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Journal Articles

Long-term simulations of radiocesium discharge in watershed with improved radiocesium wash-off model; Applying the model to Abukuma River basin of Fukushima

Liu, X.; Machida, Masahiko; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Kitamura, Akihiro

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 203, p.135 - 146, 2019/07

In order to simulate the long-term migration and distribution of radiocesium after the Fukushima accident, a numerical model, Soil and Cesium Transport (SACT) based on universal soil loss equation (USLE), has been developed in previous studies. Although the SACT model's results on radiocesium discharge in 2011 are in reasonable agreement with field measurements, it fails to capture the sharp decrease of radiocesium flux in subsequent years, especially in the case of Abukuma River. We therefore have improved SACT by implementing the vertical migration and fixation of radiocesium in soil. For validation purpose, the annual average radiocesium concentration in sediments discharged from Abukuma River has been evaluated from measurement data. New model achieved much better agreement with the measurement results without parameter tuning.

JAEA Reports

Report of the erosion-corrosion of metallic materials under solid-liquid two phase flow

Otani, Kyohei; Sato, Tomonori; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yamamoto, Masahiro

JAEA-Review 2019-007, 15 Pages, 2019/06

JAEA-Review-2019-007.pdf:2.35MB

Metallic pipes under solid-liquid two phase flow is damaged by collision of solid particle to the pipe walls, and this phenomenon is named "erosion". In the case of the liquid is corrosive solution, further damage is occurred on the pipe walls chemically, and this named "erosion-corrosion". In the Fukushima Daiichi decommissioning project, the fuel debris will be crushed during removal operation of the debris and micro debris particles would be generated. It is estimated that the pipes of the circulating cooling system would be damaged under the solid-liquid two phase flow containing fuel debris particles. For the reason, the previous study about erosion and erosion-corrosion of metallic materials under solid-liquid two phase flow was surveyed. The survey showed that the damage rate by erosion and erosion-corrosion is influence by a lot of parameter in comparison to the corrosion rate which occurred in no-flow solution. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to selecting the experimental method and condition before the investigation about erosion-corrosion of metallic materials under solid-liquid two phase flow is carried out.

Journal Articles

Apparent diffusion coefficients of Cs and I in hardened cement paste using mineral admixtures

Mihara, Morihiro; Harasawa, Shuichi*; Torii, Kazuyuki*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.15 - 23, 2019/06

Hardened cement pastes (HCPs) of water/cement ratio (W/C) 50% and 30% using fly ash (FA), blast furnace slag (BFS) and silica fume (SF) for 28 days were prepared. Apparent diffusion coefficients (D$$_{a}$$) of Cs and I in HCPs were obtained using electron probe microanalysis. For Cs, BFS and SF contributed to a reduction of D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=50% and 30%, respectively. For I, BFS reduced D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=50%, however a significant reduction in D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=30% was not observed. Using SF enhanced sorption of Cs on HCP, and using BFS slightly improved sorption of Cs on HCP. It was also confirmed that the pore structures of HCP using SF and BFS were connected by fine pores. It was therefore considered that using SF and BFS contributes to the reduction of D$$_{a}$$ in HCP.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Research on hydrogen safety technology utilizing the automotive catalyst

Ono, Hitomi*; Takenaka, Keisuke*; Kita, Tomoaki*; Taniguchi, Masashi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Hino, Ryutaro; Reinecke, E.-A.*; Takase, Kazuyuki*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 11(1), p.40 - 45, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Marine Drone development for investigating ocean

Sanada, Yukihisa

Fukushima Inobeshon, Kosuto Koso, Hama Dori No Mirai O Hiraku Jitsuyoka Kaihatsu Purojekuto 2018-Nendoban, P. 35, 2019/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Interpretation of Fukushima-Daiichi Unit 3 plant data covering the two-week accident-progression phase based on correction for pressure data

