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JAEA Reports

Validation of sodium fire analysis code ASSCOPS

Ohno, Shuji; Matsuki, Takuo*

JNC-TN9400 2000-106, 132 Pages, 2000/12


Sodium fire analyses were performed on 7 kinds of sodium leak tests using a computer code ASSCOPS which has been developed to evaluate thermal consequences of sodium leak accident in an FBR plant. By the comparison between the calculated and the test results of gas pressure, gas temperature, sodium catch pan temperature, wall temperature, and of oxygen concentration, it was confirmed that the ASSCOPS code and the parameters used in the analysis give valid or conservative results on thermal consequences of sodium leak and fire.

JAEA Reports

Post irradiation examination of (U,Pu) C and (U,Pu) N fuel for fast reactor; Non-destructive examination result of the fuel pin

; ; ; Matsumoto, Shinichiro

JNC-TN9410 2000-009, 65 Pages, 2000/09


In order to evaluate irradiation behavior of(U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel using fast reactor, (U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel pins were irradiated in JOYO for the fist time in Japan. In this study, one (U, Pu) C fuel pin and two (U, Pu) N fuel pins were irradiated to maximum burn up about 40GWd/t. Post irradiation examination of (U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel pins started in Fuel Monitoring Facility (FMF) at JNC from October 1999, and it ended in March, 2000. The results of non-destructive post irradiation examination reported in this document. Main results are shown in the following. (1)The soundness of all (U,Pu) C and (U,Pu) N fuel pins were confirmed from the non-destructive examination result. (2)The fuel stack elongation of (U,Pu) C and (U,Pu) N is bigger than it of the MOX fuel for fast reactor. (3)The singular behavior from the gamma ray scanning measurement in the stack area was not confirmed. The migration of Cs137 to lower insulator pellet and outside of the pellet was confirmed in (U,Pu) N B9NO2 pin. In (U,Pu) C fuel, the migration of Cs137 was not confirmed. (4)In (U,Pu) C B9CO1 pin and (U,Pu) N B9NO2 pin in which the gap width was small, diameter of cladding increase around 50 $$mu$$m in the stack area which originates for FCMI was confirmed. In (U,Pu) N B9NO1 pin in which the gap width was wide, the ovality which originates from the relocation of the pellet was confirmed. (5)Fission gas release rate of (U,Pu) N were 3.3% and 5.2%, and the low value compared to the MOX fuel was shown.

JAEA Reports

Irradiation tests report of the 35th cycle in "JOYO"


JNC-TN9440 2000-008, 79 Pages, 2000/08


This report summarizes the operating and irradiatlon data of the experimental reactor "JOYO" 35th cycle. Irradiation tests in the 35th cycle are as follows: (1)C-type irradiation rig (C4F) (a)High burnup performance test of advanced austenitic stainless steel cladding fuel pins (in collaboration with France) (2)C-type irradiation rig (C6D) (a)Large diameter fuel pins irradiation tests (3)Core Materials Irradiation Rig (CMIR-5) (a)Cladding tube materials irradiation tests for "MONJU" (4)Structure Materials Irradiation Rigs (SMIR) (a)Decision of material design base standard of structure materials for prototype reactor and large scale reactor (5)Upper core structure irradiation Plug Rig (UPR-1-5) (a)Upper core neutron spectrum effect and accelerated irradiation effect (6)SurVeillance un-instrument Irradiation Rig (SVIR) (a)Confimation of surveillance irradiation condition for "JOYO" (b)Material irradiation tests (based on a contract with universities) The maximum burnup driver assembly "PFD253" reached 67,600 MWd/t (pin average).

JAEA Reports

Evaluation for the transient Burst property of austenitic steel fuel Claddings irradiated as the MONJU type Fuel Assemblies (MFA-1&MFA-2)in FFTF

; ; Sakamoto, Naoki; *; Akasaka, Naoaki;

