JAEA-Review 2021-051, 81 Pages, 2022/01
浅井 志保*; 大畑 昌輝*; 半澤 有希子; 堀田 拓摩; 蓬田 匠; 北辻 章浩
Analytical Chemistry, 92(4), p.3276 - 3284, 2020/02
小藤 博英; 渡部 創; 竹内 正行; 鈴木 英哉; 松村 達郎; 塩飽 秀啓; 矢板 毅
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.61 - 65, 2018/11
Applicability of newly developed MA(III)/RE(III) separation extractant TPDN for the extractionchromatography technology was evaluated through series of fundamental characterizations. The adsorbentselectively extract Am from diluted high level liquid waste and sufficient performance for MA(III)/RE(III)separation process was confirmed. Durability and behavior in the vitrification process of the adsorbent alsosuggested that the new adsorbent can be employed as a material for reprocessing of spent fuels.
竹内 正行; 佐野 雄一; 渡部 創; 中原 将海; 粟飯原 はるか; 小藤 博英; 小泉 務; 水野 朋保
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04
SmART cycle test has been promoted for reduction of volume and radiotoxicity of vitrified waste. It is a fuel cycle test using small amount of minor actinides (MA) in irradiated FBR fuels. The plan includes U, Pu and MA partitioning, fuel fabrication, irradiation at FBR and post irradiation examination. In this paper, a series of radioactive tests for MA partitioning from the irradiated fuel were mainly focused. As treatment of the irradiated fuel, it was sheared and dissolved by hot nitric acid, and then, U, Pu and Np in the dissolved fuel solution are co-extracted by solvent extraction. Am and Cm in the raffinate are efficiently separated by chromatographic technique. The target of MA yield for this cycle test is more than 1g to fabricate MOX pellets bearing 5% MA. As the current status for the MA partitioning, we have successfully finished the shearing and dissolution of the irradiated FBR fuel and solvent extraction process and the two steps flowsheet for Am and Cm partitioning from the raffinate and denitration behavior of separation product solution was discussed.
Awual, M. R.; 宮崎 有史; 田口 富嗣; 塩飽 秀啓; 矢板 毅
Chemical Engineering Journal, 291, p.128 - 137, 2016/05
A novel macrocyclic ligand of di-o-benzo-p-xylyl-28-crown-8-ether (DOBPX28C8) was prepared and successfully anchored onto the mesoporous silica for the fabrication of mesoporous hybrid adsorbent (MHA) using direct immobilization approach and serving as an efficient adsorbent for Cs removal. The high amount of K (7.69 mM) was slightly affected the Cs adsorption because the hydration radius of K is close to the Cs than that of the other cation of Na. Also the Cs adsorption efficiency was more higher even in the presence of 1,025 fold K and 1,739 fold Na, respectively. The functional group of DOBPX28C8 ligand embedded onto the mesoporous silica exhibited more conformational freedom, and the benzene ring in para position was consolidated for pai-electron orientation with expanding the ring size of DOBPX28C8 for easy capturing with high selectivity and adsorption ability towards the Cs.
Awual, M. R.; 矢板 毅; 宮崎 有史; 松村 大樹; 塩飽 秀啓; 田口 富嗣
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.19937_1 - 19937_10, 2016/01
A novel macrocyclic ligand of -benzo--xylyl-22-crown-6-ether (OBPX22C6) was developed and successfully immobilized onto mesoporous silica for the preparation of hybrid adsorbent. The benzene ring electron is the part of crown ether of OBPX22C6 for easy orientation of the macrocyclic compound for making the electron donation with Cs complexation. The results clarified that the Cs removal process was rapid and reached saturation within a short time. Considering the effect of competitive ions, sodium did not markedly affect the Cs adsorption whereas potassium was slightly affected due to the similar ionic radii. Due to its high selectivity and reusability, significant volume reduction is expected as this promising hybrid adsorbent is used for Cs removal in Fukushima wastewater.
Awual, M. R.; Eldesoky, G. E.*; 矢板 毅; Naushad, M.*; 塩飽 秀啓; Alothman, Z. A.*; 鈴木 伸一
Chemical Engineering Journal, 279, p.639 - 647, 2015/11
A novel Schiff base ligand based nano-composite adsorbent (NCA) was prepared for the detection and removal of copper (Cu(II)) ions in wastewater samples. Upon the addition of Cu(II) ions to NCA at optimum conditions, the clear color was visible to the naked-eye in the detection system. This NCA exhibited an obvious color change from yellowish to dark green in the presence of Cu(II) ions in aqueous solution. The NCA could detect the Cu(II) ions over other foreign ions with high sensitivity and selectivity. For adsorption behaviour, influences several factors such as solution pH, contact time, concentration for Cu(II) ion adsorption was investigated by batch experiment in detail. The results showed that neutral solution pH was suitable to get optimum Cu(II) ions adsorption.
