the methodologies of the safety assessment. In this paper, a challenging installation of quality management procedures into the V2UP procedure is attempted based on the JSCES Standard for "A Model Procedure for Engineering Simulation".
Hino, Ryutaro; Takegami, Hiroaki; Yamazaki, Yukie; Ogawa, Toru
JAEA-Review 2016-038, 294 Pages, 2017/03
In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident, safety measures against hydrogen in severe accident have been recognized as a serious technical problem in Japan. Therefore, efforts have begun to form a common knowledge base between nuclear engineers and experts on combustion and explosion, and to secure and improve future nuclear energy safety. As one of such activities, we have prepared the "Handbook of Advanced Nuclear Hydrogen Safety" under the Advanced Nuclear Hydrogen Safety Research Program funded by the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The concepts of the handbook are as follows: to show advanced nuclear hydrogen safety technologies that nuclear engineers should understand, to show hydrogen safety points to make combustion-explosion experts cooperate with nuclear engineers, to expand information on water radiolysis considering the situation from just after the Fukushima accidents and to the waste management necessary for decommissioning after the accident, etc.
Tamai, Hiroshi; Okubo, Ayako; Kimura, Yoshiki; Kokaji, Lisa; Shinohara, Nobuo; Tomikawa, Hirofumi
Dai-37-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nippon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/02
Nuclear Forensics capability has been developed under the international collaborations. For its effective function, technical development in analysis of seized nuclear materials as well as the institutional development in comprehensive response framework are required under individual national responsibility. In order to keep the "chain of custody" in the proper operation of sample collection at the event scene, radiological analysis at the laboratory, storage of the samples, and further inspection and trial, close cooperation and information sharing between relevant organisations are essential. IAEA issues the Implementing Guide to provide the model action plan and assists individual national development. International cooperation for the technical improvement and awareness cultivation is promoted. Examples in such national developments will be introduced and prospective technical/institutional prerequisite for nuclear forensics response framework will be studied.
Kawatsuma, Shinji; Nakai, Koji; Suzuki, Yoshiharu; Kase, Takeshi
QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 81, 2016/12
Radiation Tolerance of semiconductor components on the shelf, utilized on the robots for emergency response or decommissioning in nuclear facilities, should be estimated. Just after the Fukushima Daiichi NPPs accidents occurred, a guideline, of irradiation tolerance estimation and management method of semiconductor components on the shelf, was tried to be made based on the old database developed in the course of Bilateral Servo Manipulator under the high radiation and high contamination environments. The estimation was conservative, because the data in the database were old and mainly based on the test results of silicon semiconductors. Ga-As Semiconductors are coming major recently, and expected to be higher radiation tolerance. For those reason, present semiconductor devices have irradiated and the irradiation tolerance have estimated.
Ozu, Akira; Komeda, Masao; Kureta, Masatoshi; Zaima, Naoki; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Nakashima, Shinichi
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 15(2), p.115 - 127, 2016/06
A non-destructive assay system using the fast neutron direct interrogation method has been developed to put its method into practical use for the determination of uranium (U) mass contained in actual uranium-contaminated waste drums. The method is capable of measuring the fissile mass in a drum by counting the number of fission neutrons resulting from nuclear fission reactions between the fissile materials contained in a drum and thermal neutrons generated by 14 MeV fast neutrons irradiated from outside the drum. The performance test employing simulated metal waste drums demonstrated that a natural uranium mass of as low as 10 g could be detected within an error of 20% regardless of the distribution of uranium samples in the drum. A demonstration test employing actual waste drums could determine the uranium mass by using a newly developed correction method for deriving the fissile mass in a drum. It has been proved by the experimental validation tests that the assay system equipped with the correction method is very useful for the accountancy of the waste drums.
Shimomura, Yusuke; Hanari, Akira*; Sato, Isamu*; Kitamura, Ryoichi
JAEA-Technology 2015-062, 47 Pages, 2016/03
In response to new standards for regulating waste management facilities, it was carried out impact assessment of forest fires on the waste management facilities existed in Oarai Research and Development Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. At first, a fire spread scenario of forest fires was assumed. The intensity of forest fires was evaluated from field surveys, forest fire evaluation models and so on. As models of forest fire intensity evaluation, Rothermel Model and Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction (FBP) System were used. Impact assessment of radiant heat to the facilities was carried out, and temperature change of outer walls for the assumed forest fires was estimated. The outer wall temperature of facilities was estimated around 160C at the maximum, it was revealed that it doesn't reach allowable temperature limit. Consequently, it doesn't influence the strength of concrete. In addition, a probability of fire breach was estimated to be about 20%. This report illustrates an example of evaluation of forest fires for the new regulatory standards through impact assessment of the forest fires on the waste management facilities.
Yamauchi, Kunihito; Okano, Jun; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Omori, Yoshikazu; Terakado, Tsunehisa; Matsukawa, Makoto; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Fukumoto, Masahiro; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2015-053, 36 Pages, 2016/03
The superconducting Satellite Tokamak machine "JT-60SA" under construction in Naka Fusion Institute is an international collaborative project between Japan (JA) and Europe (EU). The contributions for this project are based on the supply of components, and thus European manufacturer shall conduct the installation, commissioning and tests on Naka site. This means that Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had a quite difficult issue to manage the works by European workers and their safety although there is no direct contract. This report describes the approaches for the work and safety managements, which were agreed with EU after the tough negotiation, and then the completed on-site works for Quench Protection Circuits (QPC) as the first experience for EU in JT-60SA project. With the help of these approaches by JAEA, the EU works for QPC were successfully completed with no accident, and a great achievement was made for both EU and JA.
Koda, Yuya; Tezuka, Masashi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*
JAEA-Technology 2015-050, 74 Pages, 2016/03
The implementation of the decommissioning work is accompanied by long-term period and considerable expense, so it is important that we make the most optimized work scenario in consideration of safety or the work and effectiveness. For this reason, we are studying selection method of the optimal work scenarios as a management index of the manpower and dose etc., in dismantling work for Fugen. In this report, results of a study shows the method of selecting the best scenarios for the heat exchangers of the reactor coolant purification system by evaluating execution multiple work scenarios, as well as evaluating the manpower and dose, etc., moreover by setting the importance of each evaluation item.