JNC-TN9400 2000-095, 110 Pages, 2000/07


The effects of high fluence irradiation and swelling on the transient burst properties of austenitic steel fuel claddings; PNC316 and 15Cr-20Ni stcel, which were irradiated as the MONJU type fuel assemblies (MFA-1&MFA-2) in the FFTF reactor, were investigated. The temperature-transient-to-burst tests were conducted on a total of eight irradiation conditions. Fractographic examination and TEM observation were performed in order to evaluate the effect of high dose irradiation on the transient burst property and the relation between failure mechanism and microstructural change during rapid (ramp) heating. The results of the PIE showed that there was no significant effect of irradiation on the transient burst properties of these fuel claddings under the irradiation conditions examined. the results obtained in this study are as follows; (1)The rupture temperature of the irradiated PNC316 fuel cladding of MFA-1 was as same as that of our previous works for the fluence range up to 2.13$$times$$10$$^{27}$$ n/m$$^{2}$$. There was no noticeable decrease in rupture temperature with increasing fluence in lower hoop stress region($$sim$$100MPa). (2)The rupture temperature of the irradiated 15Cr-20Ni fuel cladding of MFA-2 was almost as same as that of as-received cladding for the hoop stress range up to about 200MPa. The rupture temperature did not decrease significantly with fluence. (3)The rupture temperature of the irradiated PNC316 cladding tested at hoop stress 69MPa, which was the design hoop stress for MONJU fuel, was 1055.6$$^{circ}$$C. This suggested that the design cladding maximum temperature limit for MONJU (830$$^{circ}$$C) was conservative. (4)There was no obvious relation between rupture temperature, swelling and microstructural change during transient heating under the irradiation conditions examined.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of Cm contained in irradiated fuel of experimental fast reactor "JOYO"; Development of the analytical technique and measurement of Cm

Osaka, Masahiko; Koyama, Shinichi; Mitsugashira, Toshiaki; ;

JNC-TN9400 2000-058, 49 Pages, 2000/04


The analytical technique for Cm contained in a MOX FUEL was developed and analysis of Cm contained in irradiated fuel of experimental fast reactor "JOYO" was carried out, to contribute to evaluation of transmutation characteristics of MA nuclide in the fast reactor. The procedure of ion-exchange separation of Cm with nitric acid-methanol mixed media essential for the isotopic analysis in irradiated MOX fuel was adopted considering for being rapid and easy. The fundamental test to grasp separation characteristics of this procedure, such as Cm elution position and separation capacity between Cm and Am or Eu, was carried out. ln applying this procedure to the analysis of Cm contained in actual specimen, separation condition was evaluated and optimized, and the procedure consist of impurity removal and Am removal process was devised. This procedure resulted in high recovery rate of Cm and high removal rate of Am and impurity which becomes a problem in sample handling and mass-spectrometry such as Eu and Cs. The Cm separation test from irradiated MOX fuel was carried out using this technique, and Cm isotopic ratio analysis was enabled. The analytical technique for Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel was established using the procedure of ion-exchange separation with nitric acid-methanol mixed media. The analysis of Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel of experimental fast reactor "Joyo" was carried out. As a result, it was revealed from measured data that Cm content rate was 1.4$$sim$$ 4.0$$times$$lO$$^{-3}$$ atom%, small amount of $$^{247}$$Cm was generated and Cm isotopic ratio was constant above burn-up 60GWd/t.

JAEA Reports

JOYO MK-II core plant characteristics test data

JNC-TN9410 2000-010, 72 Pages, 2000/03


The experimental fast reactor JOYO served as the MK-II irradiation bed core for testing fuel and material for FBR development for 16 years from 1982 to 1997. During the MK-II core operation, extensive data were accumulated from the plant characteristic tests. Tests conducted at JOYO included operating characteristic tests for confirming operational safety, performance tests for confirming design performance of the MK-II core, and special tests for research and development ofthe plant. In this report, the outline and the results of each test item are shown. These test data can be provided by the magnet-optical disk.

JAEA Reports

JOYO coolant sodium and cover gas purity control database (MK-II core)

; ; Saikawa, Takuya*; Sukegawa, Kazuya*

JNC-TN9410 2000-008, 66 Pages, 2000/03


The experimental fast reactor "JOYO" served as the MK-II irradiation bed core for testing fuel and material for FBR development for 15 years from 1982 to 1997. During the MK-II operation, impurities concentrations in the sodium and the argon gas were determined by 67 samples of primary sodium, 81 samples of secondary sodium, 75 samples of primary argon gas, 89 samples of secondary argon gas (the overflow tank) and 89 samples of secondary argon gas (the dump tank). The sodium and the argon gas purity control data were accumulated from in thirty-one duty operations, thirteen special test operations and eight annual inspections. These purity control results and related plant data were compiled into database, which were recorded on CD-ROM for user convenience. Purity control data include concentration of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, chlorine, iron, nickel and chromium in sodium, concentration of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane and helium in argon gas with the reactor condition.

JAEA Reports

Development of JOYO plant operation management expert Tool (JOYPET)

; Terano, Toshihiro; ; ;

JNC-TN9410 2000-004, 30 Pages, 2000/03


The Operation and Maintenance Support Systems for JOYO are being developed, with the aim of ensuring the stable and safe operation of JOYO and improving operational reliability of future FBR plants. Plant Operation Management Expert Tool named JOYPET had been developed as one of the Operation and Maintenance Support Systems, which helps plant operation management. The following functions were developed and applied. (1)Papers management (Plant status management) function for maintenance activities (2)Isolation management support function for plant operation (3)Automatically drawing function of plant operation schedule (4)Isolation judgment function for plant operation By use this system, the plant management of JOYO was able to improved reliability and reduced manpower.