Sato, Ikken

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(5), p.394 - 411, 2019/05

Water columns were adopted in the pressure measurement system of Fukushima-Daiichi Unit-3. Part of these water columns evaporated during the accident condition jeopardizing correct understanding on actual pressure. Through comparison of RPV (Reactor Pressure Vessel) and S/C pressures with D/W pressure, such water-column effect was evaluated. Correction for this effect was developed enabling clarification of slight pressure difference among RPV, S/C and D/W. This information was then integrated with other available data such as, water level, CAMS and environmental dose rate, into an interpretation of accident focusing on RPV and PCV pressurization/depressurization and radioactive material release to environment. It is suggested that dryout of in-vessel and ex-vessel debris was likely causing pressure decrease. S/C water poured into pedestal heated by relocated debris was the likely cause of pressurization. Cyclic reflooding of pedestal debris and dryout was likely.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the release time of radio-tellurium during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and its relationship to individual plant events

Takahashi, Sentaro*; Kawashima, Shigeto*; Hidaka, Akihide; Tanaka, Sota*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*

Nuclear Technology, 205(5), p.646 - 654, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

Miwa, Shuhei; Miyahara, Naoya; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Horiguchi, Naoki; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; Imoto, Jumpei; Mohamad, B. A.; et al.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

We constructed the first version of fission product (FP) chemistry database named ECUME for LWR severe accident. The first version of ECUME is equipped with dataset of the chemical reactions and their kinetics constants for the reactions of cesium(Cs)-iodine(I)-boron(B)-molybdenum(Mo)-oxygen(O)-hydrogen(H) system in gas phase, the elemental model for the high temperature chemical reaction of Cs with stainless steel, and thermodynamic data for CsBO$$_{2}$$ vapor species and solids of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ and CsFeSiO$$_{4}$$. The ECUME will provide more accurate estimation of Cs distribution due to the evaluation of effects of interaction with BWR control material B and stainless steel on Cs behavior in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

Journal Articles

Study on chemisorption model of cesium hydroxide onto stainless steel type 304

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Osaka, Masahiko

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

Cesium chemisorption models were developed for estimation of amount of cesium chemisorbed onto stainless steel type 304 (SS304) during light water reactor severe accident. However, existing chemisorption models cannot accurately reproduce experimental results. In this study, a modified cesium chemisorption model was constructed based on a penetration theory for gas-liquid mass transfer with chemical reaction and was able to adequately describe effects on concentration of cesium hydroxide in gaseous phase and silicon content in SS304. It was found that the modified model can more accurately reproduce the experimental data than the existing model.

Journal Articles

Expansion of high temperature creep test data for failure evaluation of BWR lower head in a severe accident

Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Osaka, Masahiko; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05

After the Fukushima Daiichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant accident, we have been developing a prediction method for rupture time and location considering creep damage mechanisms using finite element analysis for early completion of the decommissioning of nuclear power plants in 1F. We have also been obtaining material properties at high temperature near the melting point which are not provided in existing database or literature for the finite element analysis. In this study, we performed uni-axial tensile and creep tests for low alloy steel, Ni-based alloy steel and stainless steels and expanded existing database of material properties. Especially, creep data with longer rupture time at high temperature were obtained by a creep test equipment with a noncontact measurement system. To improve the accuracy of failure evaluation under severe accident conditions, we determined parameters of creep constitutive law based on the expanded database.

Journal Articles

Preparedness and response for nuclear or radiological emergency as a designated public corporation

Okuno, Hiroshi; Okamoto, Akiko; Ebine, Noriya; Hayakawa, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Tadao

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 15 Pages, 2019/05

In the event of a nuclear or radiological emergency, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) as a designated public corporation assigned in the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act of Japan undertakes a role to support the national government and local governments. This paper (1) illuminates the roles of the JAEA as a designated public corporation for preparedness and response to a nuclear or radiological emergency of nuclear facilities; (2) summarizes emergency response activities of the JAEA in accordance with its Disaster Management Operation Plan against the off-site radiological emergencies attributed to a loss of control of the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)'s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station that occurred in 2011; and (3) reports its activities in normal times especially participation in the drills organized by the national government and local governments in the light of the Basic Disaster Management Plan of Japan and Local Disaster Management Plans of prefectural governments, respectively.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of hydrogen generation, radionuclides release at time of resumption of water injection after cooling interruption for several hours during Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident

Hidaka, Akihide; Himi, Masashi*; Addad, Y.*

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Laboratory investigation of microbial degradation of simulant fuel debris by oxidizing microorganisms

Liu, J.; Dotsuta, Yuma; Kitagaki, Toru; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamaji, Keiko*; Onuki, Toshihiko

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 2 Pages, 2019/05

To decommission the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), it is necessary to estimate the current status of fuel debris and predicate the possible change under various condition. Some microorganisms may enter the plant due to the seawater injection after accident and future defueling activity. In this study, microbial influence on fuel debris under aerobic condition was experimentally investigated. By culturing some bacteria in the presence of simulant fuel debris in liquid medium, the microbial degradation of fuel debris was observed.

Journal Articles

A Structure discrimination method by deep learning with point cloud data

Tanifuji, Yuta; Kawabata, Kuniaki

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

3D structural reconstruction based on images obtained by survey task for decommissioning

Hanari, Toshihide; Kawabata, Kuniaki

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

In this paper, we propose a method for improving a visibility of a reconstructed 3D model from images that were photographed at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS). The process of the proposed method consists of pre-processing for correcting a quality of the images, Structure from Motion (SfM) and post-processing for generating a 3D model. We describe the results of the 3D structural reconstruction utilizing plural images recorded by an underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) inside the Primary Containment Vessel (PCV). We discussed about the experimental results and confirmed that the proposed method reconstructed major structure in the PCV based on the images.

Journal Articles

Support for the development of remote sensing robotic system using a water tank installed in the Naraha Remote Technology Development Center

Nishimura, Akihiko; Yoshida, Minoru*; Yamada, Tomonori; Arakawa, Ryoki

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2019/05

JAEA support the development of remote sensing robotic system in the Naraha Remote Technology Development Center. A water tank is used as a mockup facility of nuclear reactor vessel. A compact seismic vibrometer based on an optical fiber interferometer is applied. A specially designed robotic system is also tested for installing the sensor unit. The experiment is prepared to clarify the transfer function of the water tank, using vibration noise of ground motion.

Journal Articles

A New perspective on the $$^{137}$$Cs retention mechanism in surface soils during the early stage after the Fukushima nuclear accident

Koarashi, Jun; Nishimura, Shusaku; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Muto, Kotomi; Matsunaga, Takeshi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 9, p.7034_1 - 7034_10, 2019/05

The aim of the present study is to explore the retention mechanisms of $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface soil layers of terrestrial ecosystems affected by the Fukushima NPP accident, with a specific focus on the interactions between $$^{137}$$Cs, soil minerals, and organic matter. Soil samples were collected from field, orchard, and forest sites in July 2011, separated into three soil fractions with different mineral-organic interaction characteristics. The results show that 20-71% of the $$^{137}$$Cs was retained in association with relatively mineral-free, particulate organic matter-dominant fractions in the orchard and forest surface soil layers. Given the physicochemical and mineralogical properties and the $$^{137}$$Cs extractability of the soils, $$^{137}$$Cs incorporation into the complex structure of particulate organic matter is likely the main mechanism for $$^{137}$$Cs retention in the surface soil layers.

Journal Articles

Measurement of air dose rates by walk survey using KURAMA-II within 80 km range from Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Ando, Masaki

Hokeikyo Nyusu, (63), p.2 - 5, 2019/04

This is a commentary on the measurement of air dose rates by walk survey using KURAMA-II within 80 km range from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, which has been conducted as a commissioned research from the Nuclear Regulation Authority. The outline of KURAMA-II, the distribution map of air dose rates obtained by walk surveys, and the result of analysis concerning the decreasing trend of air dose rates are introduced based on the previous reports and thesis.

Journal Articles

Investigation of removal factors of various materials inside houses after Nuclear Power Station Accident

Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Futemma, Akira; Tanabe, Tsutomu; Wada, Takao; Kato, Mitsugu; Munakata, Masahiro

Hoken Butsuri, 54(1), p.45 - 54, 2019/04

3680 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)