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An Analytical model to decompose mass transfer and chemical process contributions to molecular iodine release from aqueous phase under severe accident conditions

Zablackaite, G.; 塩津 弘之; 城戸 健太朗; 杉山 智之

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 56(2), p.536 - 545, 2024/02

Radioactive iodine is a representative fission product to be quantified for the safety assessment of nuclear facilities. In integral severe accident analysis codes, the iodine behavior is usually described by a multi-physical model of iodine chemistry in aqueous phase under radiation field and mass transfer through gas-liquid interface. The focus of studies on iodine source term evaluations using the combination approach is usually put on the chemical aspect, but each contribution to the iodine amount released to the environment has not been decomposed so far. In this study, we attempted the decomposition by revising the two-film theory of molecular-iodine mass transfer. The model involves an effective overall mass transfer coefficient to consider the iodine chemistry. The decomposition was performed by regarding the coefficient as a product of two functions of pH and the overall mass transfer coefficient for molecular iodine. The procedure was applied to the EPICUR experiment and suppression chamber in BWR.


Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on dynamic strain aging and stress corrosion cracking of SUS304 stainless steel under high temperature pressurized water

広田 憲亮; 中野 寛子; 藤田 善貴; 武内 伴照; 土谷 邦彦; 出村 雅彦*; 小林 能直*

AIP Conference Proceedings 3020, p.030007_1 - 030007_6, 2024/01



On the velocity and frequency of disturbance waves in vertical annular flow with different surface tension and gas-liquid density ratio

Zhang, H.*; 梅原 裕太郎*; 吉田 啓之; 森 昌司*

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 211, p.124253_1 - 124253_13, 2023/09

In this study, the characteristics of disturbance waves, including velocity, longitudinal size, and frequency, are comprehensively investigated by conducting gas-liquid upward annular flow experiments in a 5 mm tube through the constant electric current method (CECM). The film thickness time trace is recorded concerning time, and the information on disturbance waves is subsequently extracted. The effect of liquid and gas flow rate, density ratio, and surface tension on the disturbance wave is quantitatively analyzed. A predictive model of the wave velocity based on the shear stress balance of the liquid film is proposed. A physical model for wave frequency prediction is derived on the basis of the mass conservation equation. A simple empirical model with good prediction accuracy of wave frequency is also derived. Compared with existing correlations available in the literature, the newly derived models show better performance under a wide range of flow conditions.


Effect of gas density and surface tension on liquid film thickness in vertical upward disturbance wave flow

Zhang, H.*; 森 昌司*; 久野 努*; 吉田 啓之

International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 159, p.104342_1 - 104342_15, 2023/02

At the gas-liquid interface, disturbance waves with various heights commonly arise. Because the thin liquid film between two successive disturbance waves leads to the dryout on the heating surface and limits the performance of the heating components, complete knowledge of the film thickness and disturbance waves is crucial. However, most existing experimental data and analysis are limited to near atmospheric conditions, and the liquid gas density ratio is much higher than in practical nuclear applications. In this study, we use nitrogen gas and water under the system pressures of 0.2 and 0.4 MPa and HFC134a gas and water under the system pressure of 0.7 MPa. The density ratio can be varied between 32 and 434. Based on experimental results, two models are proposed to predict the averaged film thickness and wave height, which are then compared with previous data.


A New approach to extracting biofilm from environmental plastics using ultrasound-assisted syringe treatment for isotopic analyses

Battulga, B.; 安藤 麻里子; 中西 貴宏; 小嵐 淳

Science of the Total Environment, 849, p.157758_1 - 157758_11, 2022/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:45.99(Environmental Sciences)



Dynamics of water in a catalyst layer of a fuel cell by quasielastic neutron scattering

伊藤 華苗; 山田 武*; 篠原 朗大*; 高田 慎一; 川北 至信

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(39), p.21645 - 21652, 2021/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:30.86(Chemistry, Physical)

The catalyst layer (CL) in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) plays a critical role in the performance of a PEFC. In this study, we investigate the water dynamics in the CL using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) and small-angle neutron scattering. The temperature dependence of the mean square displacement $$<$$u$$^{2}$$$$>$$ shows that the freezing of water does not occur at a melting temperature in the Nafion thin film of the CL, suggesting that the water is confined in a smaller region than $$sim$$15 ${AA}$. The QENS measurements established three kinds of water in the CL: immobile water tightly connected to a sulfonic group, water in a fast mode assigned to free diffusion restricted in a sphere, and water in a slow mode described by a jump diffusion model. Assuming that these three modes were independent, the number of water molecules in each mode was estimated. On discussing the structure and dynamics elucidated in the study, we finally conclude that the coupled model of the fast and slow modes is plausible for describing the diffusion of water confined in the thin Nafion film of the CL.