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard database for FBR core nuclear design (XI); Analysis of the experimental fast reactor "JOYO" MK-I start up test and oparation data

; Numata, Kazuyuki*

JNC-TN9400 2000-036, 138 Pages, 2000/03


Japan Nuclear Cycle Development lnstitute (JNC) had developed the adjusted nuclear cross-section library in which the results of the JUPITER experiments were renected. Using this adjusted library, the distinct improvement of the accuracy in nuclear design of FBR cores had been achieved. As a recent research, JNC develops a database of other integral data in addition to the JUPITER experiments, aiming at further improvement for accuracy and reliability. ln this report, the authors describe the evaluation of the C/E values and the sensitivity analysis for the Experimental Fast Reactor "JOYO" MK-l core. The minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth, fuel assembly worth and burn-up coefficient were analyzed. The results of both the minimal criticality and the fuel assembly worth, which were calculated by the standard analytical method for JUPITER experiments, agreed well with the measured values. 0n the other hand, the results of the sodium void reactivity worth have a tendency to overestimate. As for the burn-up coefficient, it was seen that the C/E values had a dispersion among the operation cycles. The authors judged that further investigation for the estimation of the experimental error will increase the applicability of the integral data to the adjusted library. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses for the minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth and fuel assembly worth showed the characteristics of "JOYO" MK-l core in comparison with ZPPR-9 core of JUPITER experiments.

JAEA Reports

Study on improvement of reactor physics analysis method for FBRs with various core concept

*; Kitada, Takanori*; Tagawa, Akihiro*; *; Takeda, Toshikazu*

JNC-TJ9400 2000-006, 272 Pages, 2000/02


Investigation was made on the follwing three themes as a part of the improvement of reactor physics analysis method for FBR with various core concept. Part 1: Investigation of Error Estimation of Neutron Spectra in FBR and Suggestions to Improve the Accuracy. In order to improve the spectrum unfolding method used in fast experimental reactor JOYO, a trial was made to evaluate the error in the estimated neutron spectrum, cause by cause. And the evaluated errors were summed up to obtain the most probable and reasonable error as possible. The summed up error was found relatively small compared to the error caused by the uncertainty of cross section data: most of the error in the spectrum unfolding method can be attributed to the error in cross sections. It was also found that the error due to the fission spectrum causes a considerable error in the high energy neutron spectrum which is over several MeV. Part 2: Study on Reactor Physics Analysis Method for Gas-Cooled FBR. In gas-cooled FBR, the portion of coolant channels in core volume is larger than sodium-cooled FBR. This leads to strong neutron streaming effects. For sodium-cooled FBR, several methods were proposed to evaluate the neutron streaming effect, however, these methods can not be used directly to gas-cooled reactor because the direction dependent diffusion coefficient becomes infinitive along the direction pararel to the coolant chammel. In this study, a new method is proposed to evaluate the neutron streaming effect, based on the method taking the axial buckling into consideration, which method was originally proposed by K$"o$hler. Part 3: Study on Reactor Physics Analysis Method for Water-Cooled FBR An investigation was made on low-moderated water-cooled FBR, on the point that the ordinary used analysis method for FBR may give considerable difference in results in such core. In light water reactors, it is well known that the space dependence of self-shielding effect of heavy nuclides are considerably ...

JAEA Reports

Disassembly and removal of 50MW steam generator test facility; Disassembly and sodium removal of the large cold trap

JNC-TN9410 2000-003, 52 Pages, 1999/12


In May, 1999, disassembly and cleansing of sodium residues contained in the large cold trap (50MWSG) were carried out. Two cold trap units, one from the primary sodium loop and the other from the for the secondary sodium loop were disassembled and cleaned. This report describes the procedures, methods, and tasks under taken in the clean-up effort, including countermeasures for safe handling of sodium. The disassembly of the cold trap was based an information regarding similar cleansing activities external to JNC. There was also same a priori knowledge of the type and amount of sodium-laden residues. As this result, we conducted disassembly and cleansing task as provisionally planned. In fact we learned that disassembly methods for the specific components could be conducted in an aerated atmosphere. We thus gained additional disassembly and sodium cleansing experience under manageable and safe conditions.