Awual, M. R.; 矢板 毅; 塩飽 秀啓; 鈴木 伸一
Chemical Engineering Journal, 276, p.1 - 10, 2015/09
The organic ligand of N,N(octane-1,8-diylidene)di(2-hydroxyl-3,5-dimethylaniline) was synthesized and anchored onto inorganic mesoporous materials by direct immobilization method for Co(II) ions capturing from waste samples. The interaction of this material with various metal ions was evaluated, and it exhibited distinct color change from whitish to green in the presence of Co(II) ions, detectable even to the naked-eye. The effects of solution pH, contact time, competing ions and initial concentration on Co(II) sorption on NCA were investigated under optimum conditions. The data also clarified that the NCA adsorbent is an efficient and eco-friendly adsorbent for Co(II) treatment. Therefore, the proposed adsorbent can be considered as a potential candidate for Co(II) ions monitoring and removal from wastewater in large-scale operations.
高畠 容子; 柴田 淳広; 野村 和則
Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.2099 - 2104, 2015/09
The radioactive contaminated water has accumulated at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station after the severe damage by the events accompanying the earthquake and tsunami. The concentration of Ca in the accumulated water is higher than that of Sr. Because of their chemical similarity, the secondary radioactive waste from Sr decontamination process will contains Ca more than Sr. Therefore, the volume of the secondary waste will increase more unnecessarily. Three kinds of Sr adsorbents; SW-KAZLS, the Hydrous titanic acid and SrTreat, were characterized and assessed from the viewpoint of Sr decontamination for radioactive contaminated water. The amount of Sr in SW-KAZLS showed the highest Sr selectivity. Since the Hydrous titanic acid was the hardest adsorbent of three, it is applied well to adsorption tower. The amount of Sr in SrTreat was favorable, and it could be applied to decontamination for the radioactive contaminated water of low Sr concentration.
Shahat, A.*; Awual, M. R.; Khaleque, M. A.*; Alam, M. Z.*; Naushad, M.*; Chowdhury, A. M. S*
Chemical Engineering Journal, 273, p.286 - 295, 2015/08
The detection and removal of lead (Pb(II)) ions in water is essential for both human health and the natural environment. This study reported the feasibility of the large-pore diameter nano-adsorbent for capturing low level Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions in a batch system, in order to comply with the toxicity limit for discharging wastewaters. The proposed Pb(II) detection system has good characteristics with high sensitivity and selectivity, robustness, easy operation, portability and use of a small sample volume. The competing ions effect was assessed with spiked samples and the nano-adsorbent exhibited high selectivity to Pb(II) ions with optimum color formation and the detection procedure can be easily applied to rapid on-site Pb(II) ions monitoring.
Shahat, A.*; Awual, M. R.; Naushad, M.*
Chemical Engineering Journal, 271, p.155 - 163, 2015/07
Ligand anchored functional nanomaterials are increasingly gaining interest as efficient materials for various types of toxic pollutants. In this study, the organic ligand was densely anchored onto the mesoporous silica by the building-block approach as facial adsorbent, characterized and then examined for the cobalt (Co(II)) ion detection and removal from aqueous solutions. This study also examined the possibility of using facial adsorbent to remove low concentrations of Co(II) ions from water solution. The sorption isotherms fit the Langmuir sorption model well and the maximum Co(II) ion sorption capacity was 157.73 mg/g. The effective eluent of 0.20M HCl was used to elute the Co(II) from the facial adsorbent, and the adsorbent was simultaneously regenerated into the initial form after rinsing with water.
Awual, M. R.; 矢板 毅; 鈴木 伸一; 塩飽 秀啓
Journal of Hazardous Materials, 291, p.111 - 119, 2015/06
This work reports the selenium (Se(IV)) detection and removal from water by ligand functionalized organic-inorganic based novel composite adsorbent. The adsorbent exhibited distinct color change in the presence of various concentrations of Se(IV). This was characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, and the color change was observed by naked-eye observation. The data fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm model, and the maximum Se(IV) sorption capacity was 111.12 mg/g. The presence of diverse competing ions did not affect the Se(IV) sorption capacity, and the adsorbent had almost no sorption capacity for these coexisting ions, which suggests the high selectivity to Se(IV) ions.
Awual, M. R.
Chemical Engineering Journal, 266, p.368 - 375, 2015/04
The soft donor atoms containing organic ligand was prepared and then successfully immobilized onto the ordered nanomaterials to form facial adsorbent for copper(II) ions removal from water. The soft donor atoms of this ligand are actively working to make a stable complex formation with Cu(II) at a neutral pH region. It is also noted that the organic ligand was acted as receptors and able to transfer chemical information into analytical signals by charge transfer transudation during the detection operation.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; Shahat, A.*; Naushad, M.*; 塩飽 秀啓; 矢板 毅
Chemical Engineering Journal, 265, p.210 - 218, 2015/04
In this study, the organic ligand of 4-dodecyl-6-((4-(hexyloxy)phenyl)diazenyl) benzene-1,3-diol (DPDB) and mesoporous silica have been used to prepare the nano-composite adsorbent. The nano-composite adsorbent was fabricated by indirect immobilization of DPDB onto the mesoporous silica. The experimental data clarified that the Ce(III) was detected and adsorbed by the adsorbent at pH 2.50. The limit of detection for Ce(III) ions by the adsorbent was 0.12 microgram/L and the sorption capacity was 150.37 mg/g at optimum conditions. The proposed adsorbent allowed the sensitive, selective, easy to use, cost-effective, high efficiency, fast kinetics and stable capturing of Ce(III) ions even in the presence of diverse competing ions.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; Znad, H.*
Chemical Engineering Journal, 259, p.611 - 619, 2015/01
The functional group containing organic ligand was developed and then successfully anchored onto mesoperous silica for the preparation of nano-conjugate adsorbent. After fabrication, the ligand kept open functionality for capturing Pd(II) under optimum conditions. The adsorbent exhibited the distinct color formation after adding the Pd(II) ions both in solid and liquid states. The base metal of Cu(II) and Zn(II) did not hamper the Pd(II) sorption ability of adsorbent in the acidic pH region. Therefore, it was expected that the Pd(II) could be separated from other hard metal ions by the adsorbent. Therefore the proposed adsorbent can be considered as a potential candidate for Pd(II) capturing from waste samples.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*
Sensors and Actuators B; Chemical, 206, p.692 - 700, 2015/01
The nitrogen donor ligand was functionalized with polarable mesoporous silica as composite adsorbent, by a cost-effective and environmentally friendly procedure, for highly selective Cu(II) ions detection and removal from water. The composite adsorbent permitted fast and specific Cu(II) ions capturing via colorimetric naked eye detection based on stable complexation mechanism. The adsorbent was selective toward Cu(II) as shown by a light yellow to green color change. This was characterized by UVvis spectroscopy and the color change was observed for the visual detection of Cu(II) ions. The data also confirmed that the adsorbent is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly procedure for Cu(II) treatment.
植木 悠二; 佐伯 誠一; 瀬古 典明
日本イオン交換学会誌, 25(4), p.99 - 104, 2014/11
The dynamic adsorption/elution properties of an ethyl p-styrenesulfonate (EtSS)-based fibrous graft adsorbent having sulfonic acid (SOH) groups were evaluated by column-mode adsorption/elution tests for various cations. The EtSS-based fibrous graft adsorbent could work to capture various cations rapidly even under high flow rate conditions, compared with a commercial granular resin. The reason for this difference of adsorption rates was thought to be that the target ions were easily and rapidly transported near the SOH groups of graft chains by fluid convection. The affinity order of the fibrous graft adsorbent for cations depended on the cationic size and valence. It was found that the EtSS-based fibrous graft adsorbent preferentially adsorbed more multiply-charged cations having a larger cationic radius. The adsorbed cations could be easily eluted and concentrated by 1 M HNO aqueous solution, and the recovery of each cation was reached over 90%. Based on the above results, it was found that the EtSS-based fibrous graft adsorbent could be available as a sophisticated metal adsorbent in the industrial processes.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; Shahat, A.*
Sensors and Actuators B; Chemical, 203, p.854 - 863, 2014/11
In this study, we designed ligand immobilized mesoporous adsorbent for ultra-trace Pb(II) monitoring and removal from wastewater. This adsorbent exhibited the large surface area-to-volume ratios and uniformly shaped pores in case cavities, and its active sites kept open functionality to taking up Pb(II). The data revealed that the adsorbent was able to detect the ultra-trace Pb(II) ions with high sensitivity and selectivity by charge transfer transduction mechanism. Then the adsorbent proved to have an efficient ability for continuous Pb(II) monitoring and removal even on-site and in situ chemical analyses.
Awual, M. R.; 矢板 毅; 岡本 芳浩
Sensors and Actuators B; Chemical, 203, p.71 - 80, 2014/11
Organic and inorganic based conjugate materials are important in nanotechnology based on the high functionality and stable complex formation with target metal ions at optimum conditions. A new ligand immobilization based dual and tunable conjugate adsorbent was investigated under specific solution acidity for detection and removal of Co(II) and Cu(II) ions. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration graphs were the linear and detection limit which were 0.52 and 0.41 ppb for Co(II) and Cu(II), respectively. The removal efficiency was carried out as a function of solution pH, initial metal ions concentration, and co-existing diverse ions. Sorption equilibrium was well fitted to Langmuir isotherms and determined sorption capacity was 205.33 and 199.20 mg/g for Co(II) and Cu(II), respectively.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; 井原 敏博*; 矢板 毅
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 197, p.331 - 338, 2014/10
Selenium is a very toxic element that at low concentration can affect human beings and living organisms. In this study, the ligand immobilized conjugate adsorbent was developed and selenium (Se(IV)) detection and removal from water were investigated. The conjugate adsorbent was successfully prepared by direct immobilization of organic ligand onto mesoporous inorganic silica. This technique achieved residual Se(IV) concentration less than 10 ppb, which is acceptable by water quality regulations. Therefore, the solid design adsorbent is efficient and cost-effective for selective Se(IV) detection and removal from water.