Water distribution in Nafion thin films on hydrophilic and hydrophobic carbon substrates

伊藤 華苗; 原田 雅史*; 山田 悟史*; 工藤 憲治*; 青木 裕之; 金谷 利治*

Langmuir, 36(43), p.12830 - 12837, 2020/11

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:56.65(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We performed H$$_{2}$$O and D$$_{2}$$O double contrast neutron reflectivity measurements on $$sim$$25-nm-thick Nafion thin films on hydrophilic and hydrophobic carbon in water and 80% relative humidity vapor to investigate the depth profile of the water and Nafion distribution. We found a dense Nafion layer at the air or water interface regardless of the carbon hydrophilicity. On the other hand, a water-rich Nafion dense layer was observed at the carbon interface only for hydrophilic carbon. The double contrast measurements provided quantitative information about the depth profile but simultaneously indicated that the sum of the volume occupancies of water and Nafion in the film was less than unity. We assessed the problem based on two possibilities: voids in the film or "residual water", which cannot be exchanged or is difficult to exchange with water outside.


Influence of Zn injection on PWSCC crack growth rates and oxide film properties of Alloy 600

知見 康弘; 佐藤 賢二*; 笠原 茂樹; 梅原 隆司*; 塙 悟史

Proceedings of Contribution of Materials Investigations and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs' Safety, Performance and Reliability (FONTEVRAUD-9) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/09

一次系冷却水中での応力腐食割れ(PWSCC)進展挙動への亜鉛注入の影響を調べるため、加圧水型軽水炉(PWR)一次系水模擬環境での10%冷間加工600合金の亀裂進展試験を、320$$^{circ}$$C、低濃度(5$$sim$$10ppb)の亜鉛注入、溶存水素濃度(DH)5, 30、及び50cc/kgH$$_{2}$$Oの条件下で実施した。その結果、亀裂進展速度のDH依存性が亜鉛注入なしの試験データに基づく亀裂進展速度の予測値と同様の傾向を示し、実機環境を模擬した低濃度亜鉛注入が亀裂進展挙動に及ぼす影響はほとんど見られなかった。そこで、亀裂進展試験後の試験片の亀裂内及び表面に生成した酸化皮膜の微細組織分析を実施したところ、試験片表面の酸化皮膜からは亜鉛が検出されたが、亀裂内に生成した酸化皮膜からは亜鉛が検出されなかった。このことから、亀裂先端部の酸化皮膜への亜鉛の取り込みがないことが亀裂進展挙動への亜鉛注入の影響が見られない原因であることがわかった。


Experimental investigation of the glass transition of polystyrene thin films in a broad frequency range

井上 倫太郎*; 金谷 利治*; 山田 武*; 柴田 薫; 深尾 浩次*

Physical Review E, 97(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_6, 2018/01

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:63.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

本研究では、非弾性中性子散乱(INS),誘電緩和分光法(DRS),熱膨張分光法(TES)を用いたポリスチレン薄膜の$$alpha$$過程を調べた。DRSおよびTES測定は、フィルムの厚さとともにガラス転移温度($$T_{rm g}$$)の低下を示した。一方、INS測定ではTgの上昇が認められた。この矛盾を解明するために、我々は、DRSとTESによって測定された$$alpha$$過程のピーク周波数($$f_{rm m}$$)の温度依存性を調べた。実験では、測定周波数領域で膜厚が減少するにつれてピーク周波数($$f_{rm m}$$)が増加することが明らかになった。この測定結果は、膜厚に伴う観察されたTgの減少と一致する。INSとDRSまたTESとの間の$$alpha$$過程の説明の相違は、不透明な壁効果のために、膜厚および移動度の低下による見掛けの活性化エネルギーの低下に起因すると考えられる。


Evaluation of crack growth rates and microstructures near the crack tip of neutron-irradiated austenitic stainless steels in simulated BWR environment

知見 康弘; 笠原 茂樹; 瀬戸 仁史*; 橘内 裕寿*; 越石 正人*; 西山 裕孝

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, Vol.2, p.1039 - 1054, 2018/00

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:58.28



Correlation between locally deformed structure and oxide film properties in austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

知見 康弘; 橘内 裕寿*; 笠原 茂樹; 茶谷 一宏*; 越石 正人*; 西山 裕孝

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 475, p.71 - 80, 2016/07

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:65.1(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Characterization of Pt and Pd epitaxial films on sapphire substrates by RBS/channeling

山本 春也; 箱田 照幸; 吉川 正人

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 129, 2015/03



Effect of oxide film formed during $$gamma$$-ray irradiation on pitting corrosion of fuel cladding in water containing sea salt

本岡 隆文; 塚田 隆

Proceedings of 2014 Nuclear Plant Chemistry Conference (NPC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/10



Incident angle dependence of MCD at the Dy $$M$$$$_{5}$$-edge of perpendicular magnetic Dy$$_{x}$$Co$$_{100-x}$$ films

安居院 あかね; 水牧 仁一朗*; 朝日 透*; 佐山 淳一*; 松本 幸治*; 森川 剛*; 松下 智裕*; 逢坂 哲彌*; 三浦 義正*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 408-412, p.741 - 745, 2006/02

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:46.44(Chemistry, Physical)



Use of GAF-film and PC-scanner for easy high-resolution measurement of ion beam fluence distribution

上松 敬; 花屋 博秋

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.355 - 357, 2006/01



Large-scale direct simulation of two-phase flow structure around a spacer in a tight-lattice nuclear fuel bundle

高瀬 和之; 吉田 啓之; 小瀬 裕男*; 秋本 肇

Computational Fluid Dynamics 2004, p.649 - 654, 2006/00



A Large-scale numerical simulation of bubbly and liquid film flows in narrow fuel channels

高瀬 和之; 吉田 啓之; 小瀬 裕男*; 秋本 肇

Proceedings of 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2005/11



Synchrotron radiation photoabsorption and photoemission spectroscopy for thermal-induced reoriented Si polymer

Nath, K. G.; 下山 巖; 関口 哲弘; 馬場 祐治

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 144-147, p.323 - 326, 2005/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:27.37(Spectroscopy)

放射光を使った光電子分光法とX線吸収分光法を用い、ポリジメチルシランポリマー{PDMS, [Si(CH$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$]$$_{n}$$}の電子状態と分子配向に対するレーザー加熱による効果を調べた。試料は高配向焼結グラファイト基板上にPDMS粉末を担持したものである。Si 1s励起のX線光電子分光測定及びSi-1s X線吸収端微細構造(NEXAFS)測定ともにアニーリングにより電子状態変化が起こるという結果が得られた。さらに角度依存NEXAFS測定を行った。その結果、アニーリング前には分子鎖はランダム配向であったのに対し、アニーリングにより生成した薄膜には強いSi-Si分子鎖配向が生じるという現象が見いだされた。


Corrosion behavior of austenitic and ferritic/martensitic steels in oxygen-saturated liquid Pb-Bi eutectic at 450$$^{circ}$$C and 550$$^{circ}$$C

倉田 有司; 二川 正敏; 斎藤 滋

JAERI-Research 2005-002, 37 Pages, 2005/02




Development of PVB film for low-dose dosimetry in radiation processing

Solomon, H. M.*; 小嶋 拓治

Nucleus, 33, p.16 - 20, 2005/00

ポリブチルブチラル(PVB)と酸感応色素であるマラカイトグリーン(LMG)との混合によるフィルムに基づく低線量用線量計の開発を行った。フィルム線量計の感度を向上するために、抱水クロラール(RX)を添加した。LMGをPVB1gに対して9.07$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$モルとし、異なるRX:LMG比の試料を検討した。その結果、単位厚さあたりの吸光度(波長628nm)は、線量及びRX濃度とともに直線的に増加した。RXのLMGに対して10倍以上の場合では、PVB-LMG線量計システムは、$$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-線に対して1-100Gyの測定範囲を持つことが明らかとなった。

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