JAEA Reports

Report of radiation exposure control on the 12th periodic inspection at experimental fast reactor JOYO

; Kano, Yutaka; ; Shindo, Katsutoshi

JNC-TN9410 2000-001, 20 Pages, 1999/12


The 12th periodic inspection had been executed at the experimental fast reactor JOYO from February 24,1998 to June 28,1999. This inspection had been extended about three months because it was addtion to the work for the safety countermeasure. The result of collective dose equivalent was 263.92 man*mSv, whereas, the expected collective dose equivalent was about 407 man*mSv in the whole period of this inspection. It was confirmed that this inspection was carried out with the suitable radiation protection programmes. In this report, provided in 12th periodic inspection, were described with taking the results of the past periodic inspections into consideration.

JAEA Reports

PNC Technical Review No.104

PNC-TN1340 97-004, 170 Pages, 1997/12


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Fabrication of uranium-plutonium mixed carbide and nitride fuel pins for the irradiation test in JOYO

Arai, Yasuo; Iwai, Takashi; ; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiozawa, Kenichi;

JAERI-Research 96-009, 17 Pages, 1996/02


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports


Isozaki, Kazunori; ; ; ;

PNC-TN9520 93-008, 129 Pages, 1993/07



JAEA Reports

Operation experience report of experimental fast reactor JOYO; Operation expelience of primary main and auxiliary cooling systems of JOYO

Karube, Koji; ; ; ; ;

PNC-TN9440 93-012, 83 Pages, 1993/04


This report describes the operating experience of the primary main cooling system from January 1982 to March 1992, and of the primary auxiliary cooling system from october 1986 to March 1992. 0ut lines of the operating experience ale followings; There have been no serious troubles in this period. (1)The main system; Operation time of the circulation pumps are about 67675 hours. Accumulated operation time of the pumps are about 105970 hours. The pumps has been started 212 times. (2)The auxiliary system; Operation time of the circulation pump (EMP) is about 4767 hours. Accumulated operation time of the pump is about 8667 hours. The pump has been automatically started 31 times with the scheduled test.

JAEA Reports


; ; ; ; ; Tobita, Noriyuki; Nagai, Shuichiro

PNC-TN8410 93-190, 93 Pages, 1993/03



JAEA Reports

Bowing reactivity analysis of FFTF core

Yamaoka, Mitsuaki; Hayashi, Hideyuki

PNC-TN9410 92-368, 75 Pages, 1992/12


A passive safety test phase IIB is planned at the FFTF (Fast Flux Test Facility) core to assess the reactivity feedback effect related to passive safety feature of FBRs, especially the effect due to core deformation. For pre-test analyses of the test, a bowing reactivity analysis has been carried out for FFTF core. The bowing reactivity is analyzed based on core displacement data evaluated postulating ULOF (Unprotected Loss of Flow) event at 30% rated flow. In the analysis, fuel reactivity worth distribution is expressed as function on the reference core without deformation and the bowing reactivity is calculated based on the first-order perturbation theory. This report summarizes the relationships between power to flow ratio and the bowing reactivity with clearance between subassembly load pads and that between the core and the core restraint system as parameters. Followings are main results. (1)As the power to flow ratio increases, a positive reactivity is added to the core by the core deformation until clearance between subassembly load pads doses. This is due to the inward displacement of active core caused by mechanical interactions of subassemblies. (2)After the closure of clearance between subassembly load pads, the active core begins to move outwards, and a negative reactivity is added to the core. (3)The deformation behavior of the outermost subassemblies of the core dominates the bowing reactivity since both the magnitude of deformation and the reactivity effect for unit displacement are large compared with those of others. For the analysis, a code for bowing reactivity calculation has been developed. The calculation method and the manual are also presented in this report.

JAEA Reports


Isozaki, Kazunori; ; Ito, Hideaki; ; Chatani, Keiji; ;

PNC-TN9520 93-006, 198 Pages, 1992/11



JAEA Reports

Operational test (II) of falled fuel detection and location system (FFDL) of Joyo

Morimoto, Makoto; ; ; ; ; ;

PNC-TN9410 91-334, 64 Pages, 1991/10


An failed fuel detection and location system (FFDL) using a sipping method is adopted as the FFDL of Joyo. FFDL has not operated since the first falled fuel simulated (FFDL-I) test in April, 1985 because Joyo has not yet experienced any operation with breached fuels. Therefore, the operational test (II) of FFDL was carried out on July 12$$sim$$19, 1991 for a preparation of the FFDL-II test which is scheduled in 1992. Main results from the test are as follows ; (1)The adequacy of the functions and operating procedure of FFDL was reaffirmed and the operating experience was gained. (2)Radioactivity measurement was conducted by FFDL for six subassemblies and their integrity was confirmed